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may be undeveloped; and not more than (6) The appearance or edibility of the 1 percent, by weight, of raisins other product may not be materially affected than small (midget) size may be un by slightly discolored raisins or raisins developed;

damaged by fermentation or any other (4) Not more than 9 percent, by defect not previously described; and weight, of raisins may be discolored, (7) Not more than a trace of grit, damaged, or moldy: Provided, That not sand, or silt may be present that affects more than 5 percent, by weight, may be the appearance or edibility of the raisins. damaged, and not more than 4 percent, (d) “Substandard” is the quality of by weight, may be moldy;

Thompson Seedless Raisins that fail to (5) Not more than 15 percent, by meet the requirements of U.S. Grade C or weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

U.S. Standard.
TABLE I -- ALLOWANCES FOR DEFECTS IN YPE I, THOX?SON SEEDLESS RAISINS

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$ 52.1845a Definitions of maturity in

Thompson Seedless raisins. (a) “Well-matured raisins or reasonably well-matured raisins" means raisins that are full-fleshed and rounded in appearance.

(b) “Fairly well-matured" raisins means raisins that are thin-fleshed and angular in appearance.

(c) “Substandard development” means raisins that are practically lacking in flesh. TYPE II–MUSCAT RAISINS; SIZES, GRADES § 52.1846 Sizes of Muscat raisins.

The size of Muscat raisins except for Layer (or Cluster) Muscat raisins, are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since size, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. The common size designations and measurement requirements applicable thereto include, but are not limited to, the following:

(a) Seeded. (1) “Select” size raisins means that not less than 30 percent, by weight, of all the raisins will not pass through round perforations 34%64 inch in diameter; and the balance will pass through round perforations 3464 inch in diameter but not more than 5 percent, by weight, of all the raisins may pass through round perforations 2464 inch in diameter.

(2) "Small” (or “midget”) size raisins means that all of the raisins will pe is through round perforations 344 inch in diameter and not less than 90 percent, by weight, of all the raisins will pass through round perforations 2464 inch in diameter.

(3) "Mixed” size raisins means a mixture of sizes that do not meet the requirements of “select” size.

(b) Unseeded. (1) "4 Crown" means raisins that will not pass through round perforations 424 inch in diameter.

(2) "3 Crown" means raisins that will pass through round perforations 424 inch in diameter but will not pass through round perforations 3464 inch in diameter.

(3) “2 Crown” means raisins that will pass through round perforations 344 inch in diameter but will not pass through round perforations 2464 inch in diameter

(4) "1 Crown” means raisins that will pass through round perforations 2464 inch in diameter. [39 FR 32004, Sept. 4, 1974; 39 FR 33199, Sept. 16, 1974)

$ 52.1846a Sizes of Layer (or Cluster)

Muscat raisins. The size of Layer (or Cluster) Muscat raisins is incorporated in the grades of the finished product. The size designation and measurement as applicable to Layer (or Cluster) Muscat Raisins are:

(a) "3 Crown size or larger". "3 Crown size or larger" in Layer (or Cluster) Muscat raisins means that the raisins, exclusive of stems and branches, are of such a size that they will not pass through round perforations 344 inch in diameter. § 52.1847 Grades of Muscat raisins.

(a) “U.S. Grade Aor “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of Muscat Raisins that have similar varietal characteristics; that have a good typical color with not more than 10 percent, by weight, of raisins that may be dark reddish-brown berries in Soda Dipped Unseeded or Seeded (Valencia) raisins; that have a good characteristic flavor; that show development characteristic of raisins prepared from well-matured grapes; that contain not more than 18 percent, by weight, of moisture, except that Seeded or SodaDipped Seeded raisins may contain not more than 19 percent, by weight, of moisture; and that meet the following additional requirements as also outlined in Table II of this subpart:

(1) Not more than 1 piece of stem per 32 ounces of raisins may be present;

(2) Not more than 10 capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present in other than uncapstemmed raisins; and not more than 20 loose capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present in uncapstemmed raisins;

(3) Not more than 12 seeds per 16 ounces of raisins in Seeded or Sodadipped Seeded raisins may be present;

(4) Not more than 1 percent, by weight, of raisins may be undeveloped;

(5) Not more than 5 percent, by weight, of raisins may be discolored, damaged, or moldy: Provided, That not more than 3 percent, by weight, may be damaged, and not more than 2 percent, by weight, may be moldy;

(6) Not more than 5 percent, by weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

(7) The appearance or edibility of the product may not be affected by slightly discolored raisins or raisins damaged by fermentation or any other defect not previously described; and

(8) No grit, sand, or silt of any consequence may be present that affects the appearance or edibility of the raisins.

(b) “U.S. Grade B” or “U.S. Choice" is the quality of Muscat Raisins that have similar varietal characteristics; that have a reasonably good typical color with not more than 15 percent, by weight, of raisins that may be dark reddish-brown berries in Soda Dipped Unseeded or Seeded (Valencia) raisins; that have a good characteristic flavor; that show development characteristic of raisins prepared from reasonably well-matured grapes; that contain not more than 18 percent, by weight, of moisture, except that Seeded or Soda-dipped Seeded raisins may contain not more than 19 percent, by weight, of moisture; and that meet the following additional requirements as also outlined in Table II of this subpart:

(1) Not more than 2 pieces of stem per 32 ounces of raisins may be present;

(2) Not more than 15 capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present in other than uncapstemmed raisins; and not more than 20 loose capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present in uncapstemmed raisins;

(3) Not more than 15 seeds per 16 ounces of raisins in Seeded or Sodadipped Seeded raisins may be present;

(4) Not more than 2 percent, by weight, of raisins may be undeveloped;

(5) Not more than 7 percent, by weight, of raisins may be discolored, damaged, or moldy: Provided, That not more than 4 percent, by weight, may be damaged, and not more than 3 percent, by weight, may be moldy;

(6) Not more than 10 percent, by weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

(7) The appearance or edibility of the product may not be affected by slightly discolored raisins or raisins damaged by fermentation or any other defect not previously described; and

(8) No grit, sand, or silt of any consequence may be present that affects the appearance or edibility of the raisins.

