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SCIENCE Heat as a Mode of Motion, new revised edition, by Prof. John Tyndall; 12mo, illustrated; D. Appleton & Co., Boston; $2.50; Organic Chemistry. by Profs. Pinner & Austen; John Wiley & Sons, New York: $2.50. The Sun : It's Planets and their Satellites, by Edmund Ledger; Scribner & Welford, New York; $4.00. Walker's Political Economy, by Francis Walker; 12mo, 490 pp.; Henry Holt & Co., New York; $2.25. Fish and Fisheries, edited by David Herbert; maps and illustrations; 8vo; Scribner & Welford, New York; $3.00. Herbert Spencer's Descriptive Sociology ; large folio; D. Appleton & Co, New York; $7.00. Water Analysis, by Geo. L. Austin; 18mo, 50 pp.; Lee & Shepard, Boston ; 50 cts. Animal Intelligence, by George J. Romanes, LL.D., F.R.S.; 12mo, 520 pp.; D. Appleton & Co., New York; $1.75. A Visit to Ceylon, by Ernst Haeckel; crown 8vo, 342 pp.; S. F. Cassino & Co., Boston; $2 50. Comparative Zoology, by James Orton; crown 8vo, 413 pp.; Harper & Bros., New York ; $1.80. Elementary Botany, by George Macloskie, D.Sc., LL.D.; 12m0, 373 pp.; Henry Holt & Co., New York; $1.60. Insects Injurious to Fruit, by Prof. William Saunders, F.R.S.C. ; 440 engravings ; 8vo.; J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia ; $3.00. Instantaneous Marine Studies, by David Mason Little ; 4to ; Cupples, Upham & Co., Boston ; $3.00. Man Before Metals, by N. Joly; 148 illustrations; 12mo; D. Appleton & Co., New York; $1.75. New England Bird Life; Part 11.; crown 8vo, 408 pp.; Lee & Shepard, Boston; $2.50. Nature Studies, by R. A. Proctor; 288 pp. ; Funk & Wagnalls, New York; $1.00. Easy Sermons in Vegetable Biology or Outline of Plants, by Rev. J. H. Wythe; 94 pp. ; Phillips & Hunt, New York; 40 cts.

TRAVEL.

At Home in Fiji, by C. F. Gordon Cumming; with map and full-page illustrations; crown 8vo, 387 pp. ; A. C. Armstrong & Co., New York; $1.25. Cities of Southern Italy and Sicily, by Augustus J. C. Hare; 535 pp.; Geo. Routledge & Sons, New York; $2.50. Egypt: Palestine and Phænicia, by Felix Bovet; 490 pp.; E. P. Dutton & Co., New York; $2.50. Highways and Byways of Japan, by Arthur H. Crow; Scribner & Welford, New York; $3.40. In the Shadows of the Pyrenees, by M. R. Vincent, D.D.; Charles Scribner's Sons, New York; $2,00. Mexico To-day, by Thomas U. Brocklehurst; with map, 17 colored plates and 37 engravings in wood, from sketches by the author, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York; $2.25. Five Fountains, by C. F. Gordon Cumming; with map and illustrations; 2 vols., 8 vo.; Willard Small, Boston; $10.00. Ice Pack and Tundra, by W. H. Gilder; 8vo, 360 pp. ; Charles Scribner's Sons, New York; $4.00. On the Desert, by Henry M. Field, D.D. ; 8vo, 348 pp. ; Charles Scribner's Sons, New York; $2.00. Sketches from Europe, by Max Burgheim; 8vo, 150 pp.; M. and R. Burgheim, New York; $1.00. Ponkapog to Pesth, by T. B. Aldrich; Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston ; $1.25. Spanish Vistas, by G. P. Lathrop; 8vo, 210 pp.; Harper & Bros., New York; $3.00. Travels and Observations in the Orient, and a Hasty Flight in Countries of Europe, by Walter Harriman; 8vo, 360 pp.; Lee & Shepard, Boston ; $2.50. Across Chryse; a Narrative of a Journey Through South China, Border Lands from Canton to Mandalay, by A. R. Colquhuon, F.R.G.S.; 3 maps and 300 illustrations; 8 vo, 2 vols.; Scribner & Welford, New York; $7.50. An Arctic Boat Journey in the Autumn of 1854; illustrated by Dr. I. I. Hayes; Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston; $1.50. Seven Spanish Cities, by E. E. Hale; 16mo; Roberts Bros., Boston; $1.25.

A Family Flight Through Spain, by E E. Hale and Miss Susan Hale; 4to; D. Lothrop & Co., Boston ; $2.50. Scrambles Among the Alps, by Edward Whymper; also, Down the Rhine, by Lady Blanche Murphy; 8vo; J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia ; $3.00. Mexico and the Mexicans, by Howard Conkling; 16mo, 308 pp.; Taintor Bros., Merrill & Co., New York; $1.50.

