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(a) The average of the drained Processed Fruits, Vegetables, and Reweights from all the containers in the lated Products (8 $ 52.1 to 52.87). sample meets the average drained weight (2) Deviants for stem material are in Table I of this subpart (designated permitted in addition to the deviants as Xa); and

allowed for other quality factors. (b) The number of deviants for (c) Color, character, damage, harmdrained weight do not exceed the ap less extraneous material. (1) The numplicable acceptance number specified in ber of sample units which exceed the the single sampling plan in the Regu upper limit (UL) for these defects for lations Governing Inspection of Proc the applicable grade (deviants), speciessed Fruits, Vegetables, and Related fied in Tables VII(a), VI (b), VI(c), Products (8 $ 52.1 to 52.87).

VIII (a), VIII(b), and VIII(C), does not $ 52.1914 Lot acceptance for quality.

exceed the acceptance number specified A lot of canned spinach shall be con

for the sample size in the Single Samsidered as meeting the quality require

pling Plan of the Regulations Governing ments for the applicable grade when the

Inspection of Processed Fruits, Vegefollowing criteria are met:

tables, and Related Products ($ $ 52.1(a) Flavor and odor. All sample units

52.87); and meet the requirements for flavor and

(2) The sample average values for the odor.

various defect classifications specified in (b) Stem material. (1) The number

Tables VII(a), VII(b), VII(c), VIII(a), of sample units which exceed the upper

VIII (b), and VIII(C) are not exceeded; limits (UL) for stem material as appli

and cable for the grade (deviants), specified (3) No sample unit exceeds the maxiin Table VI, does not exceed the ac

mum number of defects allowed for deviceptance number specified for the sample ants as specified in Tables Val(a). VII size in the Single Sampling Plan of the (b), VII(C), VIII (a), VIII (b), and VOI Regulations Governing Inspection of (c).

TALLY SHEET 8 52.1915 Tally sheet for canned spinach.

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Subpart-United States Standards for

FACTORS OF QUALITY
Grades of Frozen Spinach

52.1924 Ascertaining the grade. SOURCE: $8 52.1921 to 52.1931 appear at 28 (a) In addition to considering other F.R. 578, Jan. 20, 1961; 26 F.R. 821, Jan. 27, requirements outlined in the standards 1961, unless otherwise noted.

the following quality factors are PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, AND GRADAS evaluated: $ 52.1921 Product description.

(1) Factor not rated by score points.

(1) Flavor; Frozen spinach is the frozen product

(2) Factors rated by score points. prepared from the whole or cut, clean,

The relative importance of each factor sound, succulent leaves and stems of

which is rated is expressed numerically fresh spinach by sorting, trimming,

on the scale of 100. The maximum washing, and proper blanching and

number of points that may be given such draining of such leaves and stems. The

factors are: product is then frozen in accordance

Factors:

Points with good commercial practices and

Color maintained at temperatures necessary

Defects.

60 for the preservation of the product.

Character

20 $ 52.1922 Styles of frozen spinach.

Total score

100 (a) “Whole leaf” spinach is the style of frozen spinach that consists sub

(b) The score for the factors of color stantially of the leat and adjoining por

and defects is determined immediately tion of the stem.

after thawing to the extent that the (b) “Chopped” spinach is the style of

product is substantially free from ice frozen spinach that consists of the leaf

crystals and can be handled as individand adjoining portion of the stem which

ual units. The evaluation of the factors has been cut or chopped predominantly

of character and flavor of frozen spinach into small pieces less than approximately

is made after thawing and after the prod3/4 inch in the longest dimension.

uct is cooked. (c) “Cut leaf (or Sliced)”, hereinafter

(c) "Good flavor" means that the referred to as “cut leaf”, spinach is the

product has a good characteristic, norstyle of frozen spinach that consists of

mal flavor and odor and is free from obthe leaf and adjoining portion of the stem

jectionable flavors and objectionable which has been cut predominantly into

odors of any kind. large pieces approxiniating 34 inch or

(d) “Reasonably good flavor” means more in the longest dimension.

that the product may be lacking good (26 F.R. 578, Jan. 20, 1961, as amended at

flavor and odor but is free from objec29 F.R. 11442, Aug. 8, 1964)

tionable flavors and objectionable odors

of any kind. & 52.1923 Grades of frozen spinach.

