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(iii) Not more than one unit per con- and in any container having more than tainer may be mashed.

10 units but not more than 27 units, two (6) Crushed. (1) Not more than 144 units may be excessively trimmed; percent of the drained weight may con- (ii) Not more than 1212 percent, by sist of fragments bearing blemishes, in- count, of the units may be blemished but cluding seriously blemished fragments. in any container having not more than

(7) Half sliced. (i) Not more than 5 units, one unit may be blemished; in a total of 20 percent, by count, of containers having more than 5 units but the units may be slightly or exces- not more than 10 units, two units may sively trimmed: Provided, That not be blemished; and in containers having more than 742 percent, by count, of the more than 10 units but not more than units may be excessively trimmed, but in 32 units, four units may be blemished; any container having not more than 10 and units, one unit may be excessively trim- (iii) Not more than one unit in conmed; and in any container having more tainers of 25 units or less, and not more than 10 units but not more than 27 units, than 3 units in containers of more than two units may be excessively trimmed; 25 units, may be mashed. (ii) Not more than a total of 8 per

(2) Broken sliced. (i) Not more than cent, by count, of the units may be 15 percent, by count, of the units may be blemished or seriously blemished; or one excessively trimmed; unit in a container is permitted to be

(ii) Not more than 1212 percent, by blemished or seriously blemished if such

count, of the units may be blemished but unit exceeds the allowance of 8 percent,

in any container having more than 10 by count: Provided, That in all con.

units but not more than 32 units, four tainers comprising the sample such units may be blemished; and blemished units do not exceed an average

(iii) Not more than 5 percent, by of 8 percent of the total number of units;

count, of the units may be mashed. and

(f) (SStd) classification. Canned (10) Not more than one unit in con

pineapple of the applicable styles which tainers of 25 units or less, and not more

fail to meet in some respects paragraph than 3 units in containers of more than

(c), (d), or (e) of this section may be 25 units, may be mashed.

given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall (8) Broken sliced. (1) Not more than

not be graded above Substandard, re10 percent, by count, of the units may be

gardless of the total score for the product excessively trimmed;

(this is a limiting rule); and, for the (11) Not more than 8 percent, by

applicable styles, may also be “Below count, of the units may be blemished or

Standard in Quality-Good Food-Not seriously blemished; and

High Grade" or "Below Standard in (iii) Not more than 5 percent, by

Quality" for the following reasons:

(1) Sliced. (1) “Excessively trimmed" count, of the units may be mashed. (e) (C) classification. Half sliced or

for failure to comply in part with parebroken sliced canned pineapple that is

graph (d) (1) (1) of this section; fairly free from defects may be given

(ii) "Blemished" or "contains blema score of 14 or 15 points. Half sliced

ished pieces" for failure to comply with or broken sliced canned pineapple that

paragraph (d) (1) (ii) of this section; or

(iii) "Mashed units” scores in this classification shall not be

"contains graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S.

mashed units" for failure to comply with Standard, regardless of the total score

paragraph (c) (1) (iii) or (d) (1) (b) of

this section. for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that

(2) Tidbits. (1) “Excessively trimmed" half sliced or broken sliced canned pine

for failure to comply with paragraph (d) apple is fairly free from any defects not

(2) (i) of this section; specifically mentioned that affect the ap

(ii) "Blemished" or "contains blempearance or edibility of the product; and,

ished pieces" for failure to comply in part in addition, has the following meanings

with paragraph (d) (2) (11) of this secwith respect to, and applies only to, the

tion; or following styles:

(iii) "Mashed units" or "contains (1) Half sliced. (1) Not more than 742 mashed units” for failure to comply with percent, by count, of the units may be paragraph (c) (2) (iii) or (d) (2) (W) excessively trimmed, but in any con- of this section. tainer having not more than 10 units, (3) Chunks. (1) "Blemished” one unit may be excessively trimmed; "contains blemished pieces" for failure

or

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to comply in part with paragraph (d) (3) (i) of this section; or

(ii) "Mashed units" or "contains mashed units” for failure to comply with paragraph (c) (3 (ii) or (d) (3) (ii) of this section.

(4) Cubes. (1) “Blemished” or “contains blemished pieces" for failure to cumply in part with paragraph (d) (4) (1) of this section.

(5) Spears. (1) “Excessively trimmed" for failure to comply in part with paragraph (d) (5) (1) of this section;

(ii) "Blemished" or "contains blemished pieces" for failure to comply with paragraph (d) (5) (ii) of this section; or

(iii) "Mashed units" or "contains mashed units” for failure to comply with paragraph (c) (5) (u) or (d) (5) () of this section. (6) Crushed.

