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“ Certain murders were committed at Prairie (sary arrangements for defence, and security, du Chien on the Upper Mississippi, in 1827, &c., idly, but anxiously, awaiting his arrival, by a party of Indians, headed by the famous when, at about one o'clock to-day, we descried, Winnebago chief, Red Bird. Measures were coming in the direction of the encampment, taken to capture the offenders, and secure the and across the portage, a body of Indians, peace of the frontier.
Information come mounted, and some on foot. They were of these movements was given to the Indians. first, when discovered, on a mound, and deat a council then holding at the Butte des scending it, and by the aid of a glass we could Morts, on Fox River, and of the determina- discern three flays, iwo appeared to be Amerlion of the United States' government to pun-ican, and one white;
and in half ish those who had shed the blood of our people an hour they were near the river, and at the at Prairie du Chien. The Indians were faith- crossing place, when we heard singing; it was fully warned of the impending danger, and announced by those who knew the notes, to he told, that if the murderers were not surrender a death-song, when presently the river being ed, war would be carried in among them, and only about a hundred yards across, and the Ina way cut through their country, not with axes, dians approaching it, those who knew him but guns. They were advised to procure a said, 'li is the Red Bird singing his deathsurrender of the guilty persons, and, by so song. On the momenı of their arriving at the doing, save the innocent from suffering. Run- landing, tsvo scalp-yells were given, and these ners were dispatched, bearing the intelligence were also by the Red-Bird. The Menominies of this information among their bands. Our who had accompanied us were lying, in Indian troops were put in motion. The Indians saw, fashion, in different directions all over the hill, in the movement of these troops, the storm eyeing, with a careless indifference, this scene; that was hanging over them. On arriving at but the moment the yells were given, they the portage, distant about one hundred and bounded from the ground, as if they had been forty miles from the Butte des Morts, we found shot out of it, and running in every direction, ourselves within nine miles of a village, at each to his gun, seized it, and throwing back which, we were informed, were two of the mur- the pan, picked the touch-hole, and rallied. derers, Red Bird, the principal, and We-kaw, They knew well that the yells were scalptogether with a large party of warriors. The yells, but they did not know whether they inIndians, apprehending an attack, sent a mes- dicated two to be taken, or two to be given, but senger to our encampment. He arrived, and inferred the first. Barges were sent across feated himself at our tent door. On inquiring where they came over, the Red Bird carrying what he wanted, he answered, 'Do not strike. the white flag, and We-kaw by his side. When the sun gets up there' (pointing to a While they were embarking, I passed a few certain part of the heavens). They will come yards from my tent, when a ratile-snake ran in.' To the question • who will come in ?" he across the path: he was struck by Captain answered, “Red Bird and We-kaw. Having Dickeson with his sword, which in part disthus delivered his message, he rose, wrapped abled him, when I ran mine, it being of the his blanket about him, and returned. This sabre form, several times through the body, was about noon. At three o'clock another In- and finally through his head, and holding it dian came, seated himself in the same place, up, it was cut off by a Menominie Indian with and being questioned, gave the same answer. his knife. The body of the snake falling, was At sun-down, another came, and repeated what caught up by an Indian, whilst I went towards the others had said."
one of the fires to burn the head, that its fangs
might be innoxious, when another Indian We must proceed with this romance of came running, and begged me for it; I gave savage life, as told by Mr. McKenney, in a
it to him. The object of both was to make private letter to Mr. Barbour, the then 10 be a good omen, as had a previous killing
medicine of the reptile. This was interpreted Secretary of War. The wildness of the of one a few mornings before on Fox river, incident acquires an additional local color and of a bear. from the prosy and forid style of American
“By this time the murderers were landed, acnarration, which we would not destroy or
companied by one hundred and fourteen of Jessen. The reader, then, must excuse their principal men. They were preceded something of prolixity, for the sake of and represented by Caraminie, a chief, who character.
