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Not Guilty.

Not Guilty.

Name. No. of Bill Charge.

willing to enter into a recognizance to appear John Watson,

72 Rescuing. Not Guilty. when called, but would do nothing farther. William Watson,

94 Rescuing. Henry Evans,

The Court conferred with the District-Attor84 Rescuing.

Not Guilty. Wilson Evans, 85 Rescuing.

Not Guilty. ney. David Watson, 86 Pescuing.

The COURT announced that individual recogAnsel W. Lyman, 80 Rescuing. Not Guilty.

nizances in the sum of $1,000 would be sufJames M. Fitch, 96 Aiding & Abetting. Not Guilty. Simeon Bushnell,

ficient. 74 Rescuing. Not Guilty. James R. Shepard, 77 Rescuing. Not Guilty. These recognizances were accordingly made, Oliver S. B. Wall, 84 Rescuing. Not Guilty. and the trial thus adjourned until the second Wm. E. Scrimmager, 88 Rescuing. Not Guilty.

Tuesday in March, 1859.
James Bartlett,

Not Guilty.

At various dates within the few days follow-
Pleas of abatement were entered for misno- ing severally appeared others of the arrested,
mer in the cases of the persons arrested as and entered into their personal recognizances
James R: Shepard, Oliver S. B. Wall, and as above. Such were: –
William E. Scrimmager. James Bartlett was

Walter Soules,

John Mandeville, in town, but not present in the court-room

William Sciples,

Abner Loveland, when his name was called. Ralph Plumb was Matthew De Wolfe, Matthew Gillett, allowed a few days to complete business en

Lewis Hines,

Lorin Wadsworth, gagements, pledging his parole to appear with

Chauncey Goodyear, Henry D. Niles, as little delay as possible. The representatives Daniel Williams,

Eli Boies, from Wellington are expected to-morrow.

Ralph Plumb,

Charles Langston. Judge SPALDING gave notice that the accused were ready for, and requested trial im


An occurrence of much interest, and the continuance for time to send to Kentucky for

next one of public concern which properly witnesses. Should need at least two weeks.

Judge SPALDING thought that citizens of finds place in these records, is happily narrated Ohio might think two weeks some time to lie in by the senior editor of the Cleveland Morning jail for the convenience of citizens of Ken- Leader, in the following terms: tucky.

" FELONS' FEAST” AT OBERLIN. - A The Court remarked that it was not neces- ened and Christian age, and in our boasted free

strange and significant scene for this enlightsary for them to lie in jail. They could be Republic, transpired at the peaceful and Godliberated on bail.

fearing and God-serving village of Oberlin, on Judge SPALDING was not sure of that

, by the afternoon of Tuesday, the 11th of January,

1859. It was literally the “ Feast of Felons," any means. He was not authorized to believe for the thirty-seven good citizens of Lorain that all of them could furnish bail, and it was county, indicted by the Grand Jury of the that very question which he wished settled. He United States District Court of Northern Ohio wished to know if bail would be required. under the Fugitive Slave Act, for the crime of

a conscientious and faithful observance of the The DISTRICT-ATTORNEY said it would.

higher law of the Golden Rule, sat down with The COURT thought all might find bail at their wives and a number of invited guests to a $500 each, which would be very moderate. sumptuous repast at the Palmer House. It was Mr. GRISWOLD informed the Court that only by a real “ feast of reason and flow of soul.”

in the best sense a good social dinner, followed a portion of his clients could find bail in any The entertainment was given by the indicted

citizens of Oberlin to their brethren in bonds, Judge SPALDING received permission to re

as will be seen by the following tire for consultation with his clients, and return- citizens of Oberlin, who had been indicted by

Card of Invitation. - At a meeting of the ing, informed the Court that no bail would be the Grand Jury of the U. S. District Court at given. The accused were ready for, and de- Cleveland, charged with rescuing the negro manded immediate trial. The United States boy John Price, held on the evening of Januahad summoned them to appear for trial, and it ry 4, 1859, it was was the business of the United States to be number of the citizens of Lorain county who

Resolved, That it is expedient for the whole ready to proceed with the trial without any de- have been thus indicted to meet for the purpose lay. If a continuance was ordered, they were of consultation and agreement as to the course


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to be pursued in the present emergency and for Letter from George A. Benedict, Esq. mutual comfort, and for this purpose to meet at

