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TABLE III.- RECOMMENDED FILL WEIGHT VALUES FOR CANNED KADOTA FIGS

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FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.2828 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards the following quality factors are evaluated:

(1) Factors not rated by Score points. (i) Varietal characteristics.

(ii) Flavor and odor.

(2) Factors rated by score points. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are: Factors:

Points Color

20 Uniformity of size.

20 Absense of defects..

30 Character

30

Total score.

be given a score of 18 to 20 points. "Good color" means a practically uniform, light amber or light greenish-yellow color that is bright and typical of properly processed canned Kadota figs; that not more than 5 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a reasonably good color; and that none of the figs possess a fairly good color.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a reason bly good color, a score of 16 or 17 points may be given. “Reasonably good color" means a reasonably uniform and reasonably bright light green color that may lack a definite yellow cast but is typical of properly prepared and properly processed Kadota figs; and that not more than 10 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a fairly good color.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a fairly good color, a score of 14 or 15 points may be given. Canned Kadota figs that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Fairly good color” means a fairly good color that may possess a green, slightly milky, or a light brown color and that the figs may vary moderately in such typical color, but not more than 5 percent, by count, of the figs may be off-color, or one unit in a container is permitted to be off-color it such unit exceeds the 5-percent allowance.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned Kadota figs that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substand

100

(b) Definition of flavor and odor. "Normal flavor and odor" means that the canned Kadota figs (including the effects of added spices, seasonings, or flavorings) are free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind. § 52.2829 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, “18 to 20 points" means “18, 19, or 20 points"). 8 52.2830 Color.

(a) (A) classification. Canned Kadota figs that possess a good color may

ard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). § 52.2831 Uniformity of size.

(a) General. The factor of uniformity of size for other than Style I, Whole, canned Kadota figs is not based on any detailed requirements and is not scored; the other three factors (color, absence of defects, and character) are scored and the total is multiplied by 100 and divided by 80, dropping any fractions to determine the total score.

(b) (A) classification. Canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, that are practically uniform in size may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Practically uniform in size" means that in containers with less than 20 units the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest whole fig by more than 50 percent; or, that in containers with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by count, of the units that are most uniform in weight, the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest whole fig by more than 50 percent.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, are reasonably uniform in size, a score of 16 or 17 points may be given. “Reasonably uniform in size" means that in containers with less than 20 units the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest whole fig by more than 75 percent; or, that in containers with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by count, of the units that are most uniform in weight, the weight of the largest whole fig does not exceed the weight of the smallest whole fig by more than 75 percent.

(d) (C) classification. If canned Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, are fairly uniform in size, a score of 14 or 15 points may be given. "Fairly uniform in size" means that in containers with less than 20 units the weight of the largest whole fig may be not more than twice the weight of the smallest whole fig; or, that in containers with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by count, of the units that are most uniform in weight, the weight of the largest whole fig may be not more than twice the weight of the smallest unit.

(e) (SStd) classification. Canned Kadota figs that fall to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C

or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). $ 52.2832 Absence of defects.

(a) General. The factor of absence of defects refers to the degree of freedom from harmless extraneous material (such as leaves, stems); from split (or broken) figs including severed figs; from figs blemished with scab, scars, bruises, discoloration; from caprified figs; and from figs damaged by mechanical, pathological, insect injury, or similar injury.

(b) Definitions of defects. Figs that are blemished with scab, scars, bruises, discoloration, or other abnormalities or injury are considered under the classification of possessing “insignificant”, “minor", or “major" defects.

(1) Insignificant defects. "Insignificant defects" include:

(i) Very light color surface scars of any size that blend with the color of the fig; and

(ii) Surface blemishes that are lighter than dark brown and that in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, are less than the area of a circle onefourth inch in diameter.

(2) Minor defects. “Minor” defects include:

(1) Surface blemishes that are lighter than dark brown and that equal or exceed in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, the area of a circle one-fourth inch in diameter but do not exceed in the aggregate the area of a circle one-half inch in diameter;

(ii) Dark brown or black surface blemishes which in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, are less than the area of a circle one-fourth inch in diameter; and

(iii) Slight insect injury that is not serious.

(3) Major defects. “Major" defects include:

(i) Caprified figs;

(ii) Surface blemishes that are lighter than dark brown and that exceed in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, the area of a circle one-half inch in diameter;

(iii) Blemishes that extend into the fruit, worm holes, serious insect damage, or similar injury, regardless of the area; and

(iv) Dark brown or black surface blemishes which in the aggregate, singly or in combination on a unit, equal or exceed the area of a circle one-fourth inch

a

i diameter but do not seriously affect classification shall not be graded above he appearance of the unit.