earnesily begged that the prisoners might
receive good treatment, and under no circum“You are already informed of our arrival stances be put in irons. He appeared to dread al this place on the 31st ultimo, fand that no the inilitary, and wished to surrender them to movement was made to capture the two mur- the sub-agent, Mr. Marsh. His address being derers, who were reported to us to be at the made to me, I told him it was proper he should village nine miles above, on account of an go to the great chief (Major Whistler), and order received by Major Whistler from Gen-ihat so far as Mr. Marsh's presence might be eral Atkinson, directing him to await his arri- agreeable to them, they should have it there. val, and meantime to make no movement of He appeared content, and moved on, followed any kind. We were, therefore, alter the neces- | by the men of his bands: the Red Bird being
in the centre, with his white flag; whilst two round with porcupine quills, dyed yellow, red other fags, American, were borne by iwo and blue, and on the tip of one shoulder was a chiess, in the front and rear of the line. The tufi of red dyed horse-hair, curled in part, and military had previously been drawn out in line. mixed up with other ornaments. Across his The Menoninie and Wabanocky Indian breast, in a diagonal position, and bound tight squatting about in groups (looking curious to it, was his w ir-pipe, at least three feet long, enough) on the left fank, the band of music richly ornamented with feathers and horseon the right, a little in advance of the line. hair, dyed rea, and the bille of birds, &c., whilst The murderers were marched up in front of in one hand he held the white flag, and in the the centre of the line, some ten or fifteen paces other the pipe of peace.” from which seats were arranged, and in front of which, at about ten paces, the Red Bird
We hope our readers have Catholicity was halted, with his miserable looking com- enough to excuse this Grandisonian minutepanion We-kaw, by his side, while his band ness, marvellous in a people so given to formed a semicircle to their right and lett
. going ahead as the Americans. But if All eyes were fixed upon the Red Bird, and such is the taste of their Congress orations, well they might be ; Tor, of all the Indians I
how shall their national literature escape ? ever saw, he is decidedly the most perfect in
The sentimental touches in the passage form, in face, and in motion. In height he is about six feet
, and in proportion, exact and which follows (little needed, let us observe, perfect. *** His head 100,-nothing was by a scene intrinsically poetic and pathetic,) ever so well formed. There was no orna-are as oddly characteristic of the most utilmenting of the hair after the Indian fashion: itarian nation under the sun, as the above no clubing it up in blocks and rollers of lead anxious enumeration of the poor Red Bird's or silver; no loose or straggling parts, but it was cut asier the best fashion of the niost re
toilette trumperies. fined civilized taste. His face was painted, “There he stood. He moved not a muscle one side red, the other a little intermixed with nor once changed the expression of his face. green and white. Around his neck he wore a They were told to sit down. He sat down collar of blue wampum, beautifully mixed with with a grace not less captivating than he white, sewn on a piece of cloth, and covering walked and stood (!!) Ai this moment the it, of about two inches in width, whilst the band on our right struck up Pleyel's hymn claws of the panther, or large wild cat, were
when the hymn was played, he took fastened to the upper rim, and about a quarter up his pouch, and taking from it some kinnaof an inch from each other, their points down- kunie or tobacco, cut the latter after the Indian ward and inward, and resting upon the lower fashion, then rubbed the two together, filled riin of the collar; and around his neck, in the bowl of his beautiful peace pipe, struck strands of various lengths, enlarging as they fire with his steel and Aint into a bit of spunk, descended, he wears a profusion of the same and lighted it and smoked. kind of wampum as had been worked so taste- “I could not but speculate a little on his fully into his collar. He is clothed in a Yank- dress. His white jacket, with one piece of red ton dress, new, rich, and beautiful. It is of upon it, appeared io indicate the purity of his heautifully dressed elk or deer skin; pure in past life, stained with but a single crime; for its color, almost to a clear white, and consists all agree that the Red Bird had never before of a jacket, (with nothing beneath it,) the soiled his fingers with the blood of the white sleeves, of which are sown so neatly, as to fit man, or committed a bad action. His warhis finely turned arms, leaving two or three pipe, bound close to his heart, appeared 10 ininches of the skin outside of the sewing, and dicate his love of war, which was now no then again three or four inches more, which is longer to be gratified. Perhaps the red or cut into strips, as we cut paper to wrap round scarlet cloth may have been indicative of his and ornament a candle. All this made a deep name, the Red Bird." and rich fringe, whilst the same kind of ornament or triniming continued down the seams
The above receives a last touch of whim. of his leggings. These were of the same sicality little meditated, as being subscrimaterial, and were add.tionally set off with bed by one, who “writes in haste.” blue beads. On his feet he wore mocassins. A piece of scarlet cloth, about a quarter of a “All sat, except the speakers, whose adyard wide, and half a yard long, by means of dresses I took down. * T'hey were in a strip cut through its middle, so as 10 admi substance, that they had been required to bring the passage through of his head, rested, one in the murderers. They had no power over half
upon his breast, and the other on his back. any except two, and these had voluntarily On one shoulder, and near his breast, was a agreed to come and give themselves up. As large and beautifully-ornamented seather, their friends they had come with them. They nearly white: and on the other, and opposite, hoped their whiie brothers would agree to rewas one nearly black, with two pieces of wood ceive the horses, (they had with them twenty, in the form of compasses when a little open, perhaps.) meaning, that if accepted, it should each about six inches long, richly wrapped be in commutation for the lives of their two
friends. They asked kind treatment for them, s his ‘Rosalie listening to Music,' or to the earnestly begged that they might not be put in thousandth presentiment of 'Lorenzo and irons; that they should all have something to Jessica,' the best how infinitely below Shakeat, and tobacco 10 smoke. We advised them to warn their people against killing ours, and speare ! endeavoring also to impress them with a pro
Let us now turn to the portraits, and the per conception of the extent of our power, and anecdotage which accompanies them. The of their weakness, &c.
