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Crop and Live Stock Statistics
Collated and Published by the
The Department of Agriculture has a corps of about fourteen hundred crop correspondents representing the various townships of Ohio. These correspondents are supplied with proper blanks upon which to make reports once each month. Upon the information supplied by the township correspondents is based the monthly reports published by the department for the benefit of farmers and others interested.
The information contained in these monthly reports comes at a time to make it of practical value to the farmer in determining the disposition of his several crops and the distribution of his land to following crops. The reports are simply plain facts, as received from the correspondents, their figures being averaged for each township and county and for the State, with such conclusions in final outcome as are warranted by the estimates given.
Published herein are such of the monthly crop reports as have reference to acreage or bushels figured out in total. The collection, tabulation, computation of results, publication and distribution of the monthly crop reports involve a great deal of careful work on the part of the department, and some expense to the State, but the work is of vital importance to the agricultural interests and to the people in general and the expense involved is very slight compared to benefits derived.
Following the monthly reports herein reproduced will be found tables showing wheat and corn production from 1850 to 1904 inclusive, with range of price and average price; tables giving the number of horses, cattle, sheep and swine as returned to the Auditor of State ; tables giving the agricultural statistics as returned to the Secretary of Agriculture by the County Auditors of the State, and finally comparative tables of the different crops, prepared to show the results of ten years.
OHIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
CONDITION OF WHEAT
and the Distribution of the Breeds of Live Stock,
MARCH 1, 1904.
The following report is based on returns received from the regular township crop correspondents of the department, averaged for each county and for the State.
WHEAT-Condition compared with an average..
1.28 2.06 8.37 14.25
On the setting in of winter, owing to late seeding and lack of moistuire, the wheat had not attained the usual degree of growth and vigor. In many fields there was very little appearance of the plant. The estimated condition of wheat on December 1, 1903, was 78 per cent. of an average condition. The estimated decline up to March ist is not unexpected. The present estimate is 69 per cent.
The winter has been severely cold, but there has been a great amount of snow protection. The ground has been continuously frozen, so there has been no upheaval of the wheat roots, and if favorable weather prevails until the complete opening of spring the wheat, now well in the ground, inay shoot rapidly forward and advance many points in general condition.
The frost is not yet out of the ground, and while most of the snow lias disappeared, the wheat has not had time to green up, and it is therefore difficult to estimate, with any degree of correctness, the true condition of the plant. Much that now shows brown and has the appearance of being winter killed may be safe at the root, and show vigor at the proper time.
Winter conditions have been more favorable than otherwise to the protection of wheat, and the developments of the next few weeks will be awaited with considerable interest.
The distribution of the pure breeds of live stock indicate a continued and increased interest in the matter of fixed types of animals for the different purposes intended, and a great diminution of the scrub or chance breeds.
OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE OHIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ON THE CONDITION OF WHEAT AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF
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