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is mounted in a metal frame having an overall weight of 3 lb avoirdupois. The slots in the block supporting the asparagus unit to be tested shall be not less than 0.039 in nor more than 0.042 in in width.
LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION § 52.2557 Ascertaining the grade of a
lot. The grade of a lot of canned asparagus covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products (7 CFR 52.1 through 52.87).
SCORE SHEET 8 52.2558 Score sheet.
Number, size, and kind of container.
3) Bottom cuts or cuts-tips reved. With respect to green and green ped types not more than 25 percent, i with respect to green tipped and ite and white types not more than 50 cent, by count, of the units may be ugh. (d) (SStd) classification. Canned asragus that fails to meet the requirents of paragraph (c) of this section vy be given a score of 0 to 27 points d shall not be graded above substand1, regardless of the total score for the oduct (this is a limiting rule).
DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 52.2556 Definitions and explanations
of terms. (a) Head. Head in cut spears means e tip end which has been cut from an paragus shoot which is 5/8 inch or more length with respect to the green type Id which is 36 inch or more in length th respect to green tipped and white id white types, or the upper portion
a spear which possesses a substanel amount of head material which has en cut from near the tip end and which approximately the same length as the her cut units. (b) Unit. Unit means any individual ortion of an asparagus shoot 38 inch or ore in length in canned asparagus.
(c) Percent, by count, of heads. Perint, by count, of heads means the per:nt determined by averaging the perent, by count, of heads in all of the conLiners comprising the sample.
(d) Tough unit (1) Spears, tips, and oints. Tough unit means a unit which í not cut through in 5 seconds or less hen tested by means of the fiberometer nd which possesses fibrous material Thich is materially objectionable upon ating. When tested by means of the iberometer the test is made at a point
inch from the cut end with respect o the green type and at a point 112 nches from the cut end with respect to he green tipped type, and at the midpoint of the unit with respect to the green tipped and white and white types.
(2) Cut spears, bottom cuts or cutstips removed, and mixed; containing cut spears and bottom cuts or cuts-tips removed. Tough unit means a unit which possesses fibrous material which is materially objectionable upon eating.
(e) Asparagus fiberometer. The cutting wire of the fiberometer shall be 0.031 in diameter stainless steel wire and
identity for canned peaches (21 CFR in that more than one-fourth of the unit 27.2 and 27.6) issued pursuant to the appears to have been removed at the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. outer curved surface and which have For the purposes of the standards in this been cut further into pieces; subpart, and unless the text indicates (2) Units which may have been preotherwise the terms “canned peaches" or pared originally as peach slices but which "canned clingstone peaches" include are irregular in size and shape in that “canned yellow clingstone peaches,” they have been cut further into pieces; "canned spiced yellow clingstone or peaches” and “canned artificially sweet- (3) Mixtures of two or more of the folened yellow clingstone peaches" as de- lowing styles which may or may not be of fined in the aforesaid standards of iden- normal shape: Halves, quarters, slices, or tity, and canned "solid-pack" clingstone diced. peaches.
$ 52.2563 Grades. (b) Canned "solid-pack” clingstone peaches. For the purposes of the stand
(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" ards in this subpart, canned peaches is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, when referred to as “canned 'solid-pack' diced, whole canned clingstone clingstone peaches" “solid-pack peaches that possess similar varietal peaches” means prepared peaches of the characteristics, that possess a normal yellow clingstone varietal group packed flavor and odor, that possess a good color, without a liquid packing medium, with or that are practically uniform in size and without a dry nutritive sweetening ingre- symmetry, that are practically free from dient added, and sufficiently processed by defects, that possess a good character, heat to assure preservation of the prod- and that for those factors which are uct in hermetically sealed containers. scored in accordance with the scoring “Solid-pack” peaches to which a sweet- system outlined in this subpart the total ening ingredient has not been added are score is not less than 90 points: Proconsidered “unsweetened”; “solid-pack" vided, That halves, quarters, slices, peaches to which a dry nutritive sweeten- diced, whole canned clingstone ing ingredient has been added are con- peaches may possess a reasonably good sidered "sweetened.”
color, may be reasonably uniform in size
and symmetry, and may possess a rea$ 52.2562 Styles.