first is properly enough that of 'Red Jack“Having heard this, the Red Bird stood et,' as the white men chose to call the up; the commanding officer, Major Whistler. Keeper Awake' of the Senecas. Is there a few paces in advance of the centre of his not an acted bull' in this portrait-an inline, facing him. After a pause of a minute, consistency which ought not to have esand a rapid survey of the troops, and a firm composed observation of his people, the Red caped the projectors of a national work? Bird said, looking at Major Whistler, 'I am Red Jacket' was a professed bater of the ready.' Then, advancing a step or two, he white men-a contemner, we are expressly paused and added, 'I do not wish to be put in told, of their institutions—the point of irons, let me be free. I have given my life, it
disdaining to use any language save his is gone,' (stooping down and taking some dust
own.' Yet here is this stickler for bis nabetween his finger and thumb, and blowing it away,) like this
I would not have tionality handed down to posterity, in the it back. It is gone. He threw his hands be- blue coat and Washington medal of those hind him. 10 indicate that he was braving all he abominated! It is true that all over the things behind him, and marched up to Major world we could find other portraits of the Whisiler, breast to breast. A platoon was uncompromising, in like apparel, were we wheeled backward from the centre of the line, to seek'! “Kishkalwa,' the second subject when Major Whistler stepping aside, the Red in the gallery-nominally and legally head Bird and We-kaw marched through the line, in charge of a file of men, to a tent that had of the Shawanoe nation, is a far more genbeen provided in the rear, over which a guard uine-looking personage, at least in a pic
The comrades of the two captives ture :-his nose garnished with a crescentthen left the ground by the way they had shaped ring; his ears with cruel-looking come, taking with them our advice, and a sup- appendages; his head with a comb or topply of meat and flour (!!!). The Red Bird does not appear ized odds and ends of riband) as brist
knot of scarlet feathers (with a few civilto be thirty, yet he is said to be over forty * *."— Vol. iii., pp. 36 to 39.
ling with defiance as Chanticleer Bantam's
own! This fiery personage seems to have The Red Bird died in prison. We-kaw, understood a joke* as little as the editor of as generally happens to the confident, alias the shabbier fellow, and greater rascal of the way, wo b g to commend to some comic mo
* The “ Book of Offences” (a work which, by the two, was left off; and comes in, more-ralist in search of a subject) would recrive some over, for a reputation. There are despe- of its most curious pages from the history of savrate difficulties, we know, inherent in the age life. It is intelligible enough that the loss of subject. The uniform of 'Major Whistler
a virile garment should be a sore subject. among and his men’are sad stumbling-blocks in while the crotchet passes through our brains we
people particularly touchy in point of valor ; but any painter's way, as Horace Vernet could cannot resi-t a far less serious anecdote of Indian tell us: and it would require consumate off-nce, which has always struck us as alike tact to rescue the heroic Red Bird and the whimsical and inexplicable. When the Ojibbesneaking degraded We-kaw, if drawn out ter the fashion of Mrs. Leo Hunt-r's) for "To
way party was in London, a party was made (afin all their bravery as described, from cer- bacco," the Driving Cloud," and the r-st of the tain May-day and masquerade associations, company: not forgetting the ladies. Their bewhich no sane artist would care to conjure havior was pronounced to be most discreet and up. Still we hold that an Alston would easy; it sein, d, too, that they enjoyed them
selves. Bu'in an evil hour arrived Mr. have been more honorably and profitably th: piano fortu-player, and by way of ascertaining employed, as concerns Art, in trying to what amount of musical ear the distinguished harmonize such objects as these, and thus strang.rs possessed, he was requested to perform a to add to the world's stores of beauty
fantasia. He complied; the Indians sat-, all at
t ntin, to the very end. But, then, rising up than in measuring himself against the very gravi ly and with some ceremony, thry left ancients by once again painting ‘Jacob's the room ; went down stairs to the parlor on the Dream,' or entering the lists against the ground-floor, resisting all entreaties; and there beauty-painters, who, like most women,
s ating themselvis on the floor, wait d in dignity have no character at all,' by devoting time, affronted :- nothing further, we believe, was ever
the appointed hour of departure. They bad been pains—aye, and poetical thought, too-to explained.
