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OFFICIAL REPORT

OF THE

OHIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

ON THE

Area of Fall Crops, Area and Product of Potatoes, and the

Condition of Other Crops

NOVEMBER 1, 1904.

The following report is deduced from returns received from the regular township crop correspondents of the department. The area of fall crops is estimated by comparison with the area sceded last year, as returned by township assessors. The area of potatoes is the estimate returned by assessors, the bushels being computed by the average produced per acre, as reported by the department correspondents.

WHEAT—Area sown last fall as returned by township assessors

....................................1,901,773 acres. Sown this fall compared with last year ..............99+ per cent. Estimated area seeded for the harvest of 1905......1,859,534 acres. Condition compared with an average......

.....87 per cent. Average date of seeding ........

......... September 26. RYE-Area sown last fall as returned by township assessors.......34.487 acres. Sown this fall compared with last year .......

....87 per cent. “ Estimated area seeded for the harvest of 1905..... ....29,163 acres. Condition compared with an average .......

....88 per cent. CORN-Prospect compared with an average ......................71 per cent. BUCKWHEAT-Prospect compared with an average ..............80 per cent. CLOVER SEED-Prospect compared with an average............59 per cent. POTATOES-Area planted as estimated by township assessors. .107,013 acres. Average product per acre .....

.....101 bushels. Total estimated product for 1904............10,766,707 bushels. Affected by rot ...........

......3 per cent. APPLES-Product compared with an average .......

....57 per cent. HOGS-Condition compared with an average ......................93 per cent.

" Number to be fattened compared with 1903 ..............88 per cent. COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS-Farmers using on wheat..........55 per cent.

...................0

P

E

COIL

Wheat seeding was quite generally late, partly because of weather conditions, but most generally in the hope of avoiding damage by Hessian tly, which was expected to make its appearance this season.

The area of wheat seeded in the fall of 1903 for the harvest of 1904 was the lowest in ten years, and the great amount of this that was plowed up in the spring left the area for the harvest abnormally low. The present estimate of wheat area for the harvest of next year is based by comparison with the amount originally seeded last fall, and indicates within one per cent. of the same amount, though seventeen per cent. greater than the area that was harvested. The wheat area seeded this fall is so low that even if all remains for the harvest next year, and there is an exceptionally large average produced per acre, the total crop can not reach the amount Ohio has many times produced. The continued low wheat area is not easily accounted for.

The condition of the growing plant is thirteen per cent. below a good average condition. In most parts of the State it has been too dry for proper germination and strong growth. On many fields the plant is thin and a great deal has not yet made its appearance. There has been some re-seeding. If the winter sets in early there is danger that a great deal of wheat that has not attained strong set and sufficient growth will not be able to withstand very rigid weather. While there was much fear of the fly, very little complaint is heard concerning it.

The area of rye shows less than last year, but in this there is no great weight, as this crop varies in area from year to year more than any of the other small grain crops.

The prospect for corn indicates 71 per cent. of an average. In many parts of the State the crop is not husking out as well as was anticipated, and this has caused a slight reduction in the estimated prospect since the last report. Considerable corn was cut too green and much of it is soft and moldy. In the northern part of the State the crop was injured by the frosts that occurred in September, and while there are good and even excellent crops in many sections, the average for the State will be low.

The area of potatoes is very slightly less than the area of last year, but the product per acre is considerably greater, and the total product for the State about a million and a half bushels greater than last year. Very few counties of the State are below the average in potato production, the great majority being above the average. A few localities report rot, but the extent of damage from this source is not likely to be very great.

Hogs show an average condition of 93 per cent., and 88 per cent. compared with last year, as the number to be fattened. Hogs have been sent to early markets. Cholera is reported from several counties, but the disease does not seem to be so general as last year.

OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE OHIO DEPARMENT OF AGRICULTURE ON THE AREA OF WHEAT AND RYE, AREA AND PRODUCTION OF

POTATOES AND THE CONDITION OF OTHER CROPS, NOVEMBER 1, 1901.

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Area sown last fall as returned by township assessors.

Sown this fall compared with last year.

compared
with an average.
Condition

Estimated area

seeded for the harvest of 1905.

When sown days after Sept. 15th.

Area sown last fall as returned by township assessors.

Sown this fall com

pared with last year.

using

Estimated area

seeded for the harvest of 1905.

compared
with an average.
Condition

compared
with an average.
Prospect

compared
with an average,
Prospect

compared
with an average.
Prospect

Area planted as es

timated by township assessors.

Average product per acre.

Total estimated product for 1904.

Affected by rot.

compared
with an average.
Condition

Number to be fattened compared with 1903.

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compared
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Product
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| Acres. Per ct. Per ct. Acres.
Adams

15,822 100 15.822
Allen .