sonably good character, if the total score (a) "Halves" “Halved” canned is not less than 90 points. peaches are peeled and pitted peaches, (b) "U.S. Grade B" or "U.S. Choice" cut approximately in half along the is the quality of halves, quarters, slices, suture from stem to apex.
diced, whole, or mixed pieces of irregu(b) “Quarters" or "Quartered" canned lar sizes and shapes of canned clingstone peaches are halved peaches cut into two peaches that possess similar varietal approximately equal parts.
characteristics; that possess a normal (c) “Slices" or “Sliced” canned flavor and odor, that possess a reasonpeaches are peeled and pitted peaches ably good color; that are reasonably cut into sectors smaller than quarters. uniform in size and symmetry for the
(d) "Dice" or "Diced” caned peaches applicable style, that are reasonably free are peeled and pitted peaches cut into from defects, that possess a reasonably approximate cubes.
good character, and that for those fac(e) “Whole" canned peaches are tors which are scored in accordance with peeled, unpitted, whole peaches with or the scoring system outlined in this subwithout stems removed.
part the total score is not less than 80 (f) "Mixed pieces of irregular sizes points: Provided, That halves, quarters, and shapes” are peeled, pitted, and cut slices, diced, or whole canned clingstone units of canned peaches that are pre- peaches may be fairly uniform in size dominantly irregular in size and shape and symmetry if the total score is not which do not conform to a single style of less than 80 points. halves, quarters, slices, or dice and which (c) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Standmay consist of:
ard" is the quality of halves, quarters, (1) Units (commonly called "salad slices, diced, whole, or mixed pieces of cuts" or "salad pieces") which may have irregular sizes and shapes of canned been prepared originally as peach halves clingstone peaches that possess similar out which are irregular in size and shape varietal characteristics; that possess a
ormal flavor and odor, that possess or mixed pieces of irregular sizes and
fairly good color, that are fairly uni- shapes of canned "solid-pack" clingstone prm in size and symmetry for the ap- peaches that fail to meet the requirelicable style, that are fairly free from ments of “U.S. Grade C Solid-Pack.” efects, that possess a fairly good char
LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER, cter, and that for those factors which
DRAINED WEIGHTS, AND FILL WEIGHTS re scored in accordance with the scoring ystem outlined in this subpart the total
$ 52.2565 Liquid media and Brix meas. core is not less than 70 points.
urements. (d) “U.S. Grade D" is the quality of "Cut-out" requirements for liquid lalves, quarters, slices, diced, whole, or media in canned clingstone peaches are nixed pieces of irregular sizes and shapes not incorporated in the grades of the finof canned clingstone peaches that may ished product since sirup or any other possess dissimilar varietal characteris liquid medium, as such, is not a factor
ics; that possess a normal flavor and of quality for the purposes of these pdor, that possess a fairly good color, grades. The designations of liquid packthat may vary in size and symmetry for ing media and the Brix measurements, the applicable style; that are fairly free where applicable, are as follows: from defects except for crushed and
Brix broken units in the styles of halves,
measurement quarters, or whole style; that possess a
"Extra heavy sirup" or 24° or more but noticeable variability in character, and
"Extra heavy fruit juice not more than that for those factors which are scored sirup”.
35° in accordance with the scoring system "Heavy sirup" or "Heavy 19° or more but outlined in this subpart the total score fruit juice sirup”.
less than 24°. is not less than 60 points. Canned cling
"Light sirup" or "Light 14° or more but stone peaches of this grade may or may
fruit juice sirup".
less than 19'.
"Slightly sweetened W&- Less than 14°. not meet the minimum standard of
ter". quality for canned peaches issued pur
“Slightly sweetened fruit 10° or more but suant to the Federal Food, Drug, and juice".
less than 14°. Cosmetic Act.
Not applicable. (e) "Substandard” is the quality of “In fruit juice"-------- .. Not applicable. canned clingstone peaches that fail to
“Artificially sweetened"-. Not applicable. meet the applicable requirements of U.S. $ 52.2566 Fill of container. Grade C or U.S. Standard or of U.S. Grade D and is the quality of canned
The standard of fill of container for clingstone peaches that may or may not
canned clingstone peaches is the maximeet the minimum standard of quality mum quantity of the peach units which for canned peaches issued pursuant to can be sealed in the container and procthe Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic essed by heat to prevent spoilage, withAct.
out crushing or breaking such ingredi$ 52.2564 Grades of canned "solid
ent. Canned clingstone peaches that do pack” clingstone peaches.
not meet this requirement are “Below (a) "U.S. Grade C Solid-Pack” or “U.S.