MISCELLANEOUS. Pseudonyms of Authors, by John Edward Haynes; 8vo, 112 pp.; John Edward Haynes, New York; $1.25. Nonpareil Cook Book, by Miss E. A. M.; 434 pp; Jansen, McClurg & Co., Chicago; $1.50. American Girls' Home Book of W’ork and Play, by Helen Campbell: 417 pp; G. P. Putnam's Sons, N. Y.; $2.00. How to Help the Poor, by Mrs. James T. Fields; Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston; 60 cts. Hill's Manual of Social and Business Forms, by Thos. E. Hill; 4to, 483 pp.; Hill Standard Book Co.; $6.00 to $8.00. Natural Instincts in Animals and Men, by P. A. Chadbourne; 323 pp.; G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York; $2.50. On Musical Education and Vocal Culture, by Albert B. Bach; 8vo; Scribner & Welford, New York; $3.00. Libraries and Schools, by Charles Francis Adams, Jr.; F. Leypoldt, New York; 50 cts. Living Truths, from Charles Kingsley; introduction by Wm. D. Howells ; 5 vols.; D. Lothrop & Co., Boston; each $1.00. The Early Homes of Prince Albert, by Alfred Rimmer; illustrated, 8vo; Willard Small, Boston ; $8.40. Hints on Home Teachng, by Edwin A. Abbott; Scribner & Welford, New York; $1.20. Guides and Guards in Character Building, by C. H. Payne, D.D., LL.D.; 360 pp ; Phillips & Hunt, New York; $1.50. King's Dictionary of Boston, by Fdwin M. Bacon; 530 pp ; Moses King & Co., Cambridge; $1.00. The Cathedral Towns and Intervening Places of England, Ireland, and Scotland, by Silloway & Powers; 361 pp ; Cupples, Upham & Co, Boston; $2.00. The Story of Ida; Epitaph on Etrurian Tomb, edited with preface by John Ruskin; crown 8vo; Scribner & Welford, New York; $2.00 to $3.75. The English Village Community, by F. Seebohm; 8vo; Scribner & Welford, New York; $6.40. Camping in the Alleghanies or Bodines, by Thad. S. Up De Graff, M.D.; illus.; J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia ; $1.25. The Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson, ii vols.; Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston; each $1.75; the set, $19.75. The Works of Nathaniel Hawthorne, 12 vols.; Riverside Edition ; Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston ; each $2.00; set $24.00. Oliver W. Holmes's Works; new edition; 7 vols.; Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston; each $2.00.

FOREIGN NOTES.

GREAT BRITAIN.Elementary Schools, London. --Some one pointedly observes that the London School Board is the greatest education parliament in the world; as such, its actions and deliberations are of universal

In the year ending October, 1883, by means of new buildings and the enlargement of old ones, the Board provided for 27,700 additional children. Mr. Buxton, the chairman, says in his annual address : “In face of the fact that, while the population of London is larger than that of Scotland, the school accommodation of London last year was only 527,000 as against 619,000 in Scotland; .. the increase noted can not be regarded as an adequate effort to overtake the existing deficiency.” It has been recently determined to erect twenty-five temporary iron buildings which can be afterwards removed to other sites, thereby minimizing the delay in accommodating children in growing districts, The table of percentages of average attendance is an interesting commentary on compulsion. In 1871 the percentage was 78.3; it fell off in the four

years

following, when large numbers of children were brought in by the compulsory law. These have now passed out of the schools, and a new generation has arisen, a large proportion of whom early acquired more regular habits; the consequence is a steady rise in the attendance, the average percentage for 1883 being 81.3 per cent. Mr. Buxton says, “ Anomalous as it may seem, the more vigorously compulsion is enforced against absentees, the greater the tendency to an irregular attendance."

Considerably more than a quarter of a million children (311,695) are under instruction in the Board Schools, at a net cost of il. 11s., and a gross cost of 21. 155. 10 d. per child. The teaching staff consists of 4,087 adult teachers, 1,107 pupil teachers, and 399 candidates. There are 2,753 children in industrial schools, received at the instance of the board.