" My Grandmother's Review," in the days graceful and accomplished orator he had of Byron. Being jeered on the laying seen amongst the Indians, with the followaside of his one garment during certain ing paragraph, in which we are told that warlike operations, as though he had been he seems to have exhibited neither hona coward who had dropped his“ ineffables" esty nor dignity of character in any relawhile running away, he undertook a foray tion of life.” The tale of Tecumthe, howor razzia, to wipe away this stain on his ever, is one of the best in the collectioncharacter :-and it was one of the express full of subject. conditions of the peace which followed his The portrait of Waapashaw, chief of the victorious arms, sealed by the present of a Dacotah nation, a sagacious looking man, beautiful young lady, that Kishkalwa's in an European dress, like the Prophet “ vestment” (to quote the precise noun minus an eye, gives his biographers occawhich transatlantic scrupulosity enjoins) sion to relieve his tribe from the stigma should, indeed, be henceforth remembered which has been laid upon it, of a vice no among the “unmentionables." Shinga- less loathsome than cannibalism. The ba W'Ossin; or, Image Stone," a Chippe- name of the Keoxa tribe, to which he bewa Indian, has, also, a fine, unsophisticated longs, meaning “relationship overlooked," head; though, unlike “Red Jacket," he implies marriages forbidden in the last leaf was so far in advance of his tribe, as to en- of the prayer-book; and one admitted praccourage investigation with regard to a Mani- tice of questionable reputation (for even tou or object sanctified by superstition-among savages it is curious to observe how the huge mass of virgin copper, known to constantly the dawnings of moral percepall mineralogists and American tourists as tion touch the same points) may have led existing on the Outanogon River, Lake to false accusations of another. The TwigSuperior. A famous subject, too, for the hees and the Kickapoos (vide vol. iii. p. 26) painter, though in a transition state between will hardly come out from under the accuthe “osprey wing” style of dress and the sation so easily. We are assured that they adoption of the militia uniform, is Tens had a society expressly ordained for the kautawau—“ The Open Door." Though maintenance of the practice: possiblydescribed as a person of slender intellects, who knows?—their Hieroglyphic Human weak, cruel, and sensual ; despite, too, the Cookery Book! Nathless, let us charitably loss of an eye, this personage had a bland point out, that exact information on subjects and agreeable presence. Brother to the like these—where credulous horror and well-known Chief Tecumthe, “ The Open cunning ignorance meet, the one as willing Door" enjoys an almost equal renown as a to be mystified as the other is anxious to prophet. When we read in these Indian mystify-comprehends precisely that branch annals of a hit so lucky as his fixing the of testimony which is to be least relied upprecise day for an earthquake, and recol- on. Ferocity or revenge may drive uutulect how on no stronger grounds our gen- tored people into exceptional crimes; and try believed in Murphy, (not to recall the the extreme reluctance to admit the fact, more humiliating trust of their tenantry in which all savages have ever shown, would the Canterbury fanatic,) we must not ap- argue a sort of instinctive averseness, which propriate “ The Open Door's" success as warrants our generally receiving tales of a trait of savage life, so much as of univer- the systematized practice cum grano. sal credulous humanity. We only protest As we advance in the volume, we get against the “slenderness" allotted to his deeper and deeper into the wilderness, as wits. The Biographers, however, attribute it were-among wilder people. Some of the contrivance of the juggle to Tecumthe, the lieads are very fierce, initiating us into who, arnong his other schemes of assisting the mysteries of Indian paint. Wesh Cubb, Indian rights and regenerating Indian mo- “The Sweet,"—whose son was seized with rals, including even a temperance move the vagary of fancying himself a woman, ment, perceived that supernatural influences and devoting himself to the degradation of would make an important figure. Even a feminine employments,-has a most bepuppet, however, must be in some degree coming crescent of green spots upon his stoutly and symmetrically framed to an-cheeks :-Caatousee, or “Creeping out of swer to the jerk of the master's hand.- the Water,” a square patch of yet brighter And we can hardly reconcile such an as- verdigris, in which one cruel eye is set as sertion as that the Prophet was pronounced cleanly as a bead in a patch of enamel. by General Harrison to have been the most Peah-mus-ka, a Fox chief (whose barbette
