Forging Democracy from Below: Insurgent Transitions in South Africa and El Salvador
Cambridge University Press, 2000 M10 30 - 247 páginas
The recent replacement of authoritarian rule by democracy in both South Africa and El Salvador poses a puzzle: why did the powerful, anti-democratic elites of these countries abandon death squads, apartheid, and the other tools of political repression and take a chance on democracy? Forging Democracy From Below shows how popular mobilization--in El Salvador an effective guerilla army supported by peasant collaboration and in South Africa a powerful alliance of labor unions and poor urban dwellers--forced the elite to the bargaining table, and why a durable settlement and democratic government were the result.
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FROM CIVIL WAR TO DEMOCRACY
FROM CONSERVATIVE MODERNIZATION TO CIVIL WAR
THE STRUCTURAL FOUNDATION OF A PACT THE TRANSFORMATION OF ELITE INTERESTS
NEGOTIATING A DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION TO END CIVIL WAR
APARTHEID CONSERVATIVE MODERNIZATION AND MOBILIZATION
THE CHALLENGE TO ECONOMIC ELITE INTERESTS
FROM RECALCITRANCE TO COMPROMISE
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