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of spears, "length" means the longitudi- torm to any one or more of the following nal measurement of the spear.

dimensions: (d) Sieve with 5/16-inch square open Length of out. More than 34 inch but not ings. “Sieve with 546-inch square open side arc.

more than 13 inches. ings" means the meshes of a sieve Thickness ----. More than 5/18 inch but not designated as 56-inch in Table I of

more than 1/2 inch. “Standard Specifications for Sieves," Length--------. More than 1146 inch but not published March 1, 1940, in L. C. 584 of

more than 14 inches. the United States Department of Com (ii) Not more than 712 percent of the merce, National Bureau of Standards. drained weight may consist of units each (e) (A) classification. Sliced, hall

of which weighs less than three-fourths sliced, tidbits, chunks, cubes, or spears as much as the average weight of all the of canned pineapple that are practically untrimmed tidbits. uniform in size and shape may be given (4) Chunks. (i) None of the units & score of 18 to 20 points. Half sliced may have a longest dimension (along any canned pineapple that scores 18 to 20 edge) greater than 142 inches. points shall not be graded above U. S.

(ii) Not more than 10 percent of the

drained weight consists of pieces weighGrade C or U, S. Standard, regardless of

ing less than 316 ounce each. the total score for the product (this is

(5) Symmetrical chunks. (1) None of & partial limiting rule). "Practically

the units may have a longest dimension uniform in size and shape" has the fol

(along any edge) greater than 142 lowing meanings with respect to the

inches. following styles of canned pineapple:

(ii) Not less than an aggregate of 90 (1) Sliced. (i) The diameter of the

percent of the drained weight consists of slice with the longest diameter does not pieces weighing 316 ounce or more each exceed the diameter of the slice with the and exceed at least one of the following shortest diameter by more than 416 inch. dimensions:

(il) The thickness of the slice with Length of outside arc..----------- %10 inch. the widest thickness at the circumference Thickness ---

kness ----------------------- 1/2 inch. does not exceed the thickness of the slice Length -------

-----. 1416 inch. with the most narrow thickness at the

(6) Cubes. Not more than an aggrecircumference by more than 332 inch.

gate of 10 percent of the drained weight (iii) The maximum radial axis of any

may consist of: slice does not exceed the minimum radial

(i) Units of such size that they pass axis of the same slice by more than Ya

through the meshes of a sieve with 5/16inch.

inch square openings; and (iv) The drained weight of the largest

(ii) Pieces weighing more than 332 slice is not more than 1.4 times the

ounce each. weight of the smallest slice.

(7) Spears. (i) The units are of sub(2) Small tidbits. (i) Not more than

stantially equal length. 72 percent of the drained weight may

(ii) Not more than 10 percent, by consist of units which may fail to con

count, of the units or not more than one form to any one or more of the following unit in a container of less than 10 units, dimensions:

may be less than 34 inch or more than Length of out- More than 32 inch but not 134 inches in the longest edge dimension side arc.

more than 34 inch. other than the longitudinal measurement Thickness ----. More than y inch but not of the spear. more than 1/2 inch.

(iii) The drained weight of the largest Length -------- More than 1146 inch but not

spear is not more than 1.4 times the more than 114 inches.

weight of the smallest spear. (ii) Not more than 742 percent of the (8) Half sliced. (1) The diameter of drained weight may consist of units each the hali slice with the longest diameter of which weighs less than three-fourths does not exceed the diameter of the hall as much as the average weight of all the slice with the shortest diameter by more untrimmed tidbits.

than 418 inch. (3) Large tidbits. (1) Not more than (ii) The thickness of the half slice 712 percent of the drained weight may with the widest thickness at the circumconsist of units which may fail to con- ference does not exceed the thickness of

the half slice with the most narrow thick- consist of units which may fail to conness at the circumference by more than form to any one or more of the following 332 inch.

dimensions: (iii) The drained weight of the largest

Length of outside arc.. More than 34 inch half slice is not more than 1.75 times the

but not more weight of the smallest half slice (except

than 134 inches. for an occasional broken piece due to Thickness.------------ More than 5416 inch splitting or an occasional whole slice not

but not more quite completely cut through).

than 1/2 inch. (f) (B) classification. Sliced. halt Length (measured More than 1inch

along the radius). but not more sliced, tidbits, chunks, cubes, or spears of

than 144 inches. canned pineapple that are reasonably uniform in size and shape may be given

