Forging Democracy from Below: Insurgent Transitions in South Africa and El Salvador

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Cambridge University Press, 2000 M10 30 - 247 páginas
The recent replacement of authoritarian rule by democracy in both South Africa and El Salvador poses a puzzle: why did the powerful, anti-democratic elites of these countries abandon death squads, apartheid, and the other tools of political repression and take a chance on democracy? Forging Democracy From Below shows how popular mobilization--in El Salvador an effective guerilla army supported by peasant collaboration and in South Africa a powerful alliance of labor unions and poor urban dwellers--forced the elite to the bargaining table, and why a durable settlement and democratic government were the result.
 

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Contenido

FROM CIVIL WAR TO DEMOCRACY
3
FROM CONSERVATIVE MODERNIZATION TO CIVIL WAR
25
THE STRUCTURAL FOUNDATION OF A PACT THE TRANSFORMATION OF ELITE INTERESTS
52
NEGOTIATING A DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION TO END CIVIL WAR
78
APARTHEID CONSERVATIVE MODERNIZATION AND MOBILIZATION
111
THE CHALLENGE TO ECONOMIC ELITE INTERESTS
143
FROM RECALCITRANCE TO COMPROMISE
169
THE INSURGENT PATH TO DEMOCRACY IN OLIGARCHIC SOCIETIES
197
THE LEGACY OF DEMOCRACY FORGED FROM BELOW
209
A Model of Negotiated Resolution of Civil Conflicts
213
Note on Statistical Sources
219
References
221
Index
239
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