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by corporation and by union than you can do as individuals. You can give to the State Association a greater reputation and you can assist each other, and certainly nowadays you cannot expect to succeed in anything without co-operation and without a thorough organization. We must make our power available. There is only one way to do it, and that is to organize. I am inclined to think that the farmers realize this as they never did before, that is, the necessity of doing something which they have not generally done in the past. It is true that some of the farmers have been laboring for years to organize associations, but the great mass of them and others have seemed to be indifferent until very recently. But now the farmers seem to be moving as they have never moved before. We find them organizing, and they are commencing to work, and the prospect is very encouraging; this work, well commenced, will be a finished work some time in the near future. Farmers should give this matter their careful attention. This interest has been mani. fested in the rapid work of organization among the farmers, which has been going on during the past few years in several of the states of the Union. The farmers are now organizing at a rapid rate, and while the Protective Association is forging to the front, they are doing grand work in bringing the farmers together for co-operative work, and the mutual benefits which may be obtained by meeting together, talking together, working together, and acting together. The farmers are inscribing upon their banners the motto: “United we stand to suppress all forms of crime.”

It is the desire of the officials of the Ohio State Protective Association to organize the state upon even a broader plane than any of the other states have established. To do so will require time and patience and that share of encour. agement and support which we trust the people of Ohio will give to the association, and to the efforts of the officers. It is a pleasure to record the fact that the agricultural papers, generally, and the press have shown a most commendable disposition to co-operate with the association in its effort to keep the farmers informed as to all that may be of practical service to them, and it invites applications for journals of proceedings by interested parties, an important consideration, thereby increasing the membership and enlarging its usefulness. Important progress has also been made during the past year in the organizing of new associations and the increase of membership in the old organizations. What can be accomplished in this line has already been shown in the report and statistics, and there is every reason to believe that equally favorable results can be secured wherever new associations are organized. It has the favor of a great many practical farmers, to whom it has already brought substantial benefits. Crudity and mistakes are here and there apparent, but the general efforts of the associations are toward the greatest usefulness; the wise action of the State Association, the cordial support of the people, state legislation, and the practical results already obtained imply that the State Association has made no mistake in undertaking this enterprise on a larger scale than has been attempted elsewhere. At the same time we should remember that quality more than magnitude decides the value of every enterprise, and that this one can attain its highest success only in proportion as the laws which underlie the practice of the associations are discovered and made available to the practical teachings of the association.

The growing appreciation of the State Association among the people has no better index than the increasing number of letters received. It must be borne in mind that these letters come from all sections of the country, from all classes inspired by the wants of those who are interested in protecting the lives and property of themselves and friends against the depredations of criminals. The

development of organizations in the rural districts has been very rapid of late and is full of promise for the immediate future, with results more certain and satisfactory. An immense amount of time is expended in the aggregate upon these local associations. To what extent they may be made subservient to the duties of the State Association is necessarily a matter of speculation. Everything that leads to a more intimate acquaintance between the State Association and the farmers throughout the state must be mutually advantageous.

In closing let me commend the idea of organization. There is no reason why the farmers should not organize; organize for greater security of life and property by mutual protection, to promote true friendship and social intercourse, to cultivate the principles of justice, honor and integrity in its members, to suppress all forms of crime, and to secure the apprehension, conviction and punishment of criminals. All who are interested are urged to call a meeting of the best and most honorable citizens in their communities and organize an anti-criminal association, under the laws of Ohio, Revised Statutes (3705-11), Section 1 (3705-12), Section 2 (3705-13), Section 3, and Section 3709a, and make application for membership in the Ohio State Protective Association. For copy of journal and further information write to H. S. PULSE, PRESIDENT,

Lynchburg, Ohio.

Richwood, Ohio.



SECTION 1. Name. This Association shall be known as the Ohio State Protective Association.

SEC. 2. Objects. Its objects shall be to form a close union of all organizations constituted for the protection of the property of their members, the suppression of crime and the apprehension and conviction and punishment of criminals.


SEC. 1. Any association organized under the laws of Ohio, Revised Statutes (3705-11), Section 1 (3705-12), Section 2 (3705-13), Section 3 and Section 3709a, and whose Constitution and By-Laws do not conflict with this constitution, may become members of this Association.

SEC. 2. Every local association shall be entitled to two representatives or delegates, in the absence of one of these the other may cast the two votes of his association, and seven of such representatives present at any meeting shall constitute a quorum.

SEC, 3. Each local association shall defray the expenses of its delegates.

SEC. 4. All local associations shall hold their elections for officers within sixty days prior to the meeting of the State Association, and shall report the names of officers so elected to the secretary of this association ten days before its regular annual meeting.


Sec. 1. The regular meetings of the State Association shall be held annually on and after the first Tuesday in February, 1902, at Columbus, Ohio, and shall be called to order at 10:00 o'clock a. m., and continue from day to day until its business is completed.

Sec. 2. Admission. Representatives or delegates shall be admitted upon giving satisfactory evidence to the committee on credentials of their right to sit in the meeting.


SEC. 1. The elective officers of this Association shall be President, Vice Presi. dent, Secretary and Treasurer, and they shall hold their office for the term of one year and until their successors are elected and qualified. The Secretary shall receive an annual salary of twenty-five dollars.

