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thereof or 1 percent, by weight, of all (c) (B) classification. If the frozen the units consist of units that are seri squash possesses a reasonably good char. ously damaged; or

acter, a score of 28 to 33 points may be (2) Not more than 6 percent, by given. Frozen squash that falls into this weight, is of poorly cut units, or of units classification shall not be graded above damaged by mechanical injury, or any U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, combination thereof of not more than 6 regardless of the total score for the prodpercent, by weight.

uct (this is a limiting rule). “Reason(c) (B) classification. If the frozen ably good character" means that the squash is reasonably free from defects, & units may show slight disintegration, score of 28 to 33 points may be given. may have lost to a considerable extent Frozen squash that falls into this classi- their fleshy texture, may be reasonably fication shall not be graded above U. 8. tender, and that the seeds may have Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regard passed the immature stage of maturity, less of the total score for the product but are not hard and that not more than (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably

10 percent, by weight, of the units fails free from defects" means that the prod

to meet the requirements for reasonably uct may contain a trace of sand, grit, or

good character. silt that does not materially affect the

(d) (SStd) classification. Frozen eating quality or appearance of the frozen squash; that for each 12 ounces of

squash that fails to meet the requireunits there may be present not more than

ments of paragraph (c) of this section two pieces of harmless extraneous vege

may be given a score of 0 to 27 points table material. The combined weight of and shall not be graded above Substandall other defects and defective units mustard, regardless of the total score for the not exceed 12 percent of the weight of product (this is a limiting rule). the units: Provided, That

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION (1) Not more than 8 percent, by weight, is of damaged units and of such § 52.1969 Ascertaining the grade of a 8 percent, not more than one-fourth

lot. thereof or 2 percent, by weight, of all the The grade of a lot of the processed units consist of units that are seriously product covered by these standards is damaged.

determined by the procedures set forth (2) Not more than 10 percent, by in the regulations governing Inspection weight, is of poorly cut units, or of units and certification of processed fruits and damaged by mechanical injury, or any vegetables, processed products thereof, combination thereof of not more than 10 and certain other processed food prodpercent, by weight.

ucts ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87). (d) (sStd) classification. Frozen (22 P. R. 3547, May 22, 1957] squash that fails to meet the require

SCORE SHEET ments of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points

& 52.1970 Score sheet for frozen squash and shall not be graded above Substand

(summer type). ard, regardless of the total score for the

Number, size, and kind of container product (this is a limiting rule).

Container marks or identification...

Label.. $ 52.1968 Character.

Net weight (ounces) ***--------

Style (sliced, cut)..-------------------------------(a) General. The factor of character refers to the fleshy texture, the tender

Factors

Score points ness, and the degree of development of

(A) 17-20 Color.....................

BB) the seeds.

114-16

Visstd.) 10-13 (b) (A) classification. Frozen squash

TA) 34-40 that possesses a good character may be

Absence of defects...------ 40 (B) 1 28-33

isŚtd.) 10-27 given a score of 34 to 40 points. “Good

NA) 34-40

Character character” means that the units are

Tisstd.) 10-27 practically intact, are fleshy and tender,

Total score.-that the seeds are in the immature stage, and that not more than 5 percent, by

Flavor and odor..............

Grade. weight of the units may be of reasonably good character.

1 Indicates limiting rule.

Net weight ounces)....-.-.-..------

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Subpart-United States Standards for less than 90 points when scored in acGrades of Frozen Strawberries

cordance with the scoring system out

lined in this subpart and that with reSOURCE: $8 52.1981 to 52.1993 appear at 20

spect to whole style contain not more FR 1580, Mar. 16, 1955, unless otherwise

than 5 percent, by count, of whole strawnoted.

berries that are “small size," (less than PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, SIZES, AND 58 inch in diameter). GRADES

(b) “U. S. Grade B” or “U. S. Choice" § 52.1981 Product description.

is the quality of frozen strawberries that

possess similar varietal characteristics; Frozen strawberries means the frozen

that possess a good flavor; that possess product prepared from sound, properly a reasonably good color; that are reasonripened fresh fruit of the strawberry

ably free from defects; that possess & plant by stemming, proper washing, sort

reasonably good character; and that ing, and proper draining, may be packed

score not less than 80 points when scored with or without packing medium, and

in accordance with the scoring system are then frozen in accordance with good

outlined in this subpart. commercial practice and maintained at

(c) "U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standtemperatures necessary for the preser

ard" is the quality of frozen strawberries vation of the product.

