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CONTENTS

Text of bills:

S. 1308.

Departmental report-Equal Employment Opportunity Com-

mission..

S. 1667.-..

Introductory remarks from Congressional Record, May 3, 1967

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

MARCH 4, 1967

Kennedy, Hon. Edward M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massa-

chusetts

Clark, Hon. Ramsey, Attorney General of the United States..

Shulman, Stephen N., Chairman, Equal Employment Opportunity

Commission, accompanied by Lúther Holcomb, Vice Chairman, and

Samuel C. Jackson, member, Equal Employment Opportunity Com-

mission...

Wirtz, Hon. W. Willard, Secretary of Labor.

Greenberg, Jack, director-counsel, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational

Fund.

Young, Whitney M., Jr., executive director, National Urban League.

Mitchell, Clarence M., director, Washington Bureau, NAACP.

Rauh, Joseph L., Jr., general counsel, Leadership Conference on Civil

Rights

Wilkins, Roy, executive director, NAACP.

May 5, 1967

Harmon, John E., executive vice president, National Employment Asso-

ciation, accompanied by Daniel J. Mountin, director of governmental

affairs, NEA.

Hunt, James W., labor relations manager, Chamber of Commerce of the

United States. -

Morrow, Joseph J., vice president for administration, Pitney-Bowes, Inc.

Cowles, Alfred E., executive secretary, Washington State Board Against

Discrimination, accompanied by Morton M. Tytler, assistant attorney

general of the State of Washington.-

Pfaus, George S., director, New Jersey Division on Civil Rights-

Withey, Miss Anna, general counsel, New York City Commission on

Human Rights..

Webber, Malcolm C., chairman, Massachusetts Commission Against Dis-

crimination.

Murphy, Prof. William P., commissioner, Missouri Commission on Human

Rights

Tytler, Morton, assistant attorney general, State of Washington.

prepared statement..

Clark, Hon. Ramsey, Attorney General of the United States-

Prepared statement..

183

51

50

Cowles, Alfred E., executive secretary, Washington State Board Against

Discrimination, accompanied by Morton M. Tytler, assistant attorney Page

general of the State of Washington..

160

Prepared statement..

165

Dunn, William E., executive director, Associated General Contractors of
America, prepared statement, with attachments...

185

Greenberg, Jack, director-counsel, NAACP Legal Defense and Educa-

tional Fund.

119

Prepared statement, with attachment-

108

Harmon, John E., executive vice president, National Employment Asso-

ciation, accompanied by Daniel J. Mountin, director of governmental

affairs, NEAT

141

Prepared statement-

148

Hunt, James W., labor relations manager, Chamber of Commerce of the

United States-

149

Prepared statement

149

Kennedy, Hon. Edward M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massa-

chusetts.

48

Mitchell, Clarence M., director, Washington Bureau, NAACP-

122

Morrow, Joseph J., vice president for administration, Pitney-Bowes, Inc.- 157

Murphy, Prof. William P., commissioner, Missouri Commission on Human

Rights

175

Prepared statement-

162

Pfaus, George S., director, New Jersey Division on Civil Rights..

171

Prepared statement..

166

Rauh, Joseph L., Jr., general counsel, Leadership Conference on Civil

Rights

123

Shulman, Stephen N., Chairman, Equal Employment Opportunity Com-

mission, accompanied by Luther Holcomb, vice chairman, and Samuel

C. Jackson, member, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.- 52

Prepared statement-

55

Senate Government Operations Subcommittee on Executive Re-
organization, statement before..

76

Tytler, Morton, assistant attorney general, State of Washington...

182

Wakelee, Heath, director, Electronic Industries Association, Washington,

D.C., prepared statement-

185

Webber, Malcolm C., chairman, Massachusetts, Commission Against

Discrimination.-

175

Prepared statement-

161

Wilkins, Roy, executive director, NAACP.

124

Prepared statement.--

124

Wirtz, Hon. W. Willard, Secretary of Labor.

