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them, it matters not who attacks their produces. The demand of the Cathoenemies, they are always a distinct lics for a portion of the possessions of party, looking with almost equal dis- the Church, is as direct an attack uplike upon all others. The Catholic on the Constitution, as the demand of Association eternally speaks of liberty; the Radicals for universal suffrage and it is composed of demagogues of the annual Parliaments. They may, no first order, and yet it never can take doubt, act conscientiously, but neverup a single Whig or radical object that theless their conduct and objects lead does not relate to its own particular to political revolution. . benefit, while its first care is, to up- Our Protestant sects were born afhold ecclesiastical tyranny, and to re- ter the establishment of religious und strain its poorer followers from the ex- civil liberty; to these they mainly ercise of the greater portion of their owed their birth, and they framed political rights.
their respective creeds on the principle All this is perfectly natural. It of maintaining both. Their existence would be just as wise to expect the In- would be endangered by the loss of de pendents of Demerara to be Tories, either. They never lost anything by when their governing brethren in the Established Church, and they do England are Whigs, as to expect the not profess to desire anything that it Catholics of Ireland to be friendly to possesses sare its congregations. If liberty, when the Catholics of Spain, they ask for political equality, they Italy, &c. are the decided champions ask notbing else; and it is not very of despotism. The political creed probable that, weak as they singly are, must ever go hand in hand with the they would be able to obtain anything religious one, inseparably connected else if they received it. They are in with it as it is. '
the main more or less friendly to the The Catholics call themselves the general products of the constitution. friends of the constitution; but this But the Catholics were trampled in is a small matter, when we remember the dust by civil and religious liberty, that the Radicals assumed the same and they can only hope to rise again name. The principles of the former, by the injury of both. They possesssay what they will, bring them into ed all that our Church now possesses, direct conflict with the constitution. and they are most anxious to regain it. The Pope, but a moment since, pub- Political equality is but a small porlicly prohibited the general circulation tion of what they now openly seek, of the Bible. When the clergy pro- and it is evident that they wish for hibit their flocks from reading almost this to enable them to obtain their everything that the press circulates, other objects. They are the enemies, and from entering a Protestant place from both conscience and party inte of worship, can they be the friends of rest, of many of the best fruits of the that constitution which establishes the Constitution. freedom of the press, and religious li- The foreign brethren of our Protes, berty? When the Catholics pronounce tant sects are all zealously ranged on the Protestant religion to be a talse the side of civil and religious liberty; one-claim the whole of the possessions the foreign brethren of the Catholics, of our Church as a right-and demand including their lead, are all zealously a portion of them immediately-can ranged on the side of religious tyranthey be the friends of that constitu- ny, and nearly all on the side of civil tion, which makes the Protestant reli- despotism, gion the religion of the state, and Our Protestant sects are influenced which gives to this religion the whole by no foreign head, and they can of the ecclesiastical wealth and digni- change their creeil at their own pleaties of the nation? If they had power sure ; but the Catholics have a foreign to do it, will any man say that they leader, to whose principles they must would not destroy the liberty of the conform. Catholicism inust of necespress, and religious freedom, and ap. sity be always in sentiment, as far as propriate to themselves the whole that practicable, the same in England and our Church possesses? The man who Ireland as on the Continent. It is idle. would say this would likewise say, to say, that the Pope has no other than that, because he hated beef, he loved spiritual authority in these realms. He, oxeu. A man must be the enemy of who is the religious Head of a large, t'ie constitution, who is the enemy of portion of the people, must always what it has established, and of what it possess prodigious political influence
in the nation, particularly if his fol- middling classes ; they have few followers have an equality of political lowers among the
rich commoners, and power. Does the King derive no po none among the nobility. They have litical power from his being the Head very few men among them who would of the Church? Do the regular clergy accept a seat in Parliament, and they draw no political power from their ofa can scarcely return one member for fice? Do not the heads of the Me- each body. But the Catholics pervade thodists, the Calvinists, &c. possess every class; they have powerful nowhat is tantamount to great political bles, and rich and ambitious country power? The Government, at this mo gentlemen. Men anxious to get into ment, seeks to put the Bible into the Parliament abound among them; and hands of the Irish Catholics ; the Pope if they returned members in proporforbids it; and which will the Catho- tion to their numbers, they would relics obey? The Government permits turn little short of two hundred. Their them to read what they please, and to Parliamentary influence would not be enter any place of worship whatever; confined to Ireland, -it would speedithe Pope prohibits it, under heavy pe- ly become great in this country. nalties. The Government is endea Putting the Catholics