that possess similar varietal character$ 52.1982 Styles of frozen strawberries.

istics; that possess a fairly good flavor;

that possess a fairly good color; that are (a) “Whole” or “whole strawberries"

fairly free from defects; that possess a means frozen strawberries that retain

fairly good character; and that score approximately their original conforma

not less than 70 points when scored in tion.

accordance with the scoring system out(b) “Slices" or "sliced strawberries"

lined in this subpart. means frozen strawberries produced by

(d) “Substandard” is the quality of slicing whole strawberries into two or

frozen strawberries that fail to meet the more slices.

requirements of "U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. & 52.1983 Sizes of whole frozen straw Standard." berries.

FACTORS OF QUALITY Except with respect to U.S. Grade A

$ 52.1985 Ascertaining the grade. or U.S. Fancy, the size of the whole frozen strawberry is not incorporated

(a) General. The grade of frozen in the grades of the finished prod

strawberries is determined immediately uct since size, as such, is not a factor of

after thawing to the extent that the quality for the purpose of these grades.

units may be separated easily, and are When used in connection with the follow

free from ice crystals. In addition the ing sizes of whole frozen strawberries,

grade of frozen strawberries is ascerthe term “diameter" means the greatest

tained by considering the factors of dimension measured at right angles to &

quality which are not scored and those straight line running from the stem to

which are scored as follows: the apex:

(1) Factors which are not scored. (a) “Small size” means whole frozen (i) Varietal characteristics. strawberries that measure less than 5%

(ii) Flavor and odor. inch in diameter.

(iii) Size relative to U. S. Grade A or (b) “Medium size" means whole fro

U. S. Fancy. zen strawberries that measure 5/8 inch

(2) Factors which are scored. The to 144 inches, inclusive, in diameter.

relative importance of each factor which (c) “Large size” means whole frozen

is scored is expressed numerically on the strawberries that measure more than 144

scale of 100. The maximum number of inches in diameter.

points that may be given such factors

are: $ 52.1984 Grades of frozen strawberries.

Factors:

Points (a) “U.S. Grade A" or “U.S. Fancy" Color

40 is the quality of frozen strawberries

Defects -that possess similar varietal charac

Character . teristics; that possess a good flavor; that possess a good color; that are

Total score-----

--------- 100 practically free from defects; that pos (b) Good flavor. “Good flavor" means sess a good character; that score not that the product has a good character

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40 20

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Istic, normal flavor and odor, and is free fairly uniform good characteristic pink from objectionable flavors or objection to red color which is not materially afable odors of any kind.

fected by dull, gray, or reddish-brown (c) Fairly good flavor. "Fairly good cast; and in addition: flavor” means that the product may be (1) With respect to whole style 75 lacking in good characteristic normal percent or more, by count, of the strawflavor and odor but is free from objec berries have at least a good characteristic tionable flavors or objectionable odors pink to red color over practically the of any kind.

entire surface, and of the remainder 8 52.1986 Ascertaining the rating for

not more than 10 percent, by count, of the factors which are scored.

all the strawberries may have less than

four-fifths of the surface area of a good The essential variations within each

characteristic pink to red color, or are factor which is scored are so described materially darkened; and that: that the value may be ascertained for (2) With respect to sliced style 75 persuch factors and expressed numerically.

cent or more, by weight, of the slices The numerical range within each factor

have at least a good characteristic pink 18 inclusive. For example, the range “36

to red color over practically the entire to 40 points” means 36, 37, 38, 39, or 40 outer surface (not including cut surpoints.

laces) and of the remainder not more $ 52.1987 Color.

than 10 percent, by weight, of all tho

slices may have less than one-half of (a) (A) classification. Frozen straw

the outer surface (not including cut sur. berries that possess a good color may be

faces) of a good characteristic pink to given a score of 36 to 40 points. “Good

red color, or are materially darkened. color" means that the frozen strawber

(c) (C) classifcation. If the frozen ries as a mass possess a reasonably uni.

strawberries possess a fairly good color, form good characteristic pink to red

a score of 28 to 31 points may be given color which is not more than slightly

Frozen strawberries that fall into this affected by a dull, gray, or reddish-brown

classification shall not be graded above cast; and in addition:

