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* Sir,

Letters from the Earl (afterivards Duke) of Lauderdale to R. Bester. 316 Behmenists or Sir Henry Vane ; some. I know not if they came to your hands, times they are like worshipful Qua- though I am sure they were delivered kers ; in three or four passages most to Mr. White. But the loss is small, zealous Papists. And at last the devil though they did miscarry, only i shews his cloven foot, and teaches should be sorry they came to other the doctrine of devils indeed, teaching hands, who perhaps will not hüve so Dr. Dee and Edward Kellie (an avow- niúch charity for me as I do expect ed necromancer) to lie promiscuously from you. In that letter I promised with one another's wife. And at last you a full account of Blondel's most all ends in cheating promises, for Dee learned book sooner than I am able to died and found the devil a liar. All send it, for I had a sad interruption by that I have learned by the book is, the news that it hath pleased God to that Dr. Casaubon is not like his fa- call my dearest brother. This disabled ther, else he would not have sent such me from study divers days. For albeit a book into this world, which is too the Lord was pleased to sweeten that apt to catch at pretended new lights, sad affliction by the greatest comfort though from the prince of darkness. that I was capable of, by the testimoThis account I give you of my mis- nies of Mr. James Sharpe and some spent time, as an apology, if I be à other honest ministers who were with fortnight longer in sending you ah my brother, that they were much ediaccount of what I can find in Blondelfied by his gracious discourses, and the for your purpose. To-morrow I shall temper they found him in before his begin, God willing, and not give over end. So that though I shall never see till I go through it; I wish I could do him more in this world, yet the hopes any thing might satisfy you, none to meet him in a much better world, living is willinger than,

(where there is neither sin nor sorrow,)

ought to turn my sorrow into thanks“ Your true friend and servant, giving for the Lord's rich and free

“ LAUDERDAILL. mercy. But I must confess my pri" Windsor Castle,

vate loss sits too sharp on me. This December 14, 1658.

will, I hope, obtain your pardon for

the failing in time. And that you “ I wish I knew any were fit to may have some account of my dilitranslate your books; I am sure they gence, receive herewith an account of would take hugely abroad, and I think near half of the book, about 550 pages it were not amiss to begin with the in folio, reduced into a nut shell. It Call to the Unconverted.

is wholly on the defensive, and as you “Some books I have got out of will see by the summary, (wliich I Holland, most of Amyrault his works; first send you,) it is an accurate anamong the rest a smart piece in swer to what the adversaries do allege French, of Church Governinent against in point of antiquity as to these subthe Independents. I have also got the jects: were it in my power to send Mystery of Jesuitism in Latin, trans- you the whole, you would certainly lated by the approbation of the author, pick more out of it, but here is what (who wrote it most eloquently in I did consider fittest for your purpose. French, under the title of Lewes Mon- I found the testimonies cited in Freneb, talte bis Provincial Letters). This (and not in their own language, so I Latin copy is much longer than the put them verbatim into English. I French or English ; with replies to tell you the pages of my author, and the Jesuits' pitiful answers : it is done sometimes, yea often, I only tell you by an able divine, a Papist, and the purpose, and that it is largely printed at Collen. If you have a mind proved by my author. If any of these to see it, I shall send it to you. general heads will be of advantage to “ For Mr. Richard Baxter,

you, be pleased to write me word Minister of the Gospel what number you pitch on, and what “ At in Blondel, and I shall speedily

transcribe them to you. For although LETTER VII.

I kept no copy of my former transla" Reverend and much-honoured Sir, tions, yet I keep a copy of this, so

“ On the 16th of December last I that any place you shall pitch on I sent you some scribblings of my own. can presently turn to it. In the mean



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“ Sir,

time, I shall go on as speedily as I clesiastic histories, viz. the Indians. can with the rest of the work. One They inust be confessed to have been thing I shall promise that, excepting without the verge of Romania, in the the Holy Scripture and sometimes for largest sense: it is known Frumentius recreation a snatch at some other converted them, and he had his ordibook, I shall read nothing else till it nation at Alexandria, but I will not be done. Again, I must conclude that be tedious with enforcing more. As if I am not so useful as I do desire to to the third question, Blondel offers at your service, yet I hope you will ac- no more than I have transcribed, and cept of the sincere desires of,

says not a word of those one or two

bishops you mention of Parthia and “ Your truly affectionate friend and Armenia. As for apparitions and posservant,

sessions, (besides the books which you “ LAUDERDAILL. cite in your book of the UnreasonaWindsor Castle,

bleness of Infidelity,) I have in Latin

a book of three famous possessions, 10th January, 1658-9.

of one a priest at Marseilles, who was “ For

prince of the synagogues of Satan (or “ Mr. Richard Baxter

Sabbat) in all Europe ; his name (as “At Kiderminster.”

