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TABLE III.- RECOMMENDED FILL WEIGHT VALUES FOR CANNED KADOTA Figs

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Z tall.------oz glass.... Jo. 300..... No. 1 tall whole.. No. 1 tall other styles. No. 303 whole..... No. 303 other styles. 03 glass whole....No. 2 whole.... No. 2 other styles No. 222 whole.. No. 232 other styles 242 glass whole... 22 glass other styles. No. 10 whole.-...-. No. 10 other styles...

1.6 1.6

9.5 10.3 10.6 10.5 10.8 10.2 12.8 13.1 19.0 19.2 18.2 18.4 69.0 71.0

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9.6 121 12.4 18.1 18.3 17.3 17.5 67.5 69.5

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8.8 11.3 11.6 17.0 17.2 16.2 16.4 65.6 67.6

8.1 10.5 10.8 16.0 16.2 15.2 15.4 63.9 65.9

17.6 17.8 16.8 17.0 66.7 68.7

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FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.2828 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards the following quality factors are evaluated:

(1) Factors not rated by score points. (i) Varietal characteristics.

(ii) Flavor and odor.

(2) Factors rated by score points. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are: Factors:

Points Color

20 Uniformity of size----------Absense of defects----------

30 Character ----

20

30

Total score.-------------------- 100 (b) Definition of flavor and odor. “Normal flavor and odor" means that the canned Kadota figs (including the effects of added spices, seasonings, or flavorings) are free from objectionable flavors and objectionable odors of any kind. $ 52.2829 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive (for example, “18 to 20 points” means “18, 19, or 20 points"). § 52.2830 Color.

(a) (A) classification. Canned Kadota figs that possess a good color may

be given a score of 18 to 20 points. “Good color” means a practically uniform, light amber or light greenish-yellow color that is bright and typical of properly processed canned Kadota figs; that not more than 5 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a reasonably good color; and that none of the figs possess a fairly good color.

(b) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a reasonably good color, a score of 16 or 17 points may be given. “Reasonably good color” means & reasonably uniform and reasonably bright light green color that may lack a definite yellow cast but is typical of properly prepared and properly processed Kadota figs; and that not more than 10 percent, by count, of the figs may possess a fairly good color.

(c) (C) classification. If the canned Kadota figs possess a fairly good color, a score of 14 or 15 points may be given. Canned Kadota figs that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good color" means a fairly good color that may possess a green, slightly milky, or a light brown color and that the figs may vary moderately in such typical color, but not more than 5 percent, by count, of the figs may be off-color, or one unit in a container is permitted to be off-color if such unit exceeds the 5-percent allowance.

(d) (SStd) classification. Canned Kadota figs that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall not be graded above Substand

ard, regardless of the total score for the or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total product (this is a limiting rule).

score for the product (this is a partial

limiting rule). § 52.2831 Uniformity of size. (a) General. The factor of uniform

$ 52.2832 Absence of defects. ity of size for other than Style I, Whole, (a) General. The factor of absence canned Kadota figs is not based on any of defects refers to the degree of freedom detailed requirements and is not scored; from harmless extraneous material (such the other three factors (color, absence of as leaves, stems); from split (or broken) defects, and character) are scored and figs including severed figs; from figs the total is multiplied by 100 and di- blemished with scab, scars, bruises, disvided by 80, dropping any fractions to coloration; from caprified figs; and from determine the total score.

figs damaged by mechanical, pathologi(b) (A) classification. Canned Ka- cal, insect injury, or similar injury. dota figs of Style I, Whole, that are (b) Definitions of defects. Figs that practically uniform in size may be given are blemished with scab, scars, bruises, a score of 18 to 20 points. “Practically discoloration, or other abnormalities or uniform in size” means that in containers injury are considered under the classiwith less than 20 units the weight of the fication of possessing "insignificant”, largest whole fig does not exceed the “minor”, or “major" defects. weight of the smallest whole fig by more (1) Insignificant defects. “Insignifi. than 50 percent; or, that in containers cant defects" include: with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by (i) Very light color surface scars of count, of the units that are most uniform any size that blend with the color of the in weight, the weight of the largest whole fig; and fig does not exceed the weight of the (ii) Surface blemishes that are lighter smallest whole fig by more than 50 than dark brown and that in the aggrepercent.

