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the International Scale of Refractive In- pieces of sweet red peppers or sweet green dices of Sucrose Solutions to which value peppers) added as garnish; and are is added 1 percent.

frozen and maintained at temperatures (b) “Good finish" means that the necessary for the preservation of the product has a uniform, smooth texture. product.

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION § 52.2132 Kinds and styles of basic $ 52.2111 Ascertaining the grade of a

vegetables. lot.

It is recommended that frozen mixed

vegetables, other than small pieces of The grade of a lot of the processed

vegetables added as garnish, consist of product covered by these standards is de

the following kinds and styles of vegetermined by the procedures set forth in

tables as basic vegetables: the regulations governing inspection and

(a) Beans, green or wax: Cut styles, certification of processed fruits and vege

predominantly of 1/2 inch to 1/2 inch tables, processed products thereof, and

cuts; certain other processed food products

(b) Beans, lima: Any single varietal ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87).

type; (22 F. R. 3547, May 22, 1957)

(c) Carrots: Diced style, predominantSCORE SHEET

ly of 3 inch to 12 inch cubes;

(d) Corn, sweet: Golden (or Yellow) 8 52.2112 Score sheet for tomato catsup in whole kernel style;

(e) Peas: Early type or sweet type. Type of container

$ 52.2133 Recommended proportions of Container size...

ingredients. Container mark. Label..

It is recommended that frozen mixed Net weight or volume.

vegetables consist of three, four, or five Total solids.

basic vegetables in the following proVacuum readings..-.-.-.

portions:

(a) Three vegetables. A mixture of Factors Score points

three basic vegetables in which any one

vegetable is not more than 40 percent by |(A-B) 21-25

weight of all the frozen mixed vegetables. Color...

B (C) 117-20
Ilcsstd.) 10–16

(b) Four vegetables. A mixture of

HA-B) 22-25 four basic vegetables in which none of Consistency-....----

B (C) 118-21
Ilosstá.) 10-17

the vegetables is less than 8 percent by

A-B) 21-25 weight nor more than 35 percent by Absence of defects....----- B. (C) 118-20

weight of all the frozen mixed vegetables. lisstd.) 10-17 A-B) 21-25

(c) Five vegetables. A mixture of Flavor....

B (C) 117-20

five basic vegetables in which none of Ilissta.) 10-16

the vegetables is less than 8 percent by Total score............

weight nor more than 30 percent by

weight of all the frozen mixed vegeNormal flavor and odor......

tables.
$ 52.2134 Grades of frozen mixed vege

tables. 1 Indicates limiting rule.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" Subpart- United States Standards for is the quality of frozen mixed vegetables Grades of Frozen Mixed Vegetables in which each basic vegetable possesses

similar varietal characteristics; in which SOURCE: $8 52.2131 to 52.2142 appear at 19

all vegetables possess a good color, are F.R. 2340, Apr. 22, 1954, unless otherwise noted.

practically free from defects, possess &

good character, possess a good flavor and PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, KINDS, STYLES,

odor; and that score not less than 90 PROPORTIONS, AND GRADES

points when scored in accordance with $ 52.2131 Product description.

the scoring system outlined in this

subpart. Frozen mixed vegetables consist of (b) “U.S. Grade B” or “U.S. Extra three or more succulent vegetables, prop- Standard” is the quality of frozen mixed erly prepared and properly blanched; vegetables in which each basic vegetable may contain vegetables (such as, small possesses similar varietal characteristics;

Grade...--------

in which all vegetables possess a reason. jectionable flavors and objectionablo ably good color, are reasonably free from odors of any kind. defects, possess a reasonably good char (e) "Fairly good flavor and odorno acter, possess a good flavor and odor; means that the product after cooking and that score not less than 80 points may be lacking in good flavor and odor when scored in accordance with the but is free from objectionable flavors and scoring system outlined in this subpart. objectionable odors of any kind. (c) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Stand

$ 52.2136 Ascertaining the rating for ard” is the quality of frozen mixed veg

the factors which are scored. etables in which each basic vegetable possesses similar varietal characteristics; The essential variations within each in which all vegetables possess a fairly

factor which is scored are so described good color, are fairly free from defects, that the value may be ascertained for possess a fairly good character, possess each factor and expressed numerically. a fairly good flavor and odor; and that The numerical range within each factor score not less than 70 points when scored which is scored is inclusive (for example, in accordance with the scoring system “17 to 20 points" means 17, 18, 19, or 20 outlined in this subpart.

points). (d) “Substandard" is the quality of

$ 52.2137 Color. frozen mixed vegetables that fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or

