Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

lat honey leaks down over the face of Subpart-United States Standards for le comb is not permitted.

Grades of Frozen Plums (f) "Dry holes" are holes in the honey

SOURCE: $8 52.2911 to 52.2922 appear at 21 imb larger than a cell, and not next

F.R. 781, Feb. 4, 1956, unless otherwise noted. the wood; they may extend partly or atirely through the comb.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, COLOR TYPES, (g) “Through holes" are holes or pas

STYLES, AND GRADES iges through the comb from one side

$ 52.2911 Product description. [ the comb to the other, between the ige of the comb and the section.

Frozen plums means the frozen product (h) “Weeping” is the exudation or

prepared from clean, sound, fresh fruit

of any commercial variety of plums, exrepage of honey through the cappings,

clusive of Damson variety, which are orming small drops which finally run

sorted, washed, drained, and pitted; own the face of the comb. It is usually

which may be packed with or without the aused by absorption of moisture from

addition of a nutritive sweetening inae atmosphere by the honey.

gredient; and which are frozen in ac(i) “Bruising" is any injury by ac cordance with good commercial practice ident or pressure, such as an indenta and maintained at temperatures necesion of the surface of the comb by pres- sary for the preservation of the product. ure of fingers. Bruising is considered to

$ 52.2912 Color types of frozen plums. e damage if it is suficient to cause

(a) Purple or Blue (such as Italian eaking. (j) "Uniformly even appearance"

Prune plum variety). beans that the surface of the combs

(b) Red (such as Satsuma variety or hall be free from irregularities other

Santa Rosa variety). han those incident to the work of the

(c) Yellow-Green (such as Yellow Egg ees in completing a comb of uniform

variety, Jefferson variety and Reine

Claude variety). onstruction.

(k) "Slight irregularities” means ir- $ 52.2913 Styles of frozen plums. egularities of not more than one-eighth (a) “Halved" means frozen plums that ach above or below the general surface have been prepared by cutting whole of the comb, but not projecting beyond. plums longitudinally into approximato be edge of the section. The slight ridg- halves. ng of comb surface sometimes Incidental (b) “Whole pitted” means frozen o the use of fence separators is not to plums that have been prepared from e considered an irregularity.

whole plums in a manner that the plums (1) "Freedom from excessive propolis are not excessively crushed or excessively ind/or pronounced stains" means that broke in removing the pits. he top of the wood section shall bear (c) “Crushed and broken” means 10 greater stain from propolis than that frozen plums that have been prepared ordinarily found on a paraffined section,

from whole plums in a manner that most und that the other three sides and the

of the plums are crushed or broken in dges and inner faces and angles of the removing the pits. wood sections shall be reasonably free from propolis. Permissible stain is shown

$ 52.2914 Grades of frozen plums. in the color chart.8

(a) "U.S. Grade A” or “U.S. Fancy" is (m) "New in appearance” means not the quality of frozen plums that possess discolored by age or exposure. Parafined similar varietal characteristics; that possections usually appear new, even though sess a normal flavor; that possess a good they may be left over from a previous color; that are practically uniform in season.

size for the applicable styles; that are (n) "Well built out," as used in rel practically free from defects; that poserence to shallow-frame comb honey, sess a good character; and that for those means that the combs are fairly uniform factors which are scored in accordance In thickness throughout each comb and with the scoring system outlined in this throughout the lot.

subpart, the total score is not less than

85 points: Provided, That frozen plums 3 See $ 52.2885.

may be only reasonably uniform in size or the applicable styles, i the total that the value may be ascertained for core is not less than 85 points.

such factors and expressed numerically. (b) "U. S. Grade B" or "U. S. Choice" The numerical range within each factor s the quality of frozen plums that pos which is scored is inclusive (for exess similar varietal characteristics; that ample, "17 to 20 points" means 17, 18, possess 8. normal flavor; that possess a 19, or 20 points). reasonably good color; that are reason

$ 52.2917 Color. ably uniform in size for the applicable stylcs; that are reasonably free from

(a) (A) classification. Frozen plums defects; that possess a reasonably good

that possess a good color may be given

a score of 17 to 20 points. “Good color" character; and that for those factors

means that the frozen plums, internally which are scored in accordance with the

and externally, possess a practically uni. scoring system outlined in this subpart,

form, bright, typical color of well ripened, the total score is not less than 70 points:

properly prepared, and properly procProvided, That the frozen plums may

essed frozen plums of similar varietal vary in size if the total score is not less characteristics and that the frozen plums than 70 points.

are practically free from any brown color (c) “Substandard" is the quality of due to oxidation, improper processing, or frozen plums that fail to meet the re other causes, which color may affect no quirements of U. S. Grade B or U. S. more than slightly the appearance or Choice.

edibility of the product.

(b) (B) classification. Frozen plums FACTORS OF QUALITY

that possess & reasonably good color may 8 52.2915 Ascertaining the grade. be given a score of 14 to 16 points.