gate, singly or in combination on a unit, (c) (B) classification. If the canned are less than the area of a circle oneKadota figs of Style I, Whole, are reason fourth inch in diameter. ably uniform in size, a score of 16 or 17 (2) Minor defects. “Minor" defects points may be given. “Reasonably uni- include: form in size" means that in containers (1) Surface blemishes that are lighter with less than 20 units the weight of the than dark brown and that equal or exlargest whole fig does not exceed the ceed in the aggregate, singly or in comweight of the smallest whole fig by more bination on a unit, the area of a circle than 75 percent; or, that in containers one-fourth inch in diameter but do not with 20 or more units, in 95 percent, by exceed in the aggregate the area of a count, of the units that are most uniform circle one-half inch in diameter; in weight, the weight of the largest whole (ii) Dark brown or black surface fig does not exceed the weight of the blemishes which in the aggregate, singly smallest whole fig by more than 75 or in combination on a unit, are less than percent.

the area of a circle one-fourth inch in (d) (C) classification. If canned diameter; and Kadota figs of Style I, Whole, are fairly (ii) Slight insect injury that is not uniform in size, a score of 14 or 15 points serious. may be given. "Fairly uniform in size" (3) Major defects. “Major" defects means that in containers with less than include: 20 units the weight of the largest whole (i) Caprified figs; fig may be not more than twice the (ii) Surface blemishes that are lighter weight of the smallest whole fig; or, that than dark brown and that exceed in the in containers with 20 or more units, in aggregate, singly or in combination on 95 percent, by count, of the units that a unit, the area of a circle one-half inch are most uniform in weight, the weight in diameter; of the largest whole fig may be not more (iii) Blemishes that extend into the than twice the weight of the smallest fruit, worm holes, serious insect damage, unit.

or similar injury, regardless of the area; (e) (SStd) classification. Canned and Kadota figs that fall to meet the require (iv) Dark brown or black surface ments of paragraph (d) of this section blemishes which in the aggregate, singly may be given a score of 0 to 13 points and or in combination on a unit, equal or exshall not be graded above U.S. Grade C ceed the area of a circle one-fourth inch

i diameter but do not seriously affect he appearance of the unit.

(4) Split (or broken) fig; severed fig.

"split (or broken) fig” is one that is pen to such an extent that the seed avity is exposed, the shape of the fruit nay be distorted, and the fruit may or 1ay not be broken apart into entirely eparate pieces. A "severed fig" is a split or broken) fig which has been broken part into entirely separate pieces. A fig hat is only slightly cracked and retains ts natural conformation without exposng the interior is not considered a split or broken) fig.

(5) Unit. A "unit" or "unit of fig” in anned Kadota figs, for the purposes of scertaining compliance with percentage llowances in this section means a whole" fig; a split fig (or broken fig) vhich is not broken apart into entirely eparate pieces; or portions of severed igs which are the approximate equivaent of a whole fig.

(c) (A) classification. Canned Kalota figs that are practically free from defects may be given a score of 27 to 30 points.

(1) To score in this classification, not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units may be split (or broken): Provided, That none are severed figs.

(2) “Practically free from defects" means that units which possess insignificant, minor, and major defects may be present which do not more than slightly affect the appearance of the product but that there may be present:

(i) Not more than 1 tough woody stem per 30 oz of total contents and no other harmless extraneous material; and

(ii) Not more than a total of 10 percent, by count, of the units may possess “minor” and “major" defects: Provided, That not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may possess “major" defects. One unit in a container is permitted to possess "minor” or “major" defects; if such unit exceeds the respective allowances of 10 percent, or 5 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units possessing “minor” and “major" defects do not exceed an average of 10 percent of the total number of units including not more than an average of 5 percent of the total number of units that may possess “major" defects.