HERALD OFFICE, thè Palmer House on Tuesday, January 11th,

Cleveland, Jan. 11, 1859. at 2 o'clock, P. M., for dinner, and such other

Prof. PECK AND OTHERS, Com. --- Gertlegood things as may follow, and that we invite

men: At the latest moment I am compelled to the citizens of Wellington, implicated with us, decline your polite invitation to your festival of to participate on the said occasion as our to-day. Business that cannot be postponed is guests. JAMES M. FITCH, Chairman.

my excuse. Allow me to say that the spirit JACOB R. SILIPHERD, Secretary.

which dictates the festival, and which gave rise

to it, meets my heartiest sympathy. The Indicted Present. Prof. H. E. Peck,

Yours, etc.; Hon. Ralph Plumb, J. M. Fitch, O. S. B. Wall,

Geo. A. BENEDICT. James Bartlett, William D. Scrimgeour, David Watson, Wilson Evans, Henry Evans, John Mr. Horr read the following Watson, John H. Scott, Simeon Bushnell, Jacob R. Shipherd, Ansel W. Lyman, Oberlin; Wm. Letter from John M. Vincent, Esq. Sciples, Matthew Gillett, Abner Loveland, Lewis

ELYRIA, Jan. 10, 1859. Hines, Eli Boies, Matthew DeWolf, John Mandeville , Daniel Williams, Loring Wadsworth, that previous engagements will prevent me

HONORED. 637." - DEAR SIRS: I regret Walter Soules, Wellington ; Henry Di Niles, from joining in your festivities to-morrow. My Pittsfield; Chauncey Goodyear, Penfield. This list embraces all of the thirty-seven who fort” which î can in the future render, is at

heart is with you, and any other « aid and comhave been arrested. The balance, we understand, were away on

your service. business when the Marshal came to arrest with the crime (?) of loving Liberty too well,

Your position is a proud one. To be charged them. The following ladies, wives of the indicted; Patriots who gave us the “ Declaration of Indo

enrolls your names with that immortal band of were also present:--Mrs. 0. S. B. Wall, J. M. Fitch, J. H. Scott

, James Bartlett, Ralph Plumb; pendence," and the foundation of a free govDavid Watson, H. E. Peck, Henry Evans, John

Their sacrifices and sufferings, their firmness Watson.

The above ladies have been heard to say that and resolution, we were early taught to admire their acquaintance shall be renewed at the tri- and imitate. It has been left for our “ latter als of their husbands, whenever that affair shall day.” rulers to teach us that all our cherished

ideas of freedom are vågaries, and that the libThese were the honored Men and Women of erty of the American Union is only that of the

white man to enslave the black. the “ Felons' Feast.” Among them were venérable gray-headed men, some of the early set

This will never do; such rank perversion of tlers of Lorain county

God's truth we will never allow. We will say

men who had felled the forest and built the humble log-cabins, low, who had been composing a revised edition

to these rulers, as Arnold the poet said to Barschool-houses

, and churches of the wilderness of Watts' psalms and hymns:noble men, good men, and true men-men of Puritan and Covenanter stock, of Revolu- “You've proved yourself a sinful cretur, tionary blood, of spotless reputation --- indicted You've murdered Watts, and spoiled the meter, criminals! and for what? for violation of the You've tried the Word of God to alter, Bible injunction, "Whatsoever ye would that

And for your pains deserve a halter.” others should do unto you, do ye even so unto “ Brethren in bonds," let nothing drive you them.

from the right. Iniquity shall not always triAt the table the Divine blessing was impres- umph, and reason and justice shall not always sively invoked by the beloved Patriarch of be driven before might: Oberlin, Rev. JOHN KEEP; and after the good

As our fathers lave fought, and our grandfathers things so abundantly provided had been dis

bled, cussed, Prof. Peck announced that the “ crimi- And many'a hero now sleeps with the dead, nals” had invited SAMUEL PLUMB, Esq., to Let us nobly defend what they bravely maintained, officiate as President. The President in a Nor suffer our sons to be fettered and chained.' brief and happy manner stated the object of As one in bonds with you, I remain yours, the social gathering, and referred to the deep

JOHN M. VINCENT. sympathy felt by the men and women of Lorain for their brethren in bonds. He said the read- Prof. Peck then read the following ing of letters from invited, but absent guests, would be first in order.

