Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

....Oz.

100%

Color....

Kios

tables, processed products thereof, and $ 52.2042 Colors of canned sweetpotacertain other processed food products

toes. (88 52.1 to 52.87).

(a) Yellow. [22 F. R. 3547, May 28, 1957)

(b) Golden. SCORE SHEET

$ 52.2043 Styles of canned sweetpota

toes. $ 52.2022 Score sheet for frozen suc

(a) “Whole” or “whole sweetpotatoes" cotash.

means canned sweetpotatoes that retain

the approximate original conformation Size and kind of container..... Container mark Packages..-----

of the prepared sweetpotatoes. or or Packages...

(b) "Pieces" or "pieces of sweetpotaIdentification Cases.......

toes" means canned sweetpotatoes that Label (list of ingredients, etc). Net weight (ounces)...

consist of cut units (including, but not

being limited to, sweetpotatoes that are Aggre.

halved longitudinally) or broken units. gate Propor (c) “Mashed" or "mashed sweetpota.

weight tion of Kind, type, and style of ingredients

each ingre

toes” means canned sweetpotatoes that ingre dients are wholly comminuted or crushed dient

(d) Any combination of two or more

of the following styles constitutes & Corn-white kernel (white or golden). ...-02.

style: Whole, pieces, or mashed.
Lima beans (type -...).------------------Oz.
Soybeans...
Green (or wax) beans, cut .. to ..

52.2044 Types of packs of canned inches...

J....Oz.

sweet potatoes. Total weight... Meets proportions; ( ) Fails proportions

In addition to styles, canned sweet

potatoes are usually processed as any Factors Score points

one of the following types of packs:

(a) In a liquid packing medium.

(b) "Vacuum-pack (without packing 27-30 24-26

media)." 1 21-23

(c) “Solid-pack” (or "dry-pack"). td.) 10-20 27-30

$ 52.2045 Grades of canned sweetpota

124-26 Absence of defects...

1 21-23

toes.
lisstd.) 10-20
36-40

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy"

32-35 Tenderness...

is the quality of canned sweetpotatoes 1 28-31 lisŚtd.) 10-27

that possess a good color; that are pracTotal score....--- 100

tically uniform in shape and size or pos

sess good consistency, as applicable; that Flavor and odor after cooking:

are practically free from defects; that ( ) Good; ( ) fairly good; () off.

possess a good character; that possess

a normal flavor and odor; and that score Grade...

not less than 85 points when scored in i Indicates limiting rule.

accordance with the scoring system out

lined in this subpart. Subpart-United States Standards for

(b) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Grades of Canned Sweetpotatoes

Standard” is the quality of canned sweetSOURCE: 88 52.2041 to 52.2056 appear at 18 potatoes that possess a fairly good color; FR. 8065, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise that are fairly free from defects; that noted.

possess a fairly good character; that IDENTITY, COLORS, STYLES, TYPES, AND

possess a normal flavor and odor; and GRADES

that are of such quality with respect to

shape and size or consistency as to score 8 52.2041 Identity.

not less than 70 points when scored in Canned sweetpotatoes means canned accordance with the scoring system outsweetpotatoes as defined in the defini lined in this subpart. tions and standards of identity for (c) “U.S. Grade D” or “Substandard" canned vegetables (21 CFR 51.990), 18 is the quality of canned sweetpotatoes sued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, that fail to meet the requirements of and Cosmetic Act.

“U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard.”

[ocr errors]

LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER, AND

DRAINED WEIGHTS $ 52.2046 Recommended designations

of liquid media and Brix measure.

ments. "Cut-out" requirements for Liquid media are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since sirup or any other liquid medium, as such, is not & factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. It is recommended that sweetpotatoes packed in sirup have the following indicated "cut-out" Brix measurement for the respective sirup designation, as applicable, and which designations are included in, but are not limited to, the following for canned sweetpotatoes in a liquid packing medium:

Designation Bric measurement Extra heavy sirup---- 80° or more. Heavy sirup---------- 25° or more, but less

than 30°. Light strup---------- 18° or more, but less

than 26°. In water------------- packed in water. § 52.2047 Recommended fill of con

tainer. The recommended fill of container is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since All of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. It is recommended that each container be filled as full as practicable with sweetpotatoes and that the product and packing medium, if any, occupy not less than 90 percent of the volume of the container. $ 52.2048 Recommended minimum

drained weight. (a) The minimum drained weight recommendations in Table I of this section are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.