$ 52.1925 Ascertaining the score for the (a) "U.S. Grade A” (or “U.S. Fancy")

factors which are rated. is the quality of frozen spinach that

The essential variations within each possesses a good javor; that possesses a good color; that is practically free from

factor which is rated are so described defects; that possesses a good character;

that the value may be ascertained for and that scores not less than 90 points

each factor and expressed numerically. when scored in accordance with the

The numerical range within each factor scoring system outlined in this subpart.

which is rated is inclusive (for example, (b) "U.S. Grade B" (or “U.S. Extra

"18 to 20 points" means 18, 19, or 20 Standard”) is the quality of frozen spin

points). ach that possesses a reasonably good $ 52.1926 Color. flavor; that possesses a reasonably good (a) (A) classification. Frozen spinach color; that is reasonably free from de

that possesses a good color may be given fects; that possesses a reasonably good

a score of 18 to 20 points. “Good color” character; and that scores not less than means that the frozen spinach possesses 80 points when scored in accordance with

& bright, characteristic good green color; the scoring system outlined in this sub that yellow-green leaves, or portions part.

thereof, or discolored leaves and stems, (c) “Substandard” is the quality of or portions thereof, which may be Irozen spinach that fails to meet the present do not materially affect tho requirements of U.S. Grade B.

color appearance of the product.

361

(b) (B) classification. Frozen spinach (7) Damage in the varying degrees that possesses a reasonably good color has the following meanings with respect may be given a score of 16 or 17 points. to the following styles: Frozen spinach that falls into this clas (i) Whole leaf. (a) "Insignificant sification shall not be graded above U.S. damage" means transparent areas not Grade B, regardless of the total score for associated with discoloration of any kind the product (this is a limiting rule). that in the aggregate are not more than Reasonably good color" means that the 1/2 square inch (equivalent to 42 inch x 1 frozen spinach possesses a characteristic inch) on a leaf; and discoloration or green color that may be dull but is not off other injury including transparent areas color; that yellow-green leaves, or por associated with discoloration that in the tions thereof, or discolored leaves and aggregate is not more than 332 square stems, or portions thereof, which may be inch (equivalent to 44 inch x 38 inch) present do not seriously affect the color on a leaf or stem or portion thereof: appearance of the product.

Provided, That such transparent areas, (c) (sStd.) classification. Frozen discoloration or other injury does not spinach that fails to meet the require materially affect the appearance or eatments of paragraph (b) of this section ing quality of the unit. may be given a score of 0 to 15 points and (b) “Minor damage” means damage by shall not be graded above Substandard, discoloration or other injury including regardless of the total score for the prod transparent areas associated with discoluct (this is a limiting rule).

oration which covers an aggregate area of § 52.1927

more than 332 square inch but less than Defects.

1 square inch (equivalent to 1 inch x 1 (a) General. The factor of defects re- inch) on a leaf or stem or portion fers to the degree of freedom from grit, thereof; transparent areas not associated sand, or silt; from harmless extraneous with discoloration when such transparvegetable material, seed heads, root ent area is more than 12 square inch but stubs, crowns, and damaged leaves and less than 1 square inch; or damage which stems or portions thereof. Yellow-green covers an aggregate area of 332 square leaves which are not otherwise damaged

inch or less on a leaf or stem or portion are not considered under the factor of thereof that materially affects the apdefects but are scored under the factor pearance or eating quality of the unit. of color.