(i) "Blemished" or "contains blemished pieces" for failure to comply with paragraph (d) (6) (i) of this section.

(7) Half sliced. (1) "Excessively trimmed" for failure to comply in part with paragraph (d) (7) (1) or with (e) (1) (I) of this section;

(ii) “Blemished" or "contains blemished pieces" for failure to comply with paragraph (e) (1) (ii) of this section; or

(iii) "Mashed units." "contains mashed units” for failure to comply with paragraph (c) (7) (u) or (d) (7) (iii) or (e) (1) (iii) of this section.

(8) Broken sliced. (i) “Excessively trimmed" for failure to comply with paragraph (e) (2) (1) of this section;

(ii) “Blemished" or "contains blemished pieces" for failure to comply with paragraph (e) (2) (ii) of this section; or

(iii) "Mashed units" or "contains mashed units" for failure to comply with paragraph (c) (8) () or (d) (8) (iii) or (e) (2) (ul) of this section. 8 52.1725

Character. (a) General. The factor of character refers to the degree of ripeness and maturity, the texture of the fruit, and the degree of freedom from core material.

(b) Ascertaining proportion of core. “Core" means core material which may be definitely identified as hard and characteristic of the center structure of pineapple. In ascertaining the proportion of core, identify and separate any core material cleanly from each of the units in the container, weigh the aggregate of

such core material, and calculate the weight of the core material in relation to the drained fruit.

(c) (A) classification. Sliced, half sliced, broken sliced, tidbits, chunks, cubes, spears, or crushed canned pineapple that possesses a good character may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. Half sliced or broken sliced canned pineapple that scores 27 to 30 points shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Good character" has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned pineapple:

(1) Sliced; half sliced; broken sliced. The units are of practically uniform ripeness, are at least reasonably firm with the fruitlets appearing as a compact structure, are reasonably free from porosity; and not more than 0.4 ounce of core is contained in 1 pound of drained fruit.

(2) Tidbits; cubes; spears; crushed. The units are of practically uniform ripeness, the fruitlets appear as a compact structure, the units are reasonably free from porosity; and not more than 0.4 ounce of core is contained in 1 pound of drained fruit.

(3) Chunks. The units are of Practically uniform ripeness, the fruitlets appear as a compact structure, the units are reasonably free from porosity, and the units are practically free from any core material.

(d) (B) classification. Sliced, half sliced, broken sliced, tidbits, chunks, cubes, spears, or crushed canned pingapple that possesses a reasonably good character may be given a score of 24 to 26 points. Half sliced or broken sliced canned pineapple that scores 24 to 26 points shall not be graded above U. 8. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule); and other styles of canned pineapple that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably good character” has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of canned pineapple:

(1) Sliced; half sliced; broken sliced. The units are of reasonably uniform ripeness, the fruitlets are reasonably compact in structure, the slices are fairly free from porosity; and not more than

or

(C)

(B)

1.1 ounces of core is contained in 1 pound

SCORE SHEET of drained fruit.

$ 52.1727 Score sheet for canned pine (2) Tidbits; cubes; spears; crushed.

apple. The units are of reasonably uniform ripeness, the fruitlets are reasonably

Size and kind of container compact in structure, the units are fairly

Container mark or identification.free from porosity; and not more than Label..

Net weight (ounces). 1.1 ounces of core is contained in 1 pound

Vacuum (inches)of drained fruit.

Drained weight (ounces). (3) Chunks. The units are of reason

( ) Heavy pack. () Solid pack.

Acidity (gm/100 ml.). ably uniform ripeness, the fruitlets are Brix measurement. reasonably compact in structure, the Sirup designation (Extra heavy, heavy, etc.).

Style.. units are fairly free from porosity; and Count ( ) Slices. ( ) Half slices. () Spears.. not more than 1.1 ounces of core is contained in 1 pound of drained fruit.

Factors

Score points (e) (C) classification. Half sliced or broken sliced canned pineapple that pos

((A) 7 27-30 sesses a fairly good character may be

Color...

13 24-26 J(B) 30

3 21-23 given a score of 21 to 23 points. Half

(sStd) 10-20 sliced or broken sliced canned pineapple

(A) 2 18-20 that scores in this classification shall not

(B)

1 2 16-17 Uniformity of size and shape.- 20

(C) 3 14-15 be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S.

(sStd) 10-13 Standard, regardless of the total score

(A) 2 18-20

1 2 16-17 for the product (this is a limiting rule). Absence of defects.

20

(C) 314-15 "Fairly good character" has the follow

(sStd) 10-13

2 27-30 ing meaning with respect to, and applies

(B)

1 24-26 Character

30 only to, the following styles:

Nc) 21-23 (1) Half sliced; broken sliced. The

lisstd) 10-20 units are of fairly uniform ripeness, the

Total score.

