Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement

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Scarecrow Press, Aug 11, 2011 - 622 páginas
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The Olympic Games are one of the most watched sporting events on the planet. It has made world-famous celebrities out of its most successful athletes, including Michael Phelps, Mark Spitz, Carl Lewis, Nadia Comaneci, Apolo Anton Ohno, Bruce Jenner, Kerri Strug, Nancy Kerrigan, and Usain Bolt. But the term "Olympic Movement" is foreign to all but devoted followers of the Olympics. Basically, the Olympic Movement is an attempt to bring all the nations of the world together in a series of multi-sport festivals, and it seeks to use sport as a means to promote internationalism and peace.

The fourth edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Olympics presents a comprehensive history of the games from the first recorded history of the games in 776 B.C. to the present day. This is done through a chronology, forewords by Dan Jansen and Mike Krzyzewski, an introductory essay, appendixes, a bibliography, photos, and over 900 cross-referenced dictionary entries covering the history, philosophy, and politics of the Olympics and, of course, the medal winners. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the Olympics.
 

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Contenido

Editors Foreword
ix
Foreword
xi
Foreword
xiii
Preface
xv
Acronyms and Abbreviations
xvii
Chronology
xxvii
The Olympic Games and Olympic Winter Games
xxxix
Introduction
1
W
373
X
391
Y
393
Z
397
Presidents of the International Olympic Committee
403
The Games of the Olympiads Sites Dates Nations Athletes
405
The Olympic Winter Games Sites Dates Nations Athletes
407
Members of the International Olympic Committee
409

A
25
B
45
C
71
D
95
E
111
F
121
G
133
H
151
I
161
J
179
K
185
L
201
M
211
N
231
O
243
P
291
Q
303
R
305
S
315
T
349
U
361
V
369
Awards of the International Olympic Committee
423
Final Olympic Torchbearers Within the Olympic Stadium
429
Speakers of the Olympic Oath
433
Official Openings of the Olympic Games
437
Most Olympic Medals Won Summer Men
439
Most Olympic Medals Won Summer Women
441
Most Olympic Gold Medals Won Summer Men
443
Most Olympic Gold Medals Won Summer Women
445
Most Olympic Medals Won Winter Men
447
Most Olympic Medals Won Winter Women
449
Most Olympic Gold Medals Won Winter Men
451
Most Olympic Gold Medals Won Winter Women
453
Most Appearances Summer Men
455
Most Appearances Summer Women
457
Most Appearances Winter Men
459
Most Appearances Winter Women
461
List of All Positive Drug Tests at the Olympic Games
463
Attempts at Olympic Revival Prior to 1896
473
Bibliography
475
About the Authors
507
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Bill Mallon, M.D., is an orthopaedic surgeon who is in his second career, as he previously played for four years (1976-79) on the U.S. PGA Tour. During his golf career, he won over 40 tournaments, both amateur and professional. For his contributions to the Olympic Movement, he was awarded the Olympic Order in Silver in 2001, and he has previously co-authored three editions of the Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement for Scarecrow Press.

Jeroen Heijmans is an information technology professional from the Netherlands. He has written extensively about the Olympic Games on the Dutch sports history site Sportgeschiedenis.nl and is a member of the International Society of Olympic Historians.

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