Letter from S. Burke, Esq. Prof, Peck read the following

EĻYRIA, January 7, 1859. GENTLEMEN: Your esteemed favor of the 5th instant, inviting me to meet with you at the Palmer House in Oberlin on the 11th instant,



for the purpose of manifesting our sympathy Allow me, in conclusion, to say, that whatever and partaking of a dinner with the thirty- aid I can render you and those whom you repseven criminal” citizens of Lorain county, re-resent, either before or after Judgment, in or cently indicted in the United States Court'at out of Court, shall be freely and cheerfully Cleveland, came duly to hand. In answer, given. permit me to say, that I shall'endeavor to do I am, Gentlemen, very respectfully, etc., myself the honor to meet with you and those

S. BURKE. whom you represent, at the time mentioned. To H. E. PECK and others, Committee, Circumstances may transpire, however, that Oberlin, O. will render it impossible for me to meet you, in which event, permit me to reassure you and the other accused citizens of Lorain county, who may be present with you, that I have a 1st. The Inalienable Rights of Man Founddeep and abiding sympathy with the oppressed ed in Nature as constituted by God, and well and down-trodden race to which the fugitive recited by our Fathers in the Declaration of John belongs, and that it is a part of my busi- Independence. ness, and in accordance with my nature, to Geo. G. Washburn, Esq., editor of the La resist tyranny and oppression in all its forms. rain Independent Democrat, ably responded to If there is any doctrine or creed to which I this sentiment. He spoke of the extraordinary give my full and unqualified consent, it is the fact, that in the middle of the 19th century,

het to ask whether freedom; the right of man, black or white, man has any inalienable rights. He referred native or foreigner, to carve out, under God, to man's inalienable rights, to the higher law, his own destiny, and choose his own rulers. the law of the Creator of all, and to the hoaryMuch as I feel flattered by the kind manner in headed men around him who had been arwhich you have been pleased to refer to the raigned as criminals for violating the Fugitive fact that I have been chosen to aid in the de- Slave Act. Mr. W. declared that the detested fence of the parties indicted in the United law never could be enforced in Lorain, and States Court, I am not insensible of the fact closed by offering the following sentiment, that my

known sympathy with the cause and which met with a hearty response : the accused had much more to do with my se- The Fugitive Slave Act --- Making war as it lection than any probable service I could ren- does upon all that is manly in man, we will der you upon trial. Be that as it may, I can hate it while we live, and bequeathe our hatred assure you I have watched with much interest to those who come after us when we die. No the proceedings of the Government in these fines it can impose or chains it can bind upon cases, and have been led to the conclusion that us, will ever command our obedience to its unvery few if any of the numerous persons in- righteous behests. dicted would be put on their defence, but I 21. Good Will to Man The best bond of may be mistaken in this. It is said that " whom Society; the surest support of Government; the gods would destroy they first make mad," and never more fully developed than when at and that symptoms of madness have recently the call of the weak and oppressed it resists the appeared in high places, cannot be denied. tyranny of wicked rulers. What may be determined on, therefore, by the Father Keep said he could not discuss such ruling madmen, I know not. Nor can I tell a sentiment. We all know what good-will to what farther sacrifices it may yet become neces- man means. It embodies that sweetest element sary for the lovers of freedom to make, to ren- of human life. It is eulogized. Why is it der our own beloved and beautiful Ohio, in eulogized ? It is the best bond of society.-deed and in truth the land of the free and the What is the other part of the eulogy ? It is home of the brave -- to deliver our people the strength of government .

What is the from the demoralizing spectacle of slave-catch- strength of government? It is truth, integrity, ing and slave-hunting in our midst -- to render charity, humanity, love. This is the eulogy it safe for the humanely disposed among us to pronounced on good-will to man. feed the hungry, clothe the naked, or relieve The best development of this sentiment is the distressed, without fear of Government when, at the call of the weak and the oppressed, spies, or running the risk of fines, forfeitures, it resists tyranny. Good-will is forbearing, long and prison bars and bolts. But whatever the suffering, and, through kindness, heaps coals of sacrifice may be, I feel that our people are pre-fire on the head of the oppressor ; but, said the pared to make it, and that Ohio will yet be Christian of nearly four-score, with the energy free

that when the panting fugitive from op- of '76, there is a point where forbearance ceases pression shall breathe the air and tread the to be a virtue. When that is reached, let the soil of our noble State, his chains will fall off, tyrant perish! [Great applause.] and his natural, inalienable rights of personal 3d. Loyalty to God and loyalty to human liberty, personal security, and the right to Government when it is loyal to God The enjoy the fruits of his own labors be restored Patriotism which inspired our Fathers and shall to him.

prompt us and our children.

