Systems Ecology: An Introduction
Wiley, 1983 M03 8 - 644 páginas
An integrated theoretical and applied introduction to systems ecology that uses energy diagrammatic language to explain basic concepts of systems, modelling, and simulation. Teaches energetics while at the same time dealing with the issues of organization, entropy, information, complexity, diversity, frequency, and power and the ways these determine the nature of real systems. Includes analog and digital computer modelling, enabling readers without prior programming experience to create computer models of ecological processes.
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action amplifier analog computer autocatalytic backforce biological biomass calories chain Chapter chemical chemostat chlorophyll coefficients complex constant consumer convergence curve cycle develop dispersal distribution Ecology economic ecosys ecosystems embodied energy energy circuit energy diagram energy flow energy language energy quality energy source energy transformation ratio entropy environmental equation ergy example exponential exponential growth external feedback FIGURE force frequency function given in Fig graph growth heat sink hierarchy human increase inflow input interac interaction k₁ kinetic linear loop Lotka matrix maximize maximum power maximum power principle metabolism Michaelis-Menten minimodels module multiplier nutrients Odum organic matter oscillation outflow output P₁ pathways patterns photosynthesis plankton population potential energy Press production proportional pulsing Q₁ Q₂ quadratic quantity recycle shown in Fig shows simulation spatial species steady storage structure symbols tank temperature tion units variable vector Wiley York