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ought to be the most active and in- ring to the discharge of his duty. In dustrious of all to whom public trusts the country he has his living for life; are confided. Our curate systein has if he be a curate, he has no one to been alike injurious and disgraceful please but his employer, who cares noto the country. It has rendered the thing about his conduct; provided he master slothtul and negligent, by en- perform divine service the requisite abling him to provide himself with number of times, he is independent of a slothful and negligent deputy ; it has his congregation ; the press and pubsunk our officiating clergy to the feel- lic opinion cannot reach him, and he ings and need of paupers ; it has rob- is almost wholly without those sti. bed the poor of that which the Church mulants to exertion which operate upought to bestow on them; and it has on almost all other public servants. A multiplied the Dissenters in all direc- clergyman may punctually perform tions. In almost all other cases, it is divine service, and still he may perthe interest of the master to provide form it in such a manner that it will the most efficient servant possible; but benefit no one ; his life may give the it is actually the interest of the in- lie to his prayers and sermons, and cumbent to provide the most inefficient thus he may do far more injury than curate that he can find. The latter service to religion and the church. He must be got for the lowest possible may be reasonably efficient in the palwages, and he must, on no account, pit, and he may lead a moral life ; and be equal to his employer in eloquence still he may neglect the visiting of and piety. This employer must, the sick, the relieving of the distresswhatever inay be the consequence, ed, and those other smaller duties the be the first man whenever he may fulfilment of which is of such essencondescend to appear in his pulpit. tial importance. When this is the The new law is we hear grossly evaded, case, the Heads of the Church ought and it will always be evaded. A cler- to watch the conduct of the officiating gyman, when his labour is excessive, clergy with sleepless anxiety. Wide should be permitted to provide him- as the difference is between positive self, not with a substitute, but with offences and the neglect of duty, the an assistant, and beyond this the cu- latter ought not on any account to be, rate system should be abolished. tolerated.

The dissenting preachers are com- With regard to amusements, far be pelled to retire from the pulpit when it from us to say that a clergyınan they are incapacitated by age and in- should have none, but still he ought firmities for discharging their duty to shun many that may be permitted properly; our ministers of state, judges, to the laity. The world assigns dif&c. are compelled to retire from of- ferent conduct to different men, and fice when they are similarly incapacita- its regulations cannot be violated with ted; and we think there would be nei impunity. We should look with scorn ther hardship nor degradation in pla- upon a secretary of state who should cing the clergy under the like regula- be the leading dancer at a ball, who tions. The worn-out clergyman night should regularly associate with foxretain for life a portion of the proceeds hunters, and who should be a constant of his living when the amount would lounger at the opera. We should do admit of it, and a superannuation fund this, because we should think that such might supply all he might lack of an conduct was utterly inconsistent with adequate income. What we recom- the dignity and duties of his official mend may perhaps be impracticable, station, and that the mind which could but it would not be so if common sense devote itself to such pleasures could and justice could prevail over preju- not be such as the statesman ought to dice and interest, and if the interests possess. On this principle, public feel. of the people and the church, in its ing forbids many amusements to the collective capacity, could be as much clergy, which are perhaps in themselves attended to as those of the clergy. innocent ; and it is perfectly justified

We wish that the Heads of the in so doing. The mixing in scenes of Church were somewhat more vigilant levity, jollity, and dissipation, must inin watching the conduct ot' the infc- evitably unfit the clergyman for the rior clergy. A clergyman is but a man, performance of his solemn, sacred, and and like all other men he needs spur- important duties.