(ii) Not more than 15 percent of the a score of 16 or 17 points. Half sliced drained weight may consist of units each canned pineapple that scores 16 or 17 of which weighis less than three-fourths points shall not be graded above U.S. as much as the average weight of all the Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of untrimmed tidbits. the total score for the product (this is a (4) Chunks. (1) None of the units partial limiting rule); other styles of may have a longest dimension (along any canned pineapple that fall into this edge) greater than 1/2 inches. classification shall not be graded above (ii) Not more than 15 percent of the U.S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless drained weight consists of pieces weighof the total score for the product (this is ing less than 348 ounce each. a limiting rule). "Reasonably uniform (5) Symmetrical chunks. (i) None of in size and shape" has the following the units may have a longest dimension meanings with respect to the following (along any edge) greater than 11 styles of canned pineapple:

inches. (1) Sliced. (i) The diameter of the

(ii) Not less than 80 percent of the slice with the longest diameter does not drained weight may consist of units exceed the diameter of the slice with the which exceed at least one of the following shortest diameter by more than 48 inch. dimensions: (it) The thickness of the slice with the

Length of outside arc------------- %8 inch. widest thickness at the circumference

Thickness -----does not exceed the thickness of the slice

------- 42 inch, Length

1418 inch. with the most narrow thickness at the circumference by more than 48 inch.

(iii) Not more than 15 percent of the (iii) The maximum radial axis of any drained weight consists of pieces weighslice does not exceed the minimum ing less than 348 ounce each. radial axis of the same slice by more than (6) Cubes. (i) Not more than 10 per44 inch.

cent of the drained weight may consist (iv) The drained weight of the largest of units of such size that they pass slice is not more than 1.4 times the through the meshes of a sieve with 16weight of the smallest slice.

inch square openings. (2) Small tidbits. (i) Not more than (1) Not more than 15 percent of the 121/2 percent of the drained weight may drained weight may consist of pieces consist of units which may fail to con weighing more than 332-ounce each. form to any one or more of the following

(7) Spears. (1) The units are of readimensions:

sonably uniform length. Length of out. More than % inch but not

(ii) Not more than 20 percent, by side arc. more than 34 inch.

count, of the units or not more than one Thickness ----- More than 546 Inch but not unit in a container of less than 5 units, more than 12 inch.

may be less than 34 inch or more than Length -------- More than 146 inch but not

134 inches in the longest edge dimension more than 144 inches.

other than the longitudinal measure(ii) Not more than 15 percent of the ment of the spear. drained weight may consist of units each (ii) The drained weight of the largest of which weighs less than three-fourths spear is not more than 1.4 times the as much as the average weight of all the weight of the smallest spear. untrimmed tidbits.

(8) Half sliced. (i) The diameter of (3) Large tidbits. (1) Not more than the half slice with the longest diameter 1242 percent of the drained weight may does not exceed the diameter of the hall

slice with the shortest diameter by more gardless of the total score for the product than 48 inch.

(this is a limiting rule); and, for the (ii) The thickness of the half slice applicable styles, may also be "Below with the widest thickness at the circum Standard in Quality-Good Food-Not ference does not exceed the thickness High Grade" or "Below Standard in of the half slice with the most narrow Quality” for the following reasons: thickness at the circumference by more (1) Slices. "Mixed sizes" for failure to than 48 inch.

comply with paragraph (e) (1) (iv) or (iii) The drained weight of the largest (f) (1) (iv) of this section. half slice is not more than 1.75 times the (2) Tidbits. "Mixed sizes" for failure weight of the smallest half slice (except to comply with paragraph (f) (2) (i) or for an occasional broken piece due to (3) (ii) of this section. splitting or an occasional whole slice not (3) Chunks. “Irregular small pieces" quite completely cut through).

for failure to comply with paragraph (g) (C) classification. Half sliced

(f) (4) (ii) of this section. canned pineapple that is fairly uniform (4) Cubes. "Irregular small pieces" in size and shape and broken sliced for failure to comply with paragraph canned pineapple that is not uniform in

(f) (6) (i) of this section; or “mixed size and shape may be given & score of

sizes" for failure to comply with para14 or 15 points. Half sliced and broken

graph (f) (6) (ii) of this section. sliced canned pineapple that scores in

(5) Spears. “Mixed sizes" for failure this classification shall not be graded

to comply with paragraph (e) (7) (ii) above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard,

or (f) (7) (iii) of this section. regardless of the total score for the prod

(6) Half sliced. "Mixed sizes" for failuct (this is a limiting rule).

ure to comply with paragraph (e) (8) (1) "Fairly uniform in size and shape" (iii) or (f) (8) (iii) of this section. for half sliced canned pineapple means

(7) Broken sliced. “Small broken that the units fail to meet the require

pieces" or "thick broken pieces," as the ments of paragraph (e) (8) (i) and (ii)

case may be, for failure to comply with of this section or of paragraph (f) (8) (i)

paragraph (g) (2) (i) or (ii) of this and (ii) of this section, but the drained

section; or "mixed sizes" for failure to weight of the largest half slice is not

comply with paragraph (g) (2) (iii) of more than 1.75 times the weight of the

this section. smallest half slice (except for an occasional broken piece due to splitting or an $ 52.1724 Absence of defects. occasional whole slice not quite com (a) General. The factor of absence pletely cut through).