(d) (B) classification. If the canned Kadota figs are reasonably free from defects, a score of 24 to 26 points may be given. Canned figs that fall into this

classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B, or U.S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(1) To score in this classification not more than 15 percent, by count, of the units may be split (or broken): Provided, That not more than 3 percent, by count, of the units may be severed figs. One unit in a container is permitted to be severed if such unit exceeds the 3 percent allowance: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units do not exceed the average of 3 percent of the total number of units.

(2) "Reasonably free from defects" means that units which possess insignificant, minor, and major defects may be present which do not materially affect the appearance of the product but that there may be present:

(i) Not more than 2 tough woody stems per 30 ounces of total contents and not more than 1 piece of other harmless extraneous material per 100 ounces of total contents; and

(ii) Not more than a total of 20 percent, by count, of the units may possess “minor” and “major" defects: Provided, That not more than 10 percent, by count, of the units, may possess “major" defects. One unit in a container is permitted to possess "minor” or “major" defects, if such unit exceeds the respective allowances of 20 percent, or 10 percent, by count: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units possessing “minor” and “major" defects do not exceed an average of 20 percent of the total number of units including not more than an average of 10 percent of the total number of units that may possess “major" defects.

(e) (C) classification. If the canned Kadota figs are fairly free from defects, a score of 21 to 23 points may be given. Canned Kadota figs that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

(1) To score in this classification:

(i) In Style I, Whole, not more than 20 percent, by count, of the units may be split (or broken): Provided, That not more than 5 percent, by count, of the units may be severed figs. One unit in a container is permitted to be severed it such unit exceeds the 5 percent allowance: Provided, That in all containers comprising the sample such units do not

exceed an average of 5 percent of the this classification shall not be graded total number of units; or

above U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard, (ii) In the styles other than Style I, regardless of the total score for the prodWhole, not more than 10 percent, by uct (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly good count, of the units may be severed figs. character" means that the canned

(2) "Fairly free from defects" means Kadota figs may be variable in texture that units which possess insignificant, from very soft to firm but are not exminor, and major defects may be present cessively mushy nor excessively firm. which do not seriously affect the appear (e) (SStd) classification. Canned ance of the product but that there may Kadota figs that fall to meet the requirebe present:

ments of paragraph (d) of this section (i) Not more than three tough woody

may be given a score of 0 to 20 points stems and not more than one piece of

and shall not be graded above Substandother harmless extraneous material per

ard, regardless of the total score for the 30 oz of total contents; and (ii) Not more than a total of 40 per

product (this is a limiting rule). cent, by count, of the units may possess LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION “minor" and "major" defects: Provided,

$ 52.2834 Ascertaining the grade of a That not more than 20 percent, by count,

lot. of the units may possess "major" defects. (f) (SStd) classification. Canned

The grade of a lot of canned Kadota Kadota figs that fail to meet the require figs covered by these standards is determents of paragraph (e) of this section mined by the procedures set forth in the may be given a score of 0 to 20 points Regulations Governing Inspection and and shall not be graded above Substand- Certification of Processed Fruits and ard, regardless of the total score for the

Vegetables, Processed Products Thereof, product (this is a limiting rule).

and Certain Other Processed Food § 52.2833 Character.

Products ($ $ 52.1 to 52.87). (a) General. Under the factor of

SCORE SHEET character, consideration is given to the

$ 52.2835 Score sheet. degree of ripeness, the texture and condition of the flesh, the firmness and

Size and kind of container tenderness of the canned fig, and its

Container mark or identification.... tendency to retain its apparent original Label....

Net weight (ounces)... conformation and size without material

Vacuum (inches)... disintegration.

Drained weight (ounces)........

Brix measurement.---(b) (A) classification. Canned Ka Sirup designation (extra heavy, heavy, etc.). dota figs that possess a good character

Style.....

Percent split (or broken)... may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. Count (in whole style)..... “Good character" means that the canned Kadota figs are well matured and fleshy

Factors

Score points and have a practically uniform, tender texture; that not more than 5 percent, Color........

18-20

16-17 by count, of the figs may possess a rea

114-15 sonably good character; and none possess

(SStd) 10-13 Uniformity of size.........

18-20 a fairly good character.

16-17 (c) (B) classification. If the canned

14-15

(sStd) 3 0-13 Kadota figs possess a reasonably good Absence of defects....

