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that scores not less than 85 points when ample, “17 to 20 points” means 17, 18, scored in accordance with the scoring 19, or 20 points.) system outlined in this subpart.

$ 52.2806 Color. (b) “U. S. Grade C” or “U. S. Standard” is the quality of apple butter that

(a) General. Information concerning possesses a fairly good color; that pos

the USDA Apple Butter Color Standards, sesses a fairly good consistency; that pos

referred to in this section, may be obsesses a fairly good finish; that is fairly

tained by writing to the Processed free from defects; that possesses a fairly

Products Standardization and Inspection good flavor, and that scores not less than

Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Division, 70 points when scored in accordance Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. with the scoring system outlined in this

Department of Agriculture, Washington, subpart.

D.C., 20250. (c) “Substandard" is the quality of (b) (A) classification. Apple butter apple butter that fails to meet the re- that possesses a good color may be given quirements of U. S. Grade C or U. 8. a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good color" Standard.

means a lustrous, practically uniform

color characteristic of properly prepared FILL OF CONTAINER

and properly processed apple butter. 8 52.2803 Recommended fill of con- Such color may be moderately reddish tainer.

brown or moderately dark brown but is The recommended fill of container

equal to or better than USDA Apple But

ter Color Standard No. 1 or USDA Apple is not incorporated in the grades of

Butter Color Standard No. 2, whichever the finished product since fill of con

most nearly matches the color of the tainer, as such, is not a factor of quality

apple butter. for the purposes of these grades. It is

(c) (C) classification. If the apple recommended that each container of apple butter be filled as full as practi

butter possesses a fairly good color a

score of 14 to 16 points may be given. cable without impairment of quality

Apple butter that falls into this classifi. and that the product occupy not less

cation shall not be graded above U. S. than 90 percent of the capacity of the

Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless container.

of the total score for the product (this FACTORS OF QUALITY

is a limiting rule). “Fairly good color"

means a characteristic apple butter color 8 52.2804 Ascertaining the grade of a

which may be somewhat lacking in sample init.

luster. Such color may be dark brown (a) The grade of a sample unit of or light brown but is equal to or better apple butter is ascertained by consider- than USDA Apple Butter Color Standing the factors of quality which are ard No. 3 or USDA Apple Butter Color scored. The relative importance of each

Standard No. 4, whichever most nearly such factor is expressed numerically on

matches the color of the apple butter. the scale of 100. The maximum number

(d) (SStd.) classification. Apple of points that may be given such factors

butter that fails to meet the require

ments of paragraph (c) of this section are:

may be given a score of 0 to 13 points Factors:

Points

and shall not be graded above SubstandColor

20

ard, regardless of the total score for the Consistency

20

product (this is a limiting rule). Finish

20 Defects

20 $ 52.2807 Consistency. Flavor

20

(a) General. The factor of conTotal score.

100 sistency refers to the viscosity of the

product and to the degree of separation 8 52.2805 Ascertaining the rating for of free liquor. the factors which are scored.

(b) (A) classification. Apple butter The essential variations within each that possesses a good consistency may be factor which is scored are so described given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good that the value may be ascertained for consistency" means that the apple buteach factor and expressed numerically. ter after stirring and emptying from the The numerical range within each factor container to a dry flat surface forms a which is scored is inclusive. (For ex- moderately mounded mass and that at

the end of two minutes there is practi- stem, seed-coat, and blossom-end macally no separation of free liquor, terial. This factor is evaluated by obe

(c) (C) classification. Apple butter serving a layer of the product on & that possesses a fairly good consistency smooth white surface. Such a layer is may be given a score of 14 to 16 points. prepared by drawing a scraper, with an Apple butter that falls into this classifi indentation 332 inch high. by 7 inches cation shall not be graded above U. S. long for clearance, rapidly through the Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless product in two horizontal planes so as to of the total score for the product (this form an approximate square. is a limiting rule). "Fairly good con (b) (A) classification. Apple butter sistency" means that the apple butter that is practically free from defects may after stirring may possess a thick con be given a score of 17 to 20 points. sistency so that it does not pour readily “Practically free from defects” means from the container or after emptying that any defects present do not more from the container to a dry flat surface than slightly affect the appearance or may form only a slightly mounded mass edibility of the product. and at the end of two minutes there is (c) (C) classification. If the apple no more than a slight separation of free butter is fairly free from defects a score liquor.