To this sentiment Prof. Peck responded. He mote by every possible means the dignity and said :

well-being of the noble commonwealth of which There is current in society an idea that there we are a happy part. But we also mean to is no patriotism where there is not an acknowl- teach them that they will not be dutiful to the edgment of the maxim, " our country, right or State, if they do not hold her to her duty to wrong. But such was not the doctrine of our God; that they will be traitors if they obey noble fathers. They esteemed patriotism a laws which break the laws of Heaven. cardinal virtue. They were to the last degree And we trust that they will have sufficient loyal men. King and country never rightfully self-respect to stand to such patriotism as was asked of them any sacrifice that they did not our inheritance and as shall be their patrimony, cheerfully render it. They loved to offer even even if in so doing they encounter bonds or life itself for the protection of the realm against death itself. its foes. But their loyalty enjoined of king 4th. Personal Sacrifices — The seed of to-day and country one imperative condition — that which brings the harvest for to-morrow. the State itself should recognize Divine law. Mr. John M. Langston eloquently responded 6 God and our country was their maxim. to this sentiment. He inquired: - what is the They held that when the State refused the be work of the American citizen of to-day to achests of God by assuming prerogatives which complish? It is this. He is to reinstate the did not belong to her, or by enacting laws Declaration of Independence, and to reinstato which contradicted justice, she did that which the Constitution of the United States. Ameridisgraced and dishonored herself, and that can Slavery has stricken down the first; the patriotism could render to her no other service Fugitive Slave Law the latter. Shall we meet so useful as that of compelling, by steadfast this duty ? To do it we must make sacrifices resistance of her usurpations, her return to her go to prison, or, if necessary, go out on the broken allegiance. So was it that they never battle-field to meet the Slave Oligarchy. Mr. esteemed themselves more loyal than when they Ļ. closed with the following sentiment:brought the Stuart to the block for arrogating The Rescuers of John Pricethe Rescuers to himself powers which belonged to God alone. of Benjamin Rice the Rescuers of the Bells So was it, too, that they thought they were act- Their conduct should immortalize their names. ing as patriots when they turned their backs on 5th. The sovereign authority of the State, home because liberty was restrained there, and and the voice of the people The refuge of sought freedom in a savage land; and so was it, American citizens from the tyrannies of federal too, that they felt that loyalty itself required enactments not sanctioned by justice and the them to enter armed protest against the royal Constitution. encroachments on right which followed them to R. G. Horr, Esq., ably discussed the sovertheir wildernessoretreat, and to try the chances eignty of the State, and the voice of the peoof war with Fatherland, which they loved as ple. They will be felt. They have been felt their own firesides were hardly loved. in Wisconsin, and thirty-seven is a good num

And the doctrine of patriotism which our ber for the Supreme Court of Ohio to comfathers nobly illustrated has come down to us mence on. Mr. H. made many happy hits and and is our doctrine. We hold that our prayers, several hard ones. He said the Fugitive Slave our labor, and our blood are due to our country Law sometimes sunk men below the depths when she needs them. We mean to make of manhood, and they became à Dayton ! patriotism a part of our religion, and to be [Much laughter and applause.] He had no behind none in prompt and earnest service for sentiment to offer— he read the right sentiment the honor and good of the commonwealth. But in the face of every man and woman in the we hold that the commonwealth can prosper assembly. only when she is loyal to God, and that when by 6th. The Alien and Sedition Law of 1798 " framing iniquity into law” she puts herself in and the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 Alike the place of God, she does that which must, arbitrary, undemocratic, and unconstitutional. sooner or later, bring ruin upon herself, and As did the one, so may the other rouse the hence that we are no traitors but rather truest country to a political and moral revolution liege-men when we declare that we will obey no' which shall restore the doctrines of Personal law in which impiety is thus flaunted in the face Liberty and State Rights which centralizing of Heaven. We cannot obey the fugitive slave power has wantonly violated. act, not because we do not love and honor our R. Plumb, Esq., rose and said: country, but because we cannot do that which MR. PRESIDENT-The sentiment

The sentiment you have will reflect deepest dishonor and disgrace upon just read carries us back in our national history her.

to the early days of the republic, to the very And the faith we have got from our fathers infancy of our Constitution. we mean to hand down to our children. We The year 1798 was memorable for producing mean to rear them in devout allegiance to God the Alien and Sedition laws of federalism. and fervent patriotism to the country and insti- The alien laws, as you well know, conferred tutions given us of God. We mean to teach upon the President the power to remove, in a them to respect law and its ministers, to pro-l summary manner, any alien or foreigner who