27-30

1 24-26 character, a score of 24 to 26 points may

121-23 be given. “Reasonably good character"

d) 10-20 means that the canned Kadota figs have

Character..

24-26 a reasonably uniform, reasonably tender

121-23

(Sśtd) 10-20 texture; and that not more than 10 per

Total score............... cent, by count, of the figs may possess a fairly good character.

Varietal characteristics: ( ) Similar ( ) Dissimilar... (d) (C) classification. If the canned Normal flavor and odor........

Grade. Kadota figs possess a fairly good character, a score of 21 to 23 points may be

1 Limiting rule. given. Canned Kadota figs that fall into

Partial limiting rule.

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27-30

100

ubpart-United States Standards for (e) The wood section shallGrades of Comb Honey 1

(1) Be as free from excessive propolis

and/or pronounced stains as illustraSOURCE: $ $ 52.2861 to 52.2888 appear at

tion A in the official color chart. 2 F.R. 7565, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise Loted.

(2) Be smooth and new in appearance,

of white to light buff basswood, and shall PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

not contain knots and/or streaks in ex52.2861 Product description.

cess of the amount shown in illustration

B in the color chart. The grades in this subpart, as herein (f) The minimum net weight shall be ufter outlined, are for the following 12 ounces, unless otherwise specified. rariations of comb honey:

$ 52.2863 U.S. No. 1 comb-section Comb-section honey.

honey. Shallow-frame comb honey. Wrapped cut-comb boney.

U.S. No. 1 honey shall consist of combChunk or bulk comb honey.

section honey that meets the following

requirements: GRADES OF COMB-SECTION HONEY

(a) The comb shall} 52.2862 U.S. Fancy comb-section (1) Have no uncapped cells except honey.

(1) In the row attached to the wood U.S. Fancy honey shall consist of section, and/or comb-section honey that meets the fol (ii) In the row adjoining the outside lowing requirements:

row', in the corners, and along the lower (a) The comb shall

edge, provided the number does not ex(1) Have no uncapped cells except in ceed 15 in a comb section. the row attached to the wood section;

(2) Be attached to 50 percent of the (2) Be attached to 75 percent of the adjacent area of the wood section; adjacent area of the wood section if the

(3) Not project beyond the edge of the outside row of cells is empty, or attached wood section; to 50 percent if the outside row is filled (4) Have no dry holes; with honey;

(5) Have not more than a total of 4 (3) Not project beyond the edge of the linear inches of through holes; wood section;

(6) Be free from cells of pollen. (4) Not have dry holes;

(b) The cappings shall(5) Have not more than a total of 242 (1) Be dry and free from weeping and Unear Inches of through holes;

from damage caused by bruising or other (6) Be free from cells of pollen.

means; (b) The cappings shall

(2) Present a uniformly even appear(1) Be dry and free from weeping and

ance except in the row attached to the from damage caused by bruising or other

wood section and except for slight irmeans.

regularities affecting not to exceed one(2) Present a uniformly even appear

half of the comb surface. ance except in the row attached to the (c) The color of the comb and capwood section.

pings shall conform to the requirements (c) The color of the comb and cap.

as illustrated for this grade in the official pings shall conform to the requirements

color chart. as illustrated for this grade in the ofi

(d) The honey shallcial color chart.

(1) Be fairly uniform in color through(d) The honey shall

out the comb; (1) Be uniform in color throughout the

(2) Be free from damage caused by comb.

granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or (2) Be free from damage caused by

sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened

or other means.

(e) The wood section shallor sour honey, objectionable flavor or

(1) Be as free from excessive propolis odor, or other means.

and/or pronounced stains as illustration

A in the official color chart; * This is a reissue (with slight modifications

(2) Be smooth and new in appearance, in wording, arrangement, and format) of the U.S. Standards for Grades of Comb Honey,

of white to light buff basswood, and shall Circular No. 24, as revised, of the U.S. Departo

not contain knots and/or streaks in exment of Agriculture. That circular, revised cess of the amount shown in illustration Aug. 1933, is out of print.

B in the color chart.

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