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philosophy is said to have moved upon the face of the waters. Ri. vers, which had been running quietly within their banks for ages, (through mere want of reflection) now first discovered that they were in such a state of depravity, as made it necessary to recur to first principles; and rights of waters were making a rapid progress through the globe. It was argued, that this confinement within banks was a restraint they had imposed upon themselves, contrary to the bountiful intentious of nature. They were created fountains, with equal natural rights, and deemea it expedient for the porposes of investigation, to go back to their sources : nor could they see why some particles of water should be oppressed, and impelled, by others no better than themselves : their forerunners, it is true, had been submitting to the same coercion time out of mind; but what was this to them? The rights of living waters were not to be thus controaled and sported away: as to divisions of water into Springs, lakes, rivers, &c. these they rejected as mere civil distinctions; and pushed their researches to that time when water came from the hands of its Maker : what was it then? Water : water was its high and only title. From this æra they derived their rights. Now a rumour went, that in the time of Noah, a great aquatic revolution had taken place, and reduced all things to a philosophic level ; in this state of affairs then it was resolved by the rivers, that they would be imprisoned within banks no longer ; nor be driven headlong in one direction at the arbitrary will of their fountains; but would shed their last drop in asserting the indefeasible rights of waters. The Nile, a river of obscure origin, and (as it is not unusual with that class,) al. ways remarkable for its ungovernable temper, and levelling prin. ciples, led the ways and Egypt was covered with an inondation, Every cultivated inequality was overwhelmed ; and all diftinctions levelled : nature was supposed to have refumed her rights; and philosophy contemplated with fatisfaction all the grand fimplicity of ruin; when lo! the tide of tumult began to ebb: eminences were seen to get their heads above water ; the party continued to gain ground ; and all things tended to a counter revolution : the Nile retired imperceptibly within its channel ; leaving the country oppressed with luxuries, and swarming with monsters, the rank and corrupt produce of this watery revolution.' Rights for Man: or Analytical Stri&tures on the Conflitution of Great
Britain and Ireland. By R. Appligarth. 8vo. Is. 6d. Richard. . Son. 1792.
- Mr. Applegarth was formerly a Quaker, and fill maintains the mild good sense and calm decisive reasoning of that sea. His defence of the Britiih constitution, under the apparently quaint title of ? Rights for Man,' adds greatly to his former reputation.
A Vindication of the Revolution Society, against the Calumnies of Mr.
Burke. By a Member of tbe Revolution Society. 8vo. 25. 6d. • Ridgway. 1792.
The Member of the Revolution Society' very artfully and ably defends their conduct in the late congratulatory address to the national assembly. His great object is to show, that the French hav. ing done no more, having indeed done less, than the Revolutionifts in England in 1688, a society formed on these principles is not blameable for testifying their regard for liberty, by a public approbation of the event.
Not, however, to press this matter farther, it must be ac. knowledged, that whatever language, and whatever conduct, the author of the reflections may hold in such circumstances, the Revolution Society certainly trust, that France will make at lealt as gond a use of her liberty as England has done of that, which was confirmed to her a century ago ; that she will establish her present conftitution with less treacherous and bloody opposition, than that, which was established by the British Revolution, most famefully and most iniquitously met with ; that her illuftrious legisla. tors, forming not a partial and imperfect, but an equal and pure representation of the people, may continue to be, as they are at present, a national assembly ; and secure their constitution, in the surest manner, against the corrupting influence of the crown, in order that it may for ages be an honour and bieling to her, and an example to the whole world ; of which there is a fairer profo ped and a greater certainty, than could appear to our anceltors, at the time of the Revolution, in favour of the constitution, then etablished in England. It was in this view of things for the benevolent rejoice at the probability and appearance of good to others, without affecting to be plus Jages que les fages, by prying too deeply into futurity that the society offered their congratulation, and opened their correspondence with the national assembly.'
Such, however, was the opinion of the nation, that, on each of these subjects, the society was supposed to imply more than they said. Even this cautiously worded apology for their views carries a double meaning; and those, who so eagerly congratulate their neighbours on such acquisitions, seem to imply what they have als ready spoken more plainly on other occafions, that some part ac Jeaft of thefe improvements is wanted at home. In this way, we consider their conduct as highly exceptionable, for we are not fu. perior to the fear of the bugbear innovation. The extravagant and erring spirit, when loosened from the confines of opinion or prejudice, knows not where to rest : in pursuit of a fancied good, it combats every real ill, and at lait rests, because there is little more mischief to do. The indecency of a single society, not in a public or corporate capacity, carrying their congratulation to a
national national assembly, is of little importance. Any individual might do the same, and would become ridiculous only in proportion to his want of consequence. In other respects our author opposes Mr. Burke with ability, and fights against him very successfully with his own weapons. We perceive occasionally a little too much of what is styled the seasoning of controversy, and the revolutionist also can soften by words what is most disagreeable in fact. The demolition of the Bastile, one of the ebullitions of recovered liberty, which we can molt readily and chearfully pardon, was called by Mr. Burke, the demolition of the king's castles; a retreat has been styled a shifting of the position; and the dreadful outrage of the fixth of October, in the pamphlet before us, is
conducing the king of France from one palace to another. Per. · haps an eager defender of the death of Charles may be found, who will style it only conducting the king from his palace to a temporary balcony. A Letter to the Rev. Thomas Cope, LL. D. and Mr. Henry Moore.
