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sojourning at the “ Catamount Tavern” in a son who was willing to die for his counthe spring of 1775 and from the “ Council try.' Room” of that house went forth his order Here, in 1778, was tried and condemnof May 3rd, for mustering the Green ed, one Daniel Redding, a traitor and spy; Mountain Boys for the capture of Ticon- and in a field in front of the house a galderoga which was effected seven days after- lows had been erected, and a great crowd wards in the name of the great Jehovah had assembled to see him executed. But and the Continental Congress.

on the morning fixed for the execution, the In this noted tavern house sat the Ver- Governor and Council granted him a remont Council of Safety during the trying prieve for one week, for the reason that he campaign of 1777 guiding and directing had been tried by a jury of six, while by the the patriotic exertions of the Green Moun- common law there ought to have been tain Boys to stem the torrent of Burgoyne's twelve. The multitude, who as well as invasion; and here also Stark and Warner, the six jurors, had condemned the traitor,

were clamorous at their disappointment, and violence was seriously apprehended, whereupon Col. Ethan Allen, who had just returned from his long English captivity,

mounted a stump and waving his hat and Courel Room

exclaiming attention the whole proceeded to announce the reasons which produced the reprieve, advised the multitude to depart peaceably to their habitations, and to return on the day fixed by the Governor and Council, adding, with an oath, “you shall see somebody hung at all events, for if Redding is not then hung I will be hung myself." Upon this the uproar ceased and the crowd dispersed. Redding having been afterwards tried and condemned by a jury of twelve, was hung on the day to which his reprieve had been granted, in accordance with Allen's prediction."

The children of Captain Stephen Fay COUNCIL ROOM FIRE-PLACE.1

were numerous and respectable, and sevewith the aid of the Council, planned the fa- ral of them have been prominent in the mous attack on Baum's entrenchments, affairs of the state of Vermont. He died where was won the brilliant victory of in 1781, and the house, not many years Bennington, which turned the current of afterwards became a private dwelling for success from the British to the American two of his sons, in succession; then for a arms, and was followed in a few weeks, by grandson and finally for a great grandson, the capture of Burgoyne and his army at John Fay, Esq., who died Feb. 25, 1866. Saratoga. Captain Fay, the proprietor of the house had five sons in the Battle of Bennington one of whom was killed. On

1 Memorials of a Century, by Rev. I. Jennings, pages being told that one of his sons had fallen in the fight, the venerable patriot, through In September, 1775, Colonel Allen was in command of a his deep grief thanked God that he had body of Canadian Volunteers, on the borders of the St. Lawa PERSECUTION OF AN EARLY FRIEND OR QUAKER. The following account of the arrest, trial, and sen


He was captured near Montreal and sent a prisoner in chains to England. He was exchanged, in New

York, in May, 1778, when he returned to his home in 1 The carver of the words on the fire-place left out the n in

3 Slade's State Papers, page 269. the word Council.

253, 254.


with me.

So the soldiers did break out in tence of John Bowne, a disciple of George Fox; laughter at it. was kindly copied from his original Journal, and

Then the next day being Church day, contributed to the RECORD, by Henry Onderdonk

the scout fetched me to the Court where I Jr., of Jamaica, Long Island.

think, before my body was in their view, JOURNAL.

within the chamber-door, the Governor 1662 First of Seventh Month. bade me put off my hat; but before I could Resolved (Waldron] the scout' came to make answer, he bade the scout take it off. my house at Vlishing [Flushing] with a