I take it) was Louis Gaufredy, burnt

about forty years ago; and of two LETTER VIII.

possessed nuns in Flanders. The book

is printed at Paris, dedicated to the “ Reverend and much-honoured Sir, King of France: if you please I will

“ Yours of the 13th Jaắuary was send it, but it serves more to shame long by the way, for I had it not till Papists for laying weight upon the Saturday last, 22d, so late that I could devil's testimony, (heing exorcised,) do nothing till Monday. Here is as for confirming their grossest superfull an account as I can give you con- stitions, (and I put a learned Romancerning your three questions. I have ist lately hugely out of countenance transcribed his words, and must give with it,) yet there are divers things in you the testimonies in English, be it to your purpose. I have also two cause Blondel puts them in French, books in a large quarto, written by a and not in the language of the authors. French Counsellor, employed by the I must again beg your pardon for its Parliament of Bourdeaux, in the English, which I do willingly, that I judging of witches ; his name is De may express my author's meaning, l'Ancre ; he is specially recommendand to you intelligibly (though not to ed by that little discourse of the Devil an unlearned reader). As for example, of Mascon, which was lately printed dotes for gifts, grade for degree, Suo in English. In these books I am sure cerdoce, Eloge ; for the first three there are many stories to your purare no more French than they are pose, but the books are French, and English, and seeing Blondel makes I must dispatch Blondel ere I underFrench of those three Latin words, I take more." As for relations, I could may to you make them English. Nei- tell you of some in my own country ther would I alter his word numero. most certainly true, some before my sity. In the first question I hope you time, one since I was a man, in a godly will be satisfied; as for the otlier two minister's house, strangely and undeI am sorry Blondel is not pleased to niably haunted with spirits. If I had prove what he says. In the second, my right, I have the chief interest in I conceive he takes it for granted and am patron of the parish, and have that the Pope could not pretend to many times had the relation from the more than a primacy in the Roman minister's mouth. I can tell you of a empire, for he proves that Scripture possession in Scotland, near the place gives him none. And the councils I was born in, since I remember, the consisted only of the Roman empire; particulars which I had myself of Mr. so if it be proved that the countries Jo. Weem's own mouth, but my poor were Christian which were never parts country lies under such a weight of that empire, it is all that is neces- of malice and əlander, that I would sary. : One of the people mentioned not willingly have any thing of that may be clearly proved by all the ec- put in print now: yet for your satis

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Letters from the Earl (afterwards Duke) of Lauderdale to R. Baxter. 317 faction I shall write them to you when ment, I shall endeavour to satisfy you. you please. Also of a famous posses- Receive herewith that Latin book, (if sion in Holland, which I had there by Latin I may call it,) it is so coarse a unquestionable tradition. And for style; I did only cursorily view it, so mock possessions to shame Papists, I cannot well judge whether it will be saw two shameful ones—that of Lou- of use against Sadducees, sure I am it don nuns in France, (on which Walter may shame Romanists; that story I Montague grounded his pretended mean of Magdalen de Palud, where conversion,) and one at Antwerp. But by their pretended church authority, a I shall trouble you with none of this devil is made so zealous for Popish till you give me a second order. As errors, and so orthodox a Papist. I for 'my scribblings concerning my have laid in a leaf at the beginning of country, take your own time and tell it. The story is printed long ago in me freely wherein you think me mis- English, and Dr. Worthington of taken, and as I did write in haste', and Cambridge brought it hither to me. only for your satisfaction, so I shall There being here four prisoners comwillingly and thankfully receive your mitted as priests, one of them (an correction. You are just in saying I ingenious man) seeing it in my chamam a party, and so I must confess Iber, would needs maintain that it was am against the Rev. Prelate (who, I a London invention to disgrace them, think, on that argument did use us but when I shewed him this printed at ill and himself worse). But I shall Paris, and dedicated to the French labour not to be a wilful one against King, he was much out of countetrath when I can see it. This calling nance. To shame Papists, I think of a Parliament by the Protector gives this book may be of use to lie by you, me hope you will coine to London and therefore I beseech you keep it; (which is the greatest satisfaction I it is, I confess, not worthy of your expect from it). And then I flatter my- acceptance; yet if you like it you self you will see me.