of 14 to 16 points may be given. Apple (d) (SStd.) classification. Apple but butter that falls into this classification ter that fails to meet the requirements shall not be graded above U. S. Grade C of paragraph (c) of this section may be or U. S. Standard, regardless of the total given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall score for the product (this is a limiting not be graded above Substandard, re rule). "Fairly free from defects” means gardless of the total score for the product that any defects present may be notice(this is a limiting rule).

able but are not so large, so numerous, or $ 52.2808 Finish.

of such contrasting color as to seriously

affect the appearance or edibility of the (a) General. The factor of finish

product. refers to the size and texture of the (d) (SStd.) classification. Apple apple particles.

butter that fails to meet the require(b) (A) classification Apple butter

ments of paragraph (c) of this section that possesses a good finish may be given

may be given a score of 0 to 13 a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good finish"

points and shall not be graded above means that the apple particles are evenly Substandard, regardless of the total score divided; that the product is fine grained for the product (this is a limiting rule). and smooth. (c) (C) classification. If the apple

$ 52.2810 Flavor. butter possesses only a fairly good finish (a) General. The score for the factor & score of 14 to 16 points may be given. of flavor of apple butter is ascertained by Apple butter that falls into this classi considering the flavor and aroma of the fication shall not be graded above U. S. apple butter with particular consider&Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless tion being giving to the prominence and of the total score for the product (this excellence of the flavor of the apple is a limiting rule). “Fairly good finish" ingredient. means that the apple particles are evenly (b) (A) classification. Apple butter divided; that the product may be slightly that possesses a good flavor may be coarse; but the apple particles are given a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good neither hard nor excessively grainy. flavor" means a good and distinct flavor

(d) (SStd.) ciassification. Apple but and aroma characteristic of properly ter that fails to meet the requirements of prepared and properly processed apple paragraph (c) of this section may be butter prepared from good quality given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall ingredients. not be graded above Substandard, re (c) (C) classification. If the apple gardless of the total score for the prod butter possesses a fairly good flavor a uct (this is a limiting rule).

score of 14 to 16 points may be given.

Apple butter that falls into this classifi$ 52.2809 Defects.

cation shall not be graded above U. S. (a) General. The factor of defects Grade C or U. S. Standard, regardless of refers to the degree of freedom from such the total score for the product (this is defects as black specks, dark scale-like a limiting rule). "Fairly good flavor" particles, particles of carpel tissue, peel, means & characteristic apple butter

flavor and odor that may be excessively sweet or excessively tart, may be excessively spiced or lacking in proper spicing, or may be excessively carmelized but is not seriously objectionable for any reason.

(d) (SStd.) classification. Apple butter that fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION $ 52.2811 Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. The grade of a lot of apple butter covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vege. tables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products (8 $ 52.1 to 52.87).

SCORE SHEET 8 52.2812 Score sheet for apple butter.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, STYLES AND GRADES $ 52.2821 Product description.

(a) Canned figs. “Canned figs” means "canned figs” as such product as defined in the standard of identity for canned figs (21 CFR 27.70) issued pursuant to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

(b) Canned Kadota figs. "Canned Kadota figs' are canned figs of the Kadota variety. The provisions of the standards in this subpart cover canned Kadota figs only.

(c) Canned dietetic" Kadota figs. For the purposes of the standards in this subpart, canned Kadota figs, when referred to as “canned 'dietetic' Kadota figs” means canned Kadota figs without nutritive sweetening ingredient(s) added and declared for dietary use, or with artificial sweetening ingredient(s) permissible for dietary use under the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. $ 52.2822 Styles.

(a) Style 1. Whole.

(b) Style II. Whole and split (or broken).

(c) Style III. Split (or broken) and whole.

(d) Style IV. Split (or broken). $ 52.2823 Grades.

(a) “U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is the quality of canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, that possess similar varietal characteristics, that possess a normal flavor and odor, that possess a good color; that are practically uniform in size for Style I, Whole, figs; that are practically free from defects, that possess a good character, and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 90 points: Provided, That canned Kadota figs may possess a reasonably good color; that Style I, Whole, figs may be reasonably uniform or fairly uniform in size; and may possess a reasonably good character, if the total score is not less than 90 points.

