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(10) 3 percent, by count, of blemished standard, regardless of the total score and seriously blemished beans, and of for the product (this is a limiting rule). such 3 percent, not more than 43 thereof

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION or 1 percent, by count, of all the beans may be seriously blemished;

52.508 Ascertaining the grade of a lot. and that

The grade of a lot of the processed (3) The presence of harmless ex product covered by these standards is traneous vegetable material, pieces of determined by the procedures set forth beans, shriveled and sprouted beans, in the regulations governing inspection light discoloration, and blemished and and certification of processed fruits and seriously blemished beans, individually vegetables, processed products thereof, or collectively, does not materially affect and certain other processed food prodthe appearance or eating quality of the ucts (88 52.1 to 52.87). product.

122 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957) (d) (C) classification. Frozen lima beans that are fairly free from defects

SCORE SHKET may be given a score of 28 to 31 points. $ 52.509 Score sheet for frozen lima Frozen lima beans that fall into this

beans. classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regard Size and kind of container...

Container marks or identification... less of the total score for the product

Label... (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly free Net weight (ounces). from defects" means that: (1) There may be present:

Color: (1) For each 10 ounces, net weight, one

Percent green.--..

Percent white. piece, or pieces, or predominantly flat, harmless extraneous vegetable material

Factors

Score points having an aggregate area of 34 square men inch (42 inch or 142 inches) on one

((A) 54-60 surface of the piece, or pieces, and one

......... predominantly cylindrical piece, or

(sStd.) 1 0-41 pieces, of harmless extraneous vegetable

(A) 36-40

32-35 material not exceeding 1 inch in length

Defects.........

28-31 in the aggregate; or

sstd.) 0-27 (11) For each 30 ounces, net weight,

Total score......... three predominantly spherical pieces of

Grade. harmless extraneous vegetable material

Flavor. measuring not more than 44 inch in

Tenderness... diameter.

1 Indicates limiting rule. (2) There may be present:

* Indicates partial limiting rule. (1) 15 percent, by count, of pieces of

Subpart-United States Standards for beans;

Grades of Canned Beets (u) 8 percent, by count, of shriveled and sprouted beans;

SOURCE: $ $ 52.521 to 52.535 appear at 18

FR 7937, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise (ill) 4 percent, by count, of blemished

noted. and seriously blemished beans, and of such 4 percent, not more than 42 thereof

IDENTITY, STYLES, AND GRADES or 2 percent, by count, of all the beans 8 59 521 Identity. may be seriously blemished; and that (3) The presence of harmless extrane

“Canned beets' means canned beets ous vegetable material, pieces of beans, as defined in the definitions and standshriveled and sprouted beans, light dis ards of identity for canned vegetables coloration, and blemished and seriously (21 CFR 51.990), issued pursuant to the blemished beans, individually or collec- Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. tively, does not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

$ 52.522 Styles of canned beets. (e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen (a) “Whole" or "whole beets" means lima beans that fail to meet the require canned beets consisting of whole beets ments of paragraph (d) of this section that retain the approximate original may be given a score of 0 to 27 points conformation of the whole beet. and shall not be graded above Sub (b) “Slices" or "sliced beets" means 1 See footnote on page 99.

canned beets consisting of slices of beets,

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irrespective of whether such slices are “corrugated," "fluted," "wavy," or "scal loped.”

(c) “Quarters" or "quartered beets" means canned beets consisting of quarters of beets.

(d) “Dice" or "diced beets" means canned beets consisting of diced beets.

(e) "Julienne," "French style," or "shoestring" means canned beets consisting of strips of beets.

(f) “Cut” means canned beets consiste ing of units, irrespective of whether such units are "segmented" or "wedgeshaped,” which are not uniform in size or shape or which do not conform to any of the foregoing styles.

(g) "Unit” means an individual beet or portion of a beet in canned beets. § 52.523 Grades of canned beets.