out of sight, vouring to establish in Ireland a sys our sects and other bodies are each tem of general education, and the Ča- contemptible when weighed against tholics are in consequence travelling the rest. We doubt if the most nuto Rome for instructions. If the Pope merous of the sects reaches half a milcannot sue in our civil courts, he can lion, and if the whole exceed two milyet inflict, at his pleasure, tremendous lions, in number. Do the zealous punishments. One part of his late let- Churchmen-those who would conter was fiercely levelled against our tend as warmly for the Church, as the Constitution, and some of our best pos- Catholic for his place of worship sessions. If this do not vitally affect amount in the thiree kingdoms to four our political interests, nothing what- millions, reckoning the Established ever can affect them. A Catholic may Churches of England and Scotland as declare, that the Pope shall not influe one? Do the thick-and-thin Whigs ence him in politics—a zealous Church- exceed a million of families? Do the man may declare, that his clergy shall thick-and-thin Tories exceed two milnot influence his political opinions—a lions of families ? A large portion of Methodist may declare, that he will our population frequents both church not be guided in political matters by and chapel, without having any dehis preachers—and who will believe cided preference for, or being controle any of them? Let the minister say, ed by, either; and a large portion, we that the political matter is likewise a regret to say, seldom sees a place of religious one, and then whom will his worship. A vast portion of us proflock follow in politics ? Party feel fesses to be independent between the ings, and party interests, will always Whigs and the Tories, and a vast por. be sufficient to carry the Catholics, as tion knows nothing of either. they would any other body, after their The Catholics amount to six or seHead, without compulsion. The Pope ven millions—toone-third of our whole has most admirable means for taking population. Putting the neutrals out our Catholics along with him in polie of sight, they nearly equal the aggre. tical matters. The heads of their cler gate of the whole of our other sects and gy are in a great degree his creatures; parties. the inferior clergy can be deprived of The most powerful of our Protesbread at pleasure by, and therefore tant and political bodies are almost they are in a great degree the creatures wholly without discipline. The Church of, these heads; and the laity, as every does not know its lay-members, and it one knows, are little better than the has practically no control over them. slaves of the general clergy.
A large portion of both Whigs and If the Continental governments Tories are free from bonds and restricshould use the Pope and the Catholic tions, and act altogether from choice. clergy generally, as their chief instru The discipline of the Catholics is of ments in accoinplishing any political the most comprehensive and perfect projects, would our Catholics be inac- description. They are indissolubly knit cessible to their influence?
together by party-spirit; and they are The Protestant sects are almost al as effectually under the command of together confined to the lower and the their heads, as pains and penalties, and
every váriety of means resorted to for to draw adherents from. A large numcontrolling mankind, can place them. ber of public trusts would be at once On this point, the whole of our bodies, filled with Catholics, who would plant religious and political, fall far below their brethren as thickly around them them.
as possible. The wealthy Catholics of . Some of our Protestant sects go with Ireland would be irresistibly tempted the Whigs, and others with the To- to fix themselves where they could ries. This is much the same in effect, combat the most advantageously and as though each body was pretty fairly profit the most, and nothing could predivided between the two parties. But vent the body from becoming exceedthe Catholics would form a tremen- ingly numerous and powerful in Engdous distinct political party. The land. Do not the Whigs constantly former make it a matter of sin to join strain every nerve to render their body in political broils that are merely of a as numerous as possible? Do they not party nature ; but the latter, clergy as regularly expel every tenant and ser. well as laity, have always been noto- vant who will not vote as they wish, rious for the love of political intrigue, and fill the vacancies with persons of and the thirst of political power. Our their own persuasion ? Do not the Protestant sects are comparatively en- Tories do the same? Are not the Melightened, and they are actuated by thodists, the Calvinists, &c. eternally no dangerous share of party-spirit; endeavouring to add to their numbers? but the vast mass of the Catholics are And is there any man so besotted as men barbarous, fiery, incapable of cal- to suppose that all this would not be culation, the slaves of demagogues, and done by the Catholics ? infuriated with party-spirit, political From what we have said, we believe as well as religious. The great body that if the disabilities were removed, of the former could hardly be drawn the following would be some of the into very dangerous conduct by their consequences. leaders; but the great body of the late The Catholics would form a mighty ter could be led to anything. The distinct political party. They would sects, in any struggle for aggrandise- never act with the Whigs, much less nuent, could receive but little assist- with the Radicals, except for objects ance from abroad; but the Catholics, of their own. With this exception, in their contests for supremacy, would their weight, whenever it should go be assisted to the utmost by nearly the with our existing parties, would go whole Continent-by the governments with the Tories. Whiggism is abhor. as well as the people.