Science and Technics.-It is difficult to keep pace with the rapid increase of provision for science instruction and technical training in Great Britain. At Huddersfield, which is a center of woolen industries, a technical school was opened Oct. 13. The school is a development of the mechanics' institute, which attracted the attention of Prince Albert in 1855 A citizen of Aberdeen, Mr. John Gray, proposes to erect a school of science and art for that town, provided the governors of Robert Gordon's college shall set apart a site on the college grounds for the purpose and assume the management of the school. The Department of Applied Science and Technology, University College, London, began the present session with enlarged facilities. Oxford and Cambridge are steadily increasing their provision for instruction in chemistry, physics, etc.; and St. John's College, Cambridge, has recently issued a notice which will, it is believe, place science candidates more on an equality with those who pursue the older studies. In brief, candidates for fellowship at the next annual election may submit dissertations or other writings as evidence of their independent work, the matter and form of the writing being left to their own discretion The electors wish it to be understood that their decision will be influenced, among other considerations, by the proficiency in some special subjects of candidates who do not submit any writings. Such candidates may at their own request be examined in their special subjects, provided they give full and precise information in regard to it by letter addressed to the master before a specified date. The principal of the Finsbury Training College announces that two Cambridge graduates in honors, and an undergraduate who is about to take his degree, have entered the college this term, and that a London B.A. will enter in a few weeks. Meanwhile the need is becoming more and more apparent of such a society as that formed last June with Prof Huxley as president, for the purpose of improving elementary training in science. The report of the late Cambridge higher local examination states that out of sixty-six candidates in the Natural Science Group, only two gained a first class, and thirty-one failed. The examiners' comments go to show that the poor results are mainly due to the endeavor to acquire the knowledge from books, instead of by observation and experiment.

International Exhibition — It is proposed to hold during the year 1884, says Nature, an international exhibition, which shall also illustrate certain branches of health and education, and which will occupy the buildings at South Kensington erected for the fisheries exhibition. The object of the exhibition will be to illustrate, as vividly and in as practical a manner as possible, food, dress, the dwelling, the school, and the workshop, as affecting the conditions of healthful life, and also to bring into public notice many of the most recent appliances for elementary school-teaching and instruction in applied science, art, and handicrafts. The exhibition will be divided into two main sections,-1. Health ; II. Education,- and will be further subdivided into six principal groups. In the first group it is intended specially to illustrate the food-resources of the world, and the best and most economical methods of utilizing them. In the second group, dress, chiefly in its relation to health, will be displayed. Illustrations of the clothing of the principal peoples of the world may be expected; and a part of this exhibition will be devoted to the history of costume. In the third, fourth, and fifth groups will be comprised all that pertains to the healthful construction and fitting of the dwelling, the school, and the workshop, not only as respects the needful arrangements for sanitation, but also the fittings and furniture generally, in their effect on the health of the inmates. The most improved methods of school construction will be shown; and the modes of combating and preventing the evils of unhealthy trades, occupations, and processes of manufacture, will form portions of the exhibition. The sixth group will comprise all that relates to primary, technical, and art education, and will include designs and models for school-buildings, apparatus and appliances for teaching, diagrams, text-books, etc. Special attention will be directed to technical and art education, to the results of industrial teaching, and to the introduction of manual and handicraft work into schools.

Technical Instruction.— The Manchester Mechanics' Institute is about to set a good example by establishing classes for technical instruction in various handicraft.

Science Instruction.— In an address at the annual distribution of prizes at Gartsherrie Science School, Glasgow, Dr. Kerr, H. M. Senior Inspector of Schools, stated that he had just returned from Germany, where he had visited schools of all classes. Nothing astonished him more than the vast and costly provision for science teaching. In Hamburg, Leipsic, Berlin, Munich, and Chemnitz, he saw institutions on the most extended scale. The one at Hamburg had 80 highly trained teachers, and most complete accommodations and appliances. After a glowing account of what he had witnessed in Germany, the Inspector added that he believed the finest science school in the world was at St. Louis, in the United States.

Women Clerks.— The London School Board has passed, by a large majority, a motion to appoint a special committee respecting the employment of women as clerks of the Board. There was determined opposition, but it was contended that as the post-office admitted women to its service, work which they were competent to do ought to be open to them. In their record-book of welcome facts, this circumstance will be gladly written down by advocates of larger business facilities for women.

Oriental Languages.- On the 20th of Nov. last, the preamble of a statute was considered at Oxford University, by which natives of India are to be enabled to offer an Oriental language in place of either Greek or Latin in the "first public examinations.” The preamble was carried by a vote of 54 to 16. The chief argument against the proposed change is, that if it be effected, Englishmen will want the privilege of offering French or German in place of Latin or Greek, to which the reply was, Why not?

FRANCE.—Manual Training.–The French school authorities show no disposition to relax their efforts for including manual training in the elementary schools. The Minister of Public Instruction has recently issued a decree creating a “certificate of aptitude” for teachers of manual work and outlining the examination for the same. Candidates must be at least twenty years of age (except by special permission), and must have taken a “superior license” or the bachelor's degree. For men, the examination embraces geometry, geometrical design, free-hand design, modeling, practical tests in chemistry, physics, or natural history (at the option of the candidate), the execution of a piece of work in wood or iron from a drawing (time allowed four hours), and the criticism of the work of scholars. For women, the examination includes a composition upon hygiene or domestic economy, an

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