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(u) Group 2; spherical material, 1 (3) Not more than 4 percent, by count, unit; or

of the peas may be blemished including (ii) Group 3; cylindrical material, a not more than 1 percent, by count, of all piece or pieces which singly or in the ag the peas that may be seriously blemished. gregate do not exceed 12 inch in length. (4) The presence of harmless extrane

(2) Not more than 7 percent, by count, ous vegetable material, pieces of peas, of the peas may be pieces of peas;

blemished peas, seriously blemished peas, (3) Not more than 2 percent, by count, and other defects, individually or collecof the peas may be blemished including tively, does not materially affect the apnot more than one-half of 1 percent, pearance or eating quality of the product. by count, of all the peas that may be (f) (C) classification. Frozen peas seriously blemished;

that are fairly free from defects may be (4) The presence of harmless extrane

given a score of 28 to 31 points. Frozen ous vegetable material. pieces of peas, peas that fall into this classification, exblemished peas, seriously blemished peas, cept for pieces of peas, shall not be and other defects individually or collec graded above U.S. Grade C, regardless tively, does not more than slightly affect

of the total score for the product (this is the appearance or eating quality of the a partial limiting rule). “Fairly free product.

from defects” means that: (see Table (e) (B) classification, Frozen peas

I of this subpart) that are reasonably free from defects

(1) For each 30 ounces of net weight may be given a score of 32 to 35 points.

there may be present not more than the Frozen peas that fall into this classifi

following amounts of harmless extranecation, except for pieces of peas, shall

ous vegetable material: not be graded above U.S. Grade B, re

(1) When present as a single group: gardless of the total score for the prod

(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces uct (this is a partial limiting rule).

having an aggregate area of not more "Reasonably free from defects” means

than 1 square inch (equivalent to 1 inch that: (see Table I of this subpart)

x 1 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of (1) For each 30 ounces of net weight

any size; or there may be present not more than the

(6) Group 2; spherical material, 3 following amounts of harmless extrane

units; or ou8 vegetable material:

(c) Group 3; cylindrical material, a (1) When present as a single group:

piece or pieces which singly or in the ag(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces hav

gregate do not exceed 2 inches in length. ing an aggregate area of not more than

(it) When present in combination, not 42 square inch (equivalent to 12 inch x 1

more than 2 or any of the following inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of any groups: size; or

(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces hav(6) Group 2; spherical material, 2 ing an aggregate area of not more than units; or

1/2 square Inch (equivalent to 12 inch x (c) Group 3; cylindrical material, a. 1 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of any piece or pieces which singly or in the

size; aggregate do not exceed 1 inch in length. (b) Group 2; spherical material, 2 (1) When present in combination, not

units; more than 2 of any of the following

(c) Group 3; cylindrical material, a groups:

piece or pieces which singly or in the ag(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces hav

gregate do not exceed 1 inch in length. ing an aggregate area of not more than

(2) Not more than 15 percent, by Y4 square inch (equivalent to 2 inch x

count, of the peas may be pieces of peas; 42 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of

(3) Not more than 6 percent, by count, any size;

of the peas may be blemished including (6) Group 2: spherical material. i not more than 3 percent, by count, of all unit;

the peas that may be seriously blemished; (c) Group 3; cylindrical material, a (4) The presence of harmless extranepiece or pieces which singly or in the

ous vegetable material, pieces of peas, aggregate do not exceed Y2 inch in blemished peas, seriously blemished peas, length.

and other defects, individually or collec(2) Not more than 10 percent, by tively, does not seriously affect the apcount, of the peas may be pieces of peas; pearance or eating quality of the product. means that the frozen peas possess & (2) "Pieces of pea" (broken pea) reasonably bright and reasonably uni- means: (1) A whole pea from which a form green color typical for the variety; cotyledon or a large portion thereof has that peas which very markedly from such become separated; typical green color do not materially (11) Two detached whole cotyledons; affect the overall color appearance; and (ii) Pieces of cotyledon aggregating that not more than 142 percent, by count, the equivalent of an average size coty. of the peas may be blond, cream colored, ledon; or seriously detract from the overall (lv) A whole detached skin or portions color appearance.

of detached skin aggregating the equiva(c) (C) Classification. Frozen peas lent of an average size whole skin. that possess & fairly good color may be (3) "Blemished pea" means & pes given & score of 14 or 15 points. Frozen that is blemished by discoloration or by peas that fall into this classification other means that does not materially shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B, affect the appearance or eating quality regardless of the total score for the of the pea. product (this is a partial limiting rule). (4) “Seriously blemished pea" means "Fairly good color" means that the fro a pea that is hard, shriveled, spotted, diszen peas possess a fairly uniform green colored, or otherwise blemished to an color typical for the variety, which may extent that the appearance or eating be dull but not off color; that peas quality is seriously affected. Peas comwhich vary markedly from such typical monly referred to as “blond” or “cream green color do not seriously afect the colored" peas are not considered seoverall color appearance; and that not riously blemished peas. more than 2 percent, by count, of all the (c) Determination of allowances peas may be blond, cream colored, or (1) Determining percent, by count, of seriously detract from the overall color pieces of peas. (1) The percent, by appearance.