Occafioned by ibeir Proposals for publishing the Life of the Rev.
The Life of John Wesley is too rich a hasveit not to occafion a numerous competition. Much contention has already arisen among
those appointed by the executors to the office of biographers. The · merit of the dispute, from an ex parte evidence, we thall not pre.
tend to determine ; but much curious information has alieady ap.
peared, and more is likely to follow- When :-we were going · to quote an adage from this Letter ; but the proverb is some. . what multy, 'It is enough to say, that the author is seemingly a • friend of Dr. Whitehead. An Address to the Students at the New College, Hackney, occafioned
by Dr. Priestley's Answer to their Address. 8vo. 6d. Rivingtons. 1791.
This Address is written with a calm persuasive familiarity, and is, in general, very judicious and convincing. It is justly obierved, that the churchmen could not with propriety be said to be the cause of the riots at Birmingham, because the question was already de. cided by the legislature: if violence is confesling a weakness of argument, as Dr. Priestley contends, it must be remembered that their arguments had been successful.
PO E T RY. Leopold of Brunswick : a Poem. Translated from the French of M.
Marmontel.' 410. 15. 6d. Wingrave. 1792. . It is the ftory of Leopold, who was unfortunately drowned in
the Oder, in the noble and humane attempt to save the lives of, some poor persons who were carried away by a sudden unexpected inundation. The original poem never appeared to us one of the happiest exertions of its author ; and, to use the quaint language of Denham, already quoted in this Number, no spirit is added ' to compensate that which is evaporated in the transfusion. , An Epifle :0 W. Wilberforce, Esq. written during the Disturbances in the Woft Indies. 12mo. 6d. Darton. 1792.
Mediocribus esse poetis Non dii, non homines, non conceffère columnæ. Our author's politics are equally undeserving of any bonorary distinction. Refledtions on Cruelty towards the Brute Creation. To which are
added, Animadverfions on jeveral Authors on the Subject. 12mo. 25. Denis. 1792.
Our author is more humane than poetical; and his lines are truly moral, sometimes strictly philosophical, but feldom ele. gant or animated. Winter, er Howard in the Shades; an Elegy; addressed to Humanity.
To which is added, an Ode to Eternity. By George Palmore. Svo. 15. Bourne. 1792..
Horace has long since pointed out the construction of the ele. giac ftrain, and Mr. Passmore has not followed the rule: his ftanzas are too airy and too light to suit the language of woe. “In other respects, he neither rises high nor finks low. The author of the Bathos would class him among the swallows. The follow. ing lines will serve as a specimen: the thought our readers will remember to have seen in the inimitable Sterne.
• Near to this melancholy shade,
With many a bitter throe;
Of solitary woe.
And clank'd his galling chain;
And laid him down again.
To see what he endur'd; .
His wound could not be cur’d.' This seems to be the language of Mr. Howard; but we per. ceive not how he is incroduced. Of Eternity, an ode, we can lay nothing advantageous.
· N O V E L S. Terentia. A Novel. By the Author of the Platonic Guardian.
- 2 Vols. 12m0. 6s. Hookham. 1791. This is one of the few imitators of miss Burney that we can read with pleasure. Yet the work, though pleasing and inicieiting, neither deficient in character or situation, is pursued lo rapidly as to leave us often to regret charms which might be fill. ed with advantage, and improbabilities which might have been prevented, or cleared. Terentia will hold her place on the se. cond shelf, though the author, with more care, might have claim. ed a higher station. The Libertine. A Novel. In a Series of Letters. By James Bacor.
t2mo. 35. Miller. 1791. A great deal of love, many marriages, fome sedu&ion, much sentiment and poetical description, with a good moral. This is the farrago libelli of a book, that on the whole poffesses too little merit co require a more ample examination.
Generofily. A Novel. 3 Vols. 12mo. gs. Lane. 1791.
Young lady. You have read Generosity, I find : what do you think of it?
Reviewer. It is one of the most trite, trifling, improbable, and absurd stories that I ever saw.
Y. L. I would not give a pin for your opinion : you never like what the rest of the world are pleased with. I found it delight. ful :-what charming love scenes ! How many weddings!
R. Pray, my dear girl, do you think the characters · Y. L. Hang she characters: it is a charming book-the dear lord Walton
Juft as we were fitting down to give some account of Generosity, this conversation occurred between a young lady and one of our corps : as the whole is literally true, we thought it right, by transcribing the dialogue, to give the opinion of this flippant girl and of our associate, thus contrasted. Our readers may adopt that which they think most judicious. Mary de Clifford. A Story interspersed with many Poems. 12mo.
35. Symonds. 1792. This little novel is the work of no common author : the cha.