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any thing like absolute certainty is I do not controvert the remark unattainable. Yet I suspect, that the which Dr. H. has made, and which thought is Dr. Price's, and that most Mr. W. has adopted. What I am of the circumstances of the imagery desirous of noticing, is the fact, that are supplied by Mr. Worthington. most, if I must not add all, of the My readers will, perhaps, be of the parables of Jesus Christ were of this same opinion, when they have perused description, were suggested by the the sentences that I shall next quote, scenes and circumstances of his mi. and that are taken from Price's Post- nistry, and do not seem to have been humous Discourses, p. 76. That ve- the effects of what we call study and nerable man, having recommended, preparation.
“the best remedy for narrowness," Ibid. p. 26. “ You deny the re(subsequently to a correct judgment surrection, and the existence both of and a candid heart,)“ a free and open angel and spirit; but has not the Alintercourse with persons of different mighty declared himself the God of sentiments," observes,
Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and “ We are like children wearing dif- the God of Jacob? Is he then the ferent garbs in the middle of a mist. God of the dead? No; though their We keep at a distance from one ano. bodies have long since mouldered in ther, and therefore appear to one the tomb, their souls remain a sacred another like monsters. Did we come deposit in his hand, till that great day nearer to one another, and associate when they shall rise to everlasting more, our silly prejudices would abate, life.” and we should love one another bet This is Mr. W.'s comment on our ter."
Saviour's reasoning in Matt. xxii. 29 But I return to Mr. Worthington- -33; Mark xii. 24-28; Luke xx. Ser. II. 17, &c. [John vii. 45]:
34–39. According to the Evangelists, “ These words (never man spuke Jesus Christ says not a single word like this man) were spoken by the concerning the bodies and the souls of officers or soldiers sent by the chief the departed patriarchs. His only depriests and Pharisees to apprehend sign is to shew, “ that the dead are Christ."--And the preacher, assuming raised.” This trutlı he establishes on that they might have been either“ of- principles adınitted by the Sadducees ficers," in our present acceptation of ihemselves. The clause, “he is not the term, [i. e. persons invested with a God of the dead, but of the liviog,” some military command,] or has its explanation in what immedimon soldiers,” draws from his as- ately follows, "for all,” (i. e. they sumptions certain lively, though un- all, meaning Abraham, Isaac and Jawarrantable, inferences.
cob), “ live unto him :" the Supreme The noun, in the original, is typé Being calleth the things which are tai. Now the scriptural, if not the not, as though they were. Had our classical, sense of it, has no relation Lord's argument been that of Mr. W., to soldiers or to Military officers. his language would have been the The men employed, on this occasion, same with Mr. W.'s. I do not enter,
to apprehend Christ,” were the at present, into the controversy rehigh priest's servants. In a note be- specting the state of men between low * I will refer to some authorities death and the resurrection : upon this for this interpretation.
subject Christ is silent. Let me, howIbid. p. 22. “Dr. Harwood has ever, take occasion to observe, that remarked, that two of the best of the sense of the Scriptures must be them [our Lord's parables], namely, ascertained by the study of them, the rich man and Luzurus, and the and not by our previously-formed byprodigal son, were spoken extempore, potheses. at the moment."
Ibid. pp. 29, 30. “ I am sorry that any celebrated characters, lately de
ceased, should have decried prudence. Besides the Copcordances of Tromm.
I am grieved that any author or iniand of Schmid., and the Lexicon of nister should think lightly of it.” Schleusner, the Syriac, Vulk., German, The preacher alludes, I conceive, to [Luther,] Italian,' [Diodati,) and Fr. Dr. Priestley, who, probably, would Genev, trauslations aie decisive.
not quite have agreed with Mr. W.
Remarks on Mr. Worthington's Sermons.
321 in a definition and estimate of pru- Grotius, is, as some represent it, dence; though I know not that he “Heu, vitam perdidi, operose nihil decried it, or thought lightly of it. agendo !” according to others, "multa Regardless of personal consequences, agendo, nihil egi." Calumny put it he avowed truths of the higliest mo- into his mouth. Bayleand Le Clerct ment; and if this habit can be styled have shewn, that it was a malignant imprudence,* his memory shrinks not fiction. from the accusation. Even with re Ser. VII. pp. 99, 100. - is it spect to the ordinary course of things, unnatural, is it inconsistent, to sup"there are diversities of gifts.” The pose that a lower degree of felicity variety is beneficial to the world and may be enjoyed during the period wlien to the church. Let not any author the body is mouldering in the tomb?". or minister” forget, that of these nu The answer must be the Apostle merous gifts the most excellent is Paul's :1 “ When Christ, who is our CHARITY.