Frozen plumas that fall into this classifi(a) General. The grade of frozen

cation shall not be graded above U. S. plums is determined immediately after

Grade B or U. 8. Choice, regardless of thawing to the extent that the units may

the total score for the product (this is a be separated easily and are free from Ice limiting rule). “Reasonably good color crystals. In addition to considering means that the frozen plums, internally other requirements outlined in the and externally, possess a reasonably unistandards, the following quality factors form, reasonably bright, typical color of are evaluated:

reasonably well ripened, properly pre(1) Factors not rated by score points. pared, and properly processed frozen (1) Varietal characteristics.

plums of similar varietal characteristics (11) Flavor.

and that the frozen plums are reasonably (2) Factors rated by score points. The

free from any brown color due to oxidarelative importance of each factor which

tion, improper processing, or other

causes, which color may not materially is scored is expressed numerically on the

affect the appearance or edibility of the scale of 100. The maximum number of

product. points that may be given such factors

(c) (SStd.) classification. Frozen are:

plums that fail to meet the requirements Factors:

Points

of paragraph (b) of this section may be Color

20 given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall Size

10

not be graded above Substandard, reDefects

80 gardless of the total score for the prod. Character

40

uct (this is a limiting rule). Total score..

----... 100 $ 52.2918 Size. (b) Normal flavor. "Normal flavor"

(a) General. The factor of uniformmeans that the product has a normal,

ity of size for crushed and broken frozen characteristic flavor and odor for the

plums is not based on any detailed revarietal type and is free from objection

quirements and is not scored; the other able flavors and objectionable odors of

three factors (color, defects, and charac

ter, as applicable) are scored and the any kind.

total is multiplied by 100 and divided by $ 52.2916 Ascertaining the rating for 90, dropping any fractions to determine the factors which are scored.

the total score. The essential variations within each (b) (A) classification. Halved or factor which is scored are so described whole pitted styles of frozen plums that

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

e practically uniform in size may be (4) “Blemished” means blemished by ven a score of 9 or 10 points. "Prac- sunburn, scab, or blemished by discoloracally uniform in size” in halved or whole tion or by other means to the extent that tted styles means that in 90 percent, by the appearance and eating quality of the junt, of the units which have the most unit is materially affected. niform size, the weight of the largest (5) "Seriously blemished" means ait does not exceed the weight of the blemished by sunburn, scab, or blemished nallest unit by more than 50 percent. by discoloration or by other means to the

(c) (B) classification. Halved or extent that the appearance and eating hole pitted styles of frozen plums that quality of the unit is seriously affected.

e reasonably uniform in size may be (6) "Other defects” means growth ven a score of 7 or 8 points. “Reason cracks, doubles, or other abnormalities bly uniform in size" in halved or whole which materially affect the appearance itted styles means that in 90 percent, or eating quality of the unit (shriveled

ount of the units which have the areas are not considered defects). lost uniform size, the weight of the (b) (A) classification. Frozen plums irgest unit is not more than twice the that are practically free from defects 'eight of the smallest unit.

may be given a score of 25 to 30 points. (d) (SStd.) classification. Halved or "Practically free from defects" means hole pitted styles of frozen plums that that the product is practically free from ail to meet the requirements of para pit material and that, individually and raph (c) of this section may be given a collectively, harmless extraneous matter; core of 0 to 6 points and shall not be crushed and broken units with respect to raded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. halved and whole pitted styles; blemhoice, regardless of the total score for ished and seriously blemished units; and he product (this is a partial limiting other defects do not materially affect the ule).

appearance and eating quality of the

product; and that there may be present: i 52.2919 Defects.

(1) Not more than 5 percent, by (a) General. The factor of defects weight, of crushed or broken units in efers to the degree of freedom from halved and whole pitted styles; larmless extraneous matter; units that (2) Not more than 10 percent, by re crushed or broken with respect to weight, of blemished and seriously blemtalved and whole pitted styles; pit m&- ished units: Provided, That not more erial; blemished and seriously blemished than 5 percent, by weight, of all the units inits; and any other defects which de may be seriously blemished. ract from the appearance and eating (c) (B) classification. Frozen plums quality of the product.

that are reasonably free from defects (1) "Harmless extraneous matter" may be given a score of 21 to 24 points. neans any vegetable substance (includ Frozen plums that fall into this classifing, but not limited to, a leaf, stem, or cation shall not be graded above U. S. portions thereof) that is harmless. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of

(2) "Crushed or broken unit” means the total score for the product (this is a i unit in halved or whole pitted styles limiting rule). “Reasonably free from that is torn, ragged, or otherwise muti- defects” means that the product is praclated to the extent that the unit does not tically free from pit material and that, retain its normal shape. In halved style, individually and collectively, harmless halves of plums that are slightly split extraneous matter; crushed and broken are not considered crushed or broken. units with respect to halved and whole In whole pitted style, plums that are slit pitted styles; blemished and seriously or perforated by the pitting operation blemished units; and other defects do are not considered crushed or broken un not seriously affect the appearance and less the unit is ragged or otherwise muti eating quality of the product; and that lated to the extent that the appearance there may be present: of the unit does not have the approxi (1) Not more than 10 percent, by mate shape of a whole pitted plum. weight, of crushed or broken units in

(3) "Pit material" means any whole halved and whole pitted styles; pit or any piece of pit material regardless (2) Not more than 20 percent, by of size.

weight, of blemished and seriously blem

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Ished units: Provided, That not more than 10 percent, by weight, of all the units may be seriously blemished.