In the mean

shall oblige me to keep it. As for De time, if my restraint can give me op- l’Ancre, I told you I have two volumes portunity to do any thing acceptable in 4to. of his, bu as far as I can judge to you, it will much sweeten it. For by a cursory view, it is not worth the though I am an useless laid-aside, pains to be translated. It is true, divers and, as to outward things, a ruined stories in it might be culled out by a prisoner, yet I bless God my spirit is discreet person, fit enough to convince free, by his grace I have some mea- the incredulous that there are witches; sure of contented submission. And but there is a great deal of trash in the I am with all my heart,

book, and he must have much time Sir,

to spare who will undertake it. In the “ Your real friend and servant, end of one of the volumes, there is a

“ LAUDERDAILL. large story of an apparition in a vil“ 26th January.

lage near Agen, in Gasconie, attested

by the Bishop of Agen, the notaire “I am advanced in Blondel 300 and some others, to have happened in pages more.

June and July 1612. But it looks

like a Popish forgery, for the spirit's “Mr. Richard Baxter.

actions and discourses tend wholly to confirm the Popish purgatory, messes

and such trash, and it is alleged to have LETTER IX.

been seen only by three wenches ; so

it might shame the Papist, but would Yours of the 26th February was rather harden than convert an Atheisa fortnight in coming, yet I had it tical Sadducee. If you know any will before your books, and in obedience employ their time about it, I'shall

you Í did scribble this inclosed too most willingly send them the books ; long letter: you may justly be frighted but I hope you will not desire me tó with its length, but I desire you to take such a task. And, indeed, I may read it for divertisement, when you justly be ashamed to have been so can best spare so much time: if you slow in a much better work; but I desire further satisfaction in any of hope you have goodness enough to the stories I mention, upon advertise- forgive me, when I have told you that


" For

“ Sir,


I could not well help it, having had have been ofteri desired to make my these six weeks so many unavoidable applications thither, because my case avocations and interruptions. After I is most extraordinary. But the same had writtén my last to you, I intended reasons which you suggest do hinder great diligence till I had finished it, me, and the greater public affairs obbut I was much discouraged by find struct my making any applications, ing nothing to your purpose in that except to the throne of grace for long debate concerning the Primates patience, submission and a sanctified of Africk (where I did please myself use of all the Lord's dispensations. with expecting so much for you). To his rich grace I recommend you That dispute is wholly spent in the and your labours. I need not again examination what was the reason of repeat that I am by very many obliprimacy in Africk. And since that gations, time, (though I have no business,) yet

“ Much-honoured Sir, I could not promise myself one whole “ Your real and most affectionate day to this work. But I had determined

“ Friend and servant, to begin again this week, when your

“ LAUDERDAILL. self hath interrupted me, for having received your two books on Saturday

« Windsor Castle, at night, I can do nothing till I have "17 of March, 1659. read them. And, besides, your Key I doubt not but you will be wary for Catholics being now abroad, I con- in your dispute with those Papists you ceive you are in no such haste. Al inention, for they use to make very ways after I have read these two books unhandsome relations of such busiof yours, I shall go about finishing ness. Blondel. But because I do not exactly “Here is a young man belonging to remember how much of my notes out a good friend of mine, he was bred a of Blondel I have transcribed and sent Protestant, but ill-company, and the you, be pleased to write mé word diligence of somejuggling priests, have if the 26th observation, referring to put Popish notions into his head. He page 453, was not the last which I

is melancholy and reserved, no scholar, sent to you (excepting what I wrote and so worse to deal with. My friend the 26th January, in answer to some hearing from me that you was ena queries of yours of the 13th January). gaged in a dispute, would have sent This you may please to answer at him to you, but I diverted it, thinkyour convenience.

ing the dispute would be over. Be “ Now give me leave to return you pleased to let me know if you are to hearty thanks for your two books; dispute any more, for it may be such but I was much surprised to see you a dispute might do the young man take notice of me in print, and with a good. character which I can no way pretend

