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(b) “U.S. Grade B” or “U.S. Choice" is the quality of Sultana Raisins that have similar varietal characteristics; that have a reasonably good typical color; that have a good characteristic flavor; that show development characteristic of raisins prepared from reasonably well-matured grapes; that contain not more than 18 percent, by weight, of moisture; and that meet the following additional requirements as also outlined in Tables III of this subpart:

(1) Not more than 2 pieces of stem per 32 ounces of raisins may be present;

(2) Not more than 45 capstems per 16 ounces of raisins may be present;

(3) Not more than 2 percent, by weight, of raisins may be undeveloped;

(4) Not more than 6 percent, by weight, of raisins may be discolored, damaged, or moldy; Provided, That not more than 3 percent, by weight, may be damaged, and not more than 3 percent, by weight, may be moldy;

(5) Not more than 10 percent, by weight, of raisins may be sugаred;

(6) The appearance or edibility of the product may not be more than slightly affected by slightly discolored raisins or raisins damaged by fermentation or any other defect not previously described; and

(7) No grit, sand, or silt of any consequence may be present that affects the appearance or edibility of the raisins.

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classification shall not be paded above CS Grade 3 or C. S. Choice, regardless of ke atal score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably bright, reasonably uniforme, wypical color"* means kas ie aspberres possess a reasonably bright reasonably good characteristic color: what not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the raspberries vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the char. acteristie color of vell-eipened raspberries, and that the raspberries may possess a slight grey cast or slight darkening characteristic of ozidation of over

Sorable egin of lavors, and abies tionable odors of any kind. 52.1876 Ascertaining the senre sf each

factor for frozen raspberries (not far

manufacturing). The essential variations within each factor are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical Tarige within each factor is inclusive for enample, "34 to 40 points" means 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, OE 40 pointa). $ 52.1877 Color.

(2) (A) classification Frozen raspberries that possess a bright, practically uniform, typical color may be given & score of 34 to 40 pointa. "Bright, przetically uniforma, typical color" means that the raspberries possess a bright and good characteristic color; that not more than 5 percent, by weight, of the raspberries vary markedly from the intersity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened raspberries; and that none of the raspberries possess & grey cast or darkening characteristic of oxidation or over-maturity.

(b) (B) classification. If the frozen raspberries possess a reasonably bright, reasonably uniform, typical color, & score of 28 to 33 points may be given Frozen raspberries that fall into this

(e) (sStd classification. Prozen raspberries that are definitely dull or off. color or that fail to meet the require ments of paragraph b) of this section, may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade Dor Substandard, regardless of the total seore for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(d) Evaluation of score points. The evaluation of the score points for the factor of color may be determined from Table No. I of this section which indicates the score range in the respective grades and the maximum allowances for frozen raspberries that vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened raspberries.

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is the quality of frozen raspberries that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a bright, practically uniform, typical color; that are practically free from defects for the purposes of manufacturing; that possess a good character for the purposes of manufacturing; and that possess a normal flavor and odor.

(b) “U. S. Grade B for Manufacturing" or “U. S. Choice for Manufacturing" is the quality of frozen raspberries that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a reasonably bright, reasonably uniform, typical color; that are reasonably free from defects for the purposes of manufacturing; that possess a reasonably good character for the purposes of manufacturing; and that possess a normal flavor and odor.

(c) “U. S. Grade D for Manufacturing” or “Substandard for Manufacturing" is the quality of frozen raspberries that fail to meet the requirements of “U. S. Grade B for Manufacturing” or U. S. Choice for Manufacturing."

Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Frozen Raspberries SOURCE: $$ 52.1871 to 52.1886 appear at 18 F.R. 8050, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise noted. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES, AND GRADES 8 52.1871 Product description.

Frozen raspberries are prepared from the properly ripened fresh fruit of the plant (Genus rubus); are stemmed and cleaned; may be packed with or without packing media; and are frozen and stored at temperatures necessary for the preservation of the product. $ 52.1872 Types (colors) of frozen

raspberries. (a) "Red" or "red raspberries” are red or reddish purple in color.

(b) "Black" or "black raspberries" are black in color. $ 52.1873 Grades of frozen raspberries

(not for manufacturing). (a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy” is the quality of frozen raspberries that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a bright, practically uniform, typical color; are practically free from defects; possess a good character; possess a normal flavor and odor; and score not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) “U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Choice" is the quality of frozen raspberries that possess similar varietal characteristics; possess a reasonably bright, reasonably uniform, typical color; are reasonably free from defects; possess a reasonably good character; possess a normal flavor and odor; and score not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) “U. S Grade D" or "Substandard" is the quality of frozen raspberries that fail to meet the requirements of “U. S. Grade B” or “U. S. Choice." 8 52.1874 Grades of frozen raspberries

for manufacturing. (a) "U.S. Grade A for Manufacturing” or “U.S. Fancy for Manufacturing"

FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.1875 Ascertaining the score and

grade for frozen raspberries (not for

manufacturing). (a) The grade of frozen raspberries is determined immediately after thawing to the extent that the units may be separated easily. The score and grade of frozen raspberries may be ascertained by considering, in addition to the requirements of the respective grade, the following factors: Color, absence of defects, and character.