rent to the Catholic religion, and we The Established Church, as a poli- do not know anything that the Catho. tical body, is effectually under the con- lics would be more hostile to than a trol of the general government; but Whig ministry-a ministry made up the Catholic Church, as a political body, of puff of civil and religious liberty, is in effect controlled by nothing with- and abuse of the tyranny of a priestin these realms.
hood. The accession of the Catholics If the Catholics be not now very to political power would be the exclu. numerous in England, the removal of sion from office of the Whigs for ever. the disabilities would speedily render While this would be the case, the them so. They have at present no very Catholics, in everything relating to the strong inducements for fixing them humbling of the Established Church, selves among us, and still we think and the abolition of the checks on the their numbers must be very much on Dissenters—in the chief things that the increase from the continual influx militated against Catholic omnipoof Irish labourers. But the case would tence-would be zealously supported be wholly different were they admitted by the Whigs and Radicals, and would to an equality of political privileges. be thus rendered irresistible. They would then have every possible The Catholics would hold but few inducement for strengthening them- opinions in common with the Tories. selves as a party in England, and they They would, with the latter, fight would possess ample means for doing Against Whiggism, Radicalism, and it. The English Catholics are, many Liberalism--they would set their faces of them, rich, they would have great against deism and democracy ; but bepatronage and influence, and they yond this the two parties would travel would have the population of Ireland little together. That which is the the pa iyo a Carin wood accideurs Assuraiy not sara k serestare . Toegwood stais etery Dere so make
W. what the receber a out of ite Kne, ani to obtain te mare. Come and but the , ar a part, of the property un aá Inawe met 25acrese of the Courcesbey wouid do this, 17 ob tari arm12100miabra Dot more to benefit their re.igion, than
SA PLUJ to nate their Couch to strenzben tersira as a party. the raras me, and theseives the Their Church woaid be their grand
bood of onion, and their main weapon The Cattania nocid immediately of war, and they would protect the Deuxin a large porno of otice. The system of their ciery to the atınost: Henn of Paraent when they they would consequently make war wun ciert, wraid capisce an ecual constantly upon particular liberties. Iramba o W710, Toro, or lode. In proportion as the pecple might be paudesta, and they woaid be at once ignorant and superstitious, in tbe saine OIR Á tre munt poweriui of the parties proportion they would be enabled to that empow the Home of Commons. retain their followers and to gain Iittyviand with the Opposition, they more. wount overturn the Jlinistry; they The whole weight of the Catholics woord not support the latter except on would be thrown into the scale on the the usual trias, and to these terins side of arbitrary measures; and, of the blinikets would, no doubt, gladly course, the whole that the people have accade. Thus, wbile our Procestant gained in late reigns upon the execu. wets can scarcely get a single member tive, would be immediately lost. A into the House, or obtain a fragment party would be established in every ut office, the Catholios in the first mon department of the government, that ment would obtain a large share in the would eternally labour to undermine lgialature, the executive, the magise our civil and religious liberty. tracy, and almost every description of The war which now rages between public trusts. They would become a Protestant and Catholic in Ireland, learling portion of the general govern would immediately commence in Engment. We should, of course, have a land. This war would not, like that beMinistry disuniued, torn, by intestine tween our Church and the Dissenters, feuds, or none.
