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of the pod is substantially preserved. quirements for (A) classification in Table

(4) "Fairly well trimmed" means that III; and
the unit is trimmed but not mutilated to (2) Any such variation does not ma-
such an extent as to seriously affect the terially detract from the overall appear-
appearance of the pod.

ance of the product.
(c) (A) classification. Canned pimien- (d) (C) classification. If the canned
tos that are practically uniform in pimientos are fairly uniform in size and
size and shape may be given a score of shape, a score of 16 or 17 points may be
18 to 20 points. “Practically uniform in given. “Fairly uniform in size and shape"
size and shape" means that most of the means that most of the pods are at least
pods are well trimmed and that:

fairly well trimmed and that: (1) The pimientos comply with the (1) The pimientos comply with the

quremenu TOE IU, viadu Uusuna us III; and

(2) Any such variation does not seri-
ously detract from the overall appear-
ance of the product.

(e) (SStd.) classification. Canned pi-
mientos that fail to meet the require-
ments of paragraph (d) of this section
may be given a score of 0 to 15 points
and shall not be graded above Sub-
standard, regardless of the total score
for the product (this is a limiting rule).

TABLE III.-UNIFORMITY OF SIZE AND SHAPE FOR CANNED PIMIENTOS

A classification

O classification

Measurement and/or shape of in

Uniformity of all units in container

(unless indicated otherwise)

Measurement and/or shape of in- Uniformity of all the units in container dividual unit

(unless indicated otherwise)

Whole or halved.--- Minimum 142 inches in any dimen- Largest unit does not exceed smallest Minimum 1% inches in any dimen- Largest unit does not exceed smallest

split the full length of pod.
Whole and pleces... Minimum 18 inches in any dimen- Largest whole does not exceed smallest Minimum 14 inches in any dimen- Largost whole does not exceed smallest

sion of whole. Minimum 1 square whole by more than 4 inch in any sion of whole. Minimum 1 square whole by more than 1 inch in any
inch per piece.
dimension. Maximum 5 percent, inch por piece.

dimension.1 Maximum 10 percent, by
by weight, of pieces less than i

weight, of pieces less than 1 square
square Inch each.

Maximum 10 percent, by weight, of
pieces less than 1 square inch each.

pleces less than 1 square Inch each.
Sliced..
Minimum 14 inches length. Maximum 35 percent, by weight, of Minimum 17 inches length. Maximum 35 percent, by weight, of
units less than 14 Inches in length,

units less than 1% inches in length,
provided very small pieces do not

provided very small pieces do not materially affect the appearance.

exceed 25 percont, by weight, of units. Diced..

Maximum 12 inch. Approximate Maximum 15 percent, by weight, of Maximum % Inch. Approximate Maximum 25 percent, by weight, of cube or square pieces. other shapes and sizes of units.

units of other shapes and sizes of

NIVOUVILA

58-037-76-33

Styles

dividual unit

sion (does not apply to a piece unit by more than % inch in any sion (does not apply to a piece unit by more than 1 inch in any
when added to assure well filled dimension. Maximum 25 percent, when added to assure well filled dimension.
container).

by count, of whole pods may be container).

inch each.
Pieces.
Minimum 1 square inch..
Maximum 6 percent, by weight, of Minimum 1 square inch.

cube or square pieces.

units. Chopped. Less than 1 square inch.. Maximum 8 percent, by weight, of Less than 1 square inch..

Maximum 10 percent, by weight, of units larger than 1 square inch each.

units larger than 1 square inch each.

In containers with 10 or more units, requirements apply only to the 90 percent, by count, of most uniform units. In containers with less than 10 units disregard loast uniform unit, and apply to remainder of units.

8 52.2692 Defects.

(a) General. Defects refers to the degree of freedom from grit, sand, silt, seeds, core and stem material, peel (except insignificant pieces of charred peel at the stem end and the blossom end), units blemished internally or externally by brown or black discoloration, pathological injury or insect injury; and any other defects not specifically defined which affect the appearance or edibility of the units or the product.

(b) (A) classification. Canned pimientos that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 36 to 40 points. “Practically free from defects" means that any combination of defects present, including the maximum limits for peel and seeds for (A) classification in Table IV, may no more than slightly detract from the appearance or edibility of the product.

does not seriously detract from the appearance or edibility of the product.

(d) (SStd.) classification. Canned plmientos that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 31 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.2693 Character.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the tenderness, texture, and firmness of the unit and the condition and thickness of the flesh.

(b) (A) classification. Canned pimientos that possess a good character may be given a score of 9 or 10 points. “Good character" means the units are firm and full fleshed and tender without apparent disintegration, and possess a practically uniform texture.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned pimientos possess a fairly good character a score of 8 points may be given. Canned pimientos that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good character" means that the units may be somewhat lacking in firmness and fleshiness and may show some evidence of disintegration but are not soft or mushy nor tough.

(d) (SStd.) classification. Canned pimientos that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 7 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

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LOT COMPLIANCE

(c) (C) classification. Canned pimientos that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 32 to 35 points. Canned pimientos that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects" means that any combination of defects present, including the maximum limits for peel and seeds for (C) classification in Table IV,

§ 52.2694 Ascertaining the grade of a lot.

The grade of a lot of canned pimientos covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products (S$ 52.1 through 52.87).

SCORE SHEET i 52.2695 Score sheet for canned pi.

mientos,

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possesses a good consistency; that possessses a good finish; that is practically free from defects; that possesses normal flavor; and scores not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard” is the quality of canned pumpkin or canned squash that possesses a fairly good color; that possesses a fairly good consistency; that possesses a fairly good finish; that is fairly free from defects; that possesses a normal flavor; and scores not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) “Substandard" is he quality of canned pumpkin or canned squash that fails to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard.