(a) General. The factor of color roU. S. Standard.

fers to the general brightness of all the

combined vegetables and to the colors of FACTORS OF QUALITY

lima beans, it a component in the mix§ 52.2135 Ascertaining the grade.

ture, as follows:

(1) “Green” with respect to thin(a) The grade of frozen mixed vege seeded types (with skins removed), such tables is ascertained by considering the as Henderson Bush and Thorogreen factors of similar varietal characteris

varieties, and with respect to thicktics and flavor and odor which are not

seeded types (with skins on), such as scored and the respective ratings for

Fordhook variety, means that the color the factors of color, absence of defects,

of not less than 50 percent of the surface and character which are scored.

area of the individual lima bean possesses (b) The relative importance of each as much or more green color as Plate 18, factor which is scored is expressed nu K-5, Illustrated in the First Edition of merically on the scale of 100. The maxi. Maerz and Paul's Dictionary of Color. mum number of points that may be given (2) “Green” with respect to thicksuch factors are:

seeded Baby Potato type (with skins on), Factors:

Points such as Baby Potato, Baby Fordhook, Color

20 and Evergreen varieties, means that the Absence of defects...

40 color of not less than 50 percent of the Character.----

40

surface area of the individual lima bean

possesses as much or more green color Total score.

100

as Plate 18, J-3, illustrated in the First (c) The scores for the factors of color, Edition of Maerz and Paul's Dictionary absence of defects, and character (with of Color. respect to each individual vegetable (3) "White" for the respective vart. prior to cooking) are determined imme etal types (with skins removed or with diately after thawing so that the prod. skins on, as the case may be) means that uct is suficiently free from ice crystals more than 50 percent of the surface area to permit proper handling as individual of the individual lima bean possesses less units, and representative samples of the green color than Plate 18, E-1, as illusproduct are cooked to ascertain tender trated in the First Edition of Maerz and ness of the frozen mixed vegetables, col Paul's Dictionary of Color. lectively, before final evaluation of the (b) (A) classification. Frozen mixed score for character. Flavor and odor vegetables which possess a good color are also ascertained on the cooked may be given a score of 18 to 20 points product.

“Good color" means that the combined (d) “Good flavor and odor” means that basic vegetables as a mass and the indi. the product and each basic vegetable vidual basic vegetables are bright and after cooking has a good, characteristic characteristic of young or tender vegenormal flavor and odor, free from ob- tables that have been properly prepared and properly processed; that any pieces Standard, regardless of the total score of vegetable material used for garnish for the product (this is a limiting rule), are reasonably bright; and that lima “Fairly good color” means that the combeans, if present, possess a bright typical bined basic vegetables as a mass and the color for the varietal type and meet the individual basic vegetables are fairly following additional color requirements bright and characteristic of mixed vegfor the respective types:

etables that have been properly prepared (1) Thin-seeded type (with skins re and properly processed; that any pieces moved): Thick-seeded Baby Potato type of vegetable material used for garnish (with skins on). 90 percent or more, may be only fairly bright but are not oft by count, of all the lima beans are color for any reason; and that lima "green"; and the balance may be lighter beans, if present, possess a fairly bright in color or may be white or combina typical color for the varietal type and tions thereof.

meet the following additional color re(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). quirements for the respective types: 85 percent or more, by count, of all the (1) Thin seeded type (with skins relima beans are "green"; and the bal moved): Thick-seeded Baby Potato type ance may be lighter in color but not more (with skins on). More than 35 percent, than 5 percent, by count, of all the lima by count, of all the lima beans are beans may be white.

lighter than "green" including lima beans (C) (B) classification. If the frozen that may be white. mixed vegetables possess a reasonably (2) Thick-seeded type (with skins on). good color, a score of 16 or 17 points may More than 40 percent, by count, of all be given. Frozen mixed vegetables that the beans are lighter than "green" but no fall into this classification shall not be more than 20 percent, by count, of all graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. the lima beans may be white. Extra Standard, regardless of the total (e) (SStd) classification. If the fron score for the product (this is a limiting zen mixed vegetables fail to meet the rule). “Reasonably good color” means requirements of paragraph (d) of this that the combined basic vegetables as a section, a score of 0 to 13 points may be mass and the individual basic vegetables given. Frozen mixed vegetables that fall are reasonably bright and characteristic into this classification shall not be graded of reasonably young or reasonably above Substandard, regardless of the tender mixed vegetables that have been total score for the product (this is a properly prepared and properly proc limiting rule). essed; that any pieces of vegetable ma. terial used for garnish may be only