count, of pieces of peas is determined by (d) (SStd.) classification. Frozen dividing the total number of pieces of peas that fail to meet the requirements peas by the total number of peas and of paragraph (c) of this section may be pieces of peas. given a score of 0 to 13 points and shall (ii) A pea held together by its skin. not be graded above Substandard, re even though the cotyledons are partly gardless of the total score for the product crushed or the skin split. is not consid(this is a limiting rule).

ered as a broken pea or piece of pea. $ 52.3516 Defects.

(2) Harmless extraneous vegetable (a) General. The factor of defects

material (1) The allowances for harmrefers to the degree of freedom from

less extraneous vegetable material are harmless extraneous vegetable material,

based on 30 ounces of frozen peas. When pieces of peas, blemished peas, seriously

considering sample units of less than 30 blemished peas, and other defects which ounces, the allowances provided in this affect the appearance or eating quality section for the respective grade classifof the product.

cation will be permitted in a single sam(b) Definition of defects. (1) "Harm ple unit: Provided, That the average of less extraneous vegetable material" such defects in the entire sample does means:

not exceed such allowance. (1) Group 1; flat material. Succulent (d) (A) classification. Frozen peas vegetable material common to the pea that are practically free from defects plant, such as leaves and pea pods; may be given a score of 36 to 40 points.

(ii) Group 2; spherical material. "Practically free from defects" means Non-deleterious or non-poisonous types that: (See Table I of this subpart) of nightshade berries, thistle buds, or (1) For each 30 ounces of net weight other similar spherical vegetable ma there may be present not more than the terial from other plants similar in color following amounts of harmless extra. to frozen peas;

neous vegetable material: (111) Group 3; cylindrical material. (1) Group 1; flat material, pieces hav. Cylindrical vegetable material, such as ing an aggregate area of not more than stems, common to the pea plant or from 44 square inch (equivalent to 142 inch x other plants which are similar in color 42 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of to frozen peas.

any size; or

Chapter 1-Agricultural Marketing Service

$ 52.3516

(u) Group 2; spherical material, 1 unit; or

(iii) Group 3; cylindrical material, a piece or pieces which singly or in the aggregate do not exceed 12 inch in length.

(2) Not more than 7 percent, by count, of the peas may be pieces of peas;

(3) Not more than 2 percent, by count, of the peas may be blemished including pot more than one-half of 1 percent, by count, of all the peas that may be seriously blemished;

(4) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material. pieces of peas, blemished peas, seriously blemished peas, and other defects individually or collectively, does not more than slightly affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(e) (B) classification. Frozen peas that are reasonably free from defects may be given a score of 32 to 35 points. Frozen peas that fall into this classification, except for pieces of peas, shall not be graded above U.S. Grade B, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). "Reasonably free from defects” means that: (see Table I of this subpart)

(1) For each 30 ounces of net weight there may be present not more than the following amounts of harmless extraneous vegetable material:

(1) When present as a single group:

(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces having an aggregate area of not more than 42 square inch (equivalent to 12 inch x 1 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of any size; or

(b) Group 2; spherical material, 2 units; or

(c) Group 3; cylindrical material, a piece or pieces which singly or in the aggregate do not exceed 1 inch in length.

(ii) When present in combination, not more than 2 of any of the following groups:

(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces having an aggregate area of not more than Y4 square inch (equivalent to 12 inch x 1/2 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of any size;

(b) Group 2; spherical material, 1 unit;

(c) Group 3; cylindrical material, a piece or pieces which singly or in the aggregate do not exceed 12 inch in length.

(2) Not more than 10 percent, by count, of the peas may be pieces of peas;

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(3) Not more than 4 percent, by count, of the peas may be blemished including not more than 1 percent, by count, of all the peas that may be seriously blemished.

(4) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of peas, blemished peas, seriously blemished peas, and other defects, individually or collectively, does not materially affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

(f) (C) classification. Frozen peas that are fairly free from defects may be given a score of 28 to 31 points. Frozen peas that fall into this classification, except for pieces of peas, shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C, regardless of the total score for the product (this is a partial limiting rule). “Fairly free from defects" means that: (see Table I of this subpart)

(1) For each 30 ounces of net weight there may be present not more than the following amounts of harmless extraneous vegetable material:

(1) When present as a single group:

(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces having an aggregate area of not more than 1 square inch (equivalent to 1 inch x 1 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of any size; or

(b) Group 2; spherical material, 3 units; or

(c) Group 3; cylindrical material, & piece or pieces which singly or in the aggregate do not exceed 2 inches in length.