(d) (SStd.) classification. Frozen plums that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given & score of 0 to 20 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). $ 52.2920 Character.

(a) General. The factor of character refers to the degree of ripeness, the texture and tenderness of the frozen plums, and to shriveled areas of skin.

(b) (A) classification. Frozen plums that possess a good character may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. “Good character” means that the units possess a tender, fleshy texture, typical of well ripened, properly processed frozen plums; and that not more than 15 percent, by weight, of the units may possess & reasonably good character or possess shriveled areas that materially affect the appearance of the unit.

(c) (B) classification. Frozen plums that possess a reasonably good character may be given a score of 28 to 33 points. Frozen plums that fall into this classification shall not be graded above U. S. Grade B or U. S. Choice, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule). "Reasonably good character” means that the units possess the texture of reasonably well ripened frozen plums that are properly processed; the texture is reasonably fleshy and the units reasonably tender, or the tenderness may be variable from slightly soft to slightly firm; and that not more than 30 percent, by weight, of the units may fail to meet at least a reasonably good character or possess shriveled areas that materially affect the appearance of the unit.

(d) (SStd.) classification. Frozen plums that fail to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section may be given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall not be graded above Substandard, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a limiting rule).

LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION $ 52.2921 Ascertaining the grade of a

lot. The grade of a lot of the processed product covered by these standards is

[blocks in formation]

Subpart-United States Standards for

Grades of Concentrated Tangerine
Juice for Manufacturing

SOURCE: $8 52.2931 to 52.2941 appear at 20 F.R. 7281, Sept. 30, 1955, unless otherwise noted.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND GRADES & 52.2931 Product description.

Concentrated tangerine juice for manufacturing is the concentrated product obtained from sound, mature fruit of the Mandarin group (Citrus reticulata), The fruit is prepared by sorting and by washing prior to extraction of the juice and the extracted juice is concentrated. The concentrated tangerine juice is processed in accordance with good commercial practice; and may or may not require processing by heat or subsequent refrigeration to assure preservation of the

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

FILL or CONTAINER 3 $ 52.2933 Recommended fill of con

tainer. The recommended fill of container is not incorporated in the grades of the finished product since fill of container, as such, is not a factor of quality for the purposes of these grades. It is recommended that each container be filled with concentrated tangerine juice as full as practicable without impairment of quality.

FACTORS OF QUALITY $ 52.2934 Ascertaining the grade.

(a) General. The grade of concentrated tangerine juice for manufacturing is ascertained by examining the concentrate and the reconstituted juice; and in addition to considering other requirements outlined in the standards, the following quality factors are evaluated:

(1) Factors not rated by score points. (1) Degree of gelation.

(ii) Faculty of reconstituting properly.

(2) Factors rated by score points. The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically on the scale of 100. The maximum number of points that may be given such factors are: Factors:

Points

40 Defects--------------------------

20 Flavor..

40 Total score----

100 $ 52.2935 Ascertaining the rating for

the factors which are scored. The essential variations within each factor which is scored are so described that the value may be ascertained for each factor and expressed numerically. The numerical range within each factor which is scored is inclusive. (For example, “17 to 20 points" means 17, 18, 19, or 20 points.) $ 52.2936 Color.

(a) (A-Mfg) classification. Concentrated tangerine juice of which the reconstituted juice possesses & good color may be given a score of 34 to 40 points. “Good color" means that the color is a reasonably bright yellow to yelloworange color typical of properly processed and properly concentrated tanger

(b) Concentrated tangerine juice for manufacturing of other dilution factors than “1 plus 3” to “1 plus 6”, as indicated in paragraph (a) of this section, shall result in a Brix (upon reconstitution as prescribed by the processor or as prescribed by the label on the container, it labeled) of not less than 10.6 degrees. $ 52.2932 Grades of concentrated tan.

gerine juice for manufacturing, (a) "U.S. Grade A for Manufacturing" or “U.S. Fancy for Manufacturing" is the quality of concentrated tangerine juice which shows no material gelation, reconstitutes properly, and of which the reconstituted juice possesses a good color; is practically free from defects; possesses a reasonably good flavor; and scores not less than 85 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(b) “U. S. Grade C for Manufacturing” or “U. S. Standard for Manufacturing" is the quality of concentrated tangerine juice which shows no material gelation, reconstitutes properly, and of which the reconstituted juice possesses a fairly good color; is fairly free from defects; possesses a fairly good flavor; and scores not less than 70 points when scored in accordance with the scoring system outlined in this subpart.

(c) "Substandard for Manufacturing" is the quality of concentrated tangerine juice that fails to meet the requirements of U. S. Grade C for Manufacturing or U. S. Standard for Manufacturing.

color--

« AnteriorContinuar »