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20

(B)

(C)

100

Processed Products Thereof, and Certain which may have orange or red pigments Other Processed Food Products ($$ 52.1 emanating from the pit cavity; through 52.87).

(b) White freestone. Freestone

peaches that are predominately wbito SCORE SHEET

fleshed; 8 52.3520 Score sheet for frozen peas. (c) Red freestone, Freestone peaches

that have substantial red coloring in the Size and kind of container...

flesh; Container mark or identification.

(d) Yellow clingstone. cungstone Label.. Net weight (ounces).

peaches of the yellow or orange-fleshed

varieties.
Factors
Score points

§ 52.3553 Styles of frozen peaches.

(a) "Halved" or "halves" means the ((A) 18-20 (B) % 16-17

peaches are cut approximately in ball Color

1(c) *14-15

along the suture from stem to apex. (Sštd.) 10-13 36-40

(b) “Quartered" or "quarters" means

132-35 Defects...

40

halved peaches cut into two approxi(0) 3 28-31 lisŚtd.) 30-27

mately equal parts. ((A) 36-40

(c) "Sliced" or "slices" means the

(B) Tenderress and maturity.

1 32-35 40

peaches are cut into sectors smaller than 128-31 lisstd.) 10-27 quarters.

(d) "Diced” means the peaches are Total Score.

cut into approximate cube-shaped units.

(e) "Mixed pieces of irregular sizes Flavor () Good ( ) Fairly good Off.. Varietal characteristics () Similar

Dis

and shapes” means peaches cut or similar.

broken into pieces of irregular sizes and Grade.-

shapes and which do not conform to &

single style of halves, quarters, or slices. 1 Indicates limiting rule. Indicatos partial limiting rule.

$ 52.3554 Grades of frozen peaches. Subpart—United States Standards for (a) "U.S. Grade A" (or “U.S. Pancy") Grades of Frozen Peaches

is the quality of frozen peaches that (1)

possess similar varietal characteristics, SOURCE: $$ 52.8651 to 52.8569 appear at 26

(2) have a normal flavor, (3) have a FR, 4879, Juno 2, 1961, unless otherwise noted.

good color, (4) are practically uniform,

or reasonably uniform, in size and sym. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, TYPES, STYLES,

metry for the applicable style, (5) are AND GRADES

practically free from defects, (6) pos$ 52.3551 Product description.

sess a good character within one of the Frozen peaches are prepared from

following categories: I, soft-ripe fruit sound, mature, fresh peaches which are

or II, firm-ripe fruit, and (7) score not peeled, pitted, washed, cut, and may be

less than 90 points when scored in actrimmed to assure a clean and wholesome

cordance with the scoring system outproduct. The peaches are properly

lined in this subpart. drained of excess water before filling

(b) "U.S. Grade B" (or “U.S. Choice") into containers; may be packed with the

is the quality of frozen peaches that (1) addition of a nutritive sweetening in

possess similar varietal characteristics, gredient(s), including syrup and/or

(2) have a normal flavor, (3) have & syrup containing pureed peaches and any

reasonably good color, (4) are reasonother ingredient(s) permissible under

ably uniform, or fairly uniform, in size the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug,

and symmetry for the applicable style, and Cosmetic Act; are prepared and

(5) are reasonably free from defects, (6) frozen in accordance with good commer

possess a reasonably good character cial practice; and are maintained at tem

within one of the following categories: peratures necessary for the preservation

I, soft-ripe fruit or II, firm-ripe fruit, of the product.

and (7) score not less than 80 points

when scored in accordance with the § 52.3552 Varielal types of frozen scoring system outlined in this subpart. peaches.