U.S. Grade B, or U.S. Choice, regardless (4) Split (or broken) fig; severed fig. of the total score for the product (this is ,"split (or broken) fig” is one that is a limiting rule). pen to such an extent that the seed (1) To score in this classification not avity is exposed, the shape of the fruit more than 15 percent, by count, of the nay be distorted, and the fruit may or units may be split (or broken): Provided, iay not be broken apart into entirely That not more than 3 percent, by count, eparate pieces. A "severed fig" is a split of the units may be severed figs. One unit or broken) fig which has been broken in a container is permitted to be severed part into entirely separate pieces. A fig if such unit exceeds the 3 percent allowhat is only slightly cracked and retains ance: Provided, That in all containers ts natural conformation without expos- comprising the sample such units do not ng the interior is not considered a split exceed the average of 3 percent of the or broken) fig.

total number of units. (5) Unit. A "unit" or "unit of fig” in (2) "Reasonably free from defects” anned Kadota figs, for the purposes of means that units which possess insignifuscertaining compliance with percentage icant, minor, and major defects may be llowances in this section means present which do not materially affect whole" fig; a split fig (or broken fig) the appearance of the product but that vhich is not broken apart into entirely there may be present: eparate pieces; or portions of severed (i) Not more than 2 tough woody igs which are the approximate equiva- stems per 30 ounces of total contents and ent of a whole fig.

not more than 1 piece of other harmless (c) (A) classification. Canned Ka- extraneous material per 100 ounces of lota figs that are practically free from total contents; and defects may be given a score of 27 to 30 (ii) Not more than a total of 20 perpoints.

cent, by count, of the units may possess (1) To score in this classification, not “minor" and "major" defects: Provided, more than 10 percent, by count, of the That not more than 10 percent, by count, units may be split (or broken): Provided, of the units, may possess “major" defects. That none are severed figs.

One unit in a container is permitted to (2) "Practically free from defects" possess “minor” or “major" defects, if means that units which possess insignifi- such unit exceeds the respective allowcant, minor, and major defects may be ances of 20 percent, or 10 percent, by present which do not more than slightly count: Provided, That in all containers affect the appearance of the product but comprising the sample such units that there may be present:

possessing “minor” and “major" defects (i) Not more than 1 tough woody stem do not exceed an average of 20 percent per 30 oz of total contents and no other of the total number of units including harmless extraneous material, and

not more than an average of 10 percent (ii) Not more than a total of 10 per

of the total number of units that may cent, by count, of the units may possess possess "major" defects. “minor" and "major" defects: Provided, (e) (C) classification. If the canned That not more than 5 percent, by count, Kadota figs are fairly free from defects, of the units may possess “major" defects. a score of 21 to 23 points may be given. One unit in a container is permitted to Canned Kadota figs that fall into this possess “minor” or “major” defects; if classification shall not be graded above such unit exceeds the respective allow- U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardances of 10 percent, or 5 percent, by

less of the total score for the product count: Provided, That in all containers

(this is a limiting rule). comprising the sample such units

(1) To score in this classification: possessing “minor” and “major" defects

(i) In Style I, Whole, not more than do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units including

20 percent, by count, of the units may not more than an average of 5 percent

be split (or broken): Provided, That not of the total number of units that may

more than 5 percent, by count, of the possess “major” defects.

units may be severed figs. One unit in a (d) (B) classification. If the canned container is permitted to be severed if Kadota figs are reasonably free from such unit exceeds the 5 percent allowdefects, a score of 24 to 26 points may ance: Provided, That in all containers be given. Canned figs that fall into this comprising the sample such units do not

exceed an average of 5 percent of the total number of units; or

(ii) In the styles other than Style I, Whole, not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may be severed figs.

(2) "Fairly free from defects” means that units which possess insignificant, minor, and major defects may be present which do not seriously affect the appearance of the product but that there may be present:

(1) Not more than three tough woody stems and not more than one piece of other harmless extraneous material per 30 oz of total contents; and

(ii) Not more than a total of 40 percent, by count, of the units may possess “minor” and “major" defects: Provided, That not more than 20 percent, by count, of the units may possess “major" defects.

(f) (SStd) classification. Canned Kadota figs that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (e) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). § 52.2833 Character.

(a) General. Under the factor of character, consideration is given to the degree of ripeness, the texture and condition of the flesh, the firmness and tenderness of the canned fig, and its tendency to retain its apparent original conformation and size without material disintegration.

