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(b) Half sliced, half slices. “Hall sliced" or "hali slices" consist of semicircular halves of slices. A unit that is approximately one-half slice is considered to be a half slice.
(c) Broken sliced, broken slices. "Broken sliced" or "broken slices" consist of arc-shaped portions cut or broken from slices, which portions are not uniform in size or shape.
(d) Tidbits. “Tidbits" consist of sectors cut from slices. Tidbits are reasonably uniform in size and shape; they are predominantly from 56-inch to 12-inch thick; and, except for an occasional unit, each sector is not larger than one-sixth of the slice from which cut. Tidbits are considered “small tidbits" or "large tidbits" if they conform to the following approximate dimensions:
(1) Small tidbits. Length of outside arc... More than 3% inch
but not more
than 94 inch. Thickness.------------ More than 510 inch
but not more
than 42 inch. Length (measured More than 1146 Inch
along the radius but not more from the inside arc than 114 inches. to the outside arc).
(2) Large tidbits. Length of outside arc... More than % Inch
but not more
than 2 inches. Thickness.------
More than 510 inch
but not more
than 12 inch. Length (me & 8 urod More than 1146 inch along the radius but not more from the inside arc than 134 inches. to the outside arc).
(e) Chunks. "Chunks" consist of short, thick pieces cut from thick slices or from peeled, cored fruit. Chunks may or may not be symmetrical or uniform in shape and size. Predominantly, the units have a thickness greater than 42inch, & width greater than %16-inch, but a longest dimension (along any edge) not greater than 11/2 inches. Chunks which are symmetrical are considered "symmetrical chunks."
(f) Cubes, diced. "Cubes" or "diced" consist of cube-shaped pieces cut from slices or from peeled, cored fruit. Except for an occasional unit, the longest dimen. sion (along any edge) of each unit is not greated than %6-inch.
(g) Spears, fingers. "Spears" or "fingers" consist of long, slender pieces cut parallel to the core axis from peeled, cored fruit cylinders. The units are not larger than one-sixth of the cylinder from which they are cut, and they are not less than 212 inches long.
(h) Crushed. “Crushed” consists of shredded or finely cut pieces of fruit fiesh. 8 52.1713 Grades of canned pineapple.
(a) “U.S. Grade A" or “U.S. Fancy” is the quality of sliced, tidbits, chunks, cubes, spears, or crushed canned pineapple that possesses a good color; that is practically uniform in size and shape for the applicable style; that is practically free from defects; that possesses a good character; that possesses a good flavor and odor; that is not excessively tart; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 90 points.
(b) “U. S. Grade B” or “U. S. Choice" is the quality of sliced, tidbits, chunks, cubes, spears, or crushed canned pineapple that possesses a reasonably good color; that is reasonably uniform in size and shape for the applicable style; that is reasonably free from defects; that possesses a reasonably good character; that possesses a fairly good flavor and odor; that is not excessively tart; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 80 points.
(c) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard" is the quality of half sliced or broken sliced canned pineapple that possesses & good, reasonably good, or fairly good color; that, in the style of half slices, is practically uniform, reasonably uniform, or fairly uniform in size and shape; that, in the style of broken slices, is not uniform in size and shape; that is prac. tically free, reasonably free, or fairly free from defects; that possesses a good, reasonably good, or fairly good character; that possesses a good or fairly good fiavor and odor; that is not excessively tart; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 70 points.
(d) “Substandard" is the quality of canned pineapple that fails to meet the applicable requirements of U. S. Grade A or U. S. Fancy, U. S. Grade B or U. S.
Choice, or U. S. Grade C or U. S. Stand. $ 52.1716 Recommended fill of conard and is the quality of canned pine
tainer for other than canned crushed apple that may or may not meet the pineapple. minimum standard of quality for canned
The recommended fill of container pineapple issued pursuant to the Federal
for canned pineapple is not incorFood, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Canned
porated in the grades of the finished pineapple that is excessively tart is also
product since fill of container, as such, is "Below Standard in Quality-Good
not a factor of quality for the purposes of Food-Not High Grade" or "Below
these grades. It is recommended that Standard in Quality-Excessively tart."
each container of canned pineapple of all LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER, AND styles other than crushed style be as full DRAINED WEIGHTS
of pineapple as practicable without im$ 52.1714 Liquid media and Brix meas.
pairment of quality and that the product
and packing medium occupy not less urements for canned pineapple.
than 90 percent of the volume of the (a) “Cut-out” requirements for Liquid
container. media in canned pineapple are not incorporated in the grades of the finished § 52.1717 Drained weights for canned product since sirup or any other liquid crushed pineapple. medium, as such, is not a factor of qual. (a) General. Minimum drained ity for the purposes of these grades. The weights for canned crushed pineapple "cut-out" Brix measurements, as appli. are not incorporated in the grades of tho cable, for the respective designations are finished product since drained weight, as follows:
As such, is not a factor of quality for the (1) All styles other than crushed purposes of these grades; however, mint. canned pineapple.
