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As Maccoby points out, The Disciples did not write the Gospels bearing their names. The Gospels were given disciple names to mislead flocks, particularly in the period before invention of the press when only the Church possessed copies of The Bible, into believing they were written by actual witnesses to the life of Jesus, which many Christians still tend to believe. Gospel authors painted the Jews rather than the Romans as the bad guys because the Romans wanted it that way. As Maccoby makes clear, intense Roman hostility against Judaism was the environment for the Gospel authors in the period of their writing some generations after Jesus, when the Romans were kicked out of Judaea by a revolt led by messianic Bar Kochba. The Romans responded by laying siege to the Holy Land for 7 years, then marching upon a demoralized people, ransacking their temple, and marching in chains what Jews weren't killed through the streets of Rome in a triumphal parade. Thereafter the practice of Judaism was a capital offense throughout the Roman Empire.
Thus Christianity can be seen as shaped and promoted by Rome as part of their campaign to wipe out Judaism from the Roman Empire, why Christianity is the negation of so many Old Testament principles although claiming to be a fulfillment of their law, like, defiling the Jewish Sabbath of Friday/Saturday and then getting Sunday off for a day of rest, and the abandonment of circumcision. So the Jews are presented as participating in the crucifixion in condemning terms, shouting with one voice, "Crucify Him!" and accepting blood guilt. Maccoby makes his case with clear and concise reasoning based on early historical sources.
The Problem of Barabbas
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