SEC. 2. The officers shall be elected by ballot at the annual meetings in Columbus, Ohio.

Sec. 3. The Secretary and Treasurer shall each give bond in the sum of one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) to the acceptance of the Executive Committee.


SEC. 1. The officers provided for in this constitution shall perform the duties usually devolving upon similar officers in like associations.

Sec. 2. The President of the Ohio State Protective Association is by virtue of his office constituted the Grand Organizer for Ohio, and he is authorized to appoint such Deputy Organizers as he may believe to be necessary.

Sec. 3. The President and Deputies are authorized to organize subordinate or local lodges or associations, and receive such compensation as the Executive Committee shall deem fair and reasonable.


Sec. 1. The Secretary of each local association shall ten days before the first Tuesday in February each year forward to the Secretary a certificate, countersigned by its presiding officer, under seal of the association, of the election of representatives, with annual dues to the State Association. It must also state the number of members in good standing in such association, with number of crimes committed, criminals captured and convicted, stolen property recovered, and any other statistics and matters which may be of interest or advantage to the State Association, and this shall be incorporated in the report of the Secretary of this association. Any association that violates any of the provisions of this section shall be fined five dollars ($5.00) or expelled, at the pleasure of the Executive Committee, or both.

SEC. 2. The membership or initiation' fees to local associations shall be not less than one dollar ($1.00), and the charter fees of associations shall be twenty dollars ($20.00) to be paid to the organizing officer when the association shall be organized, and charter fees to be converted into the treasury of the State Association through the Secretary. The State Association shall furnish all local associations organized agreeably to these provisions, with charter and seal, and furnish all necessary equipments and supplies at actual cost.

SEC. 3. The annual dues of local associations shall be one dollar ($1.00) for each association, and a per capita tax of ten cents and pro rata for organizations uniting during the year, payable in advance. Representatives from local associations shall be entitled to seats when dues are paid, not otherwise.

SEC. 4. No debts of the State Association shall be binding upon any of the local associaions nor shall any one of the local associations be in any way responsible for the acts or debts of any other local association.

SEC. 5. The State Association shall have power to expel any officer, member or local association for disorderly conduct or for divulging the unwritten work or plans suggested and discussed by the State Association or any of the local associations.

Sec. 6. The President and Vice President and Secretary shall constitute a committee in whose hands shall be the unwritten work, which shall be permanent except the annual password which shall be given as a final test and which may be changed when the interests of the association demand it.

SEC. 7. There shall be an Executive Committee composed of the President, Vice President and Secretary, and the expenses of this committee shall be paid when engaged in business for the association.

SEC. 8. This constitution may be altered or amended by a two-thirds vote of the delegates present at any regular annual meeting.


SECTION 1. Immediately after calling the State Association to order, the President shall appoint from the representatives the following committees, to consist of three members each:

Committee on Credentials.
Committee on Order of Business.
Committee on Finance.

SEC. 2. All bills before they are passed upon by the State Association shall be referred to the Finance Committtee; also report of the Secretary, Treas. urer and all other officers and committees who may be entrusted with the receipt or expenditure of funds of the State Association.

SEC, 3. The State Association shall have power to appoint delegates to kindred associations.

SEC. 4. There shall be a journal of the proceedings of the State Association printed in pamphlet form which shall contain the names of the officers and committees with their addresses; the names and addresses of the President and Secretary of each local association; also the names of the representatives to the State Association and annual report of the Secretary.

SEC. 5. There shall be printed a sufficient number of the journal proceedings to supply all local associations and the Secretary shall forward the same to the secretaries of said local associations as he may be directed at the annual meeting.

SEC. 6. The President of any local organization shall be a secret detective to whom all secret information may be imparted by other associations (under seal) for the investigation of crimes and the apprehension of criminals, and he shall keep the name of his informant secret when requested.

SEC. 7. The President of each local association upon receiving information of stolen property from other associations, shall give the information to the officials working under him and to other members of the association as far as practicable, and shall upon application from any association (under seal) make search and arrest for said association at its expense.

SEC. 8. The unwritten work shall not be given until all other business of the State Association, except the reading of the minutes, be disposed of.

Sec. 9. This Constitution and By-Laws shall take effect and be in force from and after its adoption.

SEC. 10. These By-Laws may be altered or amended by a two-thirds vote of the delegates present at any regular annual meeting.

Ohio Department of Agriculture,
COLUMBUS, Ohio, December 31, 1904.

To His Excellency, Myron T. Herrick, Governor of Ohio:

Sir:-In compliance with law, the Ohio State Board of Agriculture herewith submits the following report of the Division of Nursery and Orchard Inspection for the year 1904.

The annual report of the Chief Inspector, which contains a detailed summary of the work, has been filed and is herewith appended, also a copy of the law passed by the last General Assembly, which provides for the establishment and defines the duties of this division. An average force of six assistant inspectors has been maintained during the past year. The work is steadily increasing and many requests are being received from Ohio and other states for the publications that have already been issued.

Respectfully submitted,

By W. W. Miller, Secretary.

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