Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

SCORE SHEET 3 52.2262 Score sheet for canned con

centrated orange juice.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

111

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

1

[ocr errors]

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Size and kind of container ----------
Container mark or identification Cases

nientionsCans.
Label (including dilution factor, if any)
Liquid measure (fluid ounces)----
Vacuum (inches).....
Brix value (of concentrate)...
Style.-
Total acidity:

As anhydrous citric...

Percent by weight... Brix value-acid ratio ( :1)... Recoverable oil (ml./100 gm./degree Brix val.).. Reconstitutes properly: (yes) (no).. Appearance of fresh juice: (yes) (no).--.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

possess a good flavor; that possess a good liquor; that possess a good color; that are practically free from defects; that are tender; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 90 points: Provided, That the canned peas may possess a reasonably good liquor or a fairly good liquor; and may possess a reasonably good color if the total score is not less than 90 points.

(b) “U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Extra Standard” is the quality of canned peas that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a good flavor; that possess a reasonably good liquor; that possess a reasonably good color; that are reasonably free from derects; that are reasonably tender; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 80 points: Provided, That the canned peas may possess a fairly good liquor and a fairly good color if the total score is not less than 80 points.

(c) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard" is the quality of canned peas that possess similar varietal characteristics; that possess a fairly good flavor; that possess a fairly good liquor; that possess a fairly good color; that are fairly free from defects; that are fairly tender; and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 70 points.

(d) “Substandard” is the quality of canned peas that fail to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard and that may or may not meet the Standard of Quality for Canned Peas issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

FILL OF CONTAINER $ 52.2284 The standard of fill of con

tainer. The standard of All of container for canned peas is not incorporated in the grade of the finished product, since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. Canned peas shall be considered standard in fill if they meet the standard of fill promulgated under the

Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Canned Peas SOURCE: $8 52.2281 to 52.2294 appear at 20 F.R. 3252, May 13, 1955; 20 F.R. 3783, May 27, 1955, unless otherwise noted.

IDENTITY, TYPES, AND GRADES $ 52.2281 Identity.

(a) “Canned peas" means the canned product prepared from clean, sound, shelled, succulent peas as such product Is defined in the Standards of Identity for Canned Peas (21 CFR 51.1) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. $ 52.2282 Types of canned peas.

(a) "Early peas” means canned succulent peas of Alaska or other smooth skin varieties.

(b) "Sweet peas" means canned succulent peas of sweet, wrinkled varieties. $ 52.2283 Grades of canned peas.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned peas that possess similar varietal characteristics; that

11

10

[ocr errors]

100

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 CFR 51.3). The standard is as follows: If the container is so filled that, when the peas and liquid are removed from the container and returned thereto, the leveled peas (irrespective of the quantity of the liquid), 15 seconds after they are so returned completely fill the container. A container with lid attached by double seam shall be considered to be completely filled when it is filled to the level 3h6 inch vertical distance below the top of the double seam; and a glass container shall be considered to be completely filled when it is filled to the level 12 inch vertical distance below the top of the container. Canned peas that do not meet this requirement are “Below Standard in Fill." $ 52.2285 Sizes of peas.

For the purpose of these grades, the sizes of peas are not considered in ascertaining the quality of the product except for the factor of defects in determining pieces of peas. The size of a pea is determined on the basis of the diameter of the circular opening(s) through which the pea will pass or will not pass without force or pressure. The size designations applicable to peas in canned peas and the diameters as aforesaid are shown in Table No. I of this section.

is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are: Factors:

Points Liquor

10 Color Defects

30 Maturity and tenderness.

Total score...-(b) “Good flavor" means that the product has a good characteristic normal flavor and odor for the maturity and is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind.

(c) “Fairly good flavor" means that the product may be lacking in good characteristic normal flavor and odor but is free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind. $ 52.2287 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive. (For example, "27 to 30 points" means 27, 28, 29, or 30 points.) $ 52.2288 Liquor.