There are several other points which fall on the Catholic as well as the Proare nearly as important as those on testant. If the Dissenters obtained the which we hare briefly touched, but we preponderance, this would at last be must reluctantly leave them unnoticed, destructive to their own interests as We will say one word to the laity. If religious bodies. We are laymen, but those who so zealously cry up the Es- there is not a clergyman in the Estatablishment and declaim against the blishment who is more zealously atDissenters, would, with their servants tached to the Church of England than and dependents, regularly attend the ourselves. We believe that it has the Church, they would render it essential strongest claims upon our love for service, and we fear, that on this both past and present benefits, and we head, many of them are very culpable. are convinced that it is a vital part of Why do our Church of England No. our system, and that its destruction bility, and our Church of England would be the destruction of the whole. Ministers of State, give their “ grand We wish not only to see it exist, but dinners," and other entertainments, on to see it powerful and triumphantthe Sabbath? The servants of these the sun of our religious system, giving people are compelled to labour more light to, and guiding the chapelindustriously on the Sunday than on planets, and pouring the blaze of reli, any other day of the week; and as to gious truth upon the people at large, their attending a place of worship, it both directly and by reflection. There is out of the question. What Sunday is, however, no royal road to success buying and selling does not this pro- of any kind; and the Church can only duce; and where is the limit to its live, conquer, and flourish, by follow. operation in the way of example? ing the hackneyed rules which must Why do not our Prelates do their duty guide the private individual. It must against this monstrous and scandalous oppose effort to effort, and qualificaevil ? We do not say this from puri- tion to qualification; it must renew tanism. We are commanded to say it what has been destroyed, supply what by the Bible, the Church of England, is deficient, and adapt its offensive and and the political interests of the na- defensive means to the altered shape tion. Public morals form the root and and condition of society. Of the clergy life-blood of our constitution and li- we think very highly in very many par. berty; and whatever militates against ticulars. There are, perhaps, too many the former, militates in an equal de worthless characters among them; but; gree against the latter. Sunday-la as a body, they cannot be excelled for bour deprives our lower orders of the purity of doctrine and blamelessness

best of their few enjoyments, and it of conduct; many of them, particu| strikes at the foundation of one of the larly of the country portion, might, most beneficial regulations of society. however, be rendered more efficient

If we have said sufficient to offend in their spiritual character. To the all parties, the testimony of our con- serious consideration of all whom it science will prevent it from giving us may concern, we now leave what we much uneasiness. If the admission of have written. the Catholics to power produced mighty

Y. Y. Y., public evils, these would ultimately

AMERICAN WRITERS.

No. II. Two or three omissions, and one or said before; but-we do what is bettwo alphabetical irregularities (hardly ter, we make atonement; correct our to be avoided, in the first concotion of irregularities, and supply our omisan index, without assistance,) have sions, just so fast as they become obbeen discovered-by ourselves in two vious to ourselves—but no faster. or three of our late papers, concerning We shall do it, on this occasion (afthe affairs of North AMERICA. ter a few minutes,) because we pique Our justification is--for we never make ourselves, not a little, upon our scruan apology-that we write altogether pulous impartiality, truth, exactness, from recollection, without a book of and plain dealing, in our treatment of any kind; a note, or a hint, of any whatever concerns the United States name, or nature, to freshen our mes of North America :--a country, about mories with. Books, indeed, except which, all circumstances considered, as a reference for dates, words, and there would seem to be not only a lafigures, three things which we care- mentable mis-apprehension, but a lafully avoid, wherever they can be mentable ignorance, in quarters, where avoided, with decency-believing, on one might look for better things; for our oaths, that there is nothing so in positive and exact information,-insupportable, in this worlıl, as unneces stead of rigmaroll (serious or profane) sary precision-books, indeed, would for manly and severe criticism, inbe out of the question ; for, we pro- stead of loose rambling, and superfess to supply that, which cannot be fluous recrimination :-among those found in any book or books, whatever. who are extravagantly partial to whatAnd as for notes and memoranda, ever is American, chiefly because it is about matters and things in general, not English-and partly, because it is we are of those, who take them, as American; and among those, who are they do perceptions of beauty--sound as decideilly partial to whatever is and colour-favour and hue-only English-chiefly because it is Engupon the invisible tablets of the heart lish, and partly, because it is not and mind; only into the lighted American. - Many laughable, some chambers of both. We use no serious, some provoking, and some excamera obscura ; make no drawingstraordinary errors, concerning, one no sketches_blot no paper with another, do prevail, at this hour, hints, every one of which, over a among both of these great parties sea-coal fire, or in it, as the case may on both sides of the Atlantic :-erbe (that generally depending upon rors, which, if they be not speedily another question--as whether it be in seen to, with a strong hand, or a sharp print or in manuscript ; the property knife, will sow their own seed; mulof the author or the purchaser, &c.) tiply and perpetuate their poison ; at some future period may become the drug the very atmosphere with misnucleus of a chapter--perchance, of a chief ; overgrow and strangle whatvolume. We like to carry our young ever is wholesome or precious, in the till they are fully grown, where na- neighbourhood of our posterity, on ture intended them to be carried- not both sides of the water. This must in memorandum-books, cotton, raw. not be shall not be—if we can presilk, or hand-baskets--within us, not vent it: and we shall try hard.without-in our hearts, not in our Let Americans be what they pretend hands : -and would be delivered of. -Americans. Let our men of Great them, if not precisely as Jove was, of Britain, be what they pretend-Brihis, in panoply complete-at least, not tonslet each prefer his own country, before their