(11) When present in combination, not more than 2 or any of the following groups:

(a) Group 1; flat material, pieces having an aggregate area of not more than 12 square inch (equivalent to 12 inch x 1 inch) on the surface; or 1 piece of any size;

(b) Group 2; spherical material, 2 units;

(c) Group 3; cylindrical material, a piece or pieces which singly or in the aggregate do not exceed 1 inch in length.

(2) Not more than 15 percent, by count, of the peas may be pieces of peas;

(3) Not more than 6 percent, by count, of the peas may be blemished including not more than 3 percent, by count, of all the peas that may be seriously blemished;

(4) The presence of harmless extraneous vegetable material, pieces of peas, blemished peas, seriously blemished peas, and other defects, individually or collectively, does not seriously affect the appearance or eating quality of the product.

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(sStd.) classification. Frozen given a score of 0 to 27 points and shall weas that fail to meet the requirements not be graded above Substandard, reof paragraph (f) of this section may be gardless of the total score for the product given a score of 0 to 27 points. Frozen (this is a limiting rule), peas that fall into this classification, ex

TABLE II-SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM ALLOWANCES FOR cept for pieces of peas that exceed 15

THE BRINE FLOTATION TEST percent, by count, but do not exceed 20 percent, by count, shall not be graded

Maximum num.

Grade clasabove Substandard, regardless of the

ber of peas Salt in

sification Score range (skins removed) solutotal score for the product (this is a par

that sink in 10

tion tial limiting rule).

seconds $ 52.3517 Tenderness and maturity.

Percent (a) General. The factor of tender Grade A....-- 36 to 40.... 10 percent by

count. ness and maturity refers to the degree of

Grade B...-- 32 to 36.... 12 percent by maturity of frozen peas as determined

count.

16 percent by on the basis of the brine flotation test

Grade O....-- 28 to 31.... count. set forth in $ 52.3518 by first removing the skins from the peas, and as reflected in the tenderness determined on the

METHODS OF ANALYSES cooked product.

52.3518 Brine flotation test. (b) (A) classification. Frozen peas that are tender may be given a score of

(a) Explanation. The brine flotation 36 to 40 points. "Tender" means that

test utilizes salt solutions of various

specific gravities to separate the peas the peas are in such a stage of maturity that not more than 10 percent, by count, according to maturity. The brine soluof the peas may sink in a solution con

tions are based on the percentage by taining 13 percent, by weight, of salt (See weight of pure salt (NaCl) in solution at Table II of this subpart); and that the

20 degrees C. In making the test the frozen peas after cooking are very tender

brine solutions are standardized to the upon eating.

proper specific gravity equivalent to the (c) (B) classification. Frozen peas specified "percent of salt solutions at that are reasonably tender may be given

20 degrees C." by using & salometer & score of 32 to 35 points. Frozen peas spindle accurately calibrated at 20 dethat fall into this classification shall not grees C. A 250 ml. glass beaker or be graded above U.S. Grade B, regardless similar receptacle is filled with the brine of the total score for the product (this is solution to a depth of approximately 2 & limiting rule). “Reasonably tender" inches. The brine solution and sample means that the peas are in such a stage

must be at the same temperature and of maturity that not more than 12 per

should closely approximate 20 degrees C. cent, by count, of the peas may sink in &

(b) Procedure. After carefully resolution containing 15 percent, by weight, moving the skins from the peas, place of salt (See Table II of this subpart); the peas into the solution. Pieces of and that the frozen peas after cooking

peas and loose skins should not be used are reasonably tender upon eating.

in making the brine flotation test. I (d) (C) classification. Frozen peas cotyledons divide, use both cotyledons in that are fairly tender may be given a the test and consider the 2 separated score of 28 to 31 points. Frozen peas cotyledons as 1 pea; and, if an odd coty. that fall into this classification shall not ledon sinks, consider it as one pea. Only be graded above U.S. Grade C, regardless

peas that sink to the bottom of the reof the total score for the product (this

ceptacle within 10 seconds after immeris & limiting rule). "Fairly tender"

sion are counted as “peas that sink". means that the peas are in such 3 stage of maturity that not more than 16 per LOT INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION cent, by count, of the peas may sink in a solution containing 16 percent, by weight,

$ 52.3519 Ascertaining the grade of a of salt (see Table II of this subpart); and that the frozen peas after cooking The grade of a lot of frozen peas are fairly tender upon eating.

covered by these standards is determined (e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen by the procedures set forth in the regulapeas that fail to meet the requirements tions governing Inspection and Certificaof paragraph (d) of this section may be tion of Processed Fruits and Vegetables,

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