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(1) The minimum net weight shall be (2) Be new in appearance, unless 11 ounces, unless otherwise specified. otherwise specified.

(f) The minimum net weight shall be $ 52.2864 U.S. No. 1 Mixed Color combsection honey.

10 ounces, unless otherwise specified. When sections of U.S. No. 1 comb-sec

& 52.2866 Unclassified comb-section

honey. tion honey of different colors are packed in the same container, they shall be des- Unclassified comb-section honey shall ignated as U.S. No. 1 Mixed Color comb- consist of comb-section honey that does section honey.

not conform to the requirements for any

of the foregoing grades. $ 52.2865 U.S. No. 2 comb-section honey.

GRADES FOR SHALLOW-FRAME COMB HONEY U.S. No. 2 honey shall consist of comb- 8 52.2867 U.S. Fancy shallow-frame section honey that meets the following comb boney. requirements:

U.S. Fancy honey shall consist of (a) The comb shall

shallow-frame comb honey that meets (1) Have no uncapped cells except

the following requirements: (i) In the row attached to the wood

(a) The comb shallsection, and/or

(1) Be produced in shallow frame (ii) In the row adjoining the outside

spaced 138 inches from center to center, row, in the corners, and along the lower

which will give a comb thickness of not edge; provided the number does not ex

less than 1 inch, unless otherwise ceed 30 in a comb section;

specified; (111) Elsewhere in the body of the

(2) Be drawn out on foundation which comb, not more than 5; of the total num

is light in color and is thin enough to ber of uncapped cells exclusive of those in the outside row, not more than 20 may

produce a comb that compares favorably be empty;

in texture with the comb in comb-section

honey; (2) Be attached to 50 percent of the

(3) Be well built out; adjacent area of the wood section;

(4) Never have contained brood; (3) Not project beyond the edge of the wood section;

(5) Have no dry holes; (4) Have no dry holes larger than

(6) Have no uncapped cells, except as

followsthree-eighths inch across If more than

(1) Empty cells in the row attached to 1inches from the wood section; (5) Have not more than a total of 6

the frame, and/or linear inches of through holes;

(i) 150 uncapped cells filled with (6) Be free from serious damage

well-ripened honey in the adjoining row; caused by cells of pollen.

(7) Be free from cells of pollen. (b) The cappings shall

(b) The cappings shall(1) Not be badly bruised, marred, or

(1) Not be broken or damaged by leaking (small holes cut in cappings or

other means; small broken surfaces permitted);

(2) Present a uniformly even appear

ance. (2) Have no requirements as to uniformly even appearance.

(c) The color of the comb and cap(c) The color of the comb and cap

pings shall conform to the requirements pings shall conform to the requirements

as illustrated for U.S. Fancy combas illustrated for this grade in the of

section honey in the official color chart. ficial color chart.

(d) The honey shall(d) The honey shall

(1) Be uniform in color throughout (1) Have no requirements as to uni

the combs of the lot, unless otherwise formity in color in any of the comb

specified;

(2) Be free from damage caused by sections;

granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or (2) Be free from serious damage

sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, caused by granulation, honeydew, poorly

or other means. ripened or sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, or other means.

§ 52.2868 U.S. No. 1 shallow-frame comb (e) The wood section shall

honey. (1) Be as free from excessive propolis U.S. No. 1 honey shall consist of and/or pronounced stains as Illustration shallow-frame comb honey that meets A in the official color chart;

the following requirements:

(a) The comb shall

in texture with the comb in comb-section (1) Be produced in shallow frames boney; spaced 13 inches from center to center, (2) Have no uncapped cells except on which will give a comb thickness of not the cut edges; less than 1 inch, unless otherwise (3) Never have contained brood; specified;

(4) Have no dry holes; (2) Be drawn out on foundation which (5) Be free from cells of pollen. is light in color and is thin enough to (b) The cappings shallproduce a comb that compares favorably (1) Be free from weeping and from in texture with the comb in comb-section damage caused by bruising or other honey;

means; (3) Never have contained brood:

(2) Present a uniformly even appear(4) Have no uncapped cells, except as ance. follows