87

Prepared statement-

83

Withey, Miss Anna, general counsel, New York City Commission on

Human Rights

173

Young, Whitney M., Jr., executive director, National Urban League- 120

Prepared statement-

116

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Page
194

200

197

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63

Communications to—Continued

James, Rev. F. C., director, Commission on Social Action, the

African Methodist Episcopal Church, Sumter, S.C., May 15,

1967.
Mitchell, Clarence, legislative chairman, Leadership Conference

on Civil Rights, June 20, 1967---
Rauh, Joseph L., Jr., counsel, Leadership Conference on Civil

Rights, May 26, 1967-

Hunt, James W., U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Washington, D.C., from

Senator Jacob K. Javits, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare,

May 19, 1967

Javits, Hon. Jacob K., a U.S. Senator from the State of New York,

from James W. Hunt, labor relations manager, U.S. Chamber of

Commerce, June 5, 1967---

List of NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Funds, Inc., title III cases

pending in Federal court-

Memoranda from EEOC re-

Comparison of complaints originating in States with and without

statutes outlawing discrimination in employment---

Disposition of complaints recommended for investigation.
First annual report (pp. 56-64)—Analysis of Charges, July 2, 1965–

June 30, 1966.

Number of individual suits filed under title III.

Memorandum on equal employment legislation (S. 1667) from the Leader-

ship Conference on Civil Rights ..

Responses of Shulman, Stephen N., Chairman, EEOC:

To request that he provide the Senate Employment, Manpower and

Poverty Subcommittee with recommendations as to ways the

power of the Attorney General could be strengthened if the EEOC

did not receive cease and desist order powers--

To inquiry as to at what point in the process of Commission activity it

should receive the power to obtain interlocutory relief, a temporary
injunction, or restraining order, assuming the Commission is granted

this power in legislation.-

To the request for a listing of complaints received by the EEOC

against both industrial and craft unions.--

States having no fair employment practices statutes and States with FEP

statutes without adequate enforcement procedure.-

Summary of State Fair Employment Practice Acts, Labor Law Series

No. 6-A, June 1966..

111

82

76

182

72

6

EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY

THURSDAY, MAY 4, 1967

U.S. SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON EMPLOYMENT,

MANPOWER, AND POVERTY OF THE
COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 9:35 a.m., in room 4232, New Senate Office Building, Senator Joseph S. Clark (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding,

Present: Senators Clark, Pell, Kennedy of Massachusetts, Javits, and Prouty.

Committee staff members present: Stewart E. McClure, chief clerk; William C. Smith, counsel to the subcommittee; and Peter C. Benedict, minority labor counsel.

Senator CLARK. The subcommittee will be in session.
Will the spectators please take their seats so we can proceed.
I have a brief opening statement which I should like to read,

Today the Subcommittee on Employment, Manpower, and Poverty begins hearings on S. 1308, dealing with equal opportunity in employment.

This subcommittee is also presently engaged in an intensive study of the war on poverty, in which it is our purpose to assess the strengths and weaknesses of that effort so as to enhance its effectiveness. We have already held poverty hearings in two States—Mississippi and New Mexico and the District of Columbia, and we had a week of general hearings on the poverty war in Washington earlier this year. On Monday we resume our antipoverty study in New York, and go from there to California. By the time we get through in the early days of June we will have visited 10 States and held hearings in 15 different places.

While it would be premature now to state any firm conclusions about the war on poverty, one recurring theme has been the close interrelationship between the effort to obtain equal employment opportunity and the effort to wipe out poverty. If we are to attain the goal of equal economic opportunity-which is the mission of the war on povertywe must see to it that such artificial barriers to job placement and job advancement as race, religion, and sex are abolished.

The bill on which we shall be taking testimony today is identical to the text of title III of S. 1026, the administration's omnibus civil rights bill, which was introduced by Senator Hart with the cosponsorship of 26 other Senators earlier this year. That bill was referred to the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, where as you all know the chances of its emerging within the foreseeable future are reasonably slim.

It was therefore felt that the title of the bill dealing with equal employment opportunity should be referred to the Labor and Public Welfare Committee and by it to this subcommittee in order that we

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