$ 52.2138 Absence of defects. fairly bright but are not off color for (a) General. The factor of absence of any reason; and that lima beans, if pres defects refers to the degree of freedom ent, possess a reasonably bright typical from harmless extraneous vegetable macolor for the varietal type and meet the terials, slightly damaged units, moderfollowing additional color requirements ately damaged units, seriously damaged for the respective types:

units, and any other defects which de(1) Thin-seeded type (with skins re. tract from the appearance or edibility moved): Thick-seeded Baby Potato type of the product. (with skins on). 65 percent or more, (1) "Harmless extraneous vegetable by count, of all the lima beans are material” means any vegetable substance "green"; and the balance may be lighter other than from any of the basic vegein color or may be white or combinations tables or garnish and any portions of the thereof.

basic vegetables which are normally re(2) Thick-seeded type (with skins moved in preparation for processing. on). 60 percent or more, by count, of Such materials include, but are not lim. all the lima beans are "green"; and the ited to, “small pieces" and “large pieces" balance may be lighter in color but not as follows: more than 5 percent, by count, of all the (1) A "small piece of harmless extra. lima beans may be white.

neous vegetable material" is any piece or (d) (C) classification. If the frozen unit of such material similar in shape mixed vegetables possess a fairly good and the equivalent in size or smaller than color, a score of 14 or 15 points may be 346 square inch of leafy material or loose given. Frozen mixed vegetables that pieces of pods from peas or lima beans, fall into this classification shall not be tough or woody stems of any size other graded above U. S. Grade Cor U. s. than unstemmed units of green or wax beans, 14-inch cube of corn cob mate normal plumpness; "sprouted" lima rial, 12 square inch of corn husk, and beans that show an external shoot pro3/8-inch diameter thistle buds;

truding beyond the cotyledon and skin; (ii) A "large piece of harmless extra and any unit with brown or very black neous vegetable material" is any piece or or very dark spots and similar injury unit of such material similar in shape regardless of the area affected. and larger in size than the equivalent of (5) "Other defects” means any defects an applicable kind of "small piece of not specifically mentioned that affect the harmless extraneous vegetable material." appearance or edibility of the product,

(2) “Slightly damaged unit” means and include, but are not limited to the any unit of the basic vegetable or garnish following: that is affected by slight blemishes, (1) Beans, green or wax. Loose seeds slight discoloration, or similar injury

and portions thereof; and pod sections that are noticeable but do not materially

with very ragged edges, that are partially affect the appearance or edibility of the broken or split, or that are markedly unit, and includes, but is not limited to, shorter or longer than the predominating light discoloration of the hilum of lima lengths of the cut units; beans or other light discoloration of the

(ii) Beans, lima. Mashed beans, skin which does not penetrate into the

broken beans, loose cotyledons, loose cotyledon of lima beans.

skins, and any portions thereof; (3) “Moderately damaged unit' means

(iii) Carrots. Crushed, broken, any unit of a basic vegetable or garnish

cracked, or irregularly shaped units; that is affected by blemishes, discolor

units with excessively frayed edges and ation, or any other similar injury that

surfaces; and units markedly smaller materially affects the appearance or edi

than one-half the volume of, or markedly bility of the unit and has the following

larger than, the predominating size o! specific meanings for the respective veg

cubes; etables:

(iv) Corn. Crushed kernels, ragged (i) Beans, green of wax. Any unit

kernels, loose skins, and dark and objecblemished by discoloration or by other

tionable pieces of silk more than 12 inch means which in the aggregate exceeds

in length; and the area of a circle Yo inch in diameter,

(v) Peas. Mashed peas, broken peas, (ii) Beans, lima. A bean or portion

loose cotyledons, loose skins, and any thereof that is spotted or otherwise definitely discolored or that is blemished by

portions thereof. means other than light discoloration.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen mixed (iii) Carrots. Any unit possessing an

vegetables that are practically free from unpeeled area greater than the area of

defects may be given a score of 36 to a circle 18 inch in diameter; and any unit

40 points. “Practically free from deblemished by internal or external discol

fects" means that there may be present oration, by sunburn or green color, or

no more than the following defects with. by other means.

in the limits stated: (iv) Corn. Any kernel or portion

(1) No large pieces of harmless extrathereof that possesses serious brown or

neous vegetable material, but 1 small black discoloration.

piece of harmless extraneous vegetable (v) Peas. Any spotted pea or any off

material for each 16 ounces net weight, colored pea (such as brown, gray, cream,

or for each package if the package is less or yellow-white) that is abnormally de than 16 ounces, of frozen mixed vegefective and that definitely lacks any

tables: Provided, That the combined tinge of green color.

weight of all the harmless extraneous (vi) Garnish. Any piece blemished

material is not more than 42 of 1 perby discoloration or by other means which

cent, by weight, of the frozen mixed in the aggregate exceeds the area of a

vegetables; circle 18 inch in diameter.