23,946) 100 23,946 100
Ashland

27.983 100 27,938
Ashtabula 6,147 97 5,963
Athens .. 4,636 104 4.819
Auglaize ... 32.072

30,468
Belmont .... 16.069

15,266
Brown ... 15,560

15,249
Butler .. 51.277 100 51,277
Carroll

12,831 100 12,831
Champaign .
27.278

24.005
Clark ..
26,228

23,605
Clermont

8.622 100 8,622
Clinton ..... 32,887

100

32,887
Columbiana 19,252 98 18,867
Coshocton ... 20,318 102 20,755
Crawford 26,644 100 26,644 1
Cuyahoga

7.949 101 8.029
Darke .....
59,789

50.821
Defiance
16,412

16,412
Delaware 11.518 106 12,209
Erie ..

13.288 100 13,288 100
Fairfield

37,647 100 37,617
Fayette

28.797 102 29,373
Franklin

29.437 100 29,437
Fulton

14.506 100 14,506 100 Gallia ..... 9.930

8,441 Geauga ... 5,390

5,121 101 Greene 35,400

34,692

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Farmers

wheat. A Cisco 330, 33222532-4a8160331

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cres. (Perct. Per ct Per ct. Per ct. Acres. | Bus. 779 100

280

100
174 100

538 100
105

80 88
606

2,505 105
66
95
90

20

96
153

1.084
179

1.194 175
2,743

382
315
93

919 104
100

352 1.50
243

259 117
519
1,687

738

367
121

1,870
118

1.000 118

1,435
100 6.976

63 1.378 117
100

731

101
514

444
100

3,033

84
268

1,157
273

27
1,204

1,918 137
541 100

937

90 85

182 121

2,397 307

654 | 100

10. ONA 1919 eenO

Bushels Pr

Per ct

Per ct
28,000
53.800
86,240
263,025
23,040
99.728
208,950
27,856
97,576
52,800
30,303
63,852
70.110
26,421
136,510
12.OSO
146,370
523,200
161.926
73,831
59,940
254,772
101,816

1.890
262.706
81.330
21.658
184.569
55,400 11

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OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE OHIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ON THE AREA OF WHEAT AND RYE, AREA AND PRODUCTION OF

POTATOES AND THE CONDITION OF OTHER CROPS, NOVEMBER 1, 1904--Concluded. Pn ----

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Farmers

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Acres. Per ct. Per et.' Acres.
Guernsey

10,570 100 10,5701 95
Hamilton

15.8012! 90 1 14.22 Hancock

31,870

98 34,173
Hardin .. 31.057 103 31.999!
Ilarrison

7,658 101
Henry ..

20,571 100 20,571
Ilighland 31.202

29.954
Hocking

9.191
100)

9.491
21.486

23.261
Huron ..

28,8741 101 29,163
Jackson .....

6.151
Jefferson
10,561

10.138
Knox ...
21,610 100 21,610

9.5
Lake

93 3,097
Lawrence

.9701 112 3.326 Licking. 27.968

27,918 Logan .. 25.803

23,223
Lorain .

19,1141 101 19,345 1
7.896

7,422
Madison

12:30

97 11,097
Mahoning 19.299 97 18.720
Marion ... 15,107

100)

I 15.107
Medina

21,871 100 21.871
Meigs ....

9,203 101 10.001 Mercera

30.15 102 30.728 Miami .... 41.616

39.951 Monroe ...... 14.137 95 13.715 Montgomery 1 34.877

31,233 Morgan ..... 8,931 100 8,931

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Bushels Pr ct Per ct Per ct

45,998 6 100 99
463,320

90
88.872

100
191.789

93
24.871
60,242
12,390
91.65)
51.038
97,782
18,318
56,870
52,800
181.875

25,617
110.828

43,146
180.110
504,990

10.220
172.500

60.300
255, 430
31.980
67.680

100
86,664

100
112,433
112,992
10,660 / 21

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457

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22日至8月22:

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31-3533321-332

1900

196

08

122

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Morrow .....! 17.07
Muskingum 18.745
Noble ....

9,724
Ottawa.

11.692 Paulding

12.570 Perry ......

14.960 Pickaway ..

52,675

8.361 Portage .....

17,681
Preble .....

41.798
Putnam

31,697
Richland

30.601
Ross.

38,165
Sandusky ... 27,531
Scioto

10,657
Seneca

41,750
Shelby ...

35,753
Stark ...

40.933
Summit

21.6.1
Trumbull... 10,212
Tuscara was 22,361
Union .... 16,636
Van Wert 21,161
Vinton

3.386
Warren

26.511
Washington 17,132
Wavne ... 41,587
Williams

19,232
Wood.

23,511
Wyandot .. 23,109

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78.960
120,120
81.721
86.29
36,56
42.210
37,685
71,501
654,328
39.636
55.770
132.430

71.003
169, 405
101.198
128.071

77.800
3.30.211
312,718
269,139
163,134

16,62
73.632
28.782
41,580
133,055
507.764
108,300
110,715
50,915

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