Then he asked me about Meetings, and afcompany of men with swords and guns

ter some words, said, I had broken their (where I was tending my wife being sick in law. So he called for it and read it to me, bed, and my youngest child sick in my wherein he termed the servants of the arms, which were both so ill that we watch- Lord to be heretics, deceivers, and sedued two or three with them.) He told me I cers, or such like, and then asked me if I must go with him to the General [Stuyve- would deny that I had kept Meetings. I sant.] I told him my family were not in a answered that I should not deny meetings; condition to leave them. He said he could but that I had kept such meetings or ennot help that, he must follow his order, tertained such persons as he there read of but would not show it me. So being too I did deny, for I could not own them to late to go that day, he left his men there be such ; but he would not reason it at all. and went to drinking in the town, and Then he said : But will you deny meetings? came again in the night, and with him the I answered I shall neither deny nor affirm. scout of the town before whom I demand- Will you put us to prove it, said he. I ed his order which he denied before many said: Nay I shall not put to proving; but people; but at last I saw it. By which or- if you have any thing against me, you may der he was to take such as he should find

act. Here I am in your hands ready to in unlawful meetings, but found me in suffer what you shall be suffered to inflict none. So I told him I did deny to go on

upon me, or to that

purpose. So the Gofoot by virtue of that order. He said:

vernor put by all reasoning, and they then he would bind me hand and foot and spake to me to pass forth. I said I was carry me.

I told him he might do what willing, first, to give them to understand he was suffered, but by that order he ought the condition of my family and the cruelnot to carry me away. So next day, like ty of bringing me so from them. So when a wicked hard-hearted man, he carried me I had declared it to them, I said: Now, do in a boat to Manhattans, leaving my fami- you judge at whose hands it will be rely in that condition, and put me in the quired, if they suffer in my absence. The Court aguard before the Governor's door. Governor said : At yours.

So being spoSo next day seeing the Governor about to ken to I was going away, and two or three take horse, I sent the sarjeant of the Com- of them spake to me, to take my hat, pany to tell him I did desire to speak a few which I did not intend to leave. So it lywords with him. So the man came and ing by the door I took it and went to the told me in Dutch, and showed me by his Court aguard again, and the scout came a actions that the General said that if I little after and told me: [that] When I would put off my hat and stand bare-head- had paid 150 guilders I might go home. ed, he would speak with me. I told him I asked him what I must do till then. He I could not upon that account. So he sent said I must tarry there in that place. me word again: That he could not speak So the next morning he came and gave

me a writing in Dutch and told me the Go1 Schout, the title of Sheriff in Dutch.

vernor had sent me a copy of the Court's


sentence. He was not ashamed [he said] told me he then came from the Governor of what he did, and if I would, I might and Court to tell me that if I would not have it in English. It was for such and pay the fine and charges, they were resuch things I was fined and must pay 150 solved to send me out of the country, either guilders and charges; and other particulars to Holland or somewhere. Then on the what must follow it if I did so again. I 6th day of the week the door was locked, told him I could pay nothing on that ac- but open at night to let in friends, and the count. So I was kept there till the 25th of next morning to let them out. But since, that month. Then came the Fiscal and I have not had liberty to go out of the scout in great rage and demanded of me

This day being the 3rd of the to answer the Court's sentence, which I week, the gth of the month, the Fiscal denied as before. So I was presently car- told Lydia Bowne that they will send me ried or guarded away to the dungeon and for Holland when the ship goeth. That there put.

A strict charge being given to night, I went to Steenwyck to go to the the guard of soldiers which was both by Governor to tell him I desired to come to day (and night] to let nobɔdy come at me the Court to speak for myself. So on the or speak with me. So I was kept there fifth day of the week in the morning and allowed nothing but coarse bread and Gower and Steenwyck went and told the water (that they knew of) till the 6th day Governor which he did refuse to grant, but of the 8th month. Then came the scout said, I should either pay or go. So I about the middle of the day, and he call- went home for a chest and clothes which ing to me bade me to make up my bedding. came down soon after. Then on the 16th I must go to another place.

