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liberty-this would have been labour, and horrors. What prodigious Libeing to make the continent free and rality! happy. But the conduct of these sa It is notorious that the overwhelmgacious persons could not have any ing majority of the people—the wealth, other effect, and it had no other effect, intelligence, and virtue of the contithan to render the chains of despotism nental nations, abhorred the revolumore powerful. To the revolutionists tionists; yet our friends of the Li-to the Liberals—to the would-be ty- beral Systern" wished to cram down rants of the continent--the conduct of the throats of this majority, by the the Statesmen of Cockaigne was “ li- aid of the cannon and the bayonet, the beral," superlatively "liberal;" but to opinions and schemes of the revoluthe people at large, it only produced tionists. What stupendous Liberality! delusion, phrenzy, error, convulsion, Upon the whole, the Liberal Sysbloodshed and devastation in the first tem" has been prodigiously liberal to moment, and more grinding slavery the heads of the continental revoluin the second. That which yielded tionists, although these persons, we these, ought, we humbly presume, to suspect, have now no great cause to bear another name than “ Liberality.revere its Liberality. It has been in the

At the same time, when the “ Libe- upshot largely liberal to the continenral Systemwas born, the continental tal sovereigns, although it has been monarchs were occupied in endeavours this, no doubt, quite unintentionally; to give to their subjects rational liber- but the Liberal System" has given ty; the monster came into the world, cause to the PEOPLE of the continent and it immediately employed them in to curse it to the last hour of their endeavours to strengthen despotism, existence. to save themselves from destruction. We have glanced at the consequenThis was, perhaps, in effect, great Li ces of the Liberal System,as they berality towards the monarchs, but have affected other nations; we will still it was anything but Liberality to now glance at them as they have afwards the people.

fected, and are affecting, our own A few weeks since, some of the run country. away“ constitutionalists” of Spain re The Statesmen of Cockaigne-the turned to that unhappy country, to friends of the“Liberal System," brought render it the theatre of civil war. Every in due form a Greek loan into the marone knew that the vast mass of the ket. Now, who were the real borrowpeople detested them ; that it was im ers? A people barbarous, profligate, possible for them to overturn the go- divided, practically without a governvernment, supported as it was by the ment, without laws, without resourFrench army; that at the best they ces, without revenue; warring almost wished to set up the old, impractica- without hope against the whole power ble, tyrannical constitution ; that their of Turkey, and not possessing a sinproclamations warranted the conclu- gle item of what constitutes a security sion, that they meant to establish a for borrowed money. And who were republic; and that they could accom to be the real lenders ? The credulous plish nothing beyond leading a por people of this country, who had to tion of the people to slaughter and depend altogether on the statements of ruin, and removing rational freedom the Statesmen of Cockaigne for knowstill farther from Spain. Yet this ac- ledge touching the character and contually threw the Statesmen of Cock- dition of the borrowers. Of course, aigne into paroxysms of transport, and these Statesmen circulated full and hothey laboured to persuade us that the nest information respecting the Greeks! helpless vermin who were swept out They circulated a fiddlestick !—They of the country without a battle when circulated nothing but the most dethey were its rulers, and had its whole lusive and mischievous statements; resources in their hands, could now, in everything that told against the Greeks the character of destitute rebel tri was scandalously distorted, or supumph over the government and the pressed ; and everything favourable to French army. The friends of the“ Li- them was as scandalously exaggeraberal Systemwere enraptured with ted. At any rate, these Statesmen venprospect of the Spanish provinces be- tured their own money, when they ing uselessly overspread with blood called upon the ignorant and credu

lous to venture theirs ? Blunder up their money in these outlandish loans ; on blunder! They risk their money numbers more have been greatly imin Greek stock !-No, no, give them poverished, and the ruin of additional their due, they are not, after all, quite numbers is rapidly approaching. Beau80 simple. The profuse Lord Byron, tiful liberality this, truly, in one set of it seems, only lent his money to the Englishmen towards another. Greeks, and he lent it on far different We are not in the words of the An. security from stock bonds. The ob- ti-jacobin, ject of these worthies was to feed, to " A steady patriot of the world alone, fatten, to enrich themselves by the The friend of every country- but his own." sale of Greek stock, and not to ruin We love our own country better than themselves by purchasing it. That all others-we love the honest spirit this has been stupendously liberal to that rivets its affections to its native themselves and the Greeks, is beyond soil and its legitimate kinsmen-we all question ; but that it has been di. love the feeling of nationality, for it is rect swindling, abominable robbery, alike honourable to the individual, and towards the people at large, is alike beneficial to the state ; and we regard unquestionable.