life, shall appear, then shall ye also Ser. III. p. 44. “ I have lamented appear with him in glory.” The Chrisfrom a youth, a law in our legislature, tian Scriptures direct our hopes and which, I believe, is either lately re our fears to the morning of the resurpealed, or about to be so; namely, rection. From Mr. Wi's argument that if a crime is proved to be only the doctrine of a purgatory follows,
a breach of trust,''it will rescue that as an essential inférence. servant (a servant in whom confidence Ser. IX. p. 129.
let this was reposed) from the halter he me thought impress our minds, Christ is rits. Surely such a confidence highly far more than man, or he would never uggravates, rather than extenuates, have been appointed to the office” [of the offence.”
final judge]. Such, it seems, was the Mr. W's warmth of feeling impels opinion of Mr. Worthington: such him here beyond the bounds of hu- was not the doctrine either of Christ mane consideration and of wise and himself, or of the Apostle of the just policy. He expresses too lightly Gentiles. I put the issue upon two his approbation of capital punishments. passages. Independently of this question, two John v. 27. “And hath given him grand errors are observable in his rea- authority to execute judgment also, soning. He falsely assumes that the because he is the Son of man.”S moral turpitude of an offence ought to
Acts xvii. 31. “He hath appointed be the measnre of its punishment by a day in the which he will judge the a human tribunal; and he overlook's world in righteousness by that man the distinction of a breach of confi- whom he hath ordained." dence, which implies something like a Ser. X. p. 140. "You remember previous civil contract, from "violent our Lord said to his disciples, and to attacks on the person, or on freedom, Peter as their head, · What I do, thou
property and life. A servant's breach knowest not now, but thou shalt know • of confidence may involve moral guilt hereafter."" 11.
of nearly the blackest die. Yet in the Peter was in no sense the 'head' legislature's scale of crimes, it cannot of the disciples ; and our Lord's adbe ranked among those to which the dress was made to him exclusively, ultimum supplicium is awarded.+ as is evident from the fact of the sin
Ibid. p. 46. “Hear what the most gular pronoun being employed. Mr. celebrated commentator of Europe, W. erroneously supposes, that the and the ablest statesman of Holland, uttered in his last moments, I have wasted my life in doing nothing !” The exclamation attributed to H.
* Dictionaire, &c. (4e ed.) T. II. p. 617, Note H.
† Sentimens de quelques Théologiens,
&c. 402. On this subject, see the Preface to I Coloss. ïïi. 4. Corrie's Sermon at Dudley, 1804.
Š For the scriptural import of this † Blackstone's Commentaries, &c. appellation, see a highly valuable sermon (1809) IV. 230, and Paley's M. and P. (1821) by the Rev. Robert Aspland. Philosophy, (ed. 10,) Vol. II. 270, 271. Il John xiii. 7.
remark, what I do,' &c. contains a Alexandrian (Alexandrine) copy of reference to a future state. Jesus, in the New Testament, and confesses, verses 12–18, explains the meaning that the question is in his own mind both of this language, and of his sym- “undecided.” I bolical action, in washing the disci Şer. XVI. p. 224. Another examples' feet. When once we have ple of Biblical criticism, arrests our ascertained, from the context, and by attention. Mr. W. seems to admit other means, the just import of a pas- the genuineness of Acts viii. 37; sage of Scripture, no different inter- though from Griesbach's text, it is pretation of it is admissible; nor must very properly excluded. Thus welose we look for what is general and re- the simple confession of the treasurer fined in observations that thie speaker, of the queen of Ethiopia, " I believe or the writer, plainly limits to the that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” occasion by which they were sug- However, the verse, as it stands in our gested.
Bibles, and considered as an interpoSer. XII, pp. 172, 173. In the lation, will at least show, that even in warmth of his zeal for social worship, an age subsequent to the apostolic, a a zeal which, if it be enlightened, I very short, intelligible and general applaud, Mr. W. does not distinguish confession was deemed sufficient for between the
ord's day the Chris- those who received baptism. tian and the sabbatical institution of Şer. XIX. p. 278. “Let us for a the Jews. If my readers will turn to moment suppose our Saviour to haye a concordance, they will perceive, that been a mere manthe distinction is real and important. Şuch language is always incorrect, In some instances this preacher scat- and may sometimes be employed with ters his censures vith little judgment an insidious design: scarcely shall we and discrimination. Of this charac- hear it from any well-informed and ter is the next extract.
reflecting believer in Revelation. The Ser. XIII.
