The vascular cambium: development and structure
Springer-Verlag, 1994 - 725 pages
The increase in girth and diameter of woody dicotyledons and gymnosperms is due to secondary vascular tissues produced by the vascular cambium, a pervasive meristem that is present in almost every plant part that persists for more than one year. Consequently, knowledge of the structure and function of the vascular cambium is fundamental to understanding the growth and development of woody plants.
The book begins with an historical account of events leading to our present understanding of the cellular tissues comprising the vascular cambium. Subsequent chapters discuss specific characteristics of the cambium with special emphasis on modes of cell division and the products of these divisions. The vascular cambium consists of two cell types, fusiform and ray cell initials, and these cells divide both anticlially and periclinally. The manifold consequences of these two modes of cambial cell division are thoroughly explored and analyzed in this exceptionally detailed and richly illustrated text.
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Acer anticlinal divisions axial canals Bailey Bannan Barghoorn bark bast branch callus cambial activity cambial cells Catesson cell division cell length cell wall conifers Cumbie daughter cells derivatives diameter dicotyledons differentiation dividing ducts earlywood elongation Esau Evert Fahn fibers formation formed frequency of anticlinal fusiform cambial fusiform initials Ghouse girdle grafts grain growth rings gymnosperms Hartig Hejnowicz increase intercellular intrusive growth Iqbal Krawczyszyn Larix later latewood layer meristem multiseriate Neeff number of cells observed occurred orientation parenchyma parenchyma cells pattern periclinal divisions phloem Picea abies Pinus sylvestris pith plasmodesmata Populus primary produced pseudotransverse division Quercus Raatz radial file radial walls ray cell initials ray height resin canals Sanio season secondary shown in Fig sliding growth species stem structure tangential sections tangential walls Thuja occidentalis tissue trabeculae tracheid length tracheids trees uniseriate rays vascular cambium vessel vessel elements wood wound xylem and phloem xylem mother cells