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LODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, GRADES, fairly clear liquor and a fairly good color AND TYPES

if the total score is no less than 85

points. 2.2541 Identity.

(b) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. StandCanned asparagus" means the canned

ard" is the quality of canned asparagus duct prepared from clean, sound, that possess a fairly good flavor; that culent shoots of the asparagus plant possesses a fairly clear liquor; that pospared and processed in accordance

sess a fairly good color; that is fairly h good commercial practice as such free from defects; that possesses a fairly duct is defined in the standard of

good character; and that scores not less ntify for canned asparagus (21 CFR than 70 points when scored in accord990) issued pursuant to the Federal ance with the scoring system outlined od, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

in this section. 12.2542 Styles.

(c) “Substandard” is the quality of

canned asparagus that fails to meet the (a) “Spears" (stalks), which may be

requirements of U.S. Grade C or U.S. eled or unpeeled, is the style of canned

Standard. paragus that consists of the head and joining portion of the shoot that is

$ 52.2544 Types. 4 inches or more in length.

The type of canned asparagus is not (b) "Tips" is the style of canned as- incorporated in the grades of the procragus that consists of the head and

essed product, since the type of canned joining portion of the shoot that is asparagus is not a factor of quality for is than 334 inches but not less than the purpose of these grades. The type of 4 inches in length.

asparagus may be designated in accord(c) “Points" is the style of canned as- ance with the following requirements: ragus that consists of the head and (a) “Green” (all green) consists of Ljoining portion of the shoot that is less units of canned asparagus which are an 234 inches in length.

typical green, light green, or yellowish (d) “Cut spears" (cut stalks) is the green in color. yle of canned asparagus that consists (b) “Green tipped” consists of canned

shoots cut transversely into pieces. asparagus spears, tips, and points, of he recommended minimum percent, by which one-half or more of the unit unt, of heads in cut spears is given in measured from the tip end is green, ble I of this section.

light green, or yellowish green in color. LBLE I.-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM PERCENT,

(c) “Green tipped and white” conBY COUNT, OF HEADS IN CUT SPEARS

sists of (1) spears, tips, and points of

canned asparagus which are typical

Percent, by count, ngth of units:

of heads

white or yellowish white in color, and

may have green, light green, or yellow194 inches or less.

15 Over 114 inches.

20

Ish green heads, and the green color

may extend to not more than one-half (e) "Bottom cuts" or "cuts-tips re- of the length of the stalk measured from loved” is the style of canned asparagus the tip end; and (2) green tipped and iat consists of portions of shoots with white spears, tips, and points, when cut eads removed that are cut transversely into units, may consist of a mixture of ito pieces.

typical white, yellowish white, green, (f) "Mixed” is the style of canned light green, or yellowish green units. sparagus consisting of two or more of (d) “White" consists of units of canne foregoing styles.

ned asparagus which are typical white or 52.2543 Grades.

yellowish white in color. (a) "U.S. Grade A" or "U.S. Fancy" FILL OF CONTAINER, DRAINED WEIGHTS ; the quality of canned asparagus that

AND FILL WEIGHTS ossesses a good flavor; that possesses a

$ 52.2545 Recommended fill of conlear liquor; that possesses a good color;

tainer. hat is practically free from defects;

The recommended fill of container for hat possesses a good character; and that or those factors which are scored in

canned asparagus is not incorporated in ccordance with the scoring system out

the grades of the processed product, since Ined in this section the total score is fill of container, as such, is not a factor lot less than 85 points: Provided, That of quality for the purpose of these grades. he canned asparagus may possess a It is recommended that each container

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this classification shall not be graded above “Substandard" regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.2528 Flavor.

(a) (A) classification. Frozen concentrate for limeade which, when prepared as limeade, possesses a good flavor may be given a score of 51 to 60 points. “Good flavor" means a fine, distinct, and substantially typical flavor of limeade prepared from freshly expressed lime juice and which flavor is free from terpenic, oxidized, rancid, or other off flavors. To score in this classification, the limeade shall test not less than 10.5 degrees Brix; shall contain not less than 0.7 gram of acid per 100 ml. of the limeade; may not contain more than 0.025 ml. or less than 0.008 ml. of recoverable oil per 100 ml. of the limeade; and the Brix-acid ratio shall not exceed 18:1.

(b) (B) classification. If the prepared limeade possesses a reasonably good flavor & score of 42 to 50 points may be given. Frozen concentrate for limeade that falls into this classification shall not be graded above “U.S. Grade B" or “U.S. Choice" regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Reasonably good flavor" means a fairly typical flavor of limeade prepared from freshly expressed lime juice and which flavor is practically free from terpenic, oxidized, rancid, or other off flavors and is free from abnormal flavors of any kind. To score in this classification the limeade shall test not less than 10.5 degrees Brix; shall contain not less than 0.7 gram of acid per 100 ml. of the limeade; may not contain more than 0.035 ml. or less than 0.008 inl. of recoverable oil per 100 ml. of the limeade; and the Brix-acid ratio shall not exceed 18:1.