(b) (A) classification. Canned Kadota figs that possess a good character may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. “Good character" means that the canned Kadota figs are well matured and fleshy and have a practically uniform, tender texture; that not more than 5 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a reasonably good character; and none possess a fairly good character.

(c) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a reasonably good character, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. “Reasonably good character" means that the canned Kadota figs have a reasonably uniform, reasonably tender texture; and that not more than 10 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a fairly good character.

(d) (C) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a fairly good character, a score of 21 to 23 points may be given. Canned Kadota figs that fall into

this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good character" means that the canned Kadota figs may be variable in texture from very soft to firm but are not excessively mushy nor excessively firm.

(e) (SStd) classification. Canned Kadota figs that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (d) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION $ 52.2834 Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. The grade of a lot of canned Kadota figs covered by these standards is determined by the procedures set forth in the Regulations Governing Inspection and Certification of Processed Fruits and Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, and Certain Other Processed Food Products (8$ 52.1 to 52.87).

SCORE SHEET § 52.2835 Score sheet.

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Varietal characteristics: ( ) Similar () Dissimilar...
Normal flavor and odor.
Grade..

1 Limiting rule.
· Partial limiting rule.

ubpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Comb Honey ? SOURCE: $ $ 52.2861 to 52.2888 appear at 2 F.R. 7565, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise loted.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 52.2861 Product description.

The grades in this subpart, as herein.fter outlined, are for the following 'ariations of comb honey: Comb-section honey. Shallow-frame comb honey. Wrapped cut-comb honey. Chunk or bulk comb honey.

GRADES OF COMB-SECTION HONEY 52.2862 U.S. Fancy comb-section

honey. U.S. Fancy honey shall consist of comb-section honey that meets the following requirements:

(a) The comb shall

(1) Have no uncapped cells except in the row attached to the wood section;

(2) Be attached to 75 percent of the adjacent area of the wood section if the outside row of cells is empty, or attached to 50 percent if the outside row is filled with honey;

(3) Not project beyond the edge of the wood section;

(4) Not have dry holes;

(5) Have not more than a total of 212 Unear inches of through holes;

(6) Be free from cells of pollen.
(b) The cappings shall-

(1) Be dry and free from weeping and from damage caused by bruising or other means.

(2) Present a uniformly even appearance except in the row attached to the wood section.

(c) The color of the comb and cappings shall conform to the requirements as illustrated for this grade in the official color chart.

(d) The honey shall

(1) Be uniform in color throughout the comb.

(2) Be free from damage caused by granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, or other means.

(e) The wood section shall

(1) Be as free from excessive propolis and/or pronounced stains as illustration A in the official color chart.

(2) Be smooth and new in appearance, of white to light buff basswood, and shall not contain knots and/or streaks in excess of the amount shown in illustration B in the color chart.

(f) The minimum net weight shall be 12 ounces, unless otherwise specified. $ 52.2863 U.S. No. 1 comb-section

honey. U.S. No. 1 honey shall consist of combsection honey that meets the following requirements:

(a) The comb shall-
(1) Have no uncapped cells except

(i) In the row attached to the wood section, and/or

(ii) In the row adjoining the outside row, in the corners, and along the lower edge, provided the number does not exceed 15 in a comb section.

(2) Be attached to 50 percent of the adjacent area of the wood section;

(3) Not project beyond the edge of the wood section;

(4) Have no dry holes;

(5) Have not more than a total of 4 linear inches of through holes;

(6) Be free from cells of pollen.
(b) The cappings shall-

(1) Be dry and free from weeping and from damage caused by bruising or other means;

(2) Present a uniformly even appearance except in the row attached to the wood section and except for slight irregularities affecting not to exceed onehalf of the comb surface.

(c) The color of the comb and cappings shall conform to the requirements as illustrated for this grade in the official color chart.

(d) The honey shall

(1) Be fairly uniform in color throughout the comb;

(2) Be free from damage caused by granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, or other means.

(e) The wood section shall

(1) Be as free from excessive propolis and/or pronounced stains as illustration A in the official color chart;

(2) Be smooth and new in appearance, of white to light buff basswood, and shall not contain knots and/or streaks in excess of the amount shown in illustration B in the color chart.

* This is a reissue (with slight modifications in wording, arrangement, and format) of the U.S. Standards for Grades of Comb Honey, Circular No. 24, as revised, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. That circular, revised Aug. 1933, is out of print.

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