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OFFICIAL REPORT

OF THE

OHIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

ON THE
Acreage and Product of Corn and the Condition

of Other Crops,
DECEMBER 1, 1904.

The following report presents a careful estimate of corn production for the present year, and the condition of other crops, based upon the returns received from the regular township correspondents of the De-partment. In figuring the corn production, the area considere ! is that returned by township assessors of the State.

WHEAT—Condition compared with an average..........75 per cent. Amount of crop of 1904 sold as soon as threshed.42 per cent.

Damage to growing crop by Hessian fly..........3 per cent.

Damage to growing crop by white grub..........1 per cent. CORN-Area planted in 1904 as returned by township

assessors ................................2,983,488 acres. Average yield per acre .........

.........30.8 bushels. Total estimated product for 1904..........91,993,448 bushels. Put into silo .........

..3 per cent. Average date cribbing began ........

....Oct. 21. CLOVER-Area sown in 1903 cut for seed ...

.26 per cent. Average yield per acre ..

...1.35 bushels. APPLES-Probable total yield compared with an average 56 per cent. TOBACCO—Probable average product per acre............815 pounds. CATTLE-Number being fed for spring market compared with last year

...69 per cent. SHEEP-Number being fed for mutton compared with last

year ......................................75 per cent.

The corn area this year was a good average in amount as compared with a number of years past, but the product per acre is below an average, and considerably lower than Ohio is able to produce under more favorable conditions; however, the total product for the State, nearly ninety-two millions of bushels, is a remarkably good showing, consider.

ing that many counties produced very lightly, but it occurs that where production is lightest it is in counties having smallest area, while the counties having large corn area show good and even excellent production, and this accounts for the good results on the whole. Some of the abnormally large crops for this State have exceeded one hundred and ten million bushels, but many more have been less than this year's crop, so that on corn production there is no good reason to complain.

The condition of wheat is far from satisfactory or encouraging. The extreme and long continued drouth lias prevented growth, and the plant is now, very generally, weak and thin on the ground, and very far from being in proper condition for going into winter. While there are some fairly bright and healthy looking fields, a great many are still bare, and some with no prospect of life. The plant has gone back twelve per cent. since the report of November ist, and fly is now reported in nearly every county of the State. In some counties the damage from fly is estimated as high as ten per cent., but in the great majority of counties.the damage is estimated at less than five per cent. The average for the State is three per cent.

The present prospect for the wheat harvest of 1905 is quite discouraging, and, should the winter be severe, there will very likely be anther reduction of wheat area by plowing up in the spring.

With regard to other crops referred to in the report, there is nothing particular to note.

OFFICIAL REPORT ON THE ONIO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ON TIE ACREAGE AND PRODUCT OF CORN, AND TIIE CONDITION

OF OTHER CROPS, DECEMBER 1, 1901. --- ----

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Counties.

Amount of crop of 1904 sold as soon as threshed.

Damage to growing crop

by Ilessian Ily.

Damage to growing crop

by white grub.

Area planted in 1904 as re

turned by township as. sessor's.

Average yield per acre.

Total estimated product for 1904.

Put into silo.

Date cribbing began, days after October 1st.

Area sown in 1903 cut for

seed.

Average yield per acre.

Probable total yield com

pared with an average.

Probable average product per acre.

Number being fed for spring market compared with last year,

Searparefor

! Number being fed for mut.

ton compared with last

Days

Per

cent

. cent. Per C ent. Per cent. Per cent. Acres.

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1.83

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1.13
1.30
1.83
1.25
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1.35
1.13
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8,633
46.31
19.099
41.364
56.268
10.712
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23.5 546,375
11.6 119.582
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37.8 2.127.773

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28,175
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43,231
51.356
19,580
22,161
65,378
13,372
44.608
19.737
11,211
49,237
53,344
16,900
46,160
13,435
25,556
24,974
14,246
21.686
49,548
13,063
70.963
24.151
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103,667
61.186
26,356
60.201
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28.840
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18,484
48.162
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46,374
18,217
34,546
31,309
79,395
38,421

31.

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21.

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33.6 1,807,616
27.5 332,558
26.0 548,782
29.2 822,810
30.0 334,740
31.0 343,298
31.9 952, 406
16.5 98,835
27.0 381, 188
31.9 1,442,869
31.0 1,592,036
24.8 485,584
32.6 722,419
3.2.3 2,131,285
15.0 200,580
31.3 1,530,054
20.8 410,530
32.7 366,600
31.7 1,560,813
30.0 1,606,320

549, 250
36.3 1,675,608
30.0 403, 650
26.1 667,012
37.1 926,535
30.4 433,078
40.0 867,440
33.3 1,649,948
33.3 501,665
42.0 2,980,530
36.7 886,342
11.7 158,243
32.5 3,369,178
26.6 1,635,527
36.6 982,893
40.0

2,408,040
30.0 1,284,690
41.3 890,345
26.6 1,249, 429
30.6 1,469,320
23.3 671,972
13.0 209,040
10.0 128,130
27.1 500,916
38.0 1,830,156
31.8 1,559,885
24.8 189,968
37.0 1,715,838
27.6 502,789
24.3 839, 468
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28.8 2,286,576
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2,983,488

91,993, 448

TABLE SHOWING THE ANNUAL PRODUCTION AND PRICE OF WHEAT AND CORN FOR THE YEARS 1850 TO 1903, INCLUSIVE,

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1852
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1854
1855
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1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862

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25,309,225
23.043,737
17,118,311
11.999,110
19,569,320
15,333,837
25,397,614
17.655,483
13,317.967
23,640,356
20,055,424
20.761,887
20.452,410
15,541.885
13,234,139

5,821,747
13,350,721
16,480,059
26,199,729
18,726,341
22,274,378
18,987,664
21,974,385
26.806,818
17.867,967
15,354,569
27,306,566
35,218,783
41,052,120
48,540,307
38,102,633
42,112,103
27,169,738
36,396,119
24,183,430
37,660,681
28,400,000
26,160,931
31,063,448

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50.863.582
68.780,816
91.588,704
74.858,878
62,701,887
54.614,617
54.033,491
68.053,668
80.386.320
63.875,064
76,725.288
62,413.346
88.565,299
98.363.060
103,058,234

81,049.328
101.815,494

97.825,024
112,552,642
101.884.305
114.839,107

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105.414.504
78.712,796
90.869,137
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