U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regard(1) With respect to whole style 85

less of the total score for the product percent or more, by count, of the straw

(this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good berries have at least a good character

color" means that the frozen strawberIstic pink to red color over practically the entire surface and of the remainder not

ries as a mass possess a predominant more than 5 percent, by count, of all the

characteristic pink to red color and may strawberries may have less than four

show a dull, gray, or slightly dark color, fifths of the surface area of a good char

but not to the extent that the appearacteristic pink to red color, or are mate ance or eating quality is seriously atrially darkened; and that:

fected; and in addition: (2) With respect to sliced style 85 per (1) With respect to whole style not cent or more, by weight, of the slices more than 15 percent, by count, of all have at least a good characteristic pink the strawberries may have less than to red color over practically the entire

four-fifths of the surface area of a charouter surface (not including cut sur

acteristic pink to red color, or are matefaces) and of the remainder not more

rially darkened. than 5 percent, by weight, of all the slices may have less than one-half of the

(2) With respect to sliced style not outer surface (not including cut sur

more than 15 percent, by weight, of all faces) of a good characteristic pink to

the slices may have less than one-half red color, or are materially darkened.

of the outer surface (not including cut (b) (B) classification. If the frozen surfaces) of a characteristic pink to red strawberries possess a reasonably good

color, or are materially darkened. color, a score of 32 to 35 points may be (d) (sStd.) classification. Frozen given. Frozen strawberries that fall into strawberries that fail to meet the rethis classification shall not be graded quirements of paragraph (c) of this above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, section may be given a score of 0 to 27 regardless of the total score for the points and shall not be graded above product (this is a limiting rule). “Rea- Substandard, regardless of the total sonably good color” means that the fro- score for the product (this is a limiting zen strawberries as a mass possess a rule).

8 52.1988 Defects.

(a) General. The factor of defects refers to the degree of freedom from grit, sand, or silt, from harmless extraneous material, caps and portions thereof, sepal-like bracts and portions thereof, stems, short stems, and damaged strawberries.

(1) "Harmless extraneous material" means vegetable substances such as weeds, weed seeds, grass, and leaves and any portions thereof that are harmless.

(2) "Grit, sand, or silt" means any particles of earthy material.

(3) "Short stem" means a stem that is Y8 inch or less in length and which may include the center portion of a cap to which no sepal-like bract or portion thereof is attached.

(4) "Stem” means a stem, either loose or attached, that is longer than Yo inch.

(5) "Cap' means a loose or attached full cap or portion of a cap to which at least one sepal-like bract or a portion thereof is attached. A short stem that is attached to the cap is considered a part of the cap. A stem that is attached to the cap is considered a separate defect.

(6) "Damaged strawberry" means & strawberry or any physically separated portion thereof that is affected by hard seedy or deformed end, and deformed or damaged areas to the extent that the appearance or eating quality is materially affected. Minute, insignificant injuries are not considered as damaged.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen strawberries that are practically free from defects may be given & score of 36 to 40 points. “Practically free from defects" has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of frozen strawberries:

(1) Whole. No grit, sand, or silt may be present that affects the appearance or eating quality of the product and for each 16 ounces of net weight there may be present an area of not more than Y4 square inch comprising harmless extraneous material such as leaves and portions thereof, caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; not more than two stems, including not more than one stem which may exceed 12 inch in length, or one small piece of harmless extranesus material that is not measurable by ures such as weeds, weed seeds, and blades of grass; and not more than 16 bort stems; and there may be present

not more than a total of 5 percent, by weigar, that are damaged strawber

(2) Sliced. No grit, sand, or silt may be present that affects the appearance or eating quality of the product, and for each 16 ounces of net weight there may be present an area of not more than 44 square inch comprising harmless extraneous material such as leaves and portions thereof, caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; not more than two stems, including not more than one stem which may exceed Y2 inch in length, or one small piece of harmless extraneous material that is not measurable by area such as weeds, weed seeds and blades of grass; and not more than 16 short stems and there may be present not more than a total of 242 percent, by weight, that are damaged strawberries.