(c) The color of the comb and cap(1) Empty cells in the row attached to pings shall conform to the requirements the frame and in the adjoining row, as Illustrated for U.S. Fancy comb-secand/or

tion honey in the oficial color chart. (ii) Additional uncapped filled cells, (d) The honey shall provided they are confined to groups and (1) Be uniform in color throughout in the aggregate do not cover over 10 the comb; percent of the comb surface in any (2) Be free from damage caused by frame;

granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or (5) Be free from damage caused by sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, cells of pollen.

or other means. (b) The cappings shall

(e) The wrapper shall be transparent, (1) Be free from serious damage clean, and sealed in such a manner as to caused by being broken or by other prevent leakage. means;

(f) The minimum net weight shall be (2) Present a uniformly even appear- 12 ounces, unless otherwise specified. ance except for slight irregularities af

8 52.2871 U.S. No. 1 wrapped cut-comb

8 52 2871 11 fecting not to exceed one-half of the

honey. comb surface. (c) The color of the comb and cap

U.S. No. 1 honey shall consist of pings shall conform to the requirements

wrapped cut-comb honey that meets the as illustrated for U.S. No. 1 comb-section

following requirements: honey in the official color chart.

(a) The comb shall

(1) Be drawn out on foundation that (d) The honey shall(1) Be fairly uniform in color

is light in color and is thin enough to throughout the comb;

produce a comb that compares favorably

in texture with the comb in comb-section (2) Be free from damage caused by granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or

honey;

(2) Have no uncapped cells, except as sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor,

follows or other means.

(1) On the cut edges, and/or 8 52.2869 Unclassified shallow-frame (11) In the row adjoining the cut edge, comb honey.

provided the number does not exceed 15 Unclassified shallow-frame comb in a cut comb; honey shall consist of shallow-frame (3) Never have contained brood; comb honey that does not conform to (4) Have no dry holes; the requirements for either of the fore (5) Be free from cells of pollen. going grades.

(b) The cappings shallGRADES FOR WRAPPED CUT-COMB HONEY

(1) Be free from weeping and from

damage caused by bruising or other 8 52.2870 U.S. Fancy wrapped cut-comb means; honey.

(2) Present a uniformly even appear. U.S. Fancy honey shall consist of ance except for slight irregularities afwrapped cut-comb honey that meets the fecting not to exceed one-half of the following requirements:

comb surface. (a) The comb shall

(c) The color of the comb and cappings (1) Be drawn out on foundation that shall conform to the requirements as is Ught in color and is thin enough to illustrated for U.S. No. 1 comb-section produce a comb that compares favorably honey in the official color chart. 58–037—76 34

521

(d) The honey shall(1) Be fairly uniform in color throughout the comb;

(2) Be free from damage caused by granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, or other means.

(e) The wrapper shall be transparent, clean, and sealed in such a manner as to prevent leakage.

(f) The minimum net weight shall be 11 ounces, unless otherwise specified. 8 52.2872 Unclassified wrapped cut.

comb honey. Unclassified wrapped cut-comb honey shall consist of cut-comb honey which does not conform to the requirements for either of the foregoing grades. GRADES FOR CHUNK OR BULK COMB HONEY $ 52.2873 U.S. Fancy chunk or bulk

comb honey--packed in tin. U.S. Fancy chunk or bulk comb honey packed in tin shall consist of not less than 50 percent by volume of chunk or bulk comb honey, unless otherwise specified, which meets the following requirements:

(a) The comb shall

(1) Be drawn out on foundation that is light in color and is thin enough to produce a comb that compares favorably in texture with the comb in comb-section honey;

(2) Have not more than one uncapped cell per square inch of comb surface;

(3) Never have contained brood;
(4) Have no dry holes;
(5) Be free from cells of pollen.
(b) The cappings shall-

(1) Be free from damage caused by bruising or other means;

(2) Present a uniformly even appearance.

(c) The color of the comb and cappings shall conform to the requirements as illustrated for U.S. Fancy comb-section honey in the official color chart, except that any amount of watery cappings shall be permitted.

(d) The honey shall

(1) Be uniform in color throughout the comb and the color of the honey in the comb shall not be darker than the next darker color classification of the extracted honey used to make up the total weight.

(2) Be free from damage caused by granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, or other means.

(e) The total weight shall be made up with U.S. Fancy extracted honey.