à la Pischek makes a whimsical disturb- cess: as her widowed husband phrased it, ance of our visions of prairies, portages, " when the poor came, it was like a strainer and other features of wild life in the West) full of holes, letting all she had pass has his black handkerchief cap tied on, as through.” She was extreme, moreover, in it were, by a streak of vermilion under the her tenderness of her conscience, “often chin, by which also his ear is dyed. While feared that her acts were displeasing to the we are on the subject of aboriginal “paint Great Spirit, when she would blacken her and patches," commend us to No-way-ke- face and retire to some lone place, and fast sug-ga, the Ottoe chief, whose portrait is to and pray.” But we take it that so far as be found early in volume the third, and any grace which free-will gives can go, whose citron green chin, with a Vandyke “the female flying Pigeon was rather an pattern of the same piquant nuance across exceptional than an average woman. It is his forehead, " composes” with the superb true that, in her charming “Winter Studies cherry-colored plume of horse-hair or fea- and Summer Rambles," Mrs. Jameson, thers upon his head, so as to form an ar- whose honorable desire to improve the conrangement of color of which a Parisian dition of her sex, sometimes leads her into designer of fancies might be proud. There odd puzzles and paradoxes, does her best is somewhat of caprice, we are told, in for the Squaw; trying to prove her condithese decorations—a caprice, it seems, con- tion in some essential points far better than stant in the avoidance of “the stars and that of the conventionalized white woman, stripes," though not seldom awkwardly em- (as the jargon of the day runs). And we ulating the lines of "the Union Jack;" suppose that social philosophers on the
- but we take it for granted, something of other side of the argument--the power symbolism also. And in these days, when theorists to wit,- would declare that Man's reds and blues are mere matters of faith ministering Angel was in her right place, and orthodoxy, when the cut of an aure- when hewing wood and drawing water, cole, or the frilling and flouncing of an ini- drudging in the fields, and dragging burtial letter, become subjects concerning dens, leaving "her master" undisturbed in which homilies are preached, and libraries the nobler occupations of fighting and written—we must not be thought absurd in foraging. But we confess that we are a recommending to American savans,
“the trifle hard to convince as to the supreme nature and significance of Indian paint," felicity of the Indian woman's lot. The as a mystery worth looking into, for the utmost her race has done has been to prouse of historians and artists yet unborn. duce, not a Boadicea, but a Pocahontas. Out of accidents little less freakish, we of this last, “ the heroine of the tribes," take it, did the whole school of what is by we have somewhat too niggardly a notice. some called Christian Art, originally con- There is a portrait of her, however, in her struct itself. At all events, there is now civilized condition, which an appendical some possibility of obtaining information series of documents assure us is authentic: on these important matters—though at the the features wearing an expression of grave risk of depriving controversialists in em- and womanly sweeiness, befitting one whose bryo of their life-breath; to wit, matter for name was somewhat prophetically “a rivcontroversy. To speak, meanwhile, of a ulet of peace between two nations." matter of detail, in its order, important, But this is not the time or place for us we are surprised that in a work like this, so to argue out the great question of the Lady carefully and expensively produced, greater and the Lord, to determine how far (as descriptive minuteness was not thought ne- Cherub says) Nature never meant that a cessary. There are many accessories and Griseldis should be put to the test by her objects introduced into these portraits, Sir Perceval, or vice versa. Ample opporwhich we neither know how to describe or tunities to hear New Wisdom against Old to name. This ought not to have been. Prejudice are sure to present themselves !
The portrait of a Rant-che-wai-me, The mention of “authentication" and its “Female flying Pigeon,” also called “the accompanying assertion that all these porbeautiful female Eagle who flies in the air,” traits are warrantable, recalls to us yet anreminds us that we have been somewhat other of the curious peculiarities of savage remiss in paying our dues to the gentle sex. life : namely, great solicitude and touchiBut this is true forest fashion. The lady ness in the delicate matter of resemblances before us is mild and gracious looking painted. Queen Elizabeth herself, with We were told she was free-handed to an ex- | her royal command of “garden lights," and