teeth and claws are grown, as he would his own mother ; let each 80 that they can take care of them- be partial, if you please, in any reasonselves. A short season of gestation able degree, to his own country,--for is bad enough—but whelping in a that is natural-(nay, to be otherwise, hurry, is the devil—one full-grown were so un-natural, that we should cub of the lion (as we have well nigh suspect any man's heart, and pity his said before) will outlive a litter of understanding, who should not be lap dogs.

somewhat partial-so far as affection, We make no apologies, as we have or judgment, but not veracity, were

concerned—to bis own country; just severe, beyond the miserable severity as we should, his understanding and of that miserable insect, which cannot heart, who should not be partial to his sting but once—and then, dies;own mother:)-but, while we say that noisy nothing, which, when it is this ; while we encourage a natural exasperated, strikes in a hurry-and partiality, in every man's heart, for is glad to escape in a hurry-always his own country, and his own mother; losing his weapon-often his lifeand are ready to forgive much-very never drawing blood-and sometimes much, that proceeds from an affection backing out, like the scorpion, by so honourable to humanity, even when downright suicide-or, as the fashion it influences the head —Yet, we see is, to call it now, by derangement, no reason for encouraging anybody in visitation, or accidental death :-if you running afoul of other people's coun- would be severe on the Americans, in tries and mothers :-and are not very a better way—a way more worthy of willing, either to overlook or forgive, yourself, if you are a man-speak the the folly and wickedness of that man, truth of them. Vothing cuts like the be be who he may, who, in the super- truth :-or, as the QCARTERLY would fiuity of his aff-ction and zeal, for have it, in a late criticism, NOT ANSwhat relates to his own country, and THING—cuts like the truth. his own home, is eternally breaking In one word-Let us understand in upon the repose of every other what we are talking about, whether man's country and home.-- Defence we praise or condemn these brother is one thing--attack another. A brave Jonathans, these western Englishmen; manly quarrel, in withstanding ag- these children of our fathers—on the gression, is always creditable :-but, other side of the world.—To illuswhere we are the aggressor, shameful. trate our observations, to some purFamily feuds are absurd: national pose-from recent occurrences—we feuds, worse. Nothing was ever gain- would ask what can be more absurd, ed by either, not even reputation. in the estimation of a statesman; or Would you fiatter the Americans? more wicked in that of any person, of

-Don't puff them-don't exagger- common-sense, or common humanity, ate-stick to the truth. There is no than to hear the people of America flattery in falsehood. Acquaint your called our inveterate enemies ; our imselves thoroughly with your subject: placable enemies—and, worst of all, and, whatever else you do, speak the our NATURAL enemies, -Our natuplain truth. Poetry, declamation, ral enemies !—for what? —Why, rhetoric, and all that, are out of place; forsooth, because (if they can help it wit, is mischievous; and humour, pro- — which is very doubtful) they won't fane, (unless employed for seasoning; let us manufacture for them: and, beand only for seasoning,) on a subject cause, if they can (which is, also, very of such importance. Nothing can doubtful) they will manufacture for be worse, for the stomach of this pub- themselves.-Does that make them lic, nor in much worse taste, than to our natural enemies ?-we have no dish up anything American-game or fear—nor they, any hope, (unless their not game; wild meat,* or not—with heads are turned), of their ever being a superabundance of sweet sauce, or able to out-manufacture us; or to unCayenne pepper.