Standard in Fill". Standard Solid-Pak” is the quality of $ 52.2567 Recommended fill of conhalves, quarters, slices, diced, or mixed
tainer for canned “solid-pack” clingpieces of irregular sizes and shapes of
stone peaches. canned “solid-pack” clingstone peaches The recommended fill of container for that possess a normal flavor and odor; canned "solid-pack" clingstone peaches that possess a fairly good color; that are is not incorporated in the grades of the fairly free from defects for canned finished product since fill of container, "solid-pack" clingstone peaches; that as such, is not a factor of quality for possess a fairly good character for the purposes of these grades. It is recomcanned "solid-pack” clingstone peaches; mended that each container of "solidand that for those factors which are pack" clingstone peaches be as full of scored in accordance with the scoring peaches as practicable without impairsystem outlined in this subpart the total ment of quality and that the product score is not less than 70 points.
(including liquid, if any) occupy not less (b) "Substandard Solid-Pack" is the than 90 percent of the volume of the quality of halves, quarters, slices, diced, container.
8 52.2568 Recommended drained
(1) The minimum drained weight recommendations for the various applicable styles in table I of this subpart are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.
(2) The recommended minimum drained weights are based on equilization of the product 30 days or more after the product has been canned.
(b) Method for ascertaining drained weight. The drained weight of canned clingstone peaches and canned “solidpack" clingstone peaches is determined by emptying the contents of the container, turning the pit cavities down in halves, upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937-in + 3 percent, square openings) so as to distribute the product evenly, inclining the sieve slightly to facilitate drainage, and allowing to drain for 2 minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and
peaches less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 inches in diameter is used for the equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404 x 414) and smaller, and a sleve 12 inches in diameter is used for containers larger than the equivalent of the No. 3 size can.
(c) Definitions of symbols. (1) Xor The average drained weight of all the sample units in the sample.
(2) LL-Lower limit for drained weights of individual sample units.
(d) Compliance with recommended drained weights. A lot of canned clingstone peaches and canned unsweetened "solid-pack" clingstone peaches is considered as meeting the minimum drained weight recommendations if the following criteria are met:
(1) The average of the drained weights from all the sample units in the sample meets the recommended average drained weight (designated as X, in table I); and
(2) The number of sample units which fail to meet the recommended minimum drained weight for individuals (designated as LL in table I) does not exceed the applicable acceptance number specified in the single sampling plan to table II.
TABLE I.- RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHTS FOR CANNED CLINGSTONE PEACHES
No. 242. No. 10.
52.2569 Recommended fill weights.
(a) General. The minimum All veight recommendations for the various tyles in table III of this subpart are not ncorporated in the grades of the finished roduct since fill weight, as such, is not
factor of quality for the purpose of hese grades.
(b) Method for ascertaining fill Deight. The fill weight of canned clingitone peaches is determined in accordance with the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for Determination of Fill Weights.
(c) Definitions of terms and symbols. "Subgroup” means a group of sample units representing a portion of a sample.
X'min means the minimum lot average full weight.
LWLE- means the lower warning limit for subgroup averages.
LRL means the lower reject limit for group averages.
LWL means the lower warning limit for individual All weight measurements.
LRL means the lower reject limit for individual fill weight measurements. R' means a specified average range value.
Rmax means & specified maximum range for & subgroup.
"Sampling allowance code” means a letter on the sampling allowance chart of the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables. This letter identifies the appropriate line which gives the amount of sampling allowance to be applied to the specification average for fill weights in order to determine compliance with requirements for fill weight averages for a sample.
(d) Subgroup size. The subgroup size for the determination of fill weights shall be 5 sample units.
(e) Compliance with recommended fill weights. Compliance with the recommended fill weights for canned clingstone peaches shall be in accordance with the acceptance criteria specified in the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for determination of fill weights.