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trimmed; not more than 5 percent, by (1) Half slices and broken slices. count, may be blemished; and not more Not more than 5 percent, by count, may than 10 percent, by count, may be broken be crushed; and not more than 1242 in one place only. One blemished unit percent, by count, may be blemished. and one broken unit are permitted if Since half slices and broken slices of one unit exceeds the respective allow- frozen pineapple are whole slices broken ance of 5 percent and 10 percent by in more than one place, these styles are count.

scored in this classification and shall (2) Tidbits and chunks. Not more not be graded above “U. S. Grade C” or than 5 percent, by count, may be crushed “U. S. Standard," regardless of the total and not more than 5 percent, by count, score for the product (this is a limiting may be blemished.

rule). (3) Crushed. Not more than 42 per (e) (SStd) classification. Whole cent by weight, may be blemished units. slices, crushed, tidlits, and chunks of In determining the weight of blemished pineapple that fail to meet paragraph material, the weight of the entire blem (c) of this section; and half slices or ished piece is included and the percent broken slices of frozen pineapple that age is based on the net weight of the fail to meet the requirements of parapineapple.

graph (d) of this section may be given (c) (B) classification. Prozen pine & score of 0 to 20 points and shall not apple that is reasonably free from de- be graded above “U. S. Grade D" or fects may be given a score of 24 to 26 Substandard, regardless of the total points. Frozen pineapple that falls into score for the product (this is a limiting this classification shall not be graded rule). above “U. 6. Grade B” or “U. S. Choice," (f) Evaluation of score. The evaluaregardless of the total score for the prod. tion of the score for the factor of aba uct (this is a limiting rule). "Reason sence of defects may be determined from ably free from defects” has the following Table No. I of this subpart which indimeaning with respect to, and applies cates the maximum allowances for each only to, the following styles of frozen type of defect for the score indicated. pineapple:

$ 52.1749 Character. (1) Whole slices. Not more than 3 percent, by count, may be excessively

(a) General. The factor of charactrimmed; not more than 5 percent, by

ter refers to the degree of ripeness and count, may be crushed; not more than

texture of the fruit. 1242 percent, by count, may be blem

(b). (A) classification. Frozen pineished; and not more than 25 percent, apple that possesses & good character by count, may be broken in one place

may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. only.

“Good character" has the following (2) Tidbits and chunks. Not more

meaning with respect to, and applies than 5 percent, by count, may be

only to, the following styles of frozen crushed; and not more than 1242 per

pineapple: cent, by count, may be blemished.

(1) Whole slices, tidbits, and crushed. (3) Crushed. Not more than 1 per

The fruit is of practically uniform ripecent, by weight, may be blemished units.

ness and there may be present not more In determining the weight of blemished

than 242 percent, by weight of the pinematerial, the weight of the entire piece

apple, that is core material or fibrous is included and the percentage based on

stock; and, in the case of whole slices the net weight of the frozen pineapple.

and tidbits, the fruit is reasonably firm

and the fruitlets appear as a compact (d) (C) classification. Frozen pine

structure, reasonably free from porosity. apple that is fairly free from defects

(2) Chunks. The fruit is of practi. may be given a score of 21 to 23 points.

cally uniform ripeness and normally has Frozen pineapple that falls into this

had more of the fibrous portions around classification shall not be graded above the core hole removed than is the case U. S. Grade Co” or “U. 8. Standard,” with other styles of pack; the fruit is regardless of the total score for the reasonably firm and the fruitlets appear product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly as a compact structure, reasonably free free from defects” has the following from porosity. meaning with respect to, and applies (c) (B) classification. Frozen pineonly to, the following styles of frozen apple that possesses a reasonably good pineapple:

character may be given a score of 24 to

26 points. Frozen pineapple which falls into this classification shall not be graded above “U.S. Grade B” or “U.S. Choice,” regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably good character" has the following meaning with respect to, and applies only to, the following styles of frozen pineapple:

(1) Whole slices, tidbits, and crushed. The fruit is of reasonably uniform ripeness and there may be present not more than 5 percent, by weight of the pineapple, that is core material or fibrous stock; and, in the case of whole slices and tidbits, the fruitlets are reasonably compact in structure, fairly free from porosity.

(2) Chunks. The fruit is of reasonably unifori ripeness and normally has had more of the fibrous portions around the core hole removed than is the case with other styles of pack; and the fruitlets are reasonably compact in structure, fairly free from porosity.

(d) (C) classification. If the frozen pineapple possesses a fairly good char

acter, a score of 21 to 23 points may be given. Frozen pineapple that falls into this classification shall not be graded above “U. S. Grade C or “U. S. Standard" regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good character" has the following meaning with respect to, and applies only to, the following styles of frozen pineapple:

(1) Half slices and broken slices. The texture may be variable and there may be present not more than 5 percent, by weight of the pineapple, that is core material of fibrous stock and the fruitlets may be flaccid and loosely constructe

(e) (SStd) classification. Whole slices, crushed, tidbits, and chunks of pineapple that fail to meet paragraph (c) of this section; and half slices and broken slices that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section, may be given & score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above “U. S. Grade D" or Substandard regardless of the total score for the prod. uct (this is a limiting rule).

