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nis. Congresso Senate o

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
LCOMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY.

UNITED STATES SENATE
EIGHTY-THIRD CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. J. Res. 1
PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES RELATIVE TO THE MAKING ..
OF TREATIES AND EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS

AND

S. J. Res. 43
PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES, RELATING TO THE LEGAL

EFFECT OF CERTAIN TREATIES

FEBRUARY 18, 19, 25, MARCH 4, 10, 16, 27, 31,

APRIL 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, AND 11, 1953

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1953

30572

PROPERTY OF THE
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

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WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota, Ohairman ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin

PAT MCCARRAN, Nevada WILLIAM E, JENNER, Indiana

HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi ROBERT C. HENDRICKSON, New Jersey ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois WILLIS SMITH, North Carolina HERMAN WELKER, Idaho

OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota, Chairman EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois HARLEY M, KILGORE, West Virginia JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

WAYNE H. SMITHEY, Subcommittee Counsel

--------------------------

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Page

Statement of

Backus, Dana Converse, Association of the Bar of the City of New

York.--------

190

Bernstein, Bernard, B'nai B'rith....

ping Birith

253

Berg, Mrs. Louella Miller, legislative associate, American Association
of University Women.---

602

Boss, Charles F., Jr., executive-secretary, Board of World Peace,

Methodist Church....

378

Bricker, Hon. John W., a United States Senator from Ohio

Brownell, Hon. Herbert, Jr., Attorney General of the United States. 901

Delaney, George P., international representative, American Federation

of Labor.---.

1082

Deutsch, Eberhard P., member, committee on peace and law, American

Bar Association..

115

Downer, Adin M., assistant legislative representative, Veterans of

Foreign Wars of the United States.--

289

Dulles, Hon. John Foster, Secretary of State of the United States

823

Dumbauld, Edward, attorney, Uniontown, Pa -------

364

Dunn, Stephen F., General Counsel, Department of Commerce. 1035, 1077

Edelman, Albert I., member, board of directors, American Association

for the United Nations.---

650

Eichelberger, Clark, executive director, American Association for

Advancement of the United Nations.----

745

Faupl, Rudolph, international representative, International Associa-

tion of Machinjsts, AFL...

779

Fenner, Mrs. Merwyn, Afton, N. Y.------

----

Finch, George A., Sr., member, committee on peace and law, American

Bar Association..

1104

Griswold, Mrs. Enid H., vice-president, the National Economic

Council, Inc.-

174

Hatch, Vermont, member, committee on peace and law, American

Bar Association.-------

83

Hawes, L. Roy, secretary, executive committee of the National

Grange.---

527

Holman, Frank E., past president, American Bar Association. --- 129, 1216
Howard, Mrs. Ernest W., legislative chairman, the Wheel of Progress
Kennedy, Miles D., director, national legislative commission, the

American Legion, Washington, D. C.--
Kent, Roger, General Counsel, Department of Defense...

951
Lashley, Jacob, past president, American Bar Association..

629
Leetch, Mrs. William D., national defense chairman, National Society

of New England Women.------
Lucas, Mrs. James C., executive secretary, National Society,

Daughters of the American Revolution.

Maas, Maj. Gen. Melvin, USMC (retired), Military Order of the

World Wars.--

947

Manion, Clarence, former dean of College of Law, University of

Notre Dame------------------------------------

809

Maslow, Will, general counsel, American Jewish Congress...

305

McGrath, W. L. representing Chamber of Commerce of the United

States.

McKee, Frederick C., committee on national affairs of New York

City.

591

Mitchell, James G., member, Association of the Bar of the City of

New York......

IL

Statement of-Continued

Pago

Nash, Hon. Frank C., Assistant Secretary for Defense, Department

of Defense ---

951

Ober, Frank B., member, committee on peace and law, American Bar

Association...

167

Oliver, Covey T., professor of international law, University of

California...

683

Parker, Hon. John J., judge, United States Circuit Court of Appeals
(Fourth Circuit)----

708
Pearson, Theodore, chairman, committee on Federal legislation, Asso-
. ciation of the Bar of the City of New York...

213

Perlman, Philip B., former Solicitor General of the United States... 399

Phillips, Hon. Orie L., chief judge, United States Court of Appeals

(Tenth Circuit)----

-- 984, 1022

Rhyne, Charles S., representing Chamber of Commerce of the United

States.---------

571

Rix, Carl, past president, American Bar Association ------------ 75, 1024
Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, National Grange.--

625
Schein, Ernest, chairman, committee on international law, District of

Columbia Bar Association.-----

Schweppe, Alfred J., chairman, committee on peace and law, Ameri-

can Bar Association ----

- 33, 1186, 1228

Scott, Rev. De Loss M., pastor, National Tabernacle of Washington,

D. C.------

257

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director, Mutual Security Agency ------ 1054
Tuttle, Elbert P., General Counsel, Department of the Treasury---- 999
Tweed, Harrison, attorney, New York City---

615
Watt, James, manager, Washington office, Christian Science Com-

mittee on Publication ...
Whatley, David, attorney, Washington, D. C......