(c) (sStd.) classification. If the prepared Umeade fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section, a score of 0 to 41 points may be given. Frozen concentrate for limeade that falls into this classification shall not be graded above "Substandard" regardless of the total score for the product (this is a Umiting rule). 120 F.R. 2748, Apr. 26, 1965, as amended at 83 F.R. 11885, Aug. 22, 1968) EXPLANATIONS AND METHODS OF ANALYSES $ 52.2529 Definition of terms.

(a) “Brix" means the degree Brix of the limeade when tested with a Brix by

drometer calibrated at 20 degrees C. (68 degrees F.) I used in testing Umeade at a temperature other than 20 degrees C. (68 degrees F.) the applicable temperature correction shall be made to the reading of the scale es prescribed in “Oficial Methods of Analysis of the Association of Oficial Agricultural Chem

The degrees Brix of limeade may be determined by any other method which gives equivalent results.

(b) “Acid” means the grams of acid (calculated as anhydrous citric acid) per 100 ml. of the prepared limeade determined by titration with standard sodium hydroxide solution using phenolphthalein as an indicator.

(c) “Brix-acid ratio" means the ratio between the degrees "Brix" as determined in this section and the acid in grams per 100 ml, of limeade.

(d) “Dilution factor" is the value obtained by dividing & volume of Umesde by the volume of concentrate for limeade used in its preparation when such limeade is prepared in accordance with the manufacturer's directions. $ 52.2530 Explanation of analyses.

Recoverable oil is determined by the following method:

METHOD (1) Reagents.

Standard bromide-bromate solution prepared and standardized to 0.099N in accord. ance with Chapter 42, Standard Solutions in the current edition of the AOAC.1 For use add 1 volume of standard solution to 3 volumes of water to make 0.0247N solution. 1 ml. of 0.0247N solution supplies bromine to react with 0.00085g., or 0.0010 ml., of de Umonene. The solutions are stable for 6 months.

2-Propanol-Reagent grade ACS (American Chemical Society). Subpart-U.S. Standards for Grades of

Canned Asparagus SOURCE: $$ 52.2541 to 52.2558 appear at 38 FR 13336, May 21, 1973, unless otherwise noted.

1 "AOAC” refers to the Official Methods of Analysis published by the Association of Official Analytical (formerly Agricultural) Chemists. Copies may be obtained from this Association at Box 540, Benjamin Franklin Station, Washington, D.C. 20044.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES, GRADES, fairly clear liquor and a fairly good color AND TYPES

if the total score is no less than 85

points. 52.2541 Identity.

(b) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Stand“Canned asparagus" means the canned ard" is the quality of canned asparagus product prepared from clean, sound, that possess a fairly good flavor; that succulent shoots of the asparagus plant possesses a fairly clear liquor; that posprepared and processed in accordance sess a fairly good color; that is fairly with good commercial practice as such free from defects; that possesses a fairly product is defined in the standard of good character; and that scores not less Identify for canned asparagus (21 CFR than 70 points when scored in accord51.990) issued pursuant to the Federal ance with the scoring system outlined Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

in this section.

(c) “Substandard” is the quality of $ 52.2542 Styles.

canned asparagus that fails to meet the (a) "Spears” (stalks), which may be

requirements of U.S. Grade C or U.S. peeled or unpeeled, is the style of canned

Standard. asparagus that consists of the head and adjoining portion of the shoot that is

$ 52.2544 Types. 3314 inches or more in length.

The type of canned asparagus is not (b) “Tips” is the style of canned as- incorporated in the grades of the procparagus that consists of the head and essed product, since the type of canned adjoining portion of the shoot that is asparagus is not a factor of quality for less than 334 inches but not less than the purpose of these grades. The type of 234 inches in length.

asparagus may be designated in accord(c) “Points" is the style of canned as ance with the following requirements: paragus that consists of the head and (a) "Green" (all green) consists of adjoining portion of the shoot that is less units of canned asparagus which are than 234 inches in length.

typical green, light green, or yellowish (d) “Cut spears" (cut stalks) is the green in color. style of canned asparagus that consists (b) "Green tipped" consists of canned of shoots cut transversely into pieces. asparagus spears, tips, and points, of The recommended minimum percent, by which one-half or more of the unit count, of heads in cut spears is given in measured from the tip end is green, table I of this section.

light green, or yellowish green in color. TABLE I.-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM PERCENT,

(c) “Green tipped and white” conBY COUNT, OF HEADS IN CUT SPEARS

sists of (1) spears, tips, and points of Percent, by count,

canned asparagus which are typical Length of units:

white or yellowish white in color, and

of heads 144 inches or less.------------

may have green, light green, or yellowOver 194 inches.----

20

ish green heads, and the green color

may extend to not more than one-half (e) “Bottom cuts" or "cuts-tips re of the length of the stalk measured from moved" is the style of canned asparagus the tip end; and (2) green tipped and that consists of portions of shoots with white spears, tips, and points, when cut heads removed that are cut transversely into units, may consist of a mixture of into pieces.