So I was

of the month, the 3rd day of the week at brought to the State-house and there put night came Wm Leveridge to ask me if in the prison-room, where I have remained I would accept of the Governor's proffer, till this 19th of the 9th month, being the which was to go out of the Jurisdiction 4th day of the week, and yet remain here, in

3 months time; which if I would promthe door being open sometimes for a week ise to go, he would engage I should be set together, sometimes more, sometimes less, free the next day. I told him the Govboth day and night, sometimes locked up ernor had made no such proffer to me, for a little space, about which time and but if I might come to the speech of since I hear daily of great threatenings, him, then if he did ask me a question I what is intended to be done to me at the should like to make answer, for I did coming home of the Governor, which is desire to speak with the Governor myself. looked for speedily. This morning Nicko- So he said he would speak with the Govlas Davis came here, this 22d of 9th ernor again the next morning; and in the month, being the last day of the week, morning said so again at George Woolold style.

sey's, and did go to him as himself said, and So it continued till the 6th day of the being asked by Robert Gerry and George next week in the morning. Then the Fis- Woolsey of it, he said he had forgot it, cal gave order to lock me up and said it and so went away home. Now, whether was the Governor's order also; but at night he lied in saying he wonld and did not, the door was set open again, and the next or whether in doing and saying, he had morning Nich. Davis went away, being the not done but forgot, I know not; but at last day of the week. The same day went the best it was bad enough. away my dear friends Robert Hodgson and And that morning betimes, Cornelius John Hudson to Gravesand, and left my Steenwyck told Robert Terry that the wife with me. She went away the next Secretary himself had told him that mornsecond day morning, being the first day of ing that I was free; but presently after I the roth month, old style.

was kept closer than ever I was before in Then on the 5th day of the week, the this room. Whether Wm. Leveridge was 4th day of the month, came Resolved and the cause of it I cannot tell. Then on


the first day of the week, 21st of oth was a writing it, the scout came and told month, came the scout in the morning and me I might speak with the Governor, if I asked me, if they should let me have lib- had any business with him. So I went to erty to go see my wife and friends, whether his house and was called into a private I would promise to come there again on room, where he with one of his writers the 3rd day at evening. I told him: Yea was a writing to send for Holland, and if the Lord would; or else he said the was very busy as he told me. So I told Governor would set me free if I would him I heard he meant to send me away in promise to remove myself and family out the ship, and I did desire to know whereof his jurisdiction in a months time, but fore. So he told me: Because I did not I could not make any such promise. So answer the sentence of the Court. So I I had liberty to go home. Then on the asked him if that was only and alone the 3rd day of the week, before my time was

He said : Yea. Then I desired he out I came to Manadose [Manhattos] and would give me so under his hand, that if went amongst the merchants, by the any should ask me, I might have it by to Weigh House, and Steenwyck went with show. So after some more words he went me to his house, and as he did knock at to writing himself and then gave it to his the door, Resolved came by. So Steen- Secretary to write fair, and then set his wyck spoke to him to tell the Governor I name to it and the Secretary also. Then was come and to ask him if I might have they gave it me, but it was not in those [liberty] to be abroad in the town; and I words as we had spoken. I also asked him: spoke to him also. And he turned himself What the ship-master should do with me. about on his heal and laughed, and seemed He told me: “Put me ashore either in to bite his tongue and wonder. It's like he Holland or anywhere, where the ship put thought I would not have come again. in," or words to that purpose. So he spake So I passed to and again in the town all then after some words to several things. that week out, and could hear nothing He told me he was very busy, and if we what they did intend. But when I asked should talk till the morrow morning we any question about it, I was bid “let it should do one another no good. But he alone awhile," and my chest, clothes and carried himself very moderate to me all that bedding were kept still in the prison. Then time, and said if I would promise to go on the 2nd day of the week, 29th of ioth out of the jurisdiction in 3 months time, month, the ship being fallen down the Bay, he would set me free. So after I had before the boat came up to fetch the spoken something as to my innocency topassengers aboard, so I walked to the wards them and how clear I was from deBridge where the boat lay because I was siring any hurt unto them or any revenge not willing to be out of sight, and there upon them for any thing they had done meeting with Resolved I asked him if he against me, the Governer answerd I thank had anything to say to me from the Gov- you for it, and called me Goodman Bowne. ernor. He said he should tell me presently. --So not having further liberty I passed So a little after, he came and told me I away. So that night my things were put might get a cart and fetch my things from in the boat, but by whome I know not. the prison and put them in the boat. So Then on the 3rd day of the week when I answered him something to it and told the people were ready to go, the scout him I did desire to speak with the Gov- put me in the boat and so I was carried ernor myself.