-No-if you treat dersell us, in any but their own marof America at all, do it soberly-right- kets: nor even there, without a syseously~in the main, however, you tem of taxation, which, whatever may may have to sprinkle it, now and then, be the ultimate good, operates in a with fire and brimstone, for the pas very equivocal manner, now, by oblilate of the over-fed.

ging one part of the community to And so, too if you would be se- maintain the other, without an equivere on the Americans; severe, we valent;—that is, by obliging the conmean, to any good purpose, either for sumer to feed the manufacturer, by yourself, or for them—for your coun- purchasing of him, at much higher try, or for theirs ; severe, beyond the prices than he might purchase elsepetty tingling sarcasm of the hour; where.

* As the late case of Mr John D. Hrxter-for cxample ; of whom a word by and by.

This is their look-out-not ours WRIGHT, nor miss anybodyelse, (whe

- They won't employ us for ever ther she wear a hat, or a bonnet ; slipgranted -- but what right have we to pers, or spurs,) to go all over the world, complain ? — They do not become our prattling and gossiping about any of natural enemies, by refusing to em their institutions—for no better reaploy us—it is only by out-working us; son, five times out of six, than because or underselling us to a third party. the she-traveller in America, has been O, but they are our natural enemies, treated everywhere, with pound-cake, nevertheless.Why ?--Because they hyson tea, and the debates in Congress. multiply so fast—empire upon empire — They know, for they are a shrewd from ocean to ocean. -Alas! if people, take them all in all, that highthey were not their own enemies—the ly-coloured, romantic stories—and sumost unnatural of all eneinies--they perfine rhapsodies, about anything, would roll back again to their an which is really excellent, only serve to cient boundaries-retreat into their make it ridiculous: that eulogy, howcitadel, the thirteen Original States ever well meant, or delicately flavouror, at least, build a wall of brass about ed, is pretty sure to do more harm, them, for a place of refuge, in the than good; that intemperate praise, time, that will come. They are, now, provokes intemperate ridicule, or cenin a fair way to fall asunder by their sure ; eulogy, satire—and that, the own weight-or perish, like a monster, bitterness and asperity of the counterby exhaustion of the heart, while the acting dose, are intended, wisely extremities are preternaturally en- enough, to overcome the nausea, which larged.— New England is the heart of is natural to him, who has unexpectthe confederacy– New York and Penn- edly,or accidentally, swallowed a small sylvania, the back-bone-but, at the quantity of unadulterated eulogiumrate they are now going on, they will accidentally, we say, because nobodysoon want a dozen such hearts, and as not even the subject of eulogium, will many more such back-bones, to keep swallow it, if he knows what it is. them in shape.

“Praise undeserved, is censure in disSome people talk of staying the guise.”—This is a favourite copy-slip northern inundation, by making use in America.—“ Heaven save us froin of Mexico.--This cannot be done our friends! we will take care of our the very idea is absurd-childish- enemies”--they say, also, when they Mexico would be swept away, before read such beautiful books, as have it could muster on the frontiers--but been made about then lately.- They if it could, why should it be done?— know well, that the droll, stupid Is it either wise, necessary, or expe- blundering of Messieurs Fearon, dient ?- Are the people of the United Faux, and Co., on one side of the States—are they indeed our NATURAL water ; the worse than blunderingenemies ?-If they are, it is time to the lies—of the New-ENGLANDlook about us—and if they are, in the Man,' on the other; and the everlastname of God, where are we to look for ing misrepresentation, falsehood, and our natural friends ? If we cannot confusion of the newspaper-gentry, look to them, who are of the saine on both sides, are soon laughed out of blood, and the same religion ; whose countenance ; overborne by weightier language is the same; whose laws are proof ; smothered in their own dust, the same; whose very form of govern or consumed in their own acrimony. ment is more like ours, than any other The brother Jonathans will negovernment upon earth ; whose litera ver think the worse of us-whatture is the same; whose antipathies · ever they may think of our common and prejudices are the same-where sense, if, on taking up one of our pashall we look—to whom ?

pers, they come upon a paragraph One word more-the people of headed “AMERICAN ABSURDITY;' and North America know their own inte. containing an extract from one of their rest. They do not want anybody to papers,* wherein they had spoken very flatter them. They do not want miss handsomely of two or three English

Speaking of AMERICAN PAPERS-ne word on a late MIRACLE, taken out of the NORFOLK BEACON ; which seems to be doubted here, while it is going the VOL. XVI.

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