typical white, yellowish white, green, (f) "Mixed” is the style of canned light green, or yellowish green units. asparagus consisting of two or more of (d) “White" consists of units of canthe foregoing styles.

ned asparagus which are typical white or $ 52.2543 Grades.

yellowish white in color. (a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" FILL OF CONTAINER, DRAINED WEIGHTS is the quality of canned asparagus that

AND FILL WEIGHTS possesses a good flavor; that possesses a

$ 52.2545 Recommended fill of conclear liquor; that possesses a good color;

tainer. that is practically free from defects; that possesses a good character; and that

The recommended fill of container for for those factors which are scored in

canned asparagus is not incorporated in accordance with the scoring system out

the grades of the processed product, since lined in this section the total score is

All of container, as such, is not a factor not less than 85 points: Provided, That of quality for the purpose of these grades. the canned asparagus may possess & It is recommended that each container 58-037—76— 30

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of canned asparagus be filled as full as practicable with asparagus without impairment of quality. $ 52.2546 Recommended minimum

drained weights. (a) General.—The minimum drained weight recommendations in table II are not incorporated in the grades of the processed product, since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades.

(b) Method for ascertaining drained weights. The drained weight of canned asparagus is determined by emptying the contents of the container upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 sieve of proper diameter, inclining the sieve to facilitate drainage, and allow to drain for 2 minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and the asparagus less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 in. in diameter is used for the No. 212 can (401 x 411) and smaller sizes, and a sieve 12 in. in diam

eter is used for containers larger than the No. 242 size can.

(c) Definitions of symbols. (1) Xthe average drained weight of all the sample units in the sample.

(2) LL-lower limit for drained weights of individual sample units.

(d) Compliance with recommended minimum drained weights. A lot of canned asparagus is considered as meeting the minimum drained weight recommendations if the following criteria are met:

(1) The average of the drained weights of all the sample units in the sample meets the recommended minimum average drained weight (designated as X. in table II); and

(2) The number of sample units which fail to meet the recommended drained weight lower limit for individuals (designated as LL in table II) does not exceed the applicable acceptance number specified in table III.

TABLE II.-RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHT FOR CANNED ASPARAGUS

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9.7 10.3 8.8 9.4

9.9 8.9
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5910
10.3 11.0

9.8 10.5 4916 12.3 13.0 11.1 11.8 11.6 12.3 10.6 11.3 12.1 12.7 11.1

17.7 18.7 16.0 17.0 16.7 17.7 15.5 16.5 17.6 18.3 16.0 41%0 18.0 19.0 16.2 17.2 17.0 18.0 15.7 16.7 17.8 18.5 15.2 4916 41.5 43.0 37.5 39.0 39.5 41.0 36.5 38.0 41.0 42.0 37.0 7

63.1 64.5 58.8

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c) Definitions of terms and syms. “Subgroup" means a group of aple units representing a portion of a aple.

'min means the minimum lot average fill ght. .WLx means the lower warning Umit for >group averages. RL& means the lower reject limit for 'group averages. WL means the lower warning ilmit for lividual fill weight measurements. LRL means the reject limit for individual

weight measurements. B' means a specified average range value. Rumax means a specified maximum range r& subgroup.

"Sampling allowance code" means a code letter on the Sampling Allowance Chart of the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables. This letter identifies the appropriate line which gives the amount of sampling allowance to be applied to the specification average for fill weights in order to determine compliance with requirements for fill weight averages for a sample.

(d) Compliance with recommended fill weights. Compliance with the recommended fill weights shall be in accordance with the acceptance criteria specified in the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for Determination of Fill Weights.

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Container designation (metal, unless otherwise designated)

Green and green tipped-spears, tips, or points (extra large, colossal, giant, or blends including these sizes)

Sampling LWLY LRLX LWL LRL R

Rmax allowance

code

I'mis

4.4 4.0 4.5

5.0 4.6 5.1 6.1 7.3 8.1 8.6 8.8

5.4

8 oz glass.. 8Z short.. 8Z tall. No. 1 picnic.. 12Z. 1372Z glass.. No. 300. 300 x 409. No. 1 tall. No. 303 glass. No. 303.. No. 300 cylinder No.2... No. 22 glass. No. 242.No. 5 squat.

4.7 4.3 4.8 5.8 6.9 7.7 8.2 8.4 8.8 8.7 8.9 10.1 11.0 16.0 16.2 38.2

4.6 4.2 4.7 5.6 6.7 7. 5 8.0 8. 2 8.6 8.5 8.7 9.8 10.7 15.6 15.8 37.6

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6.5 7.2 7.7 7.9 8.3 8.2 8.4 9.4 10.3 15.0 15.2 36.7

9.2 9.4 10.7 11.6 16.9 17.1 39.5

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