mum drained weights for canned crushed
pineapple other than "heavy pack" or Designations Brio measurement
“solid pack" are a standard of quality, "Extra-heavy sirup”.. 22° or more but not
more than 35'.
and minimum drained weights for “Heavy strup"..---... 18° or more but less
canned crushed "heavy pack" and "solidthan 22°.
pack" pineapple are a standard of iden"Light sirup"....---. 14° or more but less tity, under the Federal Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Act. Canned crushed pineap“In water"----------- Packed in water.
ple other than "heavy pack” or “solid "In pineapple juice" Packed in pineapple or "In unsweetened Juice.
pack” which is less than 63 percent of pineapple Juice".
the net weight of the contents of the "In clarified juico"... Packed in clarified container is: juice.
Below Standard in Quality. (2) Crushed canned pineapple.
Good Food—Not High Grade. Designations Brix measurement (or) *Extra-heavy sirup" 22° or more but not
Below Standard in Quality. or "Extra heavily more than 35°.
Contains excess liquid. sweetened".
(b) Method for ascertaining the Heavy sirup or 18° or more but less “Heavily 8 Woc to than 22o.
drained weight of canned crushed pineened".
apple. Pour the contents of the can on "Light sirup or 14° or more but less a round sieve made with No. 8 woven. "Lightly sweet than 18°.
wire cloth complying with the specificaened". “Unsweetened" or "In Packed in pineapple
tions for such cloth in Table I of “Standpineapple juice". Juice,
ard Specifications for Sieves,” published “In clarified juice"... Packed in clarified March 1, 1940, in L. C. 584 of the United
States Department of Commerce, Na$ 52.1715 Fill of container for canned tional Bureau of Standards. Use a sieve crushed pineapple.
8 inches in diameter for containers of less The standard of all of container for than 3 pounds net contents and a sieve 12 canned crushed pineapple is a fill of not inches in diameter for larger containers. less than 90 percent of the total capacity Incline the sieve, without shifting the of the container. Canned crushed pine contents, to facilitate draining. Allow to apple that does not meet this require- drain for 2 minutes from the time the ment is “Below Standard in FIU."
contents of the container are poured on
age, and allowing to drain for two minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and pineapple less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404 X 414) and smaller, and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the equivalent of the No. 3 size can.
(c) Compliance with recommended drained weights in canned pineapple other than canned crushed pineapple. Compliance with the recommended drained weights for canned pineapple other than canned crushed pineapple is determined by averaging the drained weights from all the containers which are representative of a specific lot and such lot is considered as meeting the recommendations if the following criteria are met:
(1) The average of the drained weights from all of the containers meets the recommended drained weight;
(2) One-half or more of the containers meet the recommended drained weight; and
(3) The drained weights from the containers which do not meet the recom
TABLE II-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHT!
FOR SLICES, HALF SLICES, AND BROKEN SLICES
$ 52.1718 Recommended minimum
drained weights for canned pineapple other than canned crushed
pineapple. (a) General. The minimum drained weight recommendations for the various styles of canned pineapple in Table I or Table III are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.
(b) Method for ascertaining drained weight in canned pineapple other than canned crushed pineapple. The drained weight of canned pineapple other than canned crushed pineapple is determined by emptying the contents of the container upon a United States Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937inch +3 percent, square openings) so as to distribute the product evenly, inclin. ing the sieve slightly to facilitate drain
TABLE III-RECOMMENDED MINYOX DRAINED WEIGHTS FOR CHUNKS. CUBES, SPEARS, AND TIDBITS
mended drained weight are within the tainer sizes for these styles. Compliance range of variability for good commercial with the recommended minimum slices practice.
in No. 10 cans only is ascertained by av
eraging the slices from all the containers COUNT AND SIZE OF SLICES AND HALF
which are representative of a specific lot SLICES
and such lot is considered as meeting the $ 52.1719 Recommended counts and recommendations: Provided, That in any sizes of slices and half slices.
single container the count of slices in
“Small" slices, that average approx. The recommended minimum number
mately 57 to 60 count, shall be not less of slices and half slices, together with
than 54; in "Small” slices, that everage the recommended approximate thickness
approximately 64 count, shall be not less and approximate diameter for the re than 60; in "Medium” slices shall be not spective counts per container are shown less than 48; and in “Large” slices shall in Table IV for the most common con be not less than 27.
FACTORS OF QUALITY § 52.1720 Ascertaining the grade.
(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards the following quality factors are evaluated:
(1) Factors not rated by score points in canned pineapple. (1) Flavor and odor;
(2) Factors rated by score points in canned pineapple. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are:
Points (1) Color
30 (11) Uniformity of size and shape.. (111) Absence of defects.