those with scorn whose axe is continuThe Statesmen of Cockaigne have of ally laid at the root of this feeling. course profusely supplied the innume- What then are we to think of those rable republics of South America with Englishmen who mingle contempt of loans, on the same system on which their own country with their adoration they have acted with regard to the of foreign ones, and who delude, coGreeks. These republics never yet zen, rob, and ruin their countrymen, possessed anything that could consti- for the benefit of the people of Greece, tute a fair security for borrowed mo. South America, and Spain ?-Shame ney. Some of them, according to their upon them! Shame upon them! own account, have been eight, twelve, The friends of the Liberal Systena" and fourteen years independent, free have been long slandering Mir Canning from war, and in a flourishing condi- and his colleagues for not acknowledtion; and still they keep wanting new ging the independence of the South loans. Notwithstanding all this, the American republics. Now what are the friends of the Liberal Systemhave real facts of the matter? Would such continually drawn for them millions acknowledgment increase our trade? after millions, from the pockets of their Scarcely to the extent of a single cargo. dupes. These most upright men have Its advocates admit that the direct behad possession ot' almost all the chan- nefits would be almost wholly engrosspels of public information ; and of ed by the republics. Would it then, course we have nothing but the most on the other hand, involve us in diffiravishing statements, touching the culties and dangers ? Most assuredly. condition of the thousand and one Spain has still military possession of a South American republics. Countries part of South America ; she rejects the superlatively poor have been called fanciful divisions that have been made, immensely rich--uninhabited deserts and claims the whole ; the other conhave been represented to be thickly tinental powers wish her to regain the peopled-repullies, containing halt a whole, and they are hostile to our inmillion, or a million, of inhabitants, terference. Were we to concede the have been sworn to be surprisingly po- recognition, we must, to render it efpulous—and people, ignorant and li. fective to discharge the honest duty centious in the last degree, disunited, which it would impose upon us tohaving in reality scarcely any opera. wards the republics-treat Spain as an tive laws, and subject to the will of a enemy, if she attempted to subjugate knot of despots, have been called in them; and this could scarcely fail of telligent, virtuous, unanimous, order. involving us in war with the whole ly, and free. All this has been done, continent. We have protested against but naked facts and plain reasoning the interference of others, and others have been scrupulously withheld; and will not suffer us to be the sole interthe country has known nearly as much ferers, and to monopolize all the good of the real state of the North Pole, as things, without a contest. Of course, of the real state of South America. by withholding the recognition, we risk

In consequence, numbers of families nothing ; by granting it, we should have been already ruined by vesting risk almost everything. This is not VOL. XVI.


all. We are rich, beyond all other na- man's cunning and rascality, into our tions, in colonial possessions; and councils. It is not for us to go sneakthere are several nations in the world ing round the world to preach up Libethat would rejoice to see these inde- ralism and foment colonial insurrecpendent. Let us only get up a game tion, that we may deprive other states of colony-robbery, and others will of their dependencies, and obtain their speedily play it as expertly as ourselves, trade-every conceivable principle forto our own cost. Let us be the na- bids it. The revolt that begins in the tion to divide the last ligament be- colonies of one nation, can scarcely tween Spain and her colonies, and it fail, sooner or later, of finding its way will not be long before the sword shall to those of another; and therefore it is be applied to the bonds that unite us to our interest to regard such revolt, our own. If any country in the world wherever it may take place, as a danhave an interest in discountenancing gerous enemy. The independence of colonial revolt in every possible way, it the colonies of other states must, to a is Great Britain.

certain point, pave the way to the inAll this, to our friends of the “ Li- dependence of our own; and for these beral System,” is nothing. These sages we may tremble when other countries have been for years preaching up colo- shall lose the last of such possessions. nial revolt as one of the best and the Our transmarine territories are of immost necessary things in nature. They mense extent—they are scattered about have regularly applied every possible in almost all parts of the globe-many stimulant, and furnished every possi- of them are not very capable of effeeble assistance, to the colonies of Spain; tive defence they are accessible to the and they have justified the insurrection emissaries of other states-several of of these in every variety of language. these states would make gigantic saWhat was it to them if they threw crifices to give them independence ; away half the empire, provided they and therefore we ought not, by word, huddled together a few gimcrack re- deed, or look, to feed colonial revolt, publics, and obtained a little additional and give the pretext to rival nations, trade in South America !-How all so ardently desired for enabling them this has sounded in Canada, India, &c. to make India, &c. what South Ameand how it will operate on other states rica now is. It is astonishing that in the way of precedent, instruction, the cant which we have been so long and example, it is not for us to say; vociferating respecting the liberty of but if it do not largely contribute in the continental nations, Greece, South the end to render us as destitute of co- America, &c. has not been echoed lonies as Spain, we shall be the most by our own dependencies; and that, fortunate people that ever existed. instead of having leisure for stirring