(b) “U.S. Grade B" or "U.S. Choice" is the quality of canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, that possess similar vari

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$ 52.2825 Recommended fill of con

tainer. The recommended All of container for canned Kadota figs is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. It is recommended that each container of canned Kadota figs be as full of figs as practicable without impairment of quality and that the product (including liquid medium) occupy not less than 90 percent of the volume of the container.

tal characteristics, that possess a norial flavor and odor, that possess a easonably good color; that are reasonbly uniform in size for Style I, Whole, gs; that are reasonably free from deects, that possess a reasonably good haracter, and that for those factors vhich are scored in accordance with the coring system outlined in this subpart he total score is not less than 80 points: Provided, That Style I, Whole, figs may je fairly uniform in size, if the total score s not less than 80 points.

(c) “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Standird" is the quality of canned Kadota figs of any style that possess similar varietal :haracteristics, that possess a normal lavor and odor, that possess a fairly good color; that are fairly uniform in size for style I, whole, figs; that are fairly free from defects, that possess a fairly good character, and that for those factors which are scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart the total score is not less than 70 points: Provided, That style I, whole, figs may vary in size if the total score is not less than 70 points.

(d) “Substandard” is the quality of canned Kadota figs that fall to meet the requirements of “U.S. Grade C” or “U.S. Standard”. LIQUID MEDIA, FILL OF CONTAINER,

DRAINED WEIGHTS, AND FILL WEIGHTS $ 52.2824 Liquid media and Brix meas

urements. Cut-out requirements for liquid media in canned Kadota figs other than canned dietetic Kadota figs are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since sirup or any other liquid medium, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. The cut-out Brix measurement, as applicable, for the respective designations are as follows:

Designations Briz measurement "Extra heavy sirup”. 26° or more but

less than 35°. "Heavy sirup”.

21° or more but

less than 26°. "Light sirup”.

16° or more but

less than 21°. "Slightly sweetened wa- 11° or more but ter"

less than 16°. "In water”.

Not applicable.

$ 52.2826 Recommended minimum

drained weights. (a) General. (1) The minimum drained weight recommendations in table I, for all styles of canned Kadota figs, are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since drained weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.

(2) The recommended minimum drained weights are based on equalization of the product 30 days or more after the product has been canned.

(b) Method for ascertaining drained weights. The drained weight of canned Kadota figs is determined by emptying the contents of the container upon a U.S. Standard No. 8 circular sieve of proper diameter containing 8 meshes to the inch (0.0937-in.3 percent, square openings) so as to distribute the product evenly, including the sieve slightly to facilitate drainage, and allowing to drain for two minutes. The drained weight is the weight of the sieve and figs less the weight of the dry sieve. A sieve 8 in, in diameter is used for the equivalent of No. 3 size cans (404 x 414) and smaller, and a sieve 12 in. in diameter is used for containers larger than the equivalent of the No. 3 size can.

(c) Definitions of symbols. (1) XThe average drained weight of all the sample units in the sample.

(2) LL-Lower limit for drained weights of individuals sample units.

(d) Compliance with recommended drained weights. A lot of canned Kadota figs is considered as meeting the minimum drained weight recommendations if the following criteria are met:

(1) The average of the drained weights from all the sample units in the sample meets the recommended minimum average drained weight (designated as "Xi” in table I); and

(2) The number of sample units which fail to meet the recommended drained weight lower limit for individuals (designated as LL" in table I) does not exceed the applicable acceptance number specified in the single sampling plan of table II.

TABLE I.--RECOMMENDED MINIMUM DRAINED WEIGHTS FOR CANNED KADOTA FIGS

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$ 52.2827 Recommended minimum fill

weights. (a) General. The minimum fill weight recommendations specified in table III are not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill weight, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades.

(b) Method for ascertaining fill weights. Fill weight is determined in accordance with the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the U.S. Standards for Determination of Fill Weights.

(c) Definitions of terms and symbols. “Subgroup" means a group of sample units representing a portion of a sample.

X'min means the minimum lot average All weight.

LWLx means the lower warning limit for subgroup averages.

LRLð means the lower reject limit for subgroup averages.

LWL means the lower warning limit for individual fill weight measurements.

LRL means the lower reject limit for individual fill weight measurements.

R' means a specified average range value.

Rmax means a specified maximum range for a subgroup.

"Sampling allowance code" means a code letter on the Sampling Allowance Chart of the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables. This letter identifies the appropriate line which gives the amount of sampling allowance to be applied to the specification average for fill weights in order to determine compliance with requirements for fill weight averages for a sample.

(d) Compliance with recommended fill weights. Compliance with the recommended fill weights shall be in accordance with the acceptance criteria specified in the U.S. Standards for Inspection by Variables and the United States Standards for Determination of Fil Weights.

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