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upon it, Sir, that you cannot glorify communications. At least, let him God, honour your Saviour, or benefit consider, that it will be unjust to pumankind more effectually, than by nish all your unoffending readers for making such efforts, during the few my fault alone. The fact is, I will days or years that you have to spend acknowledge, that not being very fain this world. Recollect what Mor- miliar with West-Indian matters, I decai, the good subject and servant of was not sufficiently on the alert to God said, on a weighty concern, to inquire, whether the children, stated Queen Esther, “If thou altogether to be in the schools, were in the state holdest thy peace at this time, then of slavery or not. I rather took it for shall there enlargement and deliver- granted that they were; whereas, I ance' (from, in this case, an imper- see by re-consulting the Report that fect translation of the Holy Scrip- the contrary is generally the case. tures) arise' (to the British nation) But while I concede thus much, I ' from another place. Esther iv. 14. must still contend that, even with re

We learn from the Sixteenth Re- spect to the Slaves, both children and port of the British and Foreign Bible adults, the Methodist Report furnishes Society, 1820, p. 64, that Dr. Ting- evidence that philanthropic endeavours stadius, one of the bishops of Sweden, are not in vain. Mr. C. appears to who is also one of the first Hebrew admit, what indeed is very evident scholars of the present day, and who from numerous parts of the Report, has long been employed in preparing that the Wesleian Missionaries have a New Translation of the Swedish considerable numbers of the Slave po Bible, could not be persuaded by Dr. pulation submitted to their religious Henderson to form a Bible Society in instructions, and that with the goodhis diocese, as it would give to the will of the Planters. I have already Old Swedish Translation such an ex- quoted, in my former letter, their testensive circulation, as would obstruct timonies to the improvement in mothe progress of the New.

rals and piety, which the Negroes Such rational checks put to the manifest in many instances. To these boundless increase of the copies of I will add one more : it comes from corrupt translations of the Holy the island of St. Eustatius. Mr. Scriptures, are both laudable and French says, necessary, and will in the end do more I have on this island four places, for the glory of God, the credit of our in each of which I preach once in the holy religion, and the good of man course of the week. The last of these kind, than the well-meant, but too was opened under the following pecuhasty efforts of many of their impru. liar circumstances. A Slave belongdent brethren. I bear them recording to a person on this island had run that they have a zeal for God, but in away from his master, and become a this respect, it is not according tò most notorious robber, and having got sound knowledge.

others to join him, he was appointed JOSEPH JEVANS. their captain. He resided with them

in the mountains fourteen months, but

at last was taken and put into conSIR,

finement. His master expostulated BEG to assure your interesting with him on his conduct, but the Slave

correspondent, Mr. Cooper, [XVII. replied, that no one had cared for his 751,] that when I sent you the paper, religious concerns, and therefore he [XVII. 677,] on which he has animad- had been ignorant and wicked. The verted, nothing could be farther from master applied to me, and I told him my intention than to say any thing that if he would suffer me to preach that could wound his feelings, much to his Negroes, it would save him a less question his veracity: I was truly great deal of trouble. I went to the sorry to observe, in his concluding robber, conversed with him, and left sentence, something which almost im- him apparently sorry for his past plied that I had done so; but let me wickedness, and purposing to act very express a hope, that he will shew that differently in future. The master ofhe does not retain any offence where fered me a large warehouse for wor. none was intended, by specdily com- ship, and has since fitted it up for that pleting the series of his interesting purpose : 1 preach in it to all his Ne

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AND REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE OF GENERAL READING.

Gleanings.

101 groes, who, with his own family and part of education. Indeed, I must ad. many others, attend from the neighbour. mit your Correspondent's correctness, hood. The late robber himself, I am in saying, that the Report alluded to happy to state, manifests a real change furnishes no decisive evidence of any of life and heart, to the truth of which slave-children being taught to read, his master bears a pleasing testimony. though it is made probable that in a He has been received as a scholar into few instances they are so.

