Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality

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Rutgers University Press, 2002 - 282 páginas
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Does biology help explain why women, on average, earn less money than men? Is there any evolutionary basis for the scarcity of female CEOs in Fortune 500 companies? According to Kingsley Browne, the answer may be yes.

Biology at Work brings an evolutionary perspective to bear on issues of women in the workplace: the "glass ceiling," the "gender gap" in pay, sexual harassment, and occupational segregation. While acknowledging the role of discrimination and sexist socialization, Browne suggests that until we factor real biological differences between men and women into the equation, the explanation remains incomplete.

Browne looks at behavioral differences between men and women as products of different evolutionary pressures facing them throughout human history. Womens biological investment in their offspring has led them to be on average more nurturing and risk averse, and to value relationships over competition. Men have been biologically rewarded, over human history, for displays of strength and skill, risk taking, and status acquisition. These behavioral differences have numerous workplace consequences. Not surprisingly, sex differences in the drive for status lead to sex differences in the achievement of status.

Browne argues that decision makers should recognize that policies based on the assumption of a single androgynous human nature are unlikely to be successful. Simply removing barriers to inequality will not achieve equality, as women and men typically value different things in the workplace and will make different workplace choices based on their different preferences.

Rather than simply putting forward the "nature" side of the debate, Browne suggests that dichotomies such as nature/nurture have impeded our understanding of the origins of human behavior. Through evolutionary biology we can understand not only how natural selection has created predispositions toward certain types of behavior but also how the social environment interacts with these predispositions to produce observed behavioral patterns.

 

  

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Índice

PARTI How the Sexes Differ
11
Women in the Workplace
33
Scientific and BlueCollar Jobs?
50
The Gender Gap in Compensation
68
PART in The Proximate and Ultimate Origins of Sex Differences
91
Psychological Sexual Dimorphism
108
PARTiv Public Policy and Sex Differences in Workplace Outcomes
131
the Numbers
142
Sexuality and Sexual Harassment
189
Notes
219
Bibliography
233
Index
269
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Página 247 - Weiss. 1994. Molecular basis of mammalian sexual determination: Activation of Müllerian Inhibiting Substance gene expression by Sry.
Página 237 - Bretz, RD, & Judge, TA (1994). Person-organization fit and the theory of work adjustment: Implications for satisfaction, tenure, and career success. Journal of Vocational Behavior 44, 32-54.

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"Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality" by Kingsley R ...
Kingsley R. Browne's "Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality" is a short but thorough critique of feminist arguments on job-related sex discrimination ...
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In his book Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality, Kingsley R. Browne observes that “The familiar story that many of us grew up with is that the sex ...
www.sba.oakland.edu/ faculty/ schwartz/ Browne%20review%20final.htm

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Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality . By Kingsley R. Browne. New Brunswick, nj: Rutgers University Press, 2002. ...
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Wayne State University Law School - Faculty Bookshelf Archives
Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality (The Rutgers Series in Human Evolution), Rutgers University Press (July 2002). ...
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Browne, K. Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality. Rutgers University Press, 2002. 2. Betz, M., and O’Connell, L. Gender and work: A look at sex ...
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BIOLOGY AT WORK: RETHINKING SEXUAL EQUALITY (THE RUTGERS SERIES IN ...
BIOLOGY AT WORK: RETHINKING SEXUAL EQUALITY (THE RUTGERS SERIES IN HUMAN EVOLUTION) - Kingsley R. Browne.
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spiked-essays | Essay | Why don't women play computer games?
Biology at work: rethinking sexual equality. London: Rutgers University Press. (27) Hakim, C. 2004. Second edition. Key issues in women's work: female ...
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Rutgers University Press
Subtitle: The Evolutionary Significance of the Second Half of Female Life Author: Eckart Voland, Athanasios Chasiotis, Wulf Schiefenhevel Edition: Cloth ...
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Sobre el autor (2002)

Kingsley R. Browne is a professor of law at Wayne State University.

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