(c) “U.S. Grade C" (or “U.8. Stand. (a) Yellow freestone. Freestone ard") is the quality of frozen peaches peaches of the yellow-fleshed varieties that (1) possess similar Varietal characteristics, (2) have a normal flavor, (3) 8 52.3557 Color. have a fairly good color, (4) are fairly

(a) General. The score for the factor uniform in size and symmetry for the

of color is evaluated by considering the applicable style, (5) are fairly free from

overall color of the units. Abnormal disdefects, (6) possess a fairly good char

coloration near or part of the pit cavity acter within one of the following cate

shall be considered in the evaluation of gories: I, soft-ripe fruit, II, firm-ripe

the overall color of the unit. fruit, or WI, mixed soft-ripe and firm

(b) (A) classification. Frozen peaches ripe fruit, and (7) score not less than 70

that possess a good color may be given points when scored in accordance with

a score of 18 to 20 points. “Good color" the scoring system outlined in this sub

means that the frozen peaches possess & part.

color that is bright, reasonably uniform, (d) “Substandard" is the quality of

and typical of reasonably well-ripened frozen peaches that fail to meet the

to well-ripened peaches of the type and requirements of U.S. Grade C.

variety which have been properly preFACTORS OF QUALITY

pared and properly processed; that not

more than 10 percent, by weight, of the 3 52.3555 Ascertaining the grade of a drained thawed peaches may possess no sample unit.

more than a slight tinge of green or

slight tinge of brown color due to oxi(a) General. In addition to considering other requirements outlined in the

dation, improper processing, or other

causes, and none may possess a prostandard, the following quality factors

nounced green or brown color. are evaluated: (1) Factors not rated by score points.

(c) (B) classification. Frozen (1) Varietal characteristics;

peaches that possess a reasonably good

color may be given a score of 16 or 17 (ii) Flavor. (2) Factors rated by score points. (1)

points. Frozen peaches that fall into

this classification shall not be graded The relative importance of each factor which is scored is expressed numerically

above U.S. Grade B, regardless of the on the scale of 100. The maximum

total score for the product (this is & number of points that may be given such

limiting rule). “Reasonably good color" factors are:

means that the frozen peaches possess a

color that is reasonably bright, fairly uni. Factors:

Points form, and typical of reasonably wellColor..

20

ripened peaches of the type and variety Size and symmetry-

20

which have been properly prepared and Defects.-

80 Character--

80

properly processed; that not more than

a total of 20 percent by weight of the Total score.

100 drained thawed peaches may be affected

by green or brown color of which not (4) Quality factors are evaluated im

more than 5 percent, by weight, of the mediately after thawing to the extent

drained thawed peaches may have a that the product is substantially free

pronounced green or a pronounced brown from ice crystals and can be handled as

color and the remainder of this allowindividual units.

ance (20 percent) may have no more (b) Definition of normal flavor. "Nor

than a slight tinge of green or of brown mal flavor" means that the frozen

color. Provided, That any such peaches peaches are free from objectionable flavors or objectionable odors of any

do not materially affect the appearance

of the product. kind.

(d) (C) classification. Frozen 8 52.3556 Ascertaining the rating for peaches that possess a fairly good color the factors which are scored.

may be given a score of 14 or 15 points. The essential variations within each Frozen peaches that fall into this classfactor which is scored are so described ification shall not be graded above U.S. that the value may be ascertained for Grade C, regardless of the total score for such factors and expressed numerically. the product (this is a limiting rule). The numerical range within each factor "Fairly good color" means that the which is scored is inclusive. (For ex- frozen peaches vary in color typical of ample, “18 to 20 points" means 18, 19, fairly well-ripened peaches of the type or 20 points.)

and variety, including units that may

possess slight tinges of green or brown (f) Slab. A "slab" in the style of slices color; and that not more than 15 per- is a portion of a unit which does not concent, by weight, of the drained thawed form to the shape of a definite slice due peaches may be materially affected by to improper cutting. brown color due to oxidation, improper (g) Broken halves or quarters. processing, or other causes or may pos "Broken halves or quarters" means peach sess a pronounced green color: Provided, halves or quarters that are seriously That any of such units individually or cracked or severed into definite parts. collectively do not seriously affect the Portions equivalent to the weight of an appearance of the product.

average full-sized unit may be considered (e) (SStd.) classification. Frozen as one-half (or quarter) in determining peaches that fail to meet the require the percentage, by count. ments of paragraph (d) of this section (h) (A) classification. Halved, quarmay be gven a score of 0 to 13 points and tered, or sliced frozen peaches that are shall not be graded above Substandard, practically uniform in size and symmetry regardless of the total score for the may be given a score of 18 to 20 points. product (this is a limiting rule).