183. “ Cold and rank of Jesus in the scale of being, is frigid is that pbilosophy which denies one thing ; his endowments and office the agency of celestial spirits on (both of them special and characterisearth."
tic), are another. Let us adhere These tautological epithets can have closely to Peter's doctrine and style no just application to any thing which in Acts ii. 22, 36. merits the name of philosophy. That Ser. XX. p. 287. “ He has made alone is genuine and sound philosophy, atonement for the whole world.” which exercises belief on evidence, and I look in vain throughout the sacred in the degree of the evidence afforded. volume for such a declaration. Our
The agency of celestial spirits on Lord, beyond all doubt, is the channel earth,' is a subject which I shall not through which we receive, from God, now discuss. I transcribe a single (Rom. v. 11,) the atonement, or rather observation from one of the highly the reconciliation. That Jesus made valuable works of the late Mr. Far- atonement, is neither the phraseology mer: t " The best arguments,” says nor the sense of scripture. + he, reason can employ to prove the Ser. XXIII. p. 324. “Some whom existence of creatures of a superior I ain addressing, may be acquainted order to man, do much more strongly with a tract on this subject (the Hisprove,' that they can act only within a torical Conveyance of Christianity) certain limited sphere."
by a late Dissenting Minister, who Ibid. p. 184. It comes in the wrote it with the idea, that no one bad preacher's way to treat of the proper ever discussed it before him ; in this, interpretation and reading of Acts i. 25; " That he might go unto his own place.” Griesbach sanctions here the received text. "Mr. W. refers to
* The authority of a siugle, unconthe
firmed, though important MS. is ipsutficient.
+ Similar upscriptural language is used Monthly Repository, IV. 440-443. by Mr. W. in p. 549, where he speaks of + Dissertation ou“Miracles, &c. p. 54. the merits" of Jesus, as the ground of (8vo.)
God's acceptance of the sinner.
Mr. Cogan on Remission of Sins.
323 bóivever, he was mistakén; Dr. Jeffes them in silence. Nümerous are the ries, [Jeffery] Dean [Archdeacon] preponderating beauties of these Serof Norwich, having published his mons. The peroration of the disthoughts upon the same topic sixty course on “ faith in an unseen Saviyears ago.”
our,” is particularly fine; and in p. This late Dissénting Minister, was 416, we are presented with a most the Rev. John Simpson, a native, I striking and, I believe, original, image. believe, of the same town* with Mr.
N. Hugh Worthington, and well known as a most amiable, excellent, and Sir, accomplished man. I have now before FTER the declaration which I anity is best conveyed in the historic enter into long discussions, your worform: nevertheless, it affords no inti- thy correspondent Mr. Jevans will not mation that the writer considered him- bé surprised that I decline giving a self as discussing a new subject; formal reply to his communication in though he treats it in a inanner en- your last Number (pp. 294–297). tirely his own, and like å strictly inde. That I may not, however, be wholly pendent reasoner.
silent, I will, with your permission, Ser. XXVI. p. 376. “ Horace de- acquaint him and your readers how I fines wisdom, A selection of the best came to adopt the opinion in confirthings, and the attainment of them by mation of which I referred to Mr. the best ineans."
Kenrick's Sermons. When a young It is a good definition, come from man, I read with great interest Dr. whom it may: but I do not meet with Taylor's Key to the Apostolic Wriit in Horace; nor am I aware of its tings. I there found it proved inconbeing deducible from any thing which testably, that the Gentiles were called he has written.
sinners because they did not enjoy Ser. XXXIII. p. 471. Mr. W. the privileges of the Jewish covenant. would read a clause in Colossians iv. While strongly impressed with this 16, thus,
“' the epistlé sent to Laodi- idea, I was accidentally led to reflect céa.”
on the well-known passage,
“ Behold The texi, however, must not be the Lamb of God that taketh away the disturbed : nor must the translation. sin of the world;" and my mind was It is the commentator's
, and forcibly struck with the thought, that becomes his duty, to point out if he the true interpretation of this passage can, what epistle is intended. Now must be, that by the death of Christ this Paleyt has done : "the epistle a way would be opened' by which the from Laodicea was an epistle sent by Gentile world might be translated St. Paul to that church, and by them from what was deemed an unholy to a transiñitted to Colosse.”
holy state, by which they, who before Sér. XXXVI. p. 522. Solomon, were sinners, might becoine saints.