(2) A total of 3 moderately damaged (4) “Seriously damaged unit” means

units and seriously damaged units for any unit of the basic vegetable or gar

each 3 ounces of frozen mixed vegetables nish, other than damaged corn kernels, of which 1 unit for each 4 ounces of that is damaged to the extent that the frozen mixed vegetables may be seriappearance and edibility of the unit is ously damaged: Provided, That slightly seriously affected and includes, but is damaged, moderately damaged, and senot limited to, "shriveled" lima beans riously damaged units, either singly or that are materially wrinkled and not of in combination, do not affect materially the appearance or edibility of the frozen 16 ounces, of frozen mixed vegetables: mixed vegetables; and

Provided, That the combined weight of (3) Other defects, individually or cola all the harmless extraneous material is lectively, do not affect more than slight not more than 1 of 1 percent, by weight, ly the appearance of the frozen mixed of the frozen mixed vegetables; vegetables.

(2) A total of 5 moderately damaged (c) (B) classification. If the frozen

units and seriously damaged units for mixed vegetables are reasonably free

each 3 ounces of frozen mixed vegetables from defects, a score of 32 to 35 points

of which 1 unit for each 2 ounces of may be given. Frozen mixed vegetables frozen mixed vegetables may be seriously that fall into this classification shall not

damaged: Provided, That slightly dambe graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. ag

aged, moderately damaged, and seriously Extra Standard, regardless of the total

damaged units; either singly or in comscore for the product (this is a limiting bination, do not seriously affect the ap

bination do not serious rule). “Reasonably free from defects" pearance or edibility of the frozen mixed means that there may be present no

Vegetables; and more than the following defects within

(3) Other defects, individually or colthe limits stated:

lectively, do not seriously affect the ap(1) 1 large piece of harmless extra

pearance of the frozen mixed vegetables neous vegetable material and 2 small

(e) (SStd) classification. If the fropieces of harmless extraneous vegetable

zen mixed vegetables fail to meet the material for each 16 ounces net weight,

requirements of paragraph (d) of this or for each package if the package is less

section, a score of 0 to 27 points may be than 16 ounces, of frozen mixed vege

given. Frozen mixed vegetables that tables: Provided, That the combined

fall into this classification shall not be weight of all the harmless extraneous

graded above Substandard, regardless of material is not more than 12 of 1 percent, by weight, of the frozen mixed veg

the total score for the product (this is a etables;

limiting rule). (2) A total of 4 moderately damaged $ 52.2139 Character. units and seriously damaged units for (a) General. The factor of character each 3 ounces of frozen mixed vegetables refers to the texture, the maturity, and of which 1 unit for each 3 ounces of

the degree of development of the pods frozen mixed vegetables may be seri

and seeds in green beans or wax beans; ously damaged: Provided, That slightly

the tenderness of lima beans; the tenderdamaged, moderately damaged, and seri.

ness and the degree of freedom from ously damaged units, either singly or in combination, do not affect materially the

stringy or coarse fibers in carrots; the appearance or edibility of the frozen

tenderness and maturity or starchiness mixed vegetables; and

of the corn; the tenderness or maturity (3) Other defects, individually or col

of the peas; and to the tenderness of lectively, do not affect materially the

the combined frozen mixed vegetables appearance of the frozen mixed vege

after cooking. tables.

(b) Interpretation of terms. Unless (d) (C) classification. If the frozen indicated otherwise, the interpretation of mixed vegetables are fairly free from the terms with respect to tenderness, defects, a score of 28 to 31 points may texture, maturity, and development of be given. Frozen mixed vegetables that

the individual vegetables prior to cooking fall into this classification shall not be

are the same as those in the applicable graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S.

United States Standards for Grades of Standard, regardless of the total score

the frozen product. for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects” means that

(c) (A) classification. Frozen mixed there may be present no more than the vegetables which collectively and indifollowing defects within the limits vidually possess a good character may stated:

be given a score of 36 to 40 points. (1) 1 large piece of harmless extrane

“Good character” means that the comous vegetable material and 2 small pieces bined vegetables after cooking are tenof harmless extraneous vegetable mate- der and that the individual vegetables rial for each 16 ounces net weight, or for prior to cooking meet the following each package in the package is less than requirements:

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