of defects refers, for the applicable style, (2) "Not uniform in size and shape"

to the degree of freedom from trimmed for broken sliced canned pineapple units, blemished units, mashed units; means that:

and from any other defects including (i) Not more than 10 percent of the

specks, in crushed style, that cannot be drained weight may consist of pieces weighed which detract from the appear. having an arc of less than 90°;

ance or edibility of the product. (ii) Not more than 5 percent of the (b) Definitions of defects (1) Insigdrained weight may consist of: nificantly trimmed. “Insignificantly (a) Pieces that measure in thickness less trimmed” means any trimming that is than 5/16 inch or more than 1 inch; or noticeable but of lesser degree than (b) pieces that measure less than 34 inch slightly trimmed. in width as measured from the outer edge (2) Slightly trimmed. In slices or to the inner edge; and

half slices, “slightly trimmed” means (iii) Not more than 5 percent of the that the portion trimmed away approxi. drained weight may consist of broken mates 3 percent to not more than 5 perslices having an outside diameter differ cent of the apparent physical bulk of ing by as much as 38 inch from that of the perfectly formed unit and if such those present in greatest proportion by trimming materially affects the normal weight.

circular shape of the outer or inner edge (h) (SStd) classification. Canned of the unit. pineapple of the applicable styles which

(3) Excessively trimmed. (i) In slices fail to meet in some respects paragraph

or half slices, "excessively trimmed" (e), (f), or (g) of this section may be means that the portion trimmed away given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall exceeds 5 percent of the apparent physi. not be graded above Substandard, re- cal bulk of the perfectly formed unit and if such trimming destroys the normal slightly trimmed, but none may be acircular shape of the outer or inner edge cessively trimmed; of the unit.

(i) Not more than & total of 5 per(ii) In broken slices, spears, or tid cent, by count, of the units may be blembits, “excessively trimmed" means that ished or seriously blemished; or one unit the normal shape of the unit is destroyed in & container is permitted to be blemby trimming.

ished or seriously blemished if such unit (4) Blemishes-(1) “Blemishes" (or exceeds the allowance of 5 percent, by "Blemished). "Blemishes” (or "blem count: Provided, That in all containers ished") include:

comprising the sample such blemished (a) Any of the following, if in excess units do not exceed an average of 5 perof 16 inch in the longest dimension on cent of the total number of units; and the exposed surface of the unit: Eyes, (iii) Not more than one unit in conpieces of shell, brown spots.

tainers of 25 units or less, and not more (6) Deep fruit eyes.

than 3 units in containers of more than (c) Bruised portions.

25 units, may be mashed. (d) Other abnormalities that it is pos (2) Tidbits. (i) Not more than 5 persible to detect in good commercial prac cent of the drained weight may consist tice before sealing in the containers. of units that are excessively trimmed;

(ii) Serious blemishes. “Serious (ii) Not more than a total of 5 percent, blemishes” (or "seriously blemished") by count, of the units may be blemished means that the blemish seriously affects or seriously blemished; but not more the appearance or edibility of the unit than 242 percent, by count, may be seri

(1) Blemishes in crushed pineapple. ously blemished; and In crushed pineapple, each fragment of (ii) Not more than 3 of the units in crushed pineapple bearing & blemish is containers of less than 150 units, or not segregated and the aggregate weight of more than 2 percent of the units in consuch fragments is used to ascertain com

tainers of 150 or more, may be mashed. pliance with the allowances.

(3) Chunks. (i) Not more than & (5) Mashed. A "mashed” unit in the total of 5 percent, by count, of the units styles of sliced, half sliced, broken sliced, may be blemished or seriously blemished; spears, chunks, and tidbits means & unit but not more than 242 percent, by count, that has lost its normal shape as evi

may be seriously blemished; and

(i) Not more than 3 of the units in denced by marks of mechanical injury.

container of less than 70 units, or not A unit that has lost its normal shape

more than 5 percent of the units in conbecause of ripeness and which bears no

tainers of 70 units or more, may be mark of mechanical injury shall not be

mashed. considered as mashed.

