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COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SIXTIETH CONGRESS.

SERENO E. PAYNE, Chairman.

JOHN DALZELL.

NICHOLAS LONG WORTH. SAMUEL W. MCCALL.

EDGAR D. CRIMPACKER. EBENEZER J. HILL.

CHAMP CLARK. HENRY S. BOUTELL.

WILLIAM BOURKE COCKRAN JAMES C. NEEDHAM.

OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD. WILLIAM A. CALDERHEAD.

D. L. D. GRANGER. JOSEPH W. FORDNEY.

JAMES M. GRIGGS. JOSEPH H. GAINES.

EDGAR W. POU.
ROBERT W. BONYNGE.

CHOICE B. RANDELL,
WILLIAM K, PAYNE, Clerk.

COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SIXTY-FIRST CONGRESS.

SERENO E. PAYNE, Chairman.

JOHN DALZELL.

EDGAR D. CRUMPACKER. SAMUEL W. McCALL.

FRANCIS W. CUSHMAN. EBENEZER J. HILL,

CHAMP CLARK, HENRY S. BOUTELL.

OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD. JAMES C. NEEDHAM.

JAMES M. GRIGGS. WILLIAM A. CALDERHEAD.

EDWARD W. POU. JOSEPH W. FORDNEY.

CHOICE B. RANDELL. JOSEPH H. GAINES.

ROBERT F. BROUSSARD. NICHOLAS LONG WORTH.

FRANCIS B. HARRISON.
WILLIAM K. PAYNE, Clerk.

PREFACE.

Tariff hearings were begun on November 10, 1908, pursuant to the following notice:

The Committee on Ways and Means will hold hearings on tariff revision, at Washington, D. C., commencing on the following dates :

Tuesday, November 10, 1908, on Schedule A-Chemicals, oils, and paints.
Thursday, November 12, 1908, on Schedule H-Spirits, wines, and other

beverages. Friday, November 13, 1908, on Schedule F-Tobacco, and manufactures of. Monday, November 16, 1908, on Schedule E-Sugar, molasses, and manu

factures of. Wednesday, November 18, 1908, on Schedule G-Agricultural products and

provisions. Friday, November 20, 1908, on Schedule D—Wood, and manufactures of. Saturday, November, 21, 1908, on Schedule M-Pulp, papers, and books. Monday, November 23, 1908, on Schedule B-Earths, earthenware, and

glassware. Wednesday, November 25, 1908, on Schedule C-Metals, and manufactures

of. Saturday, November 28, 1908, on Schedule N-Sundries. Monday, November 30, 1908, on Schedule J-Flax, hemp, and jute, and

manufactures of. Tuesday, December 1, 1908, on Schedule 1-Cotton manufactures, and on

Schedule Silks and silk goods. Wednesday, December 2, 1908, on Schedule K-Wool, and manufactures of.

Friday, December 4, 1908, on Sections 3-34, and miscellaneous matters. Hea rings on articles now on free list will be held on the above dates in connection with the above subjects to which they most nearly relate.

The hearings will be held in the rooms of the committee, third floor, House of Representatives Office Building.

Sessions will begin at 9.30 a. m. and 2 p. m., unless otherwise ordered.

Persons desiring to be heard should apply to the clerk of the committee previous to the day set for the hearing, to be assigned a place on the programme for that day. A person making such application should state:

1. His name. 2. His permanent address. 3. His temporary address in Washington. 4. Whom he represents. 5. Concerning what paragraphs he desires to be heard. 6. Briefly, what position he expects to advocate. 7. How much time he wishes to occupy. He should also inclose a copy of his brief and of any documents he desires filed with the committee.

All brie's and other papers filed with the committee should have indorsed on them the name and address of the person submitting them, and the numbers of the paragraphs of the present law (act of July 24, 1897) to which they relate.

WILLIAM K. PAYNE,

Clerk, Committee on Ways and Means. The committee subsequently extended the time for hearings to December 24, 1908.

On the opening day of the second session of the Sixtieth Congress (December 5, 1908), the following resolution was passed by the House of Representatives:

Resolved, That the Committee on Ways and Means, in their investigation and inquiry for the purpose of preparing a bill to revise the present tariff laws, shall have power to subpæna and examine witnesses under oath, and to send for records, papers, and all other evidence that may be necessary to make the investigation and inquiry full and complete, and that the Speaker shall have authority to sign and the Clerk to attest subpænas during the recess of Congress.

Pursuant to this resolution, all witnesses appearing before the committee, beginning with the session on December 10, 1908, were sworn before giving their testimony.

The stenographic minutes of each day's proceedings, together with the briefs and memorials filed, were printed and distributed the following morning, and upward of 2,500 copies of this first print were sent out each day. Copies were sent to each witness, with a request that he correct his statement as printed, and return the revised copy to the clerk. Such corrections have been used in preparing this revised edition of the hearings.

In this edition the chronological order of the statements has been disregarded, and the oral statements and papers filed on each subject have been grouped together, following, as far as practicable, the arrangement of subjects in the present tariff law. The date of each oral statement is placed at the beginning of it.

A large number of letters have been filed with the committee which merely stated the attitude of the writer, or else substantially repeated an argument which had already been printed in the hearings. Such letters have not been included in this work, but instead, a statement is made that such letters have been received. They are all on the committee's files, and accessible to the members of the committee. By this means, the size of the volumes, already bulky, has been somewhat reduced, the printing has been expedited, and, it is believed, many undesirable repetitions have been avoided.

WILLIAM K. PAYNE. JANUARY, 1909.

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