100 fruitlets are fairly compact in structure, the units are fairly free from porosity;

Proper acidity ( ) Yes. () No. and not more than 1.1 ounces of core is Flavor and odor () Good. ( ) Fairly good. ( ) Off.

Grade. contained in 1 pound of drained fruit.

(f) (SStd) classification. Canned pineapple that fails to meet the appli

1 Limiting rule.

2 Partial limiting rule. cable requirements of paragraph (d) or

• Half slices, broken slices only. (e) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded Subpart-United States Standards for above Substandard, regardless of the to

Grades of Frozen Pineapple tal score for the product (this is a limit

SOURCE: 88 52.1741 to 52.1751 appear at 18 ing rule). Any style of canned pineapple F.R. 8037, Dec. 9, 1953, unelssot viso in which more than 1.1 ounces of core noted. is contained in 1 pound of drained fruit

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, AND is also "Below Standard in Quality

GRADES Good Food-Not High Grade" or "Below Standard in Quality-Poorly cored" or $ 52.1741 Product description. "Below Standard in Quality-Excessive Frozen pineapple is prepared from the core."

properly ripened fruit of the pineapple LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION

plant (Ananas sativus or Ananas como

sus); is peeled, cored, trimmed, and $ 52.1726 Ascertaining the grade of a washed; may be packed with or without lot.

packing media; and is frozen and stored The grade of a lot of the processed

at temperatures necessary for the preser

vation of the product. product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth $ 52.1742 Styles of frozen pineapple. in the regulations governing inspection

(a) Whole slices. Frozen whole slices and certification of processed fruits and

of pineapple consist of whole, practically vegetables, processed products thereof,

unbroken slices of pineapple that have and certain other processed food prod. been cut, at a right angle to the longiucts (88 52.1 to 52.87).

tudinal axis, into approximately equal [22 F. R. 8547, May 22, 1957)

units.

(b) Half slices. Frozen half slices of in accordance with the scoring system pineapple are such portions of whole outlined in this subpart. slices of pineapple that are so matched (d) “U. S. Grade D" or "Substandard" in size and thickness that two portions is (1) the quality of whole slices, crushed, are approximately equivalent to a slice. tidbits, or chunks that fail to meet the

(C) Broken slices. Frozen broken requirements of "U. S. Grade B" or “U. S. slices of pineapple consist of portions of Choice"; or (2) the quality of half slices slices of pineapple, if such portions are or broken slices that fail to meet the approximately of the same thickness and requirements of “U.S. Grade C” or “U. S. diameter.

Standard." (d) Crushed. Frozen crushed pine

FACTORS OF QUALITY apple is pineapple that has been cut, shredded, or crushed into fine pieces. $ 52.1744 Ascertaining the grade. (e) T'idbits. Frozen tidbits of pine

(a) The grade of frozen pineapple is apple are small, wedge-shaped sections

determined immediately after thawing to cut from slices or portions of slices of the extent that the mass or units may be pineapple.

easily separated. The grade of frozen (f) Chunks. Frozen chunks of pine

pineapple may be ascertained by conapple are pieces of pineapple which do

sidering, in addition to the requirements not conform to any of the foregoing

of the respective grade, the following styles, which need not be symmetrical

factors: Color, uniformity of size and nor uniform in size, and which do not

symmetry, absence of defects, and charexceed 142 inches in any dimension.

acter. 8 52.1743 Grades of frozen pineapple.

(b) The relative importance of each

factor is expressed numerically on the (a) "U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is

scale of 100. The maximum number of the quality of whole slices, crushed, tid

points that may be given for each factor bits, or chunks that possess a practically

is: uniform, bright, characteristic yellow color in the applicable style; are practi

Factors:

Points

Color cally uniform in size and symmetry in

20

20 the applicable style; are practically free

Uniformity of size and symmetry--
Absence of defects.

80 from defects in the applicable style; pos

Character sess a good character in the applicable style; possess a normal flavor and odor;

Total score.-.