That this is splendid liberality to up universal rebellion, and cursing wards others, will be admitted by the allies for warring against Libeevery one ; but that it is liberality to ralism, we have not been fully employwards ourselves, will be denied by all. ed in cutting the throats of the In

Let us not be mistaken. If we can dians, Canadians, &c. for labouring to honestly and honourably, in a manner give themselves liberty and independbecoming a great and high-minded na- ence. tion, recognize the South American re- In the midst of all this bluster republics, and increase our trade with specting trade, let it not be forgotten them, let us ; we will be among the that trade, like gold, may be bought first to advocate it. But if not-if to too dear; and that it is an easy matdo this we must resort to chicanery, ter to lose two old customers in endea. quarrel with the whole continent, and yours to obtain one new one. We have furnish other states with a pretext for reached those glorious circumstances fomenting rebellion in our own colo- in which what we have to do is, not to nies, then let these republics be sunk obtain, but to PRESERVE. There is in the ocean, rather than take from us but one path open for us for the puranother cargo. We are rich and glo- suit of trade, and this is the path of rious above all other nations, and we integrity and honour. If we cannot should be so still if South America preserve our commercial prosperity by were not in existence. What we pro- acting towards others as we wish them test against is, the introduction of the to act towards us, it must depart from

mal's romance, and the petty trades- us; nothing else can save it. If we

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get up a race of plot, intrigue, over- injured our trade-or they have made reaching, and roguery, we may depend war upon us, or they have picked a upon it that whoever may win, we quarrel with us without cause-or shall be the losers.

they have interfered in some other On the score of national interest, in mischievous way in our affairs ? Ob. more ways than one, it has, we believe, no, they have done none of tbese things. always hitherto been thought wise in Then, in the name of common sense. this country to make a friend of Tur. what have they done? Done! Read key, and to keep her as powerful as the Edinburgh Reviews, and Morning possible. The reasons for our doing this Chronicles, for a list of their enormi. are now more weighty than they ever ties! They have done as they pleased were. Yet we are now taught to hate in their own affairs—they have done Turkey, and to assist in her dismem, what we always do in similar circum berment. Turkey is to fall—is to be stances—they have refused to be discut up into an infinity of savage, im- crowned--they have rejected constitu. potent republics ; and this is to fill tions which the whole world knew to England with transport ! Our govern- be absurd and ruinous - they have inent in chief is neutral between the made war upon jacobinism, upon in

Turks and the Greeks ;--the States- fidelity, and democracy- they have remen of Cockaigne, our sub-govern- fused to establish liberty at a time mert, send men, arms, and money, to when it was impossible to establish it the latter, and make war upon Turkey! -they have scorned our dictation, and National interest - What is national refused to rush into destruction at our interest when weighed against liberal- bidding. And, oh, horrible! they have ism, resuscitated jacobinism,-revolu- crushed their Benthamites and tionism -- What is national interest ites, knocked up Liberalism, and resta when it clashes with the views of such red tranquillity to the whole conti persons as Hobhouse, Hume, Byron, nent! Is this all ?-All! What and their great, though nameless, col- can be necessary to sanction ne leagues? What is national interest testing them when a rebellion can be got up, a re

up, a re- But perhaps these monarchs have volution can be accomplished, a repub

laboured to put down rational and gelic can be created, and a knot of un

nuine liberty? - they established a con

an be principled idiotic profligates can be

stitution in France greatly resembling made rulers ? Let Turkey be trod in our own. Have they endeavoured the dust let us lose every European

destroy it? No; they have fought for friend--- let our allies be annihilated- its preservation. When let our checks upon foreign powers, ed the tyrannical Cortes of Spain and the bulwarks of our most valuable they wish to re-establish the possessions be destroyed-let our na- potism? No; their influence

winds tional interests be cast to the winds

erted to procure for Spain a constituonly let jacobinism flourish, republics tion like that of Frank abound, and liberals become the des- was recently made in D pots of mankind. Beautiful romance! store the old despotism in all --Lovely Liberality! - What a pity Did they second it that it should be fraught with nation- sed it, and supported th al ruin !

