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acquired action afford animal behaviour Animal Intelligence ants association bees biological end biological value C. R. Ashbee caterpillars cells centres chick co-ordination coalescence complex conation congenital conscious situation consciousness course Crown 8vo definite Demy 8vo differentiated direct Edition effects eggs elements emotional evolution example experience fact factor female further germinal substance guidance habit hereditary heredity higher animals hypothesis ideal ideational Illustrations imitation impulse individual infer influence inherited insects instinctive acts instinctive behaviour intelligent behaviour larvae male meaning mental development modes of behaviour modification natural selection nervous system nest object observation organic behaviour ovum Paramecia Paramecium pecking perceptual performance play pleasure present Prince Kropotkine probably Professor Groos psychological question rational reflex reflex action regarded response result seems seize sense sentience sexual selection social solitary wasps species stage stimulus survival term tion variations wasps young birds
Página 374 - EUROPEAN SCHOOLS ; or, What I Saw in the Schools of Germany, France, Austria, and Switzerland. By LR KLEMM, Ph. D , Principal of the Cincinnati Technical School, author of " Chips from a Teacher's Workshop,
Página 306 - The consciousness of brutes would appear to be related to the mechanism of their body simply as a collateral product of its working, and to be as completely without any power of modifying that working, as the steam-whistle which accompanies the work of a locomotive engine is without influence upon its machinery.
Página 227 - ... those communities, which included the greatest number of the most sympathetic members, would flourish best, and rear the greatest number of offspring.
Página 63 - For my own part, I look upon it as upon the principle of gravitation in bodies, which is not to be explained by any known qualities inherent in the bodies themselves, nor from any laws of mechanism, but, according to the best notions of the greatest philosophers, is an immediate impression from the first mover, and the divine energy acting in the creatures.
Página 288 - In other words, those races of beings only can have survived in which, on the average, agreeable or desired feelings went along with activities conducive to the maintenance of life, while disagreeable and habitually-avoided feelings went along with activities directly or indirectly destructive of life...
Página 366 - Thornton. A SPORTING TOUR THROUGH THE NORTHERN PARTS OF ENGLAND AND GREAT PART OF THE HIGHLANDS OF SCOTLAND. By Colonel T. THORNTON, of Thornville Royal, in Yorkshire. With the Original Illustrations by GARRARD, and other Illustrations and Coloured Plates by GE LODGE.
Página 63 - ... Faculty of an intellectual Being. For my own part, I look upon it as upon the Principle of Gravitation in Bodies, which is not to be explained by any known Qualities inherent in the Bodies themselves, nor from any Laws of Mechanism, but, according to the best Notions of the greatest Philosophers, is an immediate Impression from the first Mover, and the Divine Energy acting in the Creatures.
Página 223 - When we see an ant-hill, tenanted by thousands of industrious inhabitants, excavating chambers, forming tunnels, making roads, guarding their home, gathering food, feeding the young, tending their domestic animals, — each one fulfilling its duties industriously, and without confusion, — it is difficult altogether to deny to them the gift of reason ; and the preceding observations tend to confirm the opinion that their mental powers differ from those of men, not so much in kind as in degree.
Página 317 - We see that the inferior animals, when the conditions of life are favorable, are subject to periodical fits of gladness, affecting them powerfully and standing out in vivid contrast to their ordinary temper. And we know what this feeling is — this periodic intense elation which even civilized man occasionally experiences when in perfect health, more especially when young.