But we our Sunday-school. Our excellent have seen that religious instruction, governor, with his secretary and a by catechizing and preaching, is carmember of the council, lately visited ried on to a considerable extent among the Sunday-school, and expressed his the Negro Slaves, and that with appahigh satisfaction with the improve- rent benefit. From the opinion, theremeat of the children."

fore, that among these degraded peoBut your correspondent seems to ple Missionary labours are almost think that all these instructions can useless, Mr. Cooper must pardon me do the Negroes but little real good, when I say that I still feel some ground as long as they remain in slavery. for dissent. He will pardon me for saying that I

EUELPIS. cannot conceive this. Such is the nature of Christian truth, that if it be

GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS but received with any degree of seriousness and affection, I think it must, to a moral certainty, operate most beneficially both on the heart and the

No. CCCCI. understanding, and through them on the whole social behaviour. And this

Botanical Heaven. appears, from the statements of the It is amusing to see how men assoMissionaries, to be realized in fact. ciate their favourite pursuits with their Whether the reception of religion will religious expectations. In this they tend to produce any insurrectionary sometimes fall into the ludicrous. The movements among the Negroes, I feel Botanic Garden, for instance, at Leyunable to judge with absolute confi- den, contains a bust of. Clusius, one of dence; but it appears to me, that re- its founders and benefactors, on which ligion represses - such movements by is the following inscription : much stronger motives than it incites them, nor am I aware that there are

Non potuit plures htc quærere Clasius

herbas, any facts on record in evidence of such a danger. Moreover, among the

Ergo novas campis quærit in Elysiis, Planters themselves, a contrary opi- which may be thus plainly Englished, nion seems to be gaining ground.

With respect to the instruction of New plants to Clusius, Earth no longer the Negroes in the art of reading, it yields, is certainly a more questionable mea He goes to botanize in the Elysian fields. sure, and unless it goes hand in hand with a progressive emancipation, may the Horticultural Tour by a Deputation

This compliment (says the Editor of hare dangerous tendencies. Reading, from the Edinburgh Horticultural Sohowever, is not absolutely necessary, ciety, an interesting, and valuable either to life or godliness: it is but a work, just published in one volume, modern blessing in the world, since 8vo.)'has a parallel in one paid by the before the art of printing, it was pro- author of the “Grainina Britannica” bably never enjoyed by the mass of to the herborizing zeal of the late Mr. mankind, whether bond or free. But Sole, of Bath : « If our spirits, after eren from this acquirement, when at- their escape from this prison of clay, tained in conjunction with religious continue any attachments to what eninstruction and discipline, I think there

surely, conmust be more to be hoped than to be gaged them on earth,” feared. More jealousy, however, exists cludes the amiable Author, rapt in

botanical fervour, Sole is now simpon this point among the Planters, and consequently, a comparatively

limited ling in celestial fields !" number of slave-children receive this

POETRY.

On the Death of Mrs. WELLBELOVED. And happier still, that journey o'er

To meet ;-and part, oh uever, nerer! To wing, with thee, the pathless way,

Aud dwell in realms of bliss for ever. Tis finish'd. The divine decree,

E. W. The awful word to thee is given, Which bears thee hence from fleeting

York, February 13, 1823. joys, To pure and perfect bliss in Heaven.

THE BIBLE. And he, whose soul was link'd with thee,

Thy converse all his pains beguiling, It is the one, clear light, Thy love, with mild and even -ray,

That, if all other lamps grow dim, Upon his autumn pathway smiling,

Shall never barn less purely bright

Or lead astray from Him.
And they, dear pledges of that love,
Who own'd, in thee, so choice a bless. It is the golden key

To treasures of celestial wealth
ing,
Whose worth bespeaks thy guardian care, Joy, to the sons of misery,

And, to the sick man, health. Their minds thy excellence possessing,

It is the blessed band
Now mouru thy loss ;-bereaved mourn ! That reaches from th' eternal throne,

In sorrow pine;-in misery languish; To him, whoe'er he be, whose hand
Now, half repress the bursting sigh, Will seize it for his own.
Now, vent it with redoubled anguish.