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen strawberries are reasonably free from defects, a score of 32 to 35 points may be given. Frozen strawberries that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. 8. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably free from defects" has the following meanings with respect to the following styles of frozen strawberries:

(1) Whole. No grit, sand, or silt may be present that affects the appearance or eating quality of the product, and for each 16 ounces of net weight there may be present an area of not more than 4 square inch comprising harmless extraneous material such as leaves and portions thereof, caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; not more than four stems, including not more than one stem which may exceed 12 inch in length, or one small piece of harmless extraneous material that is not measurable by area such as weeds, weed seeds, and blades of grass; and not more than 32 short stems; and there may be present not more than a total of 10 percent, by weight, that are damaged strawberries.

(2) Sliced. No grit, sand, or silt may be present that affects the appearance or eating quality of the product, and for each 16 ounces of net weight there may be present an area of not more than 42 square inch comprising harmless extraneous material such as leaves and portions thereof, caps and portions thereof, and loose sepal-like bracts and portions thereof; not more than four

Us

stems, including not more than one tion may be given & score of 0 to 27 points stem which may exceed 12 inch in length, and shall not be graded above Substandor one small piece of harmless extrane ard, regardless of the total score of the ous material that is not measurable by product (this is a limiting rule). area such as weeds, weed seeds and 120 FR 1580, Mar. 16, 1955, as amended at blades of grass; and not more than 32 23 FR 45, Jan. 3, 1958] short stems; and there may be present

$ 52.1989 Character. not more than a total of 5 percent, by weight, that are damaged strawberries.

(a) General. The factor of character (d) (C) classification. If the frozen refers to firmness, the degree of wholestrawberries are fairly free from defects, ness, degree of seediness, degree of dis& score of 28 to 31 points may be given. integration as evidenced by partial Frozen strawberries that fall into this strawberries and mushy strawberries. classification shall not be graded above (1) “Partial strawberry" in whole

Grade C or U. S. Standard, regard style means that less than three-quarters less of the total score for the product of the apparent whole strawberry re(this is a limiting rule). “Fairly free mains intact. from defects" has the following mean. (2) “Mushy strawberries" in whole ings with respect to the following styles and sliced styles means strawberries that of frozen strawberries:

are so soft they are a pulpy mass or are (1) Whole. A trace of grit, sand or badly disintegrated. silt may be present that does not ma (b) (A) classification. Frozen strawterially affect the appearance or eating berries that possess a good character quality of the product, and for each 16 may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. ounces of net weight there may be pres “Good character" means that the strawent an area of not more than 34 square berries are reasonably firm, that the inch comprising harmless extraneous appearance and eating quality of the material such as leaves and portions product are not materially affected by thereof, caps and portions thereof, and disintegration or seediness and that: loose sepal-like bracts and portions (1) With respect to whole style not thereof; not more than six stems, in more than 10 percent, by weight, of cluding not more than one stem which strawberries may consist, in the aggremay exceed 34 inch in length, or two gate, of partial strawberries or mushy small pieces of harmless extraneous ma strawberries or a combination thereof, terial that is not measurable by area and that: such as weeds, weed seeds, and blades of (2) With respect to sliced style not grass; and there may be present not

more than 20 percent, by weight, of more than a total of 12 percent, by

strawberries may consist, in the aggreweight, that are damaged strawberries.

gate, of mushy strawberries. (2) Sliced. A trace of grit, sand, or

(c) (B) classification. If the frozen silt may be present that does not ma

strawberries have a reasonably good terially affect the apearance or eating quality of the product, and for each 16

character, a score of 16 or 17 points may ounces of net weight there may be pres

be given. Frozen strawberries that fall ent an area of not more than 34 square into this classification shall not be inch comprising harmless extraneous graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. material such as leaves and portions Choice regardless of the total score thereof, caps and portions thereof, and for the product (this is a limiting rule). loose sepal-like bracts and portions “Reasonably good character" means thereof; not more than six stems, in- that the strawberries are fairly firm, cluding not more than one stem which that the appearance and eating quality may exceed 34 inch in length, or two of the product are not seriously affected small pieces of harmless extraneous ma- by seediness or disintegration, and that: terial that is not measurable by area (1) With respect to whole style not such as weeds, weed seeds, and blades of more than 20 percent, by weight, of grass; and there may be present not more strawberries may consist, in the aggreth

2 a total of 6 percent, by weight, that gate, of partial strawberries or mushy are damaged strawberries.

strawberries or a combination thereof, (e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen and that: strawberries that fail to meet the re (2) With respect to sliced style not quirements of paragraph (d) of this sec- more than 30 percent, by weight, of

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