20 (iv) Character..
apple that has been properly prepared and processed; and is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind.
(2) Fairly good flavor and odor. "Fairly good flavor and odor” means that the canned pineapple may be lacking in good flavor and odor but is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind.
(c) Definition of tartness; excessively tart. “Excessively tart” means that more than 1.35 grams of acid, calculated as anhydrous citric acid, is present in 100 milliliters of the pineapple liquid as defined and determined in accordance with paragraphs (d) and (e) of this section.
(d) Definition of acid. “Acid”, in all styles of canned pineapple, means grams of acid, calculated as anhydrous citric acid, as contained in 100 milliliters of the liquid drained from the product 15 days or more after the pineapple is canned.
(a) Method for determination of acidity. Total acidity of the drained liquid is determined by the following method:
(1) Measure with a pipette 10 milliliters of the unfiltered drained liquid into a 250-milliliter Erlenmeyer flask.
100 (b) Definition of flavor and odor-(1) Good flavor and odor. “Good flavor and odor" means that the canned pineapple possesses a distinct and normal flavor for the variety; is characteristic of properly ripened and properly matured pine
(2) Add 25 milliliters of freshly boiled, score for the product (this is a limiting distilled water and 0.3 milliliter of l rule). "Reasonably good color” means percent phenolphthalein solution.
that the color of the pineapple units or (3) Titrate with one-tenth normal mass may be no more than slightly dull sodium hydroxide solution to a faint, but is characteristic of properly matured permanently pink coloration.
pineapple of similar varietal character(4) Multiply the number of milliliters istics; and that there may be marked of one-tenth normal sodium hydroxide variations in shades of such characterrequired by 0.064 to calculate the num
istic color in the units, within each unit, ber of grams of anhydrous citric acid per or within the rnass, and that white radi100 milliliters of drained liquid.
ating streaks may be present: Provided,
That such variations do not seriously $ 52.1721 Ascertaining the rating for the
affect the appearance of the product. factors which are scored.
(c) (C) classification. Half sliced or The essential variations within each broken sliced canned pineapple that posfactor which is scored are so described sesses a fairly good color may be given that the value may be ascertained for a score of 21 to 23 points. Half sliced each factor and expressed numerically. or broken sliced canned pineapple that The numerical range within each factor scores in this classification shall not be which is scored is inclusive (for example, graded above U. S. Grade C or U. 8. “18 to 20 points” means 18, 19, or 20 Standard, regardless of the total score points).
for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.1722 Color.
“Fairly good color" means that the color
of the pineapple units may be dull but is (a) (A) classification. Sliced, half characteristic of properly matured pinesliced, broken sliced, tidbits, chunks, apple of similar varietal characteristics; cubes, spears, or crushed canned pine and that there may be marked variations apple that possesses a good color may be in shades of such characteristic color in given a score of 27 to 30 points. Hall the units or within each unit or white sliced or broken sliced canned pineapple radiating streaks may be present which that scores 27 to 30 points shall not be variations may seriously affect the apgraded above U.S. Grade C or U.S.
pearance of the product. Standard, regardless of the total score
(d) (SStd) classification. Canned for the product (this is a partial limiting
pineapple that for any reason is off color rule). “Good color" means that the
or that fails to meet the applicable recolor of the pineapple units or mass is bright and is characteristic of prop
quirements of paragraph (b) or (c) of erly ripened and properly matured
this section may be given a score of 0 to pineapple of similar varietal charac
20 points and shall not be graded above teristics; and that there may be slight
Substandard, regardless of the total score variations in shades of such charac for the product (this is a limiting rule). teristic color in the units, within each
$ 52.1723 Uniformity of size and shape, unit, or within the mass, and that white radiating streaks may be present: Pro
(a) General. The factor of uniformvided, That such variations do not ma ity of size and shape is not based on terially affect the appearance of the any detailed requirements and is not product.
scored for the style of crushed pineapple; (b) (B) classification. Sliced, half the other three factors (color, absence of sliced, broken sliced, tidbits, chunks. defects, and character) are scored and cubes, spears, or crushed canned pine- the total is multiplied by 100 and divided apple that possesses a reasonably good by 80, dropping any fractions to detercolor may be given a score of 24 to 26 mine the total score for canned crushed points. Half sliced or broken sliced can- pineapple. ned pineapple that scores 24 to 26 points (b) Radial axis. “Radial axis” in the shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C case of slices and half slices means the or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total measurement along the radius from the score for the product (this is a partial inside arc to the outside arc. limiting rule); and other styles of canned (c) Length. In the case of tidbits and pineapple that fall into this classification chunks, "length" means the measureshall not be graded above U. S. Grade B ment along the radius from the inside or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total arc to the outside arc: and in the case