(b) The drained weight recommendations in Table I of this section are not applicable to canned sweetpotatoes packed as "vacuum-pack (without packing media)" or as "solid-pack” (or "dry-pack").

(c) The drained weight of canned sweetpotatoes is determined by empty

ermined by emptying the contents of the container upon & United States Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937-inch+3%, square openings) so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the steve

slightly to facilitate drainage, and allowing to drain for two minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and the sweetpotatoes less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404 x 414) and smaller, and a sieve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the equivalent of the No. 3 size can. TABLE I-RECOMMENDED MINDMUN DRAINED WEIGHTS OF SWEETPOTATOKS IN A LIQUI

PACKING MEDIUM Container size or

Drained weight designation:

ounces
No. 2----------------
No. 242----
No. 8 vacuum or squat (404 x 807) --
No. 10.---------

FACTORS OF QUALITY
§ 52.2049 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) The grade of canned sweetpotatoes may be ascertained by considering, in conjunction with the requirements of the respective grade, the respective ratings for the factors of color, shape and size or consistency, absence of defects, and character.

(b) The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maxi. mum number of points that may be given such factors are: Factors:

Points Color ----------------------------Shape and size or consistency-----Absence of defects.-Character-------

20 Total score...----------------- 100 (c) “Normal flavor and odor" means that the product is free from objectionable odors and objectionable flavors of any kind. $ 52.2050 $52.2050

Ascertaining the rating for the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, "17 to 20 points" means 17, 18, 19, or 20 points). $ 52.2051 Color.

(a) (A) classification. Canned sweetpotatoes that possess a good color may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good color" means a reasonably bright char

20

acteristic color (either yellow or golden) and that there may be reasonable varlations of such characteristic color in the units, in each unit, or in the mass.

(b) (C) classification. If the canned sweetpotatoes possess a fairly good color, a score of 14 to 16 points may be given. Canned sweetpotatoes that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good color" means that the color may be variable in the units, in each unit, or in the mass and that the color may be slightly dull but is not offcolor.

(c) (SStd) classification. Canned sweet potatoes that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above U. S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is & limiting rule). $ 52.2052 Shape and size or consistency.

(a) (A) classification. Whole and pieces (whether packed singly or in combination) packed in a liquid packing medium or as "vacuumpack (without packing media)" that are practically uniform in shape and size may be given a score of 17 to 20 points; and canned sweetpotatoes packed as "solid-pack" (or “dry-pack") that possess a good consistency may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. "Practically uniform in shape and size" and "good consistency" have the following meanings with respect to the following styles and types of packs of canned sweetpotatoes:

(1) Whole and pieces (whether packed singly or in combination) in a liquid packing medium or "vacuum-pack (without packing media)." "Practically uniform in shape and size” means that the units of a single style may vary moderately in shape and that the weight of the largest unit, irrespective of style, is not more than three times the weight of the second smallest unit, irrespective of style.

(2) Whole, pieces, and mashed (whether packed singly or in combination) packed as "solid-pack" (or "dry pack"). "Good consistency" means that the sweetpotatoes possess a stiff consiste ency which may show a slight separation of free liquid.