(4) Cubes. (1) Not more than a total (c) (A) classification. Sliced, hall

of 2 percent of the drained weight may sliced, broken sliced, tidbits, chunks, be blemished or seriously blemished; but cubes, spears, or crushed canned pine not more than 1 percent of the drained apple that is practically free from defects weight may be seriously blemished. may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. (5) Spears. (1) Not more than an Half sliced or broken sliced canned pine- occasional unit may be insignificantly or apple that scores 18 to 20 points shall slightly trimmed, but none may be exnot be graded above U. S. Grade C or cessively trimmed: U. S. Standard, regardless of the total (ii) Not more than a total of 5 percent. score for the product (this is a partial by count, of the units may be blemished limiting rule). “Practically free from or seriously blemished: or one unit in defects” means that the canned pine- a container is permitted to be blemished apple is practically free from any defects or seriously blemished if such unit not specifically mentioned including exceeds the allowance of 5 percent, by specks, in crushed style, that cannot be count: Provided, That in all containers weighed that affect the appearance or comprising the sample such blemished edibility of the product; and, in addition, units do not exceed an average of 5 perhas the following meanings with respect cent of the total number of units; and to the following styles of canned pine (iii) Not more than one unit per conapple:

tainer may be mashed. (1) Sliced. (i) Not more than occa (6) Crushed. (i) Not more than 42 sional unit may be insignificantly or percent of the drained weight may con

313 58–037—76— 21

sist of fragments bearing blemishes, in- and in any container having more than cluding seriously blemished fragments. 10 units but not more than 27 units, two

(7) Half sliced. (i) Not more than an units may be excessively trimmed; occasional unit may be insignificantly or (11) Not more than 1212 percent, by slightly trimmed, but none may be ex- count, of the units may be blemished, but cessively trimmed;

in any container having not more than (ii) Not more than a total of 5 percent, 5 units, one unit may be blemished; in by count, of the units may be blemished containers having more than 5 units but or seriously blemished; or one unit in not more than 10 units, two units may a container is permitted to be blemished be blemished; and in containers having or seriously blemished if such unit ex more than 10 units but not more than ceeds the allowance of 5 percent, by 32 units, four units may be blemished; count: Provided, That in all containers and comprising the sample such blemished (iii) Not more than one unit in conunits do not exceed an average of 5 tainers of 25 units or less, and not more percent of the total number of units; and than 3 units in containers of more than

(iii) Not more than one unit in con 25 units, may be mashed. tainers of 25 units or less, and not more (2) Tidbits. (1) Not more than 15 perthan 3 units in containers of more than cent of the drained weight may consist 25 units, may be mashed.

of units that are excessively trimmed; (8) Broken sliced. (1) Not more than (u) Not more than a total of 1242 per5 percent, by count, of the units may be cent, by count, of the units may be blemexcessively trimmed;

ished or seriously blemished; but not (i) Not more than a total of 5 percent, more than 614 percent, by count, may be by count, of the units may be blemished seriously blemished; and or seriously blemished; and

(ii) Not more than 3 of the units in (i) Not more than 5 percent, by containers of less than 150 units, or not count, of the units may be mashed. more than 2 percent of the units in con

(d) (B) classification. Sliced, ball tainers of 150 units or more, may be sliced, broken sliced, tidbits, chunks, mashed. cubes, spears, or crushed canned pine- (3) Chunks. (1) Not more than a total apple that is reasonably free from defects of 1212 percent, by count, of the units may be given a score of 16 or 17 points. may be blemished or seriously blemished, Half sliced or broken sliced canned pine. but not more than 644 percent, by count. apple that scores 16 or 17 points shall may be seriously blemished; and not be graded above U. S. Grade C or (ii) Not more than 3 of the units in U. S. Standard, regardless of the total containers of less than 70 units, or not score for the product (this is a partial more than 5 percent of the units in conlimiting rule); and other styles of canned tainers of 70 units or more, may be pineapple that fall into this classifi- mashed. cation shall not be graded above U. S. (4) Cubes. (1) Not more than a total Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the of 1242 percent, by count, of the units total score for the product (this is & may be blemished or seriously blemished, limiting rule). "Reasonably free from but not more than 644 percent, by count, defects” means that the canned pine may be seriously blemished. apple is reasonably free from any defects (5) Spears. (1) Not more than a total not specifically mentioned including of 20 percent, by count, of the units may specks, in crushed style, that cannot be be insignificantly, slightly, or excessively weighed that affect the appearance or trimmed; but not more than 15 percent, edibility of the product; and, in addition, by count, of the units may be excessively has the following meanings with respect trimmed. to the following styles of canned pine. (ii) Not more than 1242 percent, by apple:

count, of the units may be blemished, (1) Sliced. (1) Not more than a total but in any container having not more of 20 percent, by count, of the units than 5 units, one unit may be blemished: may be slightly or excessively trimmed: in containers having more than 5 units Provided, That not more than 742 but not more than 10 units, two units percent, by count, of the units may may be blemished; and in containers be excessively trimmed, but in any con- having more than 10 units but not more tainer having not more than 10 units, than 32 units, four units may be blemone unit may be excessively trimmed; ished; and

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