(a) (A) classification. Canned peas that possess a good liquor may be given a score of 9 or 10 points. “Good liquor" means that the color of the liquor is typical, may possess a slight cloudiness or slight tint of green, that not more than a slight quantity of suspended material or sediments may be present, and that the liquor is not viscous.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned peas possess a reasonably good liquor, a score of 8 points may be given. “Reasonably good liquor" means that the liquor may be cloudy but not off color; that not more than a moderate quantity of suspended material or sediment may be present and that the liquor may be not more than slightly viscous.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned peas possess a fairly good liquor, a score of 7 points may be given. "Fairly good liquor" means the liquor may be very cloudy, may possess a pronounced accumulation of sediment, may be dull but not off color, and may be viscous but not so viscous that the liquor will not separate from the peas.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

(d) (SStd.) classification. Canned $ 52.2290 Defects. peas that fail to meet the requirements

(a) General. The factor of defects of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 6 points and shall

refers to the degree of freedom from

harmless extraneous vegetable material, not be graded above Substandard, re

pieces of peas, minor discoloration, gardless of the total score for the prod

spotted or otherwise discolored peas, uct (this is a limiting rule).

and other defects. 8 52.2289 Color.

(1) "Harmless extraneous vegetable (a) (A) classification. Canned peas material" means: that possess a good color may be given (1) Green tender vegetable material & score of 9 or 10 points. “Good color" common to the pea plant, such as leaves, means that the canned peas possess & pea pods, and stems; color typical of tender peas of similar (ii) Non-deleterious or non-poisonous varietal characteristics, are bright, and

type of thistle buds, nightshade berries, that the product is practically free from

or other similar type buds or berries, peas that materially detract from the

from other plants; and overall color appearance (includes peas commonly referred to as “blond” or

(ii) Other predominant spherical or "cream colored" peas).

cylindrical vegetable material from other (b) (B) classification. If the canned

plants which are tender and similar in peas possess a reasonably good color, &

color to canned peas. score of 7 or 8 points may be given.

(2) "Piece of pea" (broken pea)' “Reasonably good color” means that the means: canned peas possess a color typical of (1) A whole pea from which & cotylereasonably tender peas of similar vari don or a large portion thereof has beetal characteristics, are reasonably come separated: bright, and that the appearance of the (i) Two detached whole cotyledons; product is reasonably free from peas

(li) Pieces of detached cotyledons agthat materially detract from the overall

gregating the equivalent of an average color appearance (includes peas com

size cotyledon; and monly referred to as "blond” or “cream (iv) A whole detached skin or portions colored" peas).

of detached skin aggregating the equiva(c) (C) classification. Canned peas

lent of an average size whole skin. that possess a fairly good color may be

(3) "Minor discoloration" means disgiven a score of 5 or 6 points. Canned

coloration which slightly affects but does peas that fall into this classification

not materially affect the appearance or shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B

eating quality of the pea. or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of

(4) "Spotted or otherwise discolored" the total score for the product (this is a

means a pea spotted or otherwise dispartial limiting rule). "Fairly good

colored to an extent that the appearance color" means that the canned peas

or eating quality of the pea is materially possess a color typical of fairly tender

affected, such as vivid-green peas, or peas peas of similar varietal characteristics,

showing brown, yellow, or dark discolored and that the appearance of the product

areas. (Does not include peas commonly is fairly free from peas that materially

referred to as "blond" or "cream colored" detract from the overall color appear

peas which are scored under the factor ance (includes peas commonly referred to as “blond” or “cream colored" peas).

of color.)

(b) (A) classification. Canned peas (d) (SStd.) classification. Canned peas

that are practically free from defects that are artificially colored or fail

may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. to meet the requirements of paragraph

"Practically free from defects” means: (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 4 points and shall not be graded

1 The “percent by count of peas" as pieces above Substandard, regardless of the

of peas is calculated by dividing the total total score for the product (this is a lim

number of pieces of peas by the total number iting rule), and, in addition, when arti

of peas and pieces of peas. (A pea held toficially colored, the canned peas are gether by its skin, even though the cotyle“Below Standard in Quality-Artificially dons are partly crushed or the skin sput is Colored."

considered an unbroken pea.)

J

(1) That for approximately each 100 ounces of net contents there may be present:

(i) One piece, or pieces, of vegetable material, common to the pea plant having an aggregate area of 14 square inch (12" X 12") on one surface of the piece, or pieces; or

(ii) One thistle bud or nightshade berry or other spherical piece of vegetable material from other plants, not exceeding the size of a No. 4 size pea; or

(iii) One cylindrical piece or pieces of vegetable material from other plants, not exceeding 42 inch in length in the aggregate.