(b) (C) classification. If whole and pieces (whether packed singly or in combination) packed in a liquid packing me

dium or as "vacuum-pack (without packing media)" are fairly uniform in shape and size, a score of 14 to 16 points may be given; or if the canned sweetpotatoes packed as "solid-pack" (or "dry-pack") possess a fairly good consistency, a score of 14 to 16 points may be given. Canned sweetpotatoes that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly uniform in shape and size" and "fairly good consistency' have the following meanings with respect to the following styles and types of packs of canned sweetpotatoes:

(1) Whole and pieces (whether packed singly or in combination) in a liquid packing medium or "vacuum-pack (without packing media).“Fairly uniform in shape and size" means that the units of a single style may vary considerably in shape and that the weight of the largest unit, irrespective of style, is not more than four times the weight of the second smallest unit, irrespective of style.

(2) Whole, pieces, and mashed (whether packed singly or in combination) packed as "solid-pack (or "drypack"). "Fairly good consistency" means that the sweetpotatoes possess a thick consistency but may not be free flowing.

(c) (SStd) classification. Canned sweetpotatoes that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). 8 52.2053 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from particles of peel, secondary rootlets, untrimmed fibrous ends, discolored areas, or from other defects.

(b) (A) classification. Canned sweetpotatoes that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. “Practically free from defects” means that the product contains not more than a slight amount of particles of peel, secondary rootlets, untrimmed fibrous ends, discolored areas, or other defects which do not affect materially the appearance or the edibility of the product.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned sweetpotatoes are fairly free from de

fects, a score of 28 to 33 points may be formly smooth texture and is free from given. Canned sweetpotatoes that fall tough or coarse fibers. into this classification shall not be graded (c) (C) classification. If the canned above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, sweetpotatoes possess a fairly good regardless of the total score for the character, a score of 14 to 16 points may product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly be given. Canned sweetpotatoes that free from defects” means that the par fall into this classification shall not be ticles of peel, secondary rootlets, un graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. trimmed fibrous ends, discolored areas, Standard, regardless of the total score or other defects may be definitely no for the product (this is a limiting rule). ticeable but are not so prominent as to "Fairly good character" has the followaffect seriously the appearance or the ing meanings with respect to the followedibility of the product.

ing styles and types of packs of canned (d) (SStd classification. Canned sweetpotatoes: sweetpotatoes that fail to meet the re (1) Whole and pieces (whether packed quirements of paragraph (c) of this sec singly or in combination) in a liquid tion may be given a score of 0 to 27 packing medium or "vacuum-pack points and shall not be graded above (without packing media).” “Fairly U. S. Grade D or Substandard, regard good character" means that the units less of the total score for the product possess a fairly uniform texture, may (this is a limiting rule).

possess a few tough or coarse fibers, may $ 52.2054 Character.

be variable in tenderness but are not

tough, may be very soft to very firm, and (a) General. The factor of character may possess slight or partial disintegrarefers to the texture and condition of the

tion of the units. flesh, the degree of freedom from tough (2) Whole, pieces, and mashed packed or coarse fibers, the tenderness of the

as "solid-pack" (or dry-pack"). "Fairly canned sweetpotatoes, and the tendency

good character” means that any units of sweetpotatoes packed in a liquid

present possess a fairly uniform texture, packing medium or as "vacuum-pack

may possess a few tough or coarse fibers, (without packing media)" to retain

may be variable in tenderness but are not their apparent original conformation tough, and may be very soft to very firm and size without disintegration.

and that any mashed sweetpotatoes pres(b) (A) classification. Canned sweet

ent possess a fairly uniform texture, may potatoes that possess a good character

be coarse but are practically free from may be given a score of 17 to 20 points.

lumps, and may possess a few tough or Good character" has the following

coarse fibers. meanings with respect to the following

(3) Mashed. "Fairly good character" styles and types of packs of canned

means that the mass possesses a fairly sweetpotatoes:

uniform texture, may be coarse but is free (1) Whole and pieces (whether

from lumps, and that not more than a packed singly or in combination) in a few tough or coarse ibers may be presliquid packing medium or "vacuum-pack

ent. (without packing media).” “Good

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned character" means that the units possess

sweetpotatoes that fail to meet the re& uniformly smooth texture, are prac

quirements of paragraph (c) of this tically free from tough or coarse fibers,

section may be given a score of 0 to 13 and may be soft to firm but hold their

points and shall not be graded above apparent original conformation and size without material distintegration.