(f) The color of the honey within the container shall be designated according to the color of the extracted honey used to make up the total weight. 8 52.2874 U.S. No. 1 chunk or bulk comb

honey-packed in tin. U.S. No. 1 chunk or bulk comb honey packed in tin shall consist of not less than 50 percent by volume of chunk or bulk comb honey, unless otherwise specified, which meets the following requirements:

(a) The comb shall

(1) Be drawn out on foundation that is light in color and is thin enough to produce a comb that compares favorably in texture with the comb in combsection honey;

(2) Have not more than two uncapped cells per square Inch of comb surface;

(3) Never have contained brood;
(4) Have no dry holes;
(5) Be free from cells of pollen.
(b) The cappings shall-

(1) Be free from damage caused by bruising or other means;

(2) Present a uniformly even appearance except for slight irregularities affecting not to exceed one-half of the comb surface.

(c) The color of the comb and cappings shall conform to the requirements as illustrated for U.S. No. 1 comb-section honey in the oficial color chart, except that any amount of watery cappings shall be permitted.

(d) The honey shall

(1) Be fairly uniform in color throughout the comb and the color of the honey in the comb shall not be darker than the next darker color classification of the extracted honey used to make up the total weight;

(2) Be free from damage caused by granulation, honeydew, poorly ripened or sour honey, objectionable flavor or odor, or other means.

(e) The total weight shall be made up with U.S. Fancy extracted honey.

(f) The color of the honey within the container shall be designated according to the color of the extracted honey used to make up the total weight. $ 52.2875 Unclassified chunk or bulk

comb honeypacked in tin. "Unclassified” chunk or bulk comb honey packed in tin shall consist of chunk or bulk comb honey that does not

conform to the requirements of any of the foregoing grades. $ 52.2876 U.S. Fancy chunk or bulk

comb honey-packed in glass. “U.S. Fancy" chunk or bulk comb honey packed in glass shall consist of chunk or bulk comb honey that conforms to the requirements for this grade when packed in tin, except that no given volume of chunk or bulk comb honey is required. $ 52.2877 U.S. No. 1 chunk or bulk comb

honey-packed in glass. U.S. No. 1” chunk or bulk comb honey packed in glass shall consist of chunk or bulk comb honey that conforms to the requirements for this grade when packed in tin, except that no given volume of chunk or bulk comb honey is required. $ 52.2878 Unclassified chunk or bulk

comb honey-packed in glass. “Unclassified" chunk or bulk comb honey packed in glass shall consist of chunk or bulk comb honey that does not conform to the requirements of any of the foregoing grades.

TOLERANCES FOR GRADES $ 52.2879 Application of tolerances.

The tolerances specified for the various grades are placed on a container basis. However, any lot of honey shall be considered as meeting the requirements of a specified grade if no sample from the containers in any lot is found to exceed the tolerances specified by more than double the amount allowed, provided the entire lot shall average within the tolerance specified. 8 52.2880 Tolerances for comb-section

honey. (a) U.S. Fancy, U.S. No. 1, and U.S. No. 1 Mixed Color. (1) In order to allow for variations, other than in weight, incident to proper grading and handling, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the comb sections in any container may be below the requirements for the grade, but not to exceed two-fifths of this tolerance, or 2 percent of the comb sections in any container, shall be allowed for defects causing serious damage.

(2) In addition to the foregoing tolerance, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the comb sections in any container may fail to meet the weight requirements.

(b) U.S. No. 2. (1) In order to allow for variations, other than in weight, in

cident to proper grading and handling, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the comb sections in any container may be below the requirements for the grade.

(2) In addition to the foregoing tolerance, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the comb sections in any container may fail to meet the weight requirements. 8 52.2881 Tolerances for shallow-framo

comb honey. (a) U.S. Fancy and U.S. NO. 1. (1) In order to allow for variations, other than in weight, incident to proper grading and handling, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the frames of honey in any container may be below the requirements for the grade, but not to exceed two-fifths of this number, or 2 percent of the frames in any container, shall be allowed for defects causing serious damage.

(2) In addition to the foregoing tolerance, a variation of not more than 5 percent below the net weight marked on the cases shall be permitted. $ 52.2882 Tolerances for wrapped cut.

comb honey. (a) U.S. Fancy and U.S. No. 1. (1) In order to allow for variations, other than in weight, incident to proper grading and handling, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the wrapped cut combs in any container may be below the requirements for the grade, but not to exceed two-fifths of this tolerance, or 2 percent of the wrapped cut combs in any container, shall be allowed for defects causing serious damage.