(a) "U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned beets that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess & normal flavor and odor; possess a good color; are practically free from defects; are tender; and possess such uniformity of size and shape as to score not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) "U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned beets that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a normal flavor and odor; possess & fairly good color; are fairly free from defects; are fairly tender; and possess such uniformity of size and shape as to score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) “Substandard” is the quality of canned beets that fall to meet the re

quirements of U. 8. Grade C or U. 8. Standard. FILL OP CONTAINER AND DRAINED

WEIGHTS $ 52.524 Recommended fill of con

tainer. The recommended Al of container is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. It is recommended that each container be filled as full as practicable with beets without impairment of quality and that the product and packing medium occupy not less than 90 percent of the total capacity of the container. $ 52.525 Recommended minimum

drained weight. The minimum drained weight recommendations in Table No. I of this section are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. The drained weight of canned beets is determined by emptying the contents of the container upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 sieve of proper diameter so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the slevo slightly to facilitate drainage and allowing to drain for two minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sievo and beets less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the No. 242 size can (401 x 411) and smaller sizes; and a steve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the No. 242 size can.

TABLE NO. I-RECOMMENDED MINUUM DRAINED WEIGHTS, IN OUNCES, OF BEETS

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1 Mixed sizes to be based on drained weight for predominant size of individual units. (20 P.R. 20, Jan. 4, 1955)

SVAES 8 52.526 Sizes of beets in whole beets.

The size of any beet is determined by measuring the smallest diameter through the center transverse to the longitudinal axis of the beet. The word and number designations of the various sizes of beets in whole beets are shown in Table No. II of this section. Such table also specifies the count range per container for stated container sizes.

TABLE NO. 11-SIZE OF BERTS IN WHOLE BESTS

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18.

50.

Small.---

(Size I.. 20 and over. - 25 and over 35 and over.- 44 and over. 70 and over 250 and over.
Size 2... 14 to but not | 18 to but not | 25 to but not | 31 to but not 50 to but not 175 to but not

including including including including including including
20.
25.
35.
44.
70.

250.
10 to but not 12 to but not 18 to but not 22 to but not 1 35 to but not 125 to but not
including including including including including including
14.

25.
31.

175.
Size 4. 5 to but not | 8 to but not 10 to but not 13 to but not 20 to but not 75 to but not
including including including including including including
12.
18.
22.
35.

125.
Size 5..-|----

5 to but not | 7 to but not9 to but not | 15 to but not 50 to but not
including including including including including
10.
13.
20.

75.
(Size 6...
-----

Less than 5. Less than 7... Less than 9.-- Less than 15.- Less than 50.

10.

Medium..

8.

Assorted

sizes. Mixed

sizes.

80 30 100

1 Assorted sizes is a combination of any 2 adjacent sizes. 2 Mixed sizes is a combination of more than 2 adjacent sizes. (18 F. R. 7937, Dec. 9, 1953, as amended at 20 F. R. 20. Jan. 4, 1955) $ 52.527 Sizes of beet slices in sliced and shape, absence of defects, and beets.

texture. The size of any slice in sliced beets (b) The relative importance of each is determined by measuring the smallest

factor which is scored is expressed nudiameter of the largest surface of the merically on the scale of 100. The maxi. slice. The word designation of the vari mum number of points that may be ous sizes of slices in sliced beets is shown given each such factor is: in Table No. III of this section.

Factors:

Points Color ---

25 TAPLE NO. III Uniformity of size and shape..

15 [Sizes of slices in sliced beets)

Absence of defects.------------

Texture
Word

Total score...
designation Smallest diameter in inches
Small
Less than 2 inches.

(c) "Normal flavor and normal odor" Medium ------- From 2 inches up to but not means that the canned beets are free including 212 inches.

from objectionable flavor and objectionLarge.--------- Not less than 242 inches.

able odors of any kind. Assorted sizes. Mixed sizes.