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might be deemed by him unsafe to the govern- true, as a general principle, and one of the

- while the sedition laws made criminal amendments of the Constitution having also and punished with fine and imprisonment any declared that the powers not delegated to the one who might dare to oppose any measure of United States by the Constitution, nor prohibthe Government of the United States, or any ited by it to the States, are reserved to the of its laws, or to intimidate or prevent any offi- States respectively, or to the people'--therecer under that government from undertaking or fore the Act of Congress passed July 14th, 1798, performing his duty. It was also enacted, that entitled “An Act in addition to an Act for the if any person should write, print, utter, or pub- punishment of certain crimes against the United lish any false, scandalous, or malicious writing States, and all other of the Acts which assume to against the Government, Congress, or President create, défine, or punish crimes other than those of the United States, or aid in doing so with enumerated in the Constitution, are altogether intent to defame them or bring them into disre- void and of NO FORCE, and that the power to pute, or to excite any unlawful combinations create and define such other crimes is reserved, for opposing any law of the United States, etc., and of right appertains solely and exclusively he should be liable to fine and imprisonment. to the respective States, each within its own Under this famous sedition law, Matthew Lyon, territory." a member of Congress from Vermont, was in- These resolutions, the whole of them, ladies dicted for using the following words in a letter and gentlemen, will repay a faithful perusal by to a Vermont newspaper:

“Whenever I us all, women as well as men, ---- because of the shall, on the part of the Executive, see every importance of the doctrines which they contain, consideration of the public welfare swallowed and the appropriateness to the times in which up in a continual grasp for power, in an un- we live. bounded thirst for ridiculous pomp, foolish adu- This brings us to the Fugitive Slave Act of lation and selfish avarice; when I shall behold 1850. men of merit daily turned out of office for no That act was conceived in sin and brought other cause but independence of sentiment; forth in iniquity. when I shall see men of firmness, years, and The slave power not only demanded the pasability discarded in their application for office sage of the Act, but they also required the for fear they possess that independence, and greatest statesmen of our land, then living, men of meanness preferred for the case with should give their voice and their vote for the which they take up and advocate opinions, the infamous measure — not caring that the voice consequences of which they know but little of; and vote demanded should consign to infamy when I shall see the sacred name of religion those who but for this and similar debasements employed as a State engine to make men hate would have been embalmed in the grateful arma persecute each other, I shall not be their memories of the latest generations. humble advocate.

But the Act was passed, and now mark the Yes, fellow-citizens, this true man, this loyal similarity between the Act and that of its illuscitizen, was dragged before a District Court of trious predecessors. the United States, upon this indictment tried, The sedition law of 1798 defined crimes unfound guilty, fined $1,000, and imprisoned four known to the Constitution, and authorized the months.

Courts of the United States to punish those But what was the effect of these laws and of pretended crimes by imprisonment and fines. this and kindred indictments and trials under The Fugitive Act of 1850 defines crimes them?

unknown to the Constitution, makes it a crime to The pen that drafted the immortal Declara- feed the hungry, clothe the naked, and help the tion of Independence, was again wielded by weary traveller on his journey, and authorizes Thomas Jefferson in defence of the Declara- the U. S. Courts to punish those pretended tion, the Constitution, the sovereignty of the crimes by imprisonment and fine. States, and the rights of the people.

Jefferson and Madison, those illustrious foundIn 1798, the Legislature of Kentucky passed ers of genuine Republicanism, whose labors the resolutions drafted by Jefferson, while the were blessed to the complete rout of the Fednext year the Legislature of Virginia passed eralism of their day, held that such enactments similar setiments from the pen of James Madi- were void and of NO BINDING FORCE, and so son.

Mr. President, I hold in my hand a copy do we, the thirty-seven criminals of Lorain. of the Kentucky resolutions as Jefferson pen- Ladies and gentlemen--since I had the honor ned them, the second of which reads as fol- to appear before the august tribunal that is to lows:

try us in March next, and enter my plea as a “2. Resolved, That the Constitution of the criminal, I have endeavored to look over my United States, having delegated to Congress past life with becoming seriousness, that I might, the power to punish treason --counterfeiting if possible, find in what my crime consists. Í Í the securities and current coin of the United find many things for which I ought to be conStates -- piracies and felonies committed on the demned, but surely the wrong things of my life high seas, and offences against the laws of na- were not included in what I did on the 13th of tions, and no other crimes whatever, and it being September, 1858.

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