FILL OF CONTAINER $ 52.2743 Recommended fill of con

tainer. The recommended fill of container is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purpose of these grades. It is recommended that each container be filled as full as practicable with pumpkin or squash and that the product occupy not less than 90 percent of the volume of the container.

FACTORS OF QUALITY § 52.2744 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards the following quality factors are evaluated :

(1) Factor which is not scored. Flavor.

(2) Factors which are scored. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are: Factors:

Points Color.

20 Consistency.

30 Finish.

20 Defects.-

1 Indicates limiting rule. Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Canned Pumpkin and Canned Squash SOURCE: $ $ 52.2741 to 52.2751 appear at 21 FR 829, Feb. 7, 1966, unless otherwise noted.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND GRADES 352.2741 Product description.

“Canned pumpkin" and "canned squash" is the canned product prepared from clean, sound, properly matured, golden fleshed, firm shelled, sweet varieies of either pumpkins or squashes by washing, stemming, cutting, steaming and reducing to a pulp. The product is properly sieved and finished in accordince with good commercial practice and s then suficiently processed by heat to issure preservation of the product in hermetically sealed containers. 352.2742 Grades of canned pumpkin

and canned squash. (a) "U.S. Grade Aor “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned pumpkin or canned squash that possesses a good color; that

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(b) The product is scored for quality at a temperature of approximately 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

(c) "Normal flavor" means that the product is free from objectionable flavors or objectionable odors of any kind. & 52.2745 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive. (For example, “25 to 30 points" means 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 or 30 points.) 8 52.2746 Color.

(a) (A) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that possesses a good color may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Good color" means that the product possesses a practically uniform bright color typical of canned pumpkin or canned squash prepared from well matured pumpkin or squash.

(b) (C) classification. If the canned pumpkin or canned squash possesses a fairly good color, a score of 14 to 17 points may be given. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good color" means that the product possesses a color typical of fairly well matured pumpkin or squash and may possess a slight tinge of gray or tan color, may be variable or slightly dull but not to the extent that the appearance or eating quality is materially affected.

(c) (SStd.) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.2747 Consistency.

(a) (A) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that possesses a good consistency may be given a score of 25 to 30 points. “Good consistency" means that the canned pumpkin or canned squash, after emptying from the container to a dry-flat surface, retains the approximate shape of the container, or holds a high mound formation, and at the end of two minutes after emptying on such surface the highest point of

the mound is not less than 60 percent of the height of the container, except with respect to No. 3 size can or larger the highest point of the mound is not less than 50 percent of the height of the container, and irrespective of can size not more than 10 cubic centimeters of free liquor separates for each 30 ounces of net contents.

(b) (C) classification. If the canned pumpkin or canned squash possesses a fairly good consistency, a score of 21 to 24 points may be given. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard regard. less of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good consistency” means that the canned pumpkin or canned squash, after empty. ing from the container to a dry-flat surface, may flow just enough to level of to a nearly uniform depth or may be moderately mounded and at the end of two minutes after emptying on such surface that not more than 30 cubic centimeters of free liquor separates for each 30 ounces of net contents.

(c) (SStd.) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard regardless of the total score for the product (this is & limiting rule). $ 52.2748 Finish.

(a) General. The factor of inish refers to the texture of the product and evenness of the pumpkin or squash particles.

(b) (A) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned quash that possesses & good finish may be given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good finish" means that the canned pumpkin or canned squash particles are evenly divided; that the product is fine grained, smooth but not pasty, and the pumpkin or squash particles are not hard.

(c) (C) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that possesses & fairly good finish may be given a score of 14 to 16 points. “Fairly good finish" means that the canned pumpkin or canned squash particles are evenly divided; that the product may be slightly coarse; may be slightly pasty but not decidedly pasty and the pumpkin or squash particles are not hard.

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(d) (SStd.) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of O to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.2749 Defects.

(a) General. The factor of defects refers to the degree of freedom from sand, grit, or silt, pieces of seed, fiber, and coarse, dark or off-colored particles.

(1) “Grit, sand, or silt" means any particle of earthy material.

(b) (A) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that is practically free from defects may be given a score of 25 to 30 points. “Practically free from defects" means that no grit, sand, or silt may be present that affects the appearance or eating quality of the canned pumpkin or canned squash, and that the number, size, or color of the aforesaid defects present, individually or collectively, do not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(c) (C) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that is fairly free from defects may be given a score of 21 to 24 points. Canned pumpkin OT canned squash that falls into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C or U. S. Standard regardless of the total score for the product, (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly free from defects” means a trace of grit, sand, or silt may be present that does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the canned pumpkin or canned squash, and that any of the other aforesaid defects present, individually or collectively, may be noticeable but are not so large, so numerous, or of such contrasting color as to seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(d) (sStd.) classification. Canned pumpkin or canned squash that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard regardless of the total score for the product, (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION $ 52.2750 Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth

1 Indicates limiting rule.

Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Apple Butter SOURCE: $$ 52.2801 to 52.2812 appear at 29 FR. 4710, July 4, 1957, unless otherwise

noted.

IDENTITY AND GRADES $ 52.2801 Identity.

Apple butter is a frut butter prepared from clean, sound, wholesome, mature apples (either fresh, frozen, canned and/or dried) and other ingredients as defined in the amended Standards of Identity for Fruit Butter (21 CFR 29.1) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. The apples are prepared by cooking, with or without added water, and the skins, seeds, and cores are screened out. The soluble solids are not less than 43 percent. $ 52.2802 Grades of apple butter.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of apple butter that possesses a good color; that possesses à good consistency; that possesses a good finish; that is practically free from defects; that possesses a good flavor, and

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