$ 52.529 Ascertaining the rating for the

factors which are scored. 1 Assorted sizes is a combination of any two The essential variations within each adjacent sizes.

factor which is scored are so described : Mixed sizes is a combination of all desig

that the value may be ascertained for zated sizes.

each factor and expressed numerically. FACTORS OF QUALITY

The numerical range within each factor 8 52.528 Ascertaining the grade.

which is scored is inclusive (for example,

“12 to 15 points” means 12, 13, 14, or (a) The grade of canned beets may

15 points). be ascertained by considering, in confunction with the requirements of the $ 52.530 Color. respective grade, the respective ratings (a) (A) classification. Canned beets of the factors of color, uniformity of size that possess a good color may be given

a score of 21 to 25 points. “Good color" (4) Diced beets. The units are pracmeans that the canned beets possess & tically uniform in size and shape with color that is uniform, bright, and typical edges measuring not more than 38 of canned beets produced from beets of inch; and the aggregate weight of the similar varietal characteristics.

units which are smaller than one-half (b) (C) classification. If the canned of & cube and of all large and irregular beets possess a fairly good color, a score

units does not exceed 15 percent of the of 18 to 20 points may be given. Canned weight of all units. beets that fall into this classification (5) Julienne, French style, or shoeshall not be graded above U.S. Grade C string. The strips of beets are practi. or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total cally uniform in size and shape, with score for the product (this is a limiting cross sections measuring not more than rule). “Fairly good color" means that 316 inch, and the aggregate weight of all the canned beets possess a color that is strips less than 11/2 inches in length does typical of canned beets produced from not exceed 25 percent of the weight of all beets of similar varietal characteristics the strips. and such color may be variable or (6) Cut. The individual units weigh slightly dull.

not less than 44 ounce nor more than 2 (c) (sStd) classification. Canned ounces each and the largest unit weighs beets that fail to meet the requirements not more than four times the weight of of paragraph (b) of this section may be the smallest unit. An occasional unit given a score of 0 to 17 points and shall which is not representative of the gennot be graded above Substandard, re eral size of all the units is excluded in gardless of the total score for the determining size variation. product (this is a limiting rule).

(b) (C) classification. If the canned $ 52.531 Uniformity of size and shape.

beets are fairly uniform in size and

shape, a score of 8 to 11 points may be (a) (A) classification. Canned beets

given. "Fairly uniform in size and that are practically uniform in size

shape" has the following meanings witb and shape may be given a score of 12 to

respect to the various styles of canned 15 points. “Practically uniform in size

beets: and shape" has the following meanings

(1) Whole beets. The size of the inwith respect to the various styles of

dividual beet is not more than 242 canned beets:

inches in diameter, measured as afore. (1) Whole beets. The size of the in

said; the beets may vary considerably in dividual beet is not more than 244 inches

shape, and the diameter of the largest in diameter, measured as aforesaid; the

beet is not more than twice the diameter beets may vary moderately in shape, and

of the smallest beet. the diameter of the largest beet does not exceed the diameter of the smallest beet

(2) Quartered beets. The beets from

which the quarters have been cut were by more than 50 percent of the diameter of the smallest beet.

of a size not more than 342 inches in (2) Quartered beets. The beets from

diameter, measured as aforesaid, and which the quarters have been prepared

the weight of the largest quarter is not were of a size not more than 2/2 inches

more than twice the weight of the in diameter, measured as aforesaid, and

smallest quarter. the weight of the largest quarter does

(3) Sliced beets. The individual slice not exceed the weight of the smallest

is not more than 38 inch in thickness quarter by more than 50 percent of the when measured at the thickest portion; weight of the smallest quarter.

the size of each slice is not more than (3) Sliced beets. The individual slice 342 inches in diameter, measured as is not more than 66 inch in thickness aforesaid; and the diameter of the larg. when measured at the thickest por est slice is not more than twice the tion; the size of each slice is not more diameter of the smallest slice. than 342 inches in diameter, measured