relate chiefly to religious doctrines, All the arts that parties employ for but it would be as much a political their own benefit would be, of course, war as that between the Whigs and rearted to by the Catholics. They Tories, and it would combine the excould not profit by the liberty of the tremes of religious and political fanapress ; it would be alınost certain to do ticism. Many millions would fiercely them great injury, and this would combat on each side, and the consecombine with their general principles quences would be most calamitous. in making them its enemies. While Foreign governments would zealously the press is the best friend of the Pro- support the Catholics, and they would tentant religion, it is the worst enemy obtain the most powerful means of inof the Catholic one. The Whigs cant- terfering in our domestic affairs, and ed for an age of their affection for the of weakening and distressing us. prens, and then two years ago, when If the Catholics obtained the ascendthey found they were suffering from ency, and were disposed to grant what it, they made upon it the most scanda. they now everywhere refuse in the lous attacks. The reformers in Scot- republics of South America, as well as land never laid down their arms until the monarchies of Europe-toleration, they stripped the Catholics of every nothing could secure their power and thing--the reformers in England acted preserve the public peace but the plain the same manner; if the members cing of the Protestants under the most of our Church were in the circumstan, galling restrictions and disabilities. ces of the Catholics, they would leave Putting the principles of the Cathonothing undone to gain the Royal Fa- lics wholly out of sight, they are far mily and the heads of parties to their too numerous as a party for the public religion, and to obtain the possessions weal. If they possessed an equality of of the Church and is there anything power, they would be, to the governin the history or principles of the Ca- ment and the nation at large, unmanageable, and in a great degree uncon- directly calculated to plunge the state trollable as a party. A small increase into ruin. to their numbers would enable them I n all that we have said, we have to preponderate over the rest of the been silent touching the past--we have community, to virtually destroy our been silent touching matters purely freedom, and to place us under the religious--we have spoken only of that tyranny of a faction. If the Unita- which NOW is, and of things which rians, or the Calvinists, or the Metho- are either altogether or principally dists, or the Whigs, &c. &c. amount- POLITICAL IN THEIR NATURE. We ed to six millions, and pervaded every have merely assumed that the Cathoclass of the community, what would lics are conscientious men with regard become of the Church-what would to their peculiar creed, and that, as a be the operation of the Constitution, party, they would act as all our other where would be the efficient Opposi- parties have invariably acted, and still tion—where would be the freedom to act. Qur reasoning may be erroneous, the King and nation with regard to but bitter names bestowed on ourthe choice of a ministry—and where selves will scarcely be sufficient to would be our general liberties? In overthrow it. the difficult circuinstances in which we Our readers must understand that are placed, the only wise policy for us we have spoken favourably of our Proto pursue is, to continue the disabili testant sects, strictly in reference to ties, and to labour to break up the po- our whole system. The Opposition is pulation of Ireland into a multitude of most valuable, but it is only so beweak, manageable, religious and poli cause we have a Ministry; and the tical parties, like that of England. The destruction of the Church would, in seeds of such parties already exist in our judgment, be the annihilation of Ireland ; let them be encouraged. very many of the benefits which flow Strengthen the weak and weaken the from the Dissenters. strong; swell out the small parties and The Established Church, for learnreduce the large one. When the Ca- ing both religious and political, for tholics are reduced to two or three scriptural purity of doctrine, for just millions to the level of our other and sober opinions, and for mildness leading parties--and are as much en- of discipline, stands infinitely above lightened as the people of England and all the chapels; and it is almost our Scotland, then remove the disabilities, only national agent for keeping down and let them take their chance in the religious faction, and preventing regeneral struggle.
ligious doctrines and authority from That there are many excellent well- assuming an improper and dangerous meaning people among the Catholics character. The Dissenters, in both we willingly admit, but we cannot doctrine and discipline, are almost take our opinion of the party from wholly beyond the control of the law, their words and conduct. The mode- and their preachers are generally men rate Whigs do not guide the Whigs as of little education, of little learning, a body-the moderate Tories do not of no political information, of no knowguide the Tories as a body-the mo- ledge of the world; enthusiasts, and derate Calvinists do not guide the Cale anxious to push their creed and authovinists as a body, and the moderate rity to the utmost point. The regular Catholics do not guide the Catholics Clergy are themselves under the conas a body. In divinations, touching trol of the state, in what they teach the future conduct of the Catholics, and establish, and they indirectly conwe must look at the character of their trol the sects, in what these teach and leaders, and the vast mass of their fol- establish. The regular Clergy are allowers. In party strife, the moderate most our sole religious teachers who members of a party are always without can use the press with any effect; they influence over the rest, and they are keep public opinion in a just direction constantly dragged along after the vio- with regard to religious matters; they lent ones. A party always prefers its prevent fanaticism from being misown good to that of the nation. The chievous, and they tie up the hands of Whigs, for some years previously to the dissenting preachers from dangethe last one, to promote their party rous conduct. They have had the interests, pursued conduct that was chief hand in reforining Methodisın