(2) That 3 percent, by count, of the peas may be pieces of peas in sizes larger than size 2 or in blends of sizes, except that 5 percent, by count, of the peas may be pieces of peas in size 1 and size 2 or in blends of size 1 and size 2.

(3) That 12 of 1 percent, by count, of the peas may be spotted or otherwise discolored: Provided, That harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of peas, minor discoloration, spotted or otherwise discolored peas, and other defects individually or collectively do not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned peas are reasonably free from defects, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given Canned peas that fall into this classifcation except for pieces of peas, shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably free from defects" means:

(1) That for approximately each 50 ounces of net contents there may be present:

(1) One piece, or pieces, of vegetable material, common to the pea plant having an aggregate area of 14 square inch (42" X 12") on one surface of the piece, or pieces; or

(11) One thistle bud or nightshade berry or other spherical piece of vegetable material from other plants, not exceeding the size of a No. 4 size pea; or

(iii) One cylindrical piece or pieces of vegetable material from other plants, not exceeding 12 inch in length in the aggregate.

(2) That 7 percent, by count, of the peas may be pieces of peas; and

(3) That 2 percent, by count, of the peas may be spotted or otherwise discolored: Provided, That harmless ex

traneous vegetable material, pieces of peas, minor discoloration, spotted or otherwise discolored peas, and other defects individually or collectively do not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(d) (C) classification. If the canned peas are fairly free from defects a score of 21 to 23 points may be given. Canned peas that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects” means:

(1) That 42 of 1 percent of the drained weight of the peas may be harmless extraneous vegetable material; ?

(2) That 10 percent of the drained weight of the peas may be pieces of peas," and

(3) That 4 percent, by count, of the peas may be spotted or otherwise discolored: Provided, That harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of peas, minor discoloration, spotted or otherwise discolored peas, and other defects individually or collectively do not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(e) (SStd.) classification. Canned peas that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule), and may also be "Below Standard in QualityGood Food-Not High Grade" for the following applicable reasons: "Excessive Foreign Material," "Excessive Broken Peas,” “Excessive Discolored Peas.” 8 52.2291 Maturity and tenderness.

(a) General. The determination of maturity and tenderness in the (A) and (B) classifications in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section is based on the brine flotation test as outlined herein and ruptured peas with respect to the (B) classification. The maturity and tenderness in the (C) classification is based on the brine flotation test outlined in this subpart, the alcohol-insoluble solids test and other tenderness test as outlined in the Standard of Quality for Canned Peas (21 CFR 51.2) promulgated under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

* Determined as outlined in the Standard of Quality for Canned Peas (21 CFR 612) promulgated under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Maximum number of peas that sink in 10 seconds (percent by count)

Percentage of salt in solution

[blocks in formation]

(c) (B) classification. If the canned peas are reasonably tender, a score of 41 to 44 points may be given, Canned peas that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Extra Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably tender" means:

(1) That the skins of not more than 5 percent, by count, of the peas may be ruptured to a width o inch or more; and

(2) That in the brine flotation test the peas comply with the requirements shown in Table No. III of this paragraph.

TABLE NO. III

[blocks in formation]

(e) (sStd.) classification. Canned peas that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 36 points and shall not be graded above Substandard regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule) and may also be "Below Standard in Quality-Good Food-Not High Grade,” for the following applicable reasons: "Excessive Cracked Peas," "Not Tender,” “Excessively Mealy."

METHODS OF ANALYSES $ 52.2292 Methods of analyses.

(a) Brine flotation test. The brine flotation test utilizes salt solutions of various specific gravities to separate the peas according to maturity. The brine solutions are based on the percentage by weight of pure salt (NaCl) in solution In making the test a 250 ml. glass beaker is filled with the brine solution to a depth of approximately two inches. The brine equipment, solution and sample should be at the same temperature. Only peas that sink to the bottom of the receptacle within 10 seconds after immersion are counted as “peas that sink." Pieces of peas and loose skins should not be used in making the brine flotation test.

(b) Alcohol-insoluble solids. (1) Pour sample on 8-mesh screen, using 8

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

(d) (C) classification. If the canned peas are fairly tender, & score of 37 to 40 points may be given. Canned peas that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly tender" means:

(1) That the skins of not more than 25 percent, by count, of the peas may be ruptured to a width of 10 inch or more; 2

(2) That not less than 90 percent, by count, of the peas are of such tenderness

2 See footnote 2 to $ 52.2290.

« AnteriorContinuar »