(4) Diced beets. The units are fairly as aforesaid, and the diameter of the uniform in size and shape, with edges largest slice does not exceed the diam measuring not more than 42 inch; and eter of the smallest slice by more than the aggregate weight of all units which 50 percent of the diameter of the small are smaller than one-half of a cube and est slice.

all large and irregular units does not

exceed 25 percent of the weight of all (1) Whole beets. The aggregate units.

weight of all defective units does not ex(5) Julienne, French style, or shoe- ceed 15 percent of the weight of all the string. The strips of beets are fairly units, and of such 15 percent not more uniform in size and shape, with cross than one-half thereof or one beet, sections measuring not more than 26 whichever weighs more, may consist of inch and the aggregate weight of all blemished units. strips less than 142 inches in length does (2) Sliced, quartered, and cut beets. not exceed 40 percent of the weight of The aggregate weight of all blemished all the strips.

units and units damaged by mechanical (6) Cut. The individual units weigh injury does not exceed 15 percent of the not less than 48 ounce zor more than 3 weight of all the units, and of such 15 ounces each and the largest unit weighs percent not more than one-half thereof not more than twelve times the weight or one slice, quarter or cut, whichever of the smallest unit. An occasional unit weighs more, may consist of blemished which is not representative of the gen units, and with respect to sliced beets eral size of all the units is excluded in not more than 10 percent of the weight determining size variation.

of all the units may consist of units that (c) (SStd) classification. Canned are slabs. beets that fail to meet the requirements (3) Diced, Julienne, French style, or of paragraph (b) of this section may be shoestring beets. The aggregate weight given a score of 0 to 7 points and shall of all defective units does not exceed 10 not be graded above U. S. Grade C or percent of the weight of all the units. U. S. Standard, regardless of the total and of such 10 percent not more than score for the product (this is a limiting one-half thereof may consist of blemrule).

ished units.

(c) (C) classification. Canned beets 8 52.532 Absence of defecte.

that are fairly free from defects may be (a) General. The factor of absence given a score of 22 to 25 points. Canned of defects refers to the degree of freedom beets that fall into this classification from defective units. Defective units shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C are slabs, units damaged by mechanical or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total injury, units blemished by brown or black score for the product (this is a limiting internal or external discoloration, patho rule). “Fairly free from defects” has logical injury or insect injury and units the following meanings with respect to blemished by other means.

the various styles of canned beets: (1) "Slab" means any portion of a (1) Whole beets. The aggregate whole beet obtained in slicing that pos weight of all defective units does not sesses only one cut surface or cut sur exceed 30 percent of the weight of all faces of unequal areas varying in diam the units, and of such 30 percent not eter more than 42 inch.

more than one-half may consist of blem. (2) "Damaged by mechanical injuryan ished units. means crushed, broken, or cracked units,

(2) Sliced, quartered, and cut beets. units with excessively frayed edges and The aggregate weight of all blemished surfaces, units with unpeeled areas, ex units and units damaged by mechanical cessively trimmed units, or damaged by

injury does not exceed 30 percent of the other means.

weight of all the units, and of such 30 (3) "Blemished" means any blemish percent not more than one-half thereot affecting an aggregate area greater than may consist of blemished units, and with the area of a circle $10 inch in diameter of all defective units does not exceed 25 or any blemish which seriously affects percent of the weight of all the units may the appearance or eating quality of the consist of units that are slabs. unit.

(3) Diced, Julienne, French style, or (b) (A) classification. Canned beets shoestring beets. The aggregate weight that are practically free from defects of all defective units does not exceed 25 may be given a score of 26 to 30 points. percent of the weight of all the units "Practically free from defects” has the and of such 25 percent not more than following meanings with respect to the one-half thereof may consist of blem. various styles of canned beets:

ished units.

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