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ear the pain of an irksome monotony, and seems even to add greater smoothness to others.' .
We are ready to acknowledge that Mr. Cowper sometimes roughens his lines with success, and they prove an excellent accompaniment to the sentiment: we feel their force when Ulysles struggles for life, and
-- the rough rocks clasping, stripp'd his hands Bare, and the billows now whelmed him again.'
Odys. v. 522.
"Thrusting before him, ftrenuous, a vast rock.
Ruth'd again, obstinate, down to the plain.' We are sensibly struck with the laborious exertions in the first lines, and the last, like its Greek model, jumps along with the utmost velocity. But the meaning contained in these has no connexion with such accelerated or irregular motion. "When Polybus' son Eurymachus began.'
Odys. xvi. 405. till the earth hide Many a lewd reveller at thy expence.' Odys. xv. 40.
jupiter even thou art false become, And altogeiher so.' Il. xii. 216. In a long poem we have must not expect a constant fucceision of faultless lines : yet we can see no reason why musical periods might not be placed, according to the author's abilities, interchangeably in different parts of different lines, â summo usque ad imum, so as not to disgust the reader with too level a stream of harmony; why flat and feeble passages * must be introduced for the sake of variety. A fublime one, in the midit of a tedious and dull narrative, will, doubtless, affect the mind more forcibly by the contrft; and an unexpected vale of fertility, in the midst of a defert, will please the traveller's eye more than a succolion of fine objects in a rich and well-cultivated country. Yet Dante is not, therefore, superior to Tasso, nor an Arabian wilderness to the fruitful plains of England. But Milton;' Mr. Cowper adds, whose ear and taste were exquisite, has exemplified, in his Paradise Lost, the effect of this practice frequently. Mr. Cowper, however, must know that many pasages in Milton are not approved, but excused, on account
of the superior excellency of others. It would be difficult to point out the advantage which any lines, preceding or following such as these, can obtain by comparison or contrast.
· Latona, illustrious concubine of Jove.' · When now they had all purified, and no spot Could now be seen or blemish more.' Odyf. v. 113.
• Belde the foss, pondering the event.' Il. xii. 248.
whom the had born
-- and himself
car while others ran To and fro' occupied about a sheep New pastur'd.', Il. xxiv. 160.
-- as I have heard Lately in yon neighbouring opulent land.' Odys. xix. 389.
- On an undrefl'd hide Reposed, where we threw covering over him.'
Odys. xx. 171. What a cluster of consonants are here assembled in less than two lines !
- thou hast err'd, nor know'A At all my doom from Jove, as thou pretend's,
But seek’ji, &c.' II. xxii. 323. So says Hector to Achilles : who, not long after, accosts him in his own style, and gives him a Rowland for his Oliver.
-- thou had' A once far other hopes
Nor car'd'A for absent me.' ll. xxii. 381. To exhibit such lines for the sake of adding to the effect of others, reminds us of the policy of Bayes, who professed his having designedly underwritten one character to set off the excele lency of the rest
(To be concluded in the Appendix.)
for the South
A Voyage to the South Sea, undertaken by Command of his
Majcity, for the Purpose of conveying the Bread-Fruit Tree to the West Indies, in his Majesty's Ship Bounty, commanded
by Lieut. W. Bligh. 410. 125. boards. Nicol. 1792. W E have often had occasion to mention the voyage under
W taken to carry the most useful vegetable of the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean to those of the Atlantic. The
bread-fruit tree is an object of the utmost importance; and the attempt, though from an unsuspected misfortune it at first miscarried, must be considered as the suggestion of the most unbounded benevolence, conducted with the most extensive views, and productive of the greatest advantages. The voyage has been signalised also by the intrepidity of the captain, who traversed the Pacific Ocean in an open boat; and if, as has been said, one of the mutinous seamen, while captain Bligh was going into the boat, observed with an oath, that he would find his way home, it must be considered as a spontaneous testimony of his general character for spirit and resolution. The narrative of this fingular voyage occurs in our Lxxth vol. p. 536, and it is republished in the present work, with some corrections and elucidations. But those who poffefs it may, if they please, purchase the rest of the voyage with-: out this addition.
The description of the ship is the subject of the first chapter, -of a ship, for the first time in the annals of the marine, changed to a conservatory, whose great cabin was a green, and occasionally a hot-house. There were other subordinate views of general utility in this voyage, which it is not neceilary to mention at present : on the whole, the instructions and the management seem to have been dictated with great skill and humanity. The first design was to go round the southern promontory of America; but the vessel was not ready in proper time; and, when they reached Cape Horn, the westerly winds were already set in with violence; they went therefore to the Cape of Good Hope, and reached at last Otaheite, by a circuitous voyage; but such was the expedition that, reckoning the space ran by direct and contrary courses, its extent was 27,086 miles, and at the rate of 108 miles every 24 hours. But we shall follow our enterprising navigator more particularly, and pick up a few of the more generally interesting events in this track.