“ To the Reverend my much-hoto be due to me: it is a great temp

noured friend, tation to pride to be commended by

“ Mr. Richard Baxter, such a man as you are, but I hope the

“ Minister of the Gospel at knowledge I have of how little I de

“ Kiderminster." serve, the reflection on your not knowing me, and on your charitable dispo- [The reader of these letters may be sition, shall preserve me from being interested in being informed that when lifted up by such a favour. Something Lauderdale became a great man, and else occurred to me upon my first indeed the ruler of Scotland, he offered view of both your books, which is not Baxter what place in that country lie fit to be written, but if ever I have would choose, either a church, or a the happiness to see you, I will take college in a university, or a bishopric. the freedom to speak with you of it. Baxter honestly and sagaciously deI have read more than the half of your clined the offer, as appears by a letter Key: it is like yourself, I need say of his, dated June 24, 1670. Shortly no more, and I trust in God it shall be after, Lauderdale, on one of his jourof great use to his church.

neys to Scotland, sent for Baxter at “I must also return you my thanks Barnet, where Baxter gave him the for your recommending my business same answer as in his letter. “When to some members of the House. I Lauderdale got to Scotland, (says


Remarks an Mr. Worthington's Sermons.

319 Baxter, thus tenderly describing the In every place-and, perhaps, most most savage persecution and the most of all in the metropolis-favourite wanton tyranny,) such acts against preachers have a considerable sway Conventicles were presently made, as over the opinions and the feelings of are very well worthy the reader's serin one description of their hearers. Their ous perusal who would know the true very name possesses a fascination, complection of this age.”-Relig. Bax, which, against their own wishes, will ter. Part III. p. 75.]

frequently produce the effect repre

sented by the poet, and secure implicit Remarks on the second Edition of the to say, that Mr. Worthington was

acquiescence. It would be too much Sermons of the late Rev. Hugh destitute of this ascendancy over a Worthington.

certain class of persons, while he lived : June 2, 1823. and it inay well be apprehended, that,

even now, some of his recorded senti. Some to the fascination of a name

ments and expressions may unduly Surrender judgment, hoodwink’d.

bias those who were indiscriminately COWPER.

partial to him as a religious teacher, from any invidious wish to depre- becoming deference and candour, point ciate the character of the late Rev.

out a few passages, which I conceive Hugh Worthington, as a Christian to be erroneous in respect of accuracy preacher. His memory will be ever of recollection, precision of statement honoured by me, for his personal or allusion, justness of taste, propriety worth, and for the pre-eminent useful- of language, and correctness of theoness of his services in the pulpit. In logical reasoning and scriptural intercommon with many individuals, I am pretation. grateful to the editor of these dis.

The following passage is extracted courses, for giving them to the public. from the discourse on Religious Pre. It is not merely to the warm admirers judices : Pp. 14, 15. of Mr. W., but to the world in general, “I once heard a sermon on the that they are a most welcome and subject of prejudice, from a man I am beneficial present. The habit of at, proud to call iny friend, the late Dr. tentive observation and clear recollec- Price. It was delivered in this house ; tion, as the effect of which they appear and the impression it made upon my in this form, claims a high degree of mind will cease but with life. Pre. praise. In the Sermons themselves I judice,' said this truly excellent man, perceive every mark of genuineness. may be compared to a misty morning They abound in the peculiarities, in in October ; a man goes forth to an the excellencies and blemishes, of the eminence, and he sees, at the summit writer. The excellencies, however, of a neighbouring hill, a figure appaconsiderably prevail, and scarcely pere rently of gigantic stature, for such the mit us to think on the alloy. Mr. imperfect medium through which he Hugh Worthington was among the is viewed would make him appear ; most deservedly popular preachers of be goes forward a few steps, and the his age and country. His style, like figure advances towards him; his size his delivery, was singularly impressive. lessens as they approach ; they draw What Dr. Bates said of Baxter's still nearer,--and the extraordinary Works,* is applicable to these dis- appearance is gradually, but sensibly courses: “there is a vigorous pulse in diminishing ; at last they meet ;-and, them, which keeps the reader awake.” perhaps," said Dr. Price, the man í It is probable, that this posthumous had taken for a monster, proves to be volume, which, because it is posthu, my own brother.' Never was prejudice mous, comes forth at once with advan- more forcibly delineated.”' tages and disadvantages, will fall into Let individuals, familiarly convermany hands, and pass through at least sant with the respective styles of Dr. a third edition.

Price and Mr. Hugh Worthington, determine, from which of those justly

celebrated preachers this language • Fun. Serm. for Mr. Baxter, (2d ed.,) proceeded. I would not speak with p. 112.

excessive confidence in a case where

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