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LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION in the regulations governing inspection $ 52.1750 Ascertaining the grade of a and certification of processed fruits and lot.

vegetables, processed products thereof, The grade of a lot of the processed

and certain other processed food prodproduct covered by these standards is ucts ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87). determined by the procedures set forth (22 F.R. 3547, May 22, 1957)

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1 Indicates limiting rule. Subpart-United States Standards for Grades of Canned Pineapple Juice

aned Pineapple Juice SOURCE: $$ 52.1761 to 52.1772 appear at 22 FR 883, Feb. 13, 1957, unless otherwise noted. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, AND

GRADES 8 52.1761 Product description.

“Canned pineapple juice" means such product as defined in the standard of identity for canned pincapple juice (21 CFR 27.54) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 8 52.1762 Styles of canned pineapple

juice.
(a) Style I, Unsweetened.

(b) Style II, Sugar added. $ 52.1763 Grades of canned pineapple

juice. (a) “U.S. Grade A" or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned pineapple juice that possesses a very good color, is practically free from defects, possesses a very good flavor, and scores not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned pineapple juice that possesses a good color, is fairly free from defects, possesses & good flavor, and scores not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) "Substandard" is the quality of canned pineapple juice that fails to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard; and is the quality of canned pineapple juice that may or may not meet the minimum standard of quality for canned pineapple juice issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

FILL OF CONTAINER $ 52.1764 Fill of container.

The standard of fill of container for canned pineapple juice is a fill of not less than 90 percent of the total capacity of the container. Canned pineapple juice that does not meet this requirement is “Below Standard in Fill."

FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.1765 Ascertaining the grade,

(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards the following quality factors are evaluated:

(1) Factors rated by score points in canned pineapple juice. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are:

Points (1) Color.--(11) Absence of defects--(1) Flavor.. Total score.

100 8 52.1766 Ascertaining the rating for the

factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, “17 to 20 points" means 17, 18, 19, or 20 points). $ 52.1767 Color.

(a) (A) classification. Canned pineapple juice that possesses a very good color may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Very good color” means that the canned pineapple juice possesses a

bright, typical color characteristic of with the method outlined in this subcanned pineapple juice made from part. freshly pressed pineapple juice from (d) (SStd) classification. Canned properly matured and properly ripened pineapple juice that fails to meet the pineapple, and which pineapple juico requirements of paragraph (c) of this has been properly processed.

section may be given a score of 0 to 27 (b) (C) classification. If the canned points and shall not be graded above pineapple juice possesses a good color, & Substandard, regardless of the total score score of 14 to 16 points may be given. for the product (this is a limiting rule). Canned pineapple juice that falls into Canned pineapple juice that contains this classification shall not be graded less than 5 percent or more than 30 perabove U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, cent finely divided “insoluble solids," regardless of the total score for the prod when determined in accordance with the uct (this is a limiting rule). “Good method outlined in this subpart, is also color" means that the canned pineapple “Below Standard in Quality-Good juice possesses a characteristic color Food--Not High Grade." which may be slightly dull or may be

$ 52.1769 Flavor. light amber but is not oft color. (c) (SStd) classification. Canned

(a) (A) classification. Canned pingpineapple juice that fails to meet the

apple juice that possesses a very good requirements of paragraph (b) of this

ilavor may be given a score of 34 to 40 section may be given & score of 0 to 13

points. Very good flavor" means a fine, points and shall not be graded above

distinct canned pineapple juice flavor, Substandard, regardless of the total score

characteristic of canned pineapple juice for the product (this is a limiting rule).

made from properly matured and

properly ripened pineapple, and which 8 52.1768 Absence of defects.

pineapple juice is free from any cara(a) General. The factor of absence of melized flavor and that the canned pincdefects refers to the degree of freedom apple juice meets the following require. from specks and other objectionable ments: particles and to the quantity of finely (1) Briz. Not less than 12.0 degrees. divided "insoluble solids" that may be (2) Acid. Not more than 1.10 grams present.

of acid per 100 minuters of the juice. (b) (A) classification. Canned pine (3) Brix-acid ratio. Not less than 12 apple juice that is practically free from to 1. defects may be given a score of 34 to 40 (b) (C) classification. If the canned points. “Practically free from defects" pineapple juice possesses & good favor, means that the canned pineapple juice a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. does not contain specks or other objec Canned pineapple juice that falls into tionable particles that affect the ap this classification shall not be graded pearance or palatability of the juice and above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, that the canned pineapple juice may regardless of the total score for the prodcontain not less than 5 percent nor more uct (this is a limiting rule). “Good fathan 26 percent finely divided “insoluble vor" means a good, normal canned pinosolids" when determined in accordance apple juice flavor that may be slightly with the method outlined in this subpart. caramelized but is free from objection