aboard. Then the 4th day of the week So being free to take that opportunity to being the 31st day of the roth month, have my things out of prison I got a cartold style, we set sail about the middle of the and brought my things and put them in day, and went out to sea. * * * * * the Widdow Wessels house near where the On the 29th of 2nd month, 1663,we [I, boat lay, and then went to my lodging to and Benj. Forely] came to Amsterdam. write a letter to my wife, and while I Then the 30th, being the 5th day of the

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week, we went to the West India house said: Nay, I have no intent to fetch my and livered in my first paper which was wife and children here, but to labor to read and then left to a committee before maintain [them] there as I used to do. whom (after much waiting) 14 days after, But we think, said he, you were best to stay Wm. Caton and I were called in. They here and send for your wife and children, were very moderate to us and did not for we do not give liberty there. I said, speak one word against us or any of our Liberty was promised to us in a Patent friends in any particular, tending to the given by virtue of a commission from the liking of any thing the Governor had done Prince of the States General and the West against me or any other, but asked what India Company. He said: Who gave that we desired of them. And when they Patent.-Gov'r Keift. Oh, said he, that understood our minds, they freely pro was before any or but few of your judgmised that the next day my goods should ment [ie way of thinking] was heard of. be delivered to me; but for the other I said we are known to be a peaceable thing, they could not do it of themselves, people. He said but if you be a peaceabut would speak of it to the Company of ble people and will not be subject to the whom we must look for answer.

This was

laws plakados (placards) which are pubthe 14th of the 3d month. O. S. Then lished, we cannot suffer you in our jurisdicthe next day to have the goods which were tion. I said : It is good first to consider ordered to be delivered; but after consul whether that law or placard that was pubtation amongst some underlings, they were lished be according to justice and rightdenied, except I would pay for my pass eousness or whether it be not quite contraage. This put me upon a 2d writing to ry to it and also to that liberty promised to them, which we gave in by the 18th day, us in our Patent; and I desire the Compabut at [torn] that day and the next we ny would read or hear it read.

I have a [torn]also. Then having had some turns copy of it by me. He said if I would with the merchant about passage, because walk out a while they would. A pretty he wanted pay for the first, at length pro time after they called me in again. Then mised me I should have passage for my he standing up set a bold face on a bad money as well as others, if I got a pass, cause and told me they had read it and which all that went thither are to have. considered of it and did find it very good So I went with others for a pass but he de and like it well. Then after some words nied to give me one except he had orders about it, I seeing their wickedness, said: from the Company or some of them. What you are pleased to give in answer to This did put me upon a 3d writing to these things, I desire to have it in writing them, which I, being alone, sent in on the under your hands. Nay, said he, we will 25th day, and after some time I was give you nothing under our hands, but we called in and the man called Lord Pergens will draw up a writing of such particulars, (or Perkins) sitting at the head of the ta as unto which if you will set your hand, ble asked if I would any thing with them. you may go and dwell there, and also said I said I had given in several writings to that all those that will not be subject to which I did desire their answer. He said : that placard and all other that either are Have you any [thing] further to say by already or shall be hereafter made, shall word of mouth. I said: Nay, but that not live in our Jurisdiction. Then it was you would consider of these things and do concluded that I should come to the next therein as you would be done unto. Then sitting, being the 28th day, to see their he said if you please to withdraw, we writing and give my answer to it, when, shall consider of them afterward. -I was he said, I should have them all together. called again. Then he said; The gentle- So I and my friend came expecting an opmen here have considered of the things portunity of speech with them but had it and desire to know whether you intend to . not. So when they were risen, the speago to fetch your wife or to stay there. I ker called us into another room and gave

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