(2) In addition to the foregoing tolerance, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the wrapped cut combs in any container may fail to meet the weight requirements. $ 52.2883 Tolerances for chunk or bulk

comb honey-packed in tin. (a) U.S. Fancy and U.S. No. 1. In order to allow for variations incident to proper grading and handling, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the containers in any lot may have honey below the requirements for the grade. $ 52.2884 Tolerances for chunk or bulk

comb honey-packed in glase. (a) U.S. Fancy and N.S. No. 1. In order to allow for variations incident to proper grading and handling, not more than 5 percent, by count, of the containers in any lot may have honey below the requirements for the grade,

COLORS, COLOR CLASSIFICATIONS from that in the body of the comb section

is permitted in the row next to the sec$ 52.2885 Official USDA colors.

tion and in 10 additional cells, provided (a) Oficial color chart. The oficial these additional cells are well distributed color chart mentioned throughout this and are in the row adjoining the outside subpart is out of print and no longer row. In no event shall the contrast of available.

color be greater than that between any (b) USDA glass color standards. These color classification and the darker color color standards replace the “oficial color classification. chart" which is out of print. Information

DEFINITIONS OF TERMS regarding the USDA glass color standards, and their availability, may be ob- $ 52.2888 Definitions of terms. tained from:

(a) "Damage" means any injury or Processed Products Standardization and In. defect that materially affects the appear

spection Branch, Fruit and Vegetable ance, edibility, or shipping quality of the Division, Consumer and Marketing Serv- honey, such as: ice, 0.8. Department of Agriculture,

(1) The presence of any cells, of polWashington, D.C, 20250.

len in more than one-third of the combs 8 52.2886 Color classifications of comb in any lot of U.S. No. 1 shallow-frame honey.

comb honey. One-third of the combs

shallow(a) Comb-section honey,

may have not more than 50 cells of pollen

in a comb, provided they are not widely frame comb honey, and wrapped cut

scattered but are on the outside edges comb honey shall be classified as white,

of the comb. light amber, amber, or dark amber.

(2) The presence in comb-section (b) The foregoing color classification

honey, shallow-frame comb shall be determined in accordance with

honey,

wrapped cut-comb honey, or chunk or the color standards as outlined in the

bulk comb honey packed in tin or glass, applicable U.S. Standards for Grades of

of more than 10 percent by volume of Extracted Honey, but the color shall be

granulated honey in the uncapped cells, designated as follows:

or of more than very small or scattered (1) Honey classed as water white, ex

granules in the capped cells. tra white, and white for extracted honey

(3) The presence of any spots of shall be designated white comb honey;

feces (bee excrement) on the comb. (2) Honey classed as extra light amber

(b) "Serious damage" means any inand light amber shall be designated light amber comb honey;

Jury or defect that seriously affects the

edibility or shipping quality of the honey. (3) Honey classed as amber shall be

Any spots of feces on the surface of the designated amber comb honey;

comb or, in sections, attachment of comb (4) Honey that is darker than amber

to less than 45 percent of the adjacent shall be designated dark amber comb

area shall be considered serious damage. honey.

(c) "Uncapped cells" or cells, either (c) In classifying the color of comb

empty or filled with honey, which are not honey, a sample of liquid honey shall be

sealed or capped over by the bees. drained from a broken comb and the

(d) “Adjacent area of the section" determination made according to the

means the total length of the four inner color standards for extracted honey as

sides of the section, multiplied by the outlined in the applicable U.S. Standards

thickness of the comb; as, for instance, for Grades of Extracted Honey.

in the case of a section 444 inches square, (d) It is permissible to state the color

4+4+4+4 equals 16, which, multiplied of the honey contained in the comb in conformity with the colors established

by the actual thickness of the comb, for the classification of the color of

which might be 144 inches, gives an adextracted honey.

jacent area of 20 square inches.

(e) “Project beyond the edge of the § 52.2887 Uniformity of color.

section” refers to the projection of comb (a) “Uniform in color" means that no beyond the widest part of the section, pronounced variation in color is apparent generally because no separators were in the honey on looking through a comb used, and does not refer to the occasional toward the light.

slight projection of wax beyond the nar. (b) "Fairly uniform in color" means row or beeway part of the section. Prothat honey of a sightly different color jection at this point to such an extent

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