The gently proffer'd aid
While Memory, sadly-pleasing power,

Of One who knows us ;-and can best Each loved and 'honourd feature Supply the beings he hath made traces ;

With what will make them blest.
Gives" airy nothingness” thy form,
And clothes it with thy Christian It is the sweetest sound

That infant ears delight to hear,
graces :

Travelling across the holy ground

With God and angels near. Paints thee, as when, in happy time,

The smile the fond caress bestowing; There rests the aching headThine eye with pleasure's tear suffused, There age and sorrow love to go Thy breast with fond affection glow- And how it smonths the dying bed, ing.

O let the Christiau show !

E. Ah vain, ah bitter task ! for see!

The loved illusion disappearing, Grief holds anew her cheerless sway,

JONAH. A dark and saddening aspect wearing.

Suggested by a Sermon of the late Rev.

H. Turner's. Soon may their sorrows cease to flow;

And, gentle Peace, their bosoms filling, “ Go thou tó Nineveh : Biờ Hope her cheering infuence shed, Thou prophct of the Lord most high ; Like heavenly dew, its balm distilling. The voice of her iniquities

Hath pierced the lofty sky:
And if, blest Shade! the charge be thine, Tell her, ere forty days are o'er,

Unseen, unfelt, around them moving, Proud Nineveh shall be no more.”
To shield their heads from every harm,
In danger's path, a safeguard proving: Reluctant he departs

Did his heart bleed in pity? No!
How happy, then, on life's rough way Because our God is slow to wrath

To tread, a heavenly guard attending ; The prophet's steps were slow; Can danger whelm, or snare betray, He knew and fear'd the power of prayer

Thy hand from every ill defending? Tavert the threaten'd judgment there.

Poetry To Louis-Le Desirć.

103

have come,

And it was so-in dust

To Lou13-Le Desiré.
Humbled the guilty people knelt,
Leaving the gorgeous palaces,

Then thou will submit, О King !
Where late in pomp they dwelt ;

Then thou wilt submit to be King, princes, mourn'd the deep offeuce, That scourge of the world, a warlike And gave themselves to penitence.

King, Now that his powerful voice,

Deep charg'd with the blood of the

Free? Heaven taught, had reach'd the sinner's

heart, Might not the prophet well rejoice, Then thou, in thiné age, must take And blessing God, depart?

The sword on the side of wrong, Or fervent join the hope, the prayer,

Impatient to think this idle world “ Who knows if get our God may

Should dally with Peace so long.
spare
e?"

Now shame on the souls that roused No-His was not the soul

Such wrath in a merciful breast,
Of one who, humbled in the dust,
Pleaded for guilty Israel,

And gave thee thoughts which would ne'er
Yet we'd the sentence just
Heaven's gracious thoughts his anger

Had they left thee alone in thy rest ! move, And Jonah weeps that “God is love.”.

And thou hast believed the word,

That God can delight to see Sorrowing he goes to seek

His image fair in the mind of man
A shelter from the noon-tide heat,

Effac'd by a thing like thee?
And up there sprang above his head
A shade so cooling, sweet ;

And thou canst indeed believe, ! * Jonah was glad," the record says,

If the prayer be duly said We hear' pot of the Giver's praise.

And the mass-bell rung that the smile Short was his joy—the plant

of Heaven In one short night a worm devour'd,

Shines bright on thy favour'd head? The prophet saw it droop and pine,

Or ever the deed be done, And, sorrowing, miss' his gourd,

Oh! ponder, for mercy's sake! Yet gentle still those accents fell,

Nor madly yet one comforting thought. "In this thine anger dost thou well ?"

From a dying moment take ! “Yes, I do well, even thus,

Or ever the widow's sigh Thus angry unto death, to pine :"

To the throne of God hath sped, “ Then thou had'st pity on the gourd,

Or the deep and solemn curse be goue Which was no work of thine

From the warrior's lowly bed ;
Which in a night has flourished,
And in a night thou see'st is dead ! By all thou hast hop'd or fear'd

In Heaven or Hell, oh pause ! “And shall no pity rise

For God will fight in defence of the right, For thousand and teu thousand souls

And not in oppression's cause. That in the depth of ignorance

E. T. No sense of right controuls ; And shall not God spare Nineveh,

Lines written in the Prison at Where thrice ten thousand people be ?"