U. S. Grade D or Substandard, regardless (2) Whole, pieces, and mashed of the total score for the product (this packed as "solid-pack(or “dry-pack"). is a limiting rule). “Good character" means that any units

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION present possess a uniformly smooth texture, are practically free from tough 952

$ 52.2055 Ascertaining the grade of a or coarse fibers, and may be soft to firm

lot. and that any mashed sweetpotatoes

The grade of a lot of the processed present possess a uniformly smooth product covered by these standards is detexture, practically free from tough or termined by the procedures set forth in coarse fibers.

the regulations governing inspection and (3) Mashed. “Good character" certification of processed fruits and vegemeans that the mass possesses a uni. tables, processed products thereof, and

11

[ocr errors]

certain other processed food products sesses a very good color; is practically (8$ 52.1 to 52.87).

free from defects; possesses a very good (22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957)

flavor; and scores not less than 85 points

when scored in accordance with the SCORE SHEET

scoring system outlined in this subpart. 8 52.2056 Score sheet for canned sweet (b) "U, S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standpotatoes.

ard” is the quality of canned tangerine juice that may show slight coagulation;

that possesses a good color; is fairly free Size and kind of container.. Container mark or identification.

from defects; possesses & good flavor; Label

and scores not less than 70 points when Net weight (ounces).. Vacuum (inches).....

scored in accordance with the scoring If in a liquid packing medium:

system outlined in this subpart. Drained weight (ounces) Brix measurement..

(c) “U. S. Grade D” or “Substandard” Sirup designation (heavy, light, etc.).

is the quality of canned tangerine juice Oolor...-.. Style and type of pack....

that fails to meet the requirements of Count (whole)..

U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard.

FILL OF CONTAINER
Factors
Score points

$ 52.2073 Recommended fill of con(A) 17-20

tainer. Color.............

114-16

The recommended fill of container is 10-13 17-20

not incorporated in the grades of the Shape and size or consist

1 14-16

finished product since fill of container, ency.

10-13
34-40

as such, is not a factor of quality for the Absence of defects.........

1 28-33

purposes of these grades. It is recom10-27 17-20

mended that the container be filled as Character..........---

114-16

full as practicable with tangerine juice 10-13

and that the product occupy not less Total score...........

than 90 percent of the total capacity of

the container. Flavor and odor..-------

FACTORS OF QUALITY Grade....-----------

$ 52.2074 Ascertaining the grade. 1 Indicates limiting rule.

The grade of canned tangerine juice Subpart-United States Standards for may be ascertained by considering in adGrades of Canned Tangerine Juice

dition to the foregoing requirements of SOURCE: 88 52.2071 to 52.2082 appear at 18

the respective grade, the respective ratFR. 8067, Dec. 9, 1953, unless otherwise

ings for the factors of color, absence of noted.

defects, and flavor. The relative impor

tance of each factor is expressed numeri. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND GRADES

cally on the scale of 100. The maximum $ 52.2071 Product description.

number of points that may be given for Canned tangerine juice is the undi each factor is: luted, unconcentrated, unfermented

Factors:

Points juice obtained from mature fresh fruit

Color --------------

20 of the Mandarin orange (Citrus retic Absence of defects.-

40 ulata) which fruit has been properly Flavor

40 washed; is packed with or without the addition of sweetening ingredients; is

Total score.

-------- 100 sufficiently processed by heat to assure $ 52.2075 Ascertaining the rating of preservation of the product; and is

each factor. packed in containers which are hermeti

The essential variations within each cally sealed.

factor are so described that the value 8 52.2072 Grades of canned tangerine

may be ascertained for each factor and juice.

expressed numerically. The numerical (a) “U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy's 1s range within each factor is inclusive (for the quality of canned tangerine juice example, “17 to 20 points” means 17, 18, that shows no coagulation; that pos 19, or 20 points).

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »