« AnteriorContinuar »
I. Introduction and summary -
A. Purpose and extent of hearings-
A. Definitions of employment and manpower policy.
1. Technological change and automation: Some defi
3. Future impact of automation and cybernation..
1. Need for economic growth..
6. Shortages of high-talent manpower.--
praisal and recommendation...
1. Making employment policy
3. The integration of employment and manpower policy-B. Monetary and fiscal policies for full employment.
1. Toward a more flexible tax policy--
(a) Accelerated Public Works Act of 1962.
(a) Reductions and shifts in defense expenditures.
(6) Defense, space, and the Nation's manpower. 5. Income maintenance through unemployment compen
sation. 6. Special employment problems of disadvantaged
Page 76 77 79 81 83 84 86 87 92 92 97 98 101
105 113 117 117 118 119 120
IV. Toward a comprehensive employment, etc.—Continued
1. The manpower orientation of education..
7. Retraining the unemployed: MDTA and ARA..
1. The U.S. Employment Service.---
3. Manpower statistical and research needs.
A. The essence of the problem..
Education and job skills..
more effective tool in the fight against unemployment-
capped into successful employment.--
seling at the elementary level..
The dropout problem: Help through private enterprise..
D. The U.S. Employment Service: Matching men with jobs..
A. Installment debt assistance for unemployed workers...
ance for the purpose of preventing home foreclosures result%
ing from extended unemployment-
in income due to unemployment...
D. Unemployment compensation for high level unemployment.
A. Public welfare and social security-
able to all persons seventy years of age or older who have no
pension from any public source-
H. Overtaxation of the poor: An administration policy-
124 124 127 127
128 130 133 133
134 135 136 137 139 140 141
76 77 79 81 83
"THE MANPOWER REVOLUTION”
A complex revolution is underway in the kind of labor force need to man the American economy. It has profound implications for ture national social and economic policy. In general
terms, the revolution may be characterized as a sh from a blue collar to a white collar work force. Innovation, sys matic invention of new products, new materials, new production tec niques are the hallmarks of today's American economy. Repetitive bor is steadily being relegated to machines and computers. Empl ment once concentrated in mill, mine, and farm is now increasing to be found in the office, service establishment, retail store, and labo tory. The unskilled occupations, the pick-and-shovel jobs, are f disappearing
This revolution has, of course, been underway for several decad In many respects, the shifts now occurring have been evolutionary, revolutionary, the logical end results of forces set in motion by t industrial revolution in the 19th century.
This "second" industrial revolution has brought great benefit most Americans. It has generated the highest levels of mass aflluer in human history. It has made sweatshop labor obsolete. It has ma possible the transfer of human labor from repetitive work to me challenging fields of human endeavour. Within it are the seeds of better society.
SYMPTOM OF OUR FAILURE: UNEMPLOYMENT
But, in making the transition, the American economy has left ma problems unsolved. While technology has moved forward, our e nomic, social, and political policies have not. The mismatch betwe our economic policies and the peculiar demands of our highly techn logical economy has caused a needless waste of manpower and produ tive resources. The most serious symptom of this failure has be unnecessarily chronic and persistent high unemployment througho the ups and downs of the business cycle ever since 1953.
Modern productive enterprise is characterized by its emphasis up systematic invention and innovation, the constant search for ne products and new ways to make old ones. The thriving plant or val able skill of today can become obsolete tomorrow under the pressur of innovating competition. Technological advance is partly a sear for laborsaving techniques which cut labor costs, increase efficieno and release human work to less repetitive forms of labor.