100 and score not less than 90 points when

(c) “Normal flavor and odor" means scored in accordance with the scoring

that the pineapple is free from objecsystem outlined in this subpart.

tionable flavors, off flavors, and objec(b) "U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Choice"

tionable odors of any kind. is the quality of whole slices, crushed, tidbits, or chunks that possess a reason

$ 52.1745 Ascertaining the rating of ably uniform, good, characteristic yellow

each factor. color in the applicable style; are reason- The essential variations within each ably uniform in size and symmetry in factor are so described that the value the applicable style; are reasonably free may be ascertained for each factor and from defects in the applicable style; pos- expressed numerically. The numerical sess a reasonably uniform, reasonably range within each factor is inclusive good character in the applicable style; (for example, "18 to 20 points" means possess a normal flavor and odor; and 18, 19, or 20 points). score not less than 80 points when scored

$ 52.1746 Color. in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(a) (A) classification. Whole slices, (c) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Stand

crushed, tidbits, or chunks that possess ard" is the quality of half slices and a practically uniform, bright, characterbroken slices that are fairly uniform in istic yellow color, may be given a score size and symmetry; possess & fairly uni

of 18 to 20 points. "Practically uniform, form, fairly good, characteristic yellow bright, characteristic yellow color" means color or better color; are fairly free from that the frozen pineapple has a yellow defects; possess a fairly good character; color typical of frozen pineapple and that possess a normal flavor and odor; and there may be some variation of such score not less than 70 points when scored color in the mass or of the units.

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(b) (B) classification. Whole slices, not more than a slight deviation in actual crushed, tidbits, or chunks that possess dimensions. a reasonably uniform, good, character- (c) (B) classification. I the frozen istic yellow color, may be given a score pineapple units are reasonably uniform of 16 or 17 points. Frozen pineapple in size and symmetry, a score of 16 or that falls into this classification shall not 17 points may be given. Frozen pinebe graded above “U. S. Grade B" or "U.8. apple that falls into this classification Choice," regardless of the total score for shall not be graded above “U. S. Grade the product (this is a limiting rule). B” or “U. S. Choice,” regardless of the "Reasonably uniform, good, characteris- total score for the product (this is a tic yellow color" means that the frozen limiting rule). "Reasonably uniform in pineapple may have considerable varia- size and symmetry" has the following tion of such color in the mass or of the meaning with respect to, and applies units.

only to, the following styles of frozen (c) (C) classification. Hali slices or pineapple: broken slices that possess a fairly uni- (1) Whole slices and tidbits. The form, fairly good, characteristic yellow units within each style may vary in color or better color may be given a score thickness, size, and shape with more of 14 or 15 points. Frozen pineapple than a slight deviation in actual dimenthat falls into this classification shall not sions. be graded above “U.S. Grade C” or “U. S. (d) (C) classification. If the frozen Standard,” regardless of the total score pineapple units consist of half slices or for the product (this is a limiting rule). broken slices, a score of 14 or 15 points "Fairly uniform, fairly good, character- may be given. Frozen pineapple that istic yellow color," means that the in- falls into this classification shall not dividual units of the frozen pineapple be graded above “U.S. Grade Cu" or may vary markedly from a uniform, U. S. Standard," regardless of the total typical yellow color and may be slightly score for the product (this is a limiting dull in color.

rule). (d) (SStd) classification. Frozen

& 52.1748 Absence of defects. pineapple that possesses a grayish cast or is definitely dull or off-color for any

(a) General. The factor of absence of reason, or that fails to meet the require

defects refers to the degree of freedom ments of paragraphs (a), (b), or (c) of

from blemished units; from excessively this section for the applicable style may

trimmed units; from broken units; and be given a score of 0 to 13 points and

from crushed units. (See Table No. I shall not be graded above “U. S. Grade

of this subpart.) D” or “Substandard", regardless of the

(1) "Blemished units" are units of total score for the product (this is &

frozen pineapple with any fruit eye more limiting rule).

than 432 inch in diameter, deep fruit eyes

regardless of area, brown spots, peel, $ 52.1747 Uniformity of size and sym- bruise, or other injury. metry.

(2) "Excessively trimmed units." (a) General. The factor of uni

means that the units have been SO formity of size and symmetry shall not

trimmed that they do not retain their be scored when grading frozen crushed

apparent original conformation. pineapple or frozen chunks of pineapple.

(3) “Broken units" means that whole The other three factors shall be scored

slices are definitely severed from core and the total shall be multiplied by 100

hole to perimeter. and divided by 80, dropping any frac

(4) "Crushed units," except for tions, to determine the total score.

crushed style, means that the units have (b) (A) classification. If the frozen

been crushed to the extent that they are pineapple units are practically uniform not of normal shape. in size and symmetry, a score of 18 to 20

(b) (A) classification. Frozen pinepoints may be given. “Practically uni- apple that is practically free from deform in size and symmetry" has the fol- fects may be given a score of 27 to 30 lowing meaning with respect to, and ap- points. “Practically free from defects" plies only to, the following styles of has the following meaning with respect frozen pineapple:

to, and applies only to, the following (1) Whole slices and tidbits. All of the styles of frozen pineapple: units within each style are the same ap- (1) Whole slices. No units are parent thickness, size, and shape, with crushed; no units are excessively

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