1175
Williams, George W., attorney, Baltimore, Md.--.

789
Wright, Quincy, international law faculty, University of Chicago.--. 676

Statements submitted by-

Air Transport Association of America..

736

Americans for Democratic Action.-----

Castle, W. R., Washington, D. C.---

1199

Conference of State Manufacturers Association..

734
Coon, Hon. Sam, Member of the House of Representatives, Second
District, Oregon.---

-------- 1195
Curtis, Merritt B., national secretary, National Sojourners, Inc.--- 283

· Daniel, Hon. Price, a United States Senator from the State of Texas.. 252

Delaney, George P., international representative, American Federation

of Labor.----

360

Durkin, Hon. Martin P., Secretary of Labor of the United States.---

Ferman, Irving, director, Washington, D. C., office, American Civil

Liberties Union..

281

Kyle, John M. De Witt, III, president, National Defense League of

America.--------

703

Lawyers Committee of the United World Federalists, Inc.

735

Lull, Dr. George F., secretary and general manager, American Medical

Association.-

16

Lynn, John C., legislative director, American Farm Bureau Federation. 279
McDonough, Gordon. L., Member of the House of Representatives,
15th District, California ----

1196

Murphy, Ray, former national commander, American Legion.----- 286

National Association of Manufacturers----

596

O'Neill, C. William, attorney general of the State of Ohjo, in behalf

of the National Association of Attorneys General.---

695

Potofsky, Jacob S., Congress of Industrial Organizations...

595

Redmond, Paul A., president, Southern States Industrial Council.---

Roche, Prof. John P., Friends Committee on National Legislation... • 742

Schwartzberg, Hugh, national chairman, Collegiate Council for the

United Nations ....

Singer, Max, Students for Democratic Action ----

Steuben Society of America, National Council...

740

Strackbein, 0.' R., chairman, National Labor-Management Council

on Foreign Trade Policy--

696

526

anesini 1097

Page

284
1200
601
377

1

58

128

130

Statements submitted by-Continued

Swingle, William S., president, National Foreign Trade Council, Inc.-
The Catholic Association for International Peace..
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

Young Women's Christian Association, National Board

Exhibits:

Copy of Senate Joint Resolution 1, 83d Congress .

Letter of Hon. Thruston B. Morton, Assistant Secretary of State---

Miscellaneous telegrams and letters..

Excerpts from September 1, 1952, report of the committee on peace

and law to the house of delegates of the American Bar Association..

Excerpts from February 1, 1953, report of the committee on peace

and law to the house of delegates of the American Bar Association..

Letter of John J. Gunther, legislative representative, Americans for

Democratic Action, dated February 16, 1903.-

Editorial from the Journal of the Judicature Society by Mr. Carl B.

Rix.

Memorandum of committee on peace and law, American Bar Associa-

tion, in reply to Mr. Perlman.

Irticle by Mr. Eberhard P. Deutsch appearing the September 1952

issue of the American Bar Association Journal.

Editorial appearing in the New Orleans Times-Picayune, January 12,

1953..

Biographical sketch of Frank E. Holman.

List of organizations and associations supporting constitutional

amendment on treaties and executive agreements.

Article by Mr. Neal Stanford appearing in the January 26, 1953, issue

of the Christian Science Monitor

Report of committee on Federal legislation and committee on inter-

national law the Association of the Bar of the City of New York

on Senate Joint Resolution 130, 82d Congress.

Address of Rev. Claude Bunzel at Ninth Annual State Convention,

American Council of Christian Churches of California, November 6,

1952.-

Telegram of Mr. Clarence Manion to Senator Everett Dirksen, dated

February 18, 1953.

Article appearing in the Christian Science Monitor, September 26,

1952..

Memorandum of the Department of State entitled “The Nature and

Purpose of the WHO International Sanitary Regulations”.

Critique of statement of Department of State on activities of WHO

from the Boston office, Christian Science Monitor.

Memorandum of Mr. Will Maslow on the question “Is the President

Bound by the First Amendment?”.

Reprint from State Department Bulletin dated July 7, 1952, entitled

"Progress Toward Completion of Human Rights Covenants”.

Telegram of Mr. Clarence Manion, dated February 24, 1953, addressed

to Senator William Langer..

Dissent of Chief Justice Vinson in the Steel Seizure case.

Report of the section of international and comparative law of the

American Bar Association.-

Government brief submitted in the Steel Seizure case.

Statement of Mr. Philip B. Perlman submitted on Senate Joint Reso-

lution 130, 82d Congress..

List of members of house of delegates of the American Bar Association

as of January 12, 1953.-

Remarks of Benjamin V. Cohen to informal group of Senators,

February 9, 1953...

ILO Conventions 87 and 98.

Report of Robert L. Hogg to the American Life Convention on the

1952 ILO Conference..

Membership list of the special committee to study the effects of the

treaty process on domestic laws of the United States Chamber of

Commerce

Copy of the Universal Copyright Convention..

Biographical data on Charles S. Rhyne...

Editorial appearing in the New York Herald Tribune, February 21,

1953..

294

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