Calais, Oh! if there be who wield Heaven's thunders o'er their brothers' (From Mr. BOWRING'S “ Details of his head,

Arrest, Imprisonment and Liberation," Not, Jonah-like, commission'd high, just published.)

With error compassed,
O let them, warna by Him, beware,

Calais Prison, Oct. 8, 1822. Nor curse whom God perhaps may spare.

I have marched up and down this foul And let their guarded souls

abode, Be to themselves severely true,

And read its tales of misery: 'tis a Sorrowing pronounce condemning words,

book
And let those words be few;
Their chiefest joy the “joy of Heaven,"
O'er love display'd and sin forgiveu.

Since this poem was printed, we
E. have seen it in the Examiner newspaper,

but being seut to us as an original, we • Moses, Deut, ix. 18.

give it as such. ED.

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swear

seen

“ Man is

Crowded with vice and virtue-with My heavy pile of misery. Oft I turned the excess

An ear of deafness to the voice of truth, Of vice and virtue. Heroes have been And whelmed me in my owo most obhere,

stinate will. Who sit on heavenly summits now, Thy coward penitence is worthless now. and walk

O miserable mortal! bow thy head, In the free fields of bliss. I will not Suffer and sink," The line was blend. ask

ed there What crimes have crowded here; for With other exclamations : “ What! is men are wont

this To err most strangely when they talk A fit abode for virtue ? linked to crime, of crime:

Married to infamy. Great Heaven! I The rilest go unscourged; but I have

I swear the charge is false !" and so it More valour and more truth in these

Was : black cells

"Twas but the agony of a youthful soul Than ever honoured many a mighty one Dreading contamination. One bad Whom million slaves have worshiped.

drawn I'll look round

Rude boughs of intertwining olive. One And moralize, and for a moment chase Had sketched a drooping ash, bent o'er The memory of wife and children

a stream, thoughts

And hung gold weights upon its Too bitter for a prisoner, and for one

branches : “ Men Whose prison is not in his father land. Are bowed by circumstance." "Twas The cold walls on one side were moul

eloquent : dered o'er,

I felt it, and I looked again ; I saw And the damp sweat exuded. Stains There was an altar hid behind the tree, of blood

On which a fire was burning. "Twas Were sprinkled on the other : filth of

a dream
years

Of the pure days of youth.
Covered the floor. There was a sick.

trained
ening stench,

To perfect wisdom but by perfect woeNauseous as the plague's breath. The Thou must be more unfortunate!” bars, the bolts

How oft Seemed made for giants; and the Have I, with listening ear and busy heavy keys

sense,
Were shaken, as with a malevolent joy, Waited upon your moralizers! Come,
By the unhearted keeper. Vermin Classical proud one! Come and show

tribes
Luxuriated : it was a palace to them. In all thy catalogue, so rich in lore,
I imaged to myself the various minds As this cold wall. There were two
That had left transcripts on these pri-

trembling lines
son-walls;

From one just hurrying to the scaffold :
But some had been erased, as if rebuke
Had cricd “ Shame" to the conscience; Now end my course and perish. It
some were left

were sweet
Broken, or finished tremblingly. Re To die in England !" Carved upon the
morse,

floor, Or fear, or levity, had checked the There were most strange and hieroglyhand ;

phic forms, Yet like Belshazzar's silent warning, Which spoke of British captains—Brithey

tish crews, Spoke loud as thunder. One had writ Captured and there confined. Some ten there,

humorous jests “ Take ye my life who took my hope Were blended-had my mind been

tuned to mirth. Another told his history: “ I was born I was not mournful-I could not be In Brabant and was happy : I had

gay. filled

I heaved no sigh–I could awake no A soldier's place with honour, but I

smile : fled,

Wife, children-perhaps. I'll muse no Deluded by a false one's charms, and

more. Alas! built

I am a prisoner.

a page

“I

away.”

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