The bread-fruit tree is first described, from the accounts of different voyagers, and a section of it is delineated. The description is now, however, in the hands of the greater part of our readers. Captain Bligh imitated his great friend captain Cook in dividing his crew into three watches, airing the hold and drying it every day with fire. The event was, as might be expected, his crew was uncommonly healthy; and, even after the severe trials in endeavouring to weather Cape Horn in the most stormy weather, rheumatism was almost the only disease. One man died, in consequence seemingly of a nerva ous complaint from a puncture of the tendon or nerve in bleeding. When they reached the southern latitudes, their live stock were destroyed, and the hogs only were hardy enough to
bear the severity of the weather. The albatrođes and pintada birds were lean and fishy; but, when caught and fed a little while in coops, they were found to be scarcely inferior to geese and ducks. The foundings of the coast of America, from 36° south latitude to the southward, capt. Bligh tells us, are very convenient to judge of the distance of thips from the land, as there are often thick fogs near the coast. To go through the Straits of Le Maire must undoubtedly, he adds, 1horten the passage, as all the distance faved is so much gained to the westward ; and I am informed that feveral harbours have been lately discovered, by the South Sea whalers, on the north side of Staten Island, that afford safe anchorage, with supplies of wood and water.' Off Cape Horn, the lituation of the ship did not seem to be affected by the currents. Captain Bligh did not fall in with the islands of Tristan de Cunha, and he suspects that Mr. Dalrymple's plans are correct, where these islands are placed a little more to the north than in the other charts. From the narrative of the events at the Cape, we shall select the only account that has been procured, of the unfortunate survivors of the Grosvenor Indiaman. :During our stay here, I took care to procure seeds and plants that would be valuable at Otaheite, and the different places we might touch at in our way thither. In this I was greatly aflisted by colonel Gordon, the commander of the troops. In company with this gentleman, the loss of the Grosvenor East Indiaman was mentioned : on this subject, colonel Gordon expressed great concern, that from any thing he had said, hopes were still entertained to flatter the affectionate wishes of the surviving friends of those unfortunate people. He said that, in his travels in the Caffre country, he had met with a native who described to him, that there was a white woman among his countrymen, who had a child, and that she frequently embraced the child, and cried most violenty. This was all he (the colonel) could understand ; and, being then on his return home, with his health much impaired by fatigue, the only thing that he could do, was to make a friend of the native, by presents, and promises of reward, on condition that he would take a letter to this woman, and bring him back an answer. Accordingly he wrote leiters in English, French, and Dutch, defiring, that some sign or mark might be returned, either by writing with a burnt stick, or by any means she should be able to devise, to satisfy him that she was there ; and that on receiving such token from her, every effort- should be made to enfure her safety 'and escape. But the Caffre,' although apparently delighted with the commission which he had undertaken, never returned, nor has the colonel ever heard any thing more of him, though he had been instructed in methods of conveying inforination through the Hottentot country,
"To To this account, that I may not again have occasion to introduce so melancholy a subject, I shall add the little information I received respecting it, when I re-visited the Cape, in my re urn towards Europe.- A reputable farmer, of the name of Holhousen, who lives at Swellendam, eight days journey from the Cape, had information from some Caffre Hottentots, that at a crawl, or vil. lage, in their country, there were white men and women. On this intelligence, Mr. Hoihousen asked permission of the governor to make an expedition, with some of the farmers, into the country, requiring a thousand rix-dollars to bear his expences. The governor referred him to Mr. Wocke, the landros of Grave-rennet, a new colony, in his way. But from the place where Mr. Holhousen, lives, to the landros, Mr. Wocke's residence, is a month's journey, which he did not chuse to undertake at an uncertainty, as Mr. Wocke might have disapproved of the entere prize. It was in October last that Mr. Holhousen offered to go on this service. He was one of the party who went along the seacoast in search of these onfortunate people, when a few of them first made their appearance at the Cape. I am however informed, that the Dutch farmers are fond of making expeditions into the country, that they may have opportunities of taking away cattle ; and this, I apprehend, to be one of the chief reasons why undertakings of this kind are not encouraged.':. .
. The latitude of the Cape, our author thinks, is correctly set down by major Rennell, considering the Cape to be the * southernmost point of land between Table Bay and False Bay. Captain Bligh, from many observations with good instruments, found it to be in lat. 34° 23' south. The time-keeper anfwered, on trial, very well: it varied only 3' 23."2 ; losing about 3'' per day.
From the Cape, the Bounty proceeded to Van Diemen's Land, and the following meteorological observations merit being particularly transcribed.
• In our passage from the Cape of Good Hope, the winds were mostly from the westward, with very boisterous weather : buc · one great advantage, that this season of the year has over the
summer months is, in being free from fogs. I have already remarked, that the approach of strong southerly winds is announced by many kinds of birds of the albatross or petterel tribe, and the abatement of the gale, or a shift of wind to the northward, by their keeping away. The thermometer also very quickly shews when a change of these winds may be expected, by varying sometimes fix and seven degrees in its height. I have reason to believe, that after we passed the island St. Paul, there was a weatherly current; the ship being every day to the westward of the reckC. R. N. AR. (IV.) April, 1792. Dd