(c) (C) classification. If the canned able flavor or oil flavor of any kind and pineapple juice is fairly free from de that the canned pineapple juice meets fects, a score of 28 to 33 points may be the following requirements: given. Canned pineapple juice that falls (1) Briz. Not less than 10.5 degrees. into this classification shall not be (2) Acid. Not more than 1.35 grams graded above U. S. Grade C or U. s. of acid per 100 milliliters of the juice. Standard, regardless of the total score (3) Bril-acid ratio. Not less than 12 for the product (this is a limiting rule). to 1. "Fairly free from defects" means that (c) (S$td classification. If the the canned pineapple juice may contain canned pineapple juice fails to meet the specks or other objectionable particles requirements of paragraph (b) of this that do not materially affect the appear- section, if the canned pineapple juice ance or palatability of the juice and has the favor of fruit not properly mathat the canned pineapple juice may tured or not properly ripened, or if the contain not less than 5 percent nor more canned pineapple juice is definitely unthan 30 percent finely divided “insoluble palatable, a score of 0 to 27 points may solids" when determined in accordance be given. Canned pineapple juice that

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1, 182 --- 1, 167

lot.

falls into this classification shall not be two to obtain the percentage of "insolugraded above Substandard, regardless of ble solids." the total score for the product (this is

TABLE I a limiting rule). Canned pineapple juice

Approximate

revolutions that fails to meet any one of the re

Diameter:

per minute quirements of paragraph (b) of this sec

10 inches-------

1,600 tion with respect to Brix or Acid or

1072 inches.

1, 670 Brix-acid ratio is also “Below Standard

11 inches.

1, 584 in Quality-Good Food-Not High

112 inches.--------------Grade."

12 inches.-------------

1. 468 1242 inches---

1, 438 EXPLANATIONS AND METHODS OF

13 inches...

1, 410 ANALYSES 1342 inches..

1,884 14 inches--

1, 359 § 52.1770 Explanation of terms and

14% inches.

1.888 analyses.

15 inches--

1, 818 (a) Brix. "Brix” in canned pine

15% inches-

1, 292 16 inches

1,271 apple juice means the soluble solids

1612 inches.-.

1, 252 content as determined by the method

17 inches----

234 prescribed in the “Oficial Methods of

1712 inches--

216 Analysis of the Association of Official

18 inches----Agricultural Chemists," "Solids-By 1842 inches----Means of Spindle-Official."

19 inches-------(b) Acid. “Acid” in canned pineapple

1912 inches-------

. 1, 152 juice means the grams of acid, calculated 20 Inches-----------

------------- 1, 187 as anhydrous citric acid, contained in 100 LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION milliliters of the juice. Total acidity of

$ 52.1771 Ascertaining the grade of a the juice is determined by the following method:

The grade of a lot of the processed (1) Measure with a pipette 10 milli

product covered by these standards is Uters of the unfiltered drained liquid into

determined by the procedures set forth a 250-milliliter Erlenmeyer flask.

in the regulations governing inspection (2) Add 25 milliliters of freshly boiled,

and certification of processed fruits and distilled water and 0.3 milliliter of 1

vegetables, processed products thereof, percent phenolphthalein solution. (3) Titrate with one-tenth normal

and certain other processed food prod.

ucts (88 52.1 to 52.87). sodium hydroxide solution to a faint, permanently pink coloration.

[22 F. R. 8547, May 22, 1957) (4) Multiply the number of milliliters

SCORE SHEET of one-tenth normal sodium hydroxide & 52.1772 Score sheet for canned pino required by 0.064 to calculate the number

apple juice. of grams of anhydrous citric acid per 100 milliliters of drained liquid.

Size and kind of container.. (c) Finely divided insoluble solids"'. Container mark or identification

Label.--The quantity of “finely divided 'insoluble

Liquid measure (F1. ounces)... solids'” is determined as follows:

Vacuum (inches).-(1) Measure 50 milliliters of thorough

Brix measurement (Brix)...-

Acid (anhydrous citric: grams/100 ly stirred pineapple juice into a cone Brix-acid ratio. shaped graduated tube of the long-cone Insoluble solids (%). type, measuring approximately 4346 inches from tip to top calibration and

Factors

Score points having a capacity of 50 milliliters. (2) Place the tube in a suitable cen

(A) 17-20 trifuge, the approximate speed of which Color...----

(C) : 14-16

(SStd) 1 0-13 is related to diameter of swing in accord

34-40 ance with Table I of this subpart. The Absence of defects..----

(o) 1 28-33

(sStd) 10-27 word “diameter" means the over-all dis

(A) 34-40

Flavor. tance between the tips of opposing cen

(C) 1 28-33

| (sStd) 10-27 trifuge tubes in operating position. (3) The milliliter reading at the top

Total score------------

Grade... of the layer of “insoluble solids," after centrifuging 3 minutes, is multiplied by Indicates limiting rule.

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