as it appears from many parts of In the justice of this interpretation I his history, the vainëst monarch.” was afterwards confirmed by reading, Here I am inclined to suspect an error with some attention, the first and seof the press ; otherwise I must ques- cond chapters of the Epistle to the tion the fáct, and object to the repre- Ephesians, in which the apostle desentation. Let the reader judge for scribes more fully than elsewhere the himself.
benefits which have resulted from the I could easily proceed. But I am death of Christ, who is there repreapprehensive of wearying others and sented as having broken down the midthyself. If I have been hypercritical, dle wall of partition between the Jews there are surviving friends of Mr. W. and Gentiles, and " having reconciled who can' rectify my mistakes. Had both unto God in one body by the the inaccuracies which I have ven cross." Nor did I find any thing in tured to notice, been committed by an these chapters which was unfavourable ördinarý män, I would have passed to the sense' which I had annexed to
the passage above quoted.. I hence
inferred that when the pardon of sin Leicester
was spoken of in connexion with the Hörå Pådlinë, (1796) p. 248.
death of Clirist, the thing intended
was an introduction to a new state of Scriptures are the only rule of faith and." moral and religious privilege. And practice; that the exercise of private here I take iny leave of the subject by judgment is the undoubted right and again referring your readers to Mr. duty of every Christian; and chat Je-, Kenrick's Sermons, and, I add with sus Christ himself, who is the sole pleasure, to Mr. Belsham's Exposition head of his church, has commanded of the Epistles of Paul.
us to search the Scriptures, and to; E. COGAN. stand fast in the liberty wherewith he
hath made us free; it gives bim much
Exeter, concern to see a practice prevails, Sir,
June 3, 1923. which contradicts these principles tion of many of your readers, that compiling of articles and confessions at the time Mr. Lindsey was delibe- of faith, and the requiring a subscrip-. rating about the resignation of his tion or belief of them as a condition living, he corresponded with Mr. Ross, of ministerial communion. Such a a minister of the Church of Scotland. requisition, he is convinced, super-, Mr. Ross had difficulties on the sub- sedes the duty required of Christians, ject of Subscription to the Articles of to search the Scriptures, precludes the his Church, similar to those which exercise of private judginent in reliembarrassed Mr. Lindsey respecting gious matters, and is a manifest usur-. those of the Church of England. pation of the prerogative of our Lord
After the death of Mr. Ross his Jesus Christ, who is the only head of; widow settled in Exeter, and became his church, and who has neither hima valuable member of my congrega- self, nor by his apostles, invested any, tion; and by her I was informed of man, or body of men, with authority: the steps taken by him, after much to impose their explications of Scripcareful examination and serious reflec- ture on the consciences of their bretion, to relieve his mind. He sent to thren. the Presbytery of Stranmaer a decla “ Wherefore, being deeply impressration of his sentiments, and a petition ed with these sentiments, and firmly to be released from his Subscription. persuaded that it is his duty to assert, Some zealous members of the Pres- his religious liberty, by earnestly conbytery would have prevented the re- tending for the faith once delivered to. ception of the petition, but a majority the saints in the Holy Scriptures, after decided in his favour. Disappointed mature deliberation, finds he cannot in their scheme, they carried their op- with a good conscience hold the office position into the Synod; but there also of a minister of this National Church they were silenced. But still hoping on the terms of his admission to that to succeed, they brought the question office. I mean not to advance any before the General Assembly, and thing against the doctrines contained there also they were not listened to; in the Confession of Faith. I only and Mr. Ross was allowed to continue disclaim the usurped authority which a minister of the Church of Scotland, imposes the belief of that or any comafter he had thus publicly rescinded position as a qualification for the holy his subscription to its Articles. This ministry. is so extraordinary an occurrence in
“ ANDREW ROSS.” an Established Church, that you may esteem it desirable to preserve the In an original letter, now before following document in your valuable me, from Dr. Benson to Mr. Towgood, Repository.
on this subject of Subscription, he Unto the Reverend Presbytery of says, “ I am desirous you should see Stranmaer,
the inclosed letter on Subscription, Ta The Declaration and Petition of because I hope you are proceeding in Mr. Andrew Ross, Minister of Inch, your answer to Powel's Sermon conhumbly sheweth,
cerning Subscription to the Thirty" That your petitioner being deeply nine Articles in any sense, in every sensible of the invaluable blessing of sense, and in no sense at all; as articles religious liberty, considering also that of truth which are not true; as artithe fundamental principles of the Pro- cles of peace which create endless testant religion are, that the Holy contentions ; as articles of the Church