(c) "Major damage" means damage (b) Definitions of terms. (1) “Aggre by discoloration or other injury which gate area" means the aggregated dam- covers an aggregate area of 1 square inch aged areas of leaves, stems, or portions or more, but not more than 4 square thereof, when placed in a contiguous inches (equivalent to 4 inches x 1 inch) position with practically no intervening on a leaf or stem or portion thereof; or spaces.

damage less than 1 square inch when (2) “Grit, sand, or silt” means partie such damage seriously affects the apcles of any earthy material.

pearance or eating quality of the unit. (3) "Harmless extraneous vegetable (d) “Severe damage" means damago material" means:

by discoloration or other injury which (1) Group 1. Green, fine, tender covers an aggregate area of more than 4 string-like blades and stems of grass and square inches on a leaf or stem or porweeds;

tion thereof. (ii) Group II. Green, coarse grass and (1) Chopped; cut leaf. (a) “Insignitweeds; and

icant damage” means transparent areas (iil) Group III. Grass and weeds other on a portion of leaf not associated with than green.

discoloration of any kind when such (4) “Seed head” means the seed bear

transparent portion is not more than 42 ing portion of a spinach plant that is

square inch; and any discoloration that

does not materially affect the appearlonger than one inch or that is objection

ance or eating quality of the unit. able in appearance.

(b) “Damage" means any area of dis(5) “Root stub" means any portion of

coloration or other injury, including the root whether or not leaves are at

transparent areas associated with distached.

coloration, on & portion of leaf or stem (6) “Crown” means the solid area of

that materially affects the appearance a spinach plant between the root and or eating quality of the unit; and transattached leaf or cluster of leaves.

parent areas whether or not associated

with discoloration when such transpar- quality of the product; and in addition ent area is more than 42 square inch. has the following meanings with respect

(c) (A) classification. Frozen spin to the following styles: ach that is practically free from defects (1) Whole leaf style. The product may be given a score of 54 to 60 points. does not exceed the applicable allowances "Practically free from defects" means prescribed for the respective type of that no grit, sand, or silt may be present defect in 'Table I and Table II of this that affects the appearance or eating section;

TABLE I-SUMMARY OF ALLOWANCES FOR CERTAIN DEFECTS IN WHOLE LEAF STYLE SPINACH

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TARLE II-SUMMARY OF ALLOWANCES FOR HARMLESS EXTRANEOUS VEGETABLE MATERIAL IN WHOLE LEAF

STYLE SPINACH

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(2) Chopped. The area of damage does not exceed the area prescribed for the applicable sample size in Table III of this section;

TABLE III-SUMMARY OF ALLOWANCES FOR DAMAGE IN CHOPPED STYLE SPINACH

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(3) Cut leaf. The area of damage does not exceed the area prescribed for the applicable sample size in Table IV of this section;

TABLD IV-SUMMARY OF ALLOWANCI TOR DAMAGD IN COT LEAF STYLE SPINACH

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(4) All styles. Notwithstanding the specified allowances, the presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, root stubs, seed heads, crowns, damaged leaves and stems, or portions thereof, including insignificant damage or other iniury, individually or collectively, does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(d) (B) classification. Frozen spinach that is reasonably free from defects may be given a score of 48 to 53 points. Frozen spinach that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably free from defects” means that a trace of grit, sand, or silt may be present that does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product; and in addition has the following meanings with respect to the following styles:

(1) Whole leaf style. The product does not exceed the applicable allowances prescribed for the respective type of defect in Table I and Table II of this section;

(2) Chopped. The area of damage does not exceed the area prescribed for the applicable sample size in Table III of this section;

(3) Cut leaf. The area of damage does not exceed the area prescribed for the applicable sample size in Table IV of this section;

(4) All styles. Notwithstanding the specified allowances, the presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, root stubs, seed heads, crowns, damaged leaves and stems, or portions thereof, including insignificant damage or other injury, individually or collectively, does not seriously affect tht appearance or eating quality of the product.

(e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen spinach that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 47 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). (26 F.R. 578, Jan. 20, 1961; 26 FR. 821, Jan. 27, 1961, as amended at 29 FR 11422, Aug. 8, 1964) $ 52.1928 Character.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the tenderness of the leaves and stems, or portions thereof, the relation of stem to leaf material, and the degree of freedom from pieces of leaves and shredded portions of leaves and stems.

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