(c) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Standard” is the quality of Muscat Raisins that have similar varietal characteristics; that have a fairly good typical color with not more than 20 percent, by weight, of raisins that may be dark reddish-brown berries in Soda Dipped Unseeded or Seeded (Valencia) raisins; that have a fairly good flavor; that show develop

ment characteristic of raisins prepared from fairly well-matured grapes; that contain not more than 18 percent, by weight, of moisture, except that Seeded or Soda-dipped Seeded raisins may contain not more than 19 percent, by weight, of moisture; and that meet the following additional requirements as also outlined in Table II of this subpart:

(1) Not more than 3 pieces of stem per 32 ounces of raisins may be present;

(2) Not more than 20 capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present in other than uncapstemmed raisins; and not more than 20 loose capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present in uncapstemmed raisins;

(3) Not more than 20 seeds per 16 ounces of raisins in Seeded or Sodadipped Seeded raisins may be present;

(4) Not more than 2 percent, by weight, of raisins may be undeveloped;

(5) Not more than 9 percent, by weight, of raisins may be discolored, damaged, or moldy: Provided, That not more than 5 percent, by weight, may be damaged, and not more than 4 percent, by weight, may be moldy;

(6) Not more than 15 percent, by weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

(7) The appearance or edibility of the product may not be affected by slightly discolored raisins or raisins damaged by fermentation or any other defect not previously described; and

(8) Not more than a trace of grit, sand, or silt may be present that affects the appearance or edibility of the raisins.

(d) “Substandard” is the quality of Muscat Raisins that fail to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard. $ 52.1847a Grades of Layer (or Cluster)

Muscat raisins. (a) “U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy” is the quality of Layer (or Cluster) Muscat raisins that have similar varietal characteristics; that have a good typical color; that have a good characteristic flavor; that are uniformly cured and show development characteristic of raisins prepared from well-matured grapes; that contain not more than 23 percent, by weight, of moisture; that not less than 30 percent, by weight, of the raisins, exclusive of stems and branches, are 3 Crown size or larger; and that meet the following additional requirements as also outlined in Table IIa of this subpart:

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(1) The raisins are practically free from shattered (or loose) individual berries and small clusters of 2 or 3 berries each;

(2) Not more than 1 percent, by weight, of raisins may be undeveloped;

(3) Not more than 3 percent, by weight, of raisins may be damaged;

(4) Not more than 5 percent, by weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

(5) Not more than 2 percent, by count, of raisins may be moldy;

(6) The appearance or edibility of the product may not be affected by raisins damaged by fermentation; and

(7) No grit, sand, or silt of any consequence may be present that affects the appearance or edibility of the raisins.

(b) “U.S. Grade B" or "U.S. Choice" is the quality of Layer (or Cluster) Muscat raisins that have similar varietal

characteristics; that have a reasonably good typical color; that have a good characteristic flavor; that are uniformly cured and show development characteristic of raisins prepared from reasonably well-mature grapes; that contain not more than 23 percent, by weight, of moisture; that not less than 30 percent, by weight, of the raisins, exclusive of stems and branches, are 3 Crown size or larger; and that meet the following additional requirements as also outlined in Table Ila of this subpart:

(1) The raisins are reasonably free from shattered (or loose) individual berries and small clusters of 2 or 3 berries each;

(2) Not more than 2 percent, by weight, of raisins may be undeveloped;

(3) Not more than 4 percent, by weight, of raisins may be damaged;

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(4) Not more than 10 percent, by weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

(5) Not more than 3 percent, by count, of raisins may be moldy;

(6) The appearance or edibility of the product may not be more than slightly affected by raisins damaged by fermentation; and

(7) No grit, sand, or silt of any consequence may be present that affects the appearance or edibility of the raisins.

(c) “Substandardis the quality of Layer (or Cluster) Muscat raisins that fail to meet the requirements of “U.S. Grade B” or “U.S. Choice.” TYPE III—SULTANA RAISINS; SIZES,

GRADES $ 52.1848 Sizes of Sultana raisins.

Size designations are not applicable to Sultana Raisins. $ 52.1849 Grades of Sultana raisins.

(a) "U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy” is the quality of Sultana Raisins that have similar varietal characteristics; that have a good typical color; that have a good characteristic flavor; that show

development characteristic of raisins prepared from well-matured grapes; that contain not more than 18 percent, by weight, of moisture; and that meet the following additional requirements as also outlined in Table III of this subpart:

(1) Not more than 1 piece of stem per 32 ounces of raisins may be present;

(2) Not more than 25 capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present;

(3) Not more than 1 percent, by weight, of raisins may be undeveloped;

(4) Not more than 4 percent, by weight, of raisins may be discolored, damaged, or moldy; Provided, That not more than 2 percent, by weight, may be damaged, and not more than 2 percent, by weight, may be moldy;

(5) Not more than 5 percent, by weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

(6) The appearance or edibility of the product may not be affected by slightly discolored raisins or raisins damaged by fermentation or any other defect not previously described; and

(7) No grit, sand, or silt of any consequence may be present that affects the appearance or edibility of the raisins.

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