o wishes to give to Portugal a rational We have been taught to detest the constitution. Well. afte

le continental monarchs, and we have that these monar profited so well by the instruction, such constitutions a that scarcely any party can speak of to constitutional 1 them except in terms of execration, England? Yes. For a ministerial paper to speak re- bin constitutions

utions, and

j e voice. spectfully of these monarchs, would be And do we not

e started little better than treason. Well, what gard to their do have these poor monarchs doner Per- own country?


e kavana hans they sent money, arms, and men. But perhaps theo n go, it's the ur Radicals in the days of radical their power;


l -it's auld madness, or they supported the Queen are in the when she brought the constit

dog, and then the brink of Tuin-orth

hat, slouched bed us of our colon

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utinost for the benefit of their sub- land, of the trade of England, of the jects; and the Morning Chronicle, general interests of England, and of that “ burning and shining light" of the people of England. the Statesmen of Cockaigne, declares Nevertheless these monarchs pose that our lower orders, that is, the vast sess absolute power-they are despots mass of our population, are, with re- and therefore we must abuse them. gard to law and actual well-being, in No doubt we can do this justifiablya much worse condition than those of no doubt we can bring clean hands to the continental nations. In truth, the the matter-no doubt, as we execrate ravishing descriptions which this asto- despotism so furiously, we are not des nishing paper puts forth touching the pots ourselves--no doubt the British state of the people who are governed sceptre is not waved over a single by the monarchs, are almost sufficient bondsman. Alas !--alas! WE-We who to make us scorn our constitution, and are eternally blackening the allied mom sigh for a despotism.

narchs, because they will not surrenNotwithstanding all this, perhaps der absolute power at the cost of alwe have suffered grievously by what most certain destruction, are ourselves these monarchs have done- perhaps the despots over millions upon milthe triumph of the revolutionists would lions, to whom we might give freehave been of prodigious benefit to us dom at the price of only a part of what as a nation? Alas! even here our we possess ! We, the blustering, swaganimosity towards the monarchs can gering devotees of liberty, rule over find no resting-place. We have gain nations by a despotism more searched very nearly as inuch from what ing and comprehensive than any of they have done, as they themselves the continental ones! Do we then say have gained. We owe to them a very that we ought to give constitutions to large portion of our present tranquil the nations of the East? No! we lity ; they fought for us even when we would advise no such absurdity--we were against them; and when they would prepare no such scourges for smote Liberalism in their own territo- them, or injuries for our own country; ries, they gave the death-wound to but we will say that, with regard to languishing faction and rebellion here. the abstract question, they have as

If the revolutionists had been suc- much right to liberty as the nations cessful in some countries, and had of the continent; and that we have continued their struggles in others, a much worse title to be the despots of we should unquestionably have been Asia, than the continental monarchs still convulsed, by the endeavours of have to be the despots of Europe. powerful factions, to plunge us into Shame would strike us dumb, were revolution. Almost the first things we, like our Broughams, Hutchinsons, that the revolutionists of Spain and and Littletons, our liberal Whigs Portugal thought of after they obtain- and trimming Tories--with our East. ed power, were to abuse us and our ern possessions before us, to attempt constitution, to administer pity and to say to the Emperor of Russia, or encouragement to our Radicals, and the Emperor of Austria, -Thou art a to make severe enactments against our despot. trade. The revolutionists of France Here the “ Liberal System" blazes hated us. If any of the more power out in all its prodigious varieties of ful nations of Europe had been revo- shape and colour--here, with one hand, lutionized, we could scarcely have it darts its thunders upon our devoted avoided a war with them; and their land, and, with the other, it holds it up moral influence alone would have been to the world's mockery; and yet it is nearly sufficient to give a triumph to at last, with regard to despotism, here our own revolutionists. In addition to miserly to others, and liberal to Engthis, the din which, conjointly with land. Its liberality, however, is but our friends of the “ Liberal System," that of the pickpocket who tucks up they would have kept up in favour of his colleague to the gallows for theft, revolutionary doctrines, could hardly and yet continues his vocation. have failed to kindle rebellion in some Perhaps this matter with regard to one or other of our transmarine posses- despotism may be explained by the sions. The enemies who were anni. magic of geography - perhaps that hilated by the Holy Alliance, were the which is slavery in Europe, is freedom enemies of the constitution of Eng- in Asia ? Alas, no Perhaps we have

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