(b) The relative importance of each factor has been expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given for each factor is: Factors:

Points Color Absence of defects. Character.-----------

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Total score.

------ 100 (c) “Normal flavor and odor” means that the raspberries are free from object

tionable flavors, off flavors, and objectionable odors of any kind. & 52.1876 Ascertaining the score of each

factor for frozen raspberries (not for manufacturing). The essential variations within each factor are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor is inclusive (for example, “34 to 40 points" means 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, or 40 points). & 52.1877 Color.

(a) (A) classification. Frozen raspberries that possess a bright, practically uniform, typical color may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. “Bright, practically uniform, typical color" means that the raspberries possess a bright and good characteristic color; that not more than 5 percent, by weight, of the raspberries vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened raspberries; and that none of the raspberries possess a grey cast or darkening characteristic of oxidation or over-maturity.

(b) (B) classification. If the frozen raspberries possess a reasonably bright, reasonably uniform, typical color, & score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Frozen raspberries that fall into this

classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably bright, reasonably uniform, typical color" means that the raspberries possess a reasonably bright, reasonably good characteristic color; that not more than 10 percent, by weight, of the raspberries vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened raspberries; and that the raspberries may possess a slight grey cast or slight darkening characteristic of oxidation or overmaturity.

(c) (SStd) classification. Frozen raspberries that are definitely dull or ofl. color or that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section, may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(d) Evaluation of score points. The evaluation of the score points for the factor of color may be determined from Table No. I of this section which indicates the score range in the respective grades and the maximum allowances for frozen raspberries that vary markedly from the intensity and luster of the characteristic color of well-ripened raspberries.

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§ 52.1878 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous material, caps and portions thereof, sepal-like bracts and portions thereof, stems, undeveloped raspberries, and damaged raspberries.

(1) "Harmless extraneous material" means vegetable substances such as weeds, grass, and leaves and any portions thereof that are harmless.

(2) A "cap" means a loose or attached full cap or a portion of a cap to which at least one sepal-like bract or portion thereof is attached. A "stem" that is attached to the cap is considered a separate defect.

(3) A "stem" means a stem, either loose or attached, that is longer than 44 inch.

(4) An "undeveloped raspberry" means a raspberry or a portion of a raspberry that is shriveled or in which more than one-fourth of the raspberry possesses hard or undeveloped drupelets or that possesses deformed areas which materially affect either the appearance or the edibility of the product.

(5) A “damaged raspberry" means & raspberry or a portion of a raspberry that is damaged by bruises or by pathological, insect, or other injury or is damaged by other means which materially affect either the appearance or the edibility of the product. “Damage" includes any surface blemish or blemishes on a raspberry which in the aggregate exceed that of a circle 14 inch in diameter or any noticeable blemish, regardless of area, that extends into the fruit tissue. Minute, insignificant injuries are not considered as damage.

(6) "Area” means the aggregate sur. face covered by the material stated when such material or portions thereof are placed in a contiguous position with no intervening spaces.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen raspberries that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. Practically free from defects” means that there may be present for each 16 ounces of net weight an area of

not more than 44 square inch comprising harmless extraneous material (such as leaves and portions thereof), caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; and not more than 2 stems, including not more than 1 stem which may exceed 12 inch in length, or 1 piece of harmless extraneous material that is not measurable by area (such as weeds and blades of grass); and that there may be present not more than a total of 5 percent, by weight, of raspberries that are undeveloped raspberries and damaged raspberries.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen raspberries are reasonably free from defects, a score of 28 to 33 points may be given. Frozen raspberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects" means that there may be present for each 16 ounces of net weight an area of not more than 12 square inch comprising harmless extraneous material (such as leaves and portions thereof), caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; and not more than 4 stems including not more than 1 stem which may exceed 1/2 inch in length, or 1 piece of harmless extraneous material that is not measurable by area (such as weeds and blades of grass); and that there may be present not more than a total of 10 percent, by weight, of raspberries that may be undeveloped raspberries and damaged raspberries.

(d) (sStd classification. Frozen raspberries that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above U. S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(e) Evaluation of score points. The evaluation of the score points for the factor of absence of defects may be determined from Table No. II which indicates the maximum allowances for each class of defects for the score indicated.

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