"Practically uniform in size and sym.

metry" has the following meanings with 8 52.3558 Size and symmetry.

respect to the following styles: (a) General. The factor of size and (1) Halves; quarters. In a 32-ounce symmetry refers to the uniformity of

sample unit of thawed drained peaches, size and to the symmetry of the units of or entire contents of smaller package, the peaches in halved, quartered, and sliced

weight of the largest normal-shaped unit styles. This factor does not apply to the does not exceed the weight of the smalldiced style or that of "mixed pieces of est normal-shaped unit by more than 75 irregular sizes and shapes;" the total percent; and that not more than 10 perscore for either of these styles is deter cent, by count, of the units may possess mined by multiplying the sum of the off-suture cuts or partially detached or scores assigned for color, defects, and detached pieces, or broken halves or character by 100 and dividing by 80, quarters, or any combination thereof. dropping any fractions.

(2) Slices. (1) Not more than 10 per(b) Off-suture cut. “Off-suture cut” cent by weight of the thawed drained means a halved or quartered peach unit peaches may consist of partial or broken which has been cut at a distance from slices, slivers, disintegrating fragments the suture greater than %8 inch at the or other than practically intact slices and widest measurement from the suture. slabs;

(c) Partially detached or detached (ii) Not more than 5 percent, by piece. A “partially detached or detached weight, of the thawed drained peaches piece" in the style of halves means a unit may be slabs; and which has the appearance of a slice (iii) The variation in size of the precresulting from an off-suture cut or from tically intact slices does not materially improper cutting and which may or may affect the appearance of the product. not be attached to the half from which (1) (B) classification. Halved, quarcut. In determining the applicable tered, or sliced frozen peaches that are allowance in terms of percentage by reasonably uniform in size and symmetry count, a partially detached piece may be given a score of 16 or 17 points. together with the half to which it is “Reasonably uniform in size and sym. partially attached is considered as one metry" has the following meanings with unit or a detached piece with the half respect to the following styles: from which detached or together with (1) Halves; quarters. In & 32-ounce any other half is considered as one unit. sample unit of thawed drained peaches,

(d) Partial or broken slice. A “partial or entire contents of smaller package, the or broken slice" is a unit that has had the weight of the largest normal-shaped unit semblance of a slice with respect to does not exceed the weight of the smallthickness and shape but is less than est normal-shaped unit by more than 100 three-fourths of an apparent full slice or percent; and that not more than 20 perthat is seriously cracked, crushed, broken cent, by count of the units may consist of or severed into definite parts.

off-suture cuts or partially detached or (e) Sliver. A "sliver" is a sector that detached pieces, or broken halves or (1) is substantially smaller than the quarters, or any combination thereof. predominant size of slice or that (2) (2) Slices. (1) Not more than 20 perweighs three grams or less.

cent, by weight, of the thawed drained

peaches may consist of partial or broken quality is seriously affected the unit is slices, slivers, disintegrating fragments designated as a "seriously blemished or other than practically intact slices and unit." slabs;

(b) (A) classification. Frozen peaches (ii) Not more than 10 percent by that are practically free from defects weight of the thawed drained peaches may be given a score of 27 to 30 points. may be slabs;

"Practically free om defects” means: (ii) The variation in size of the prac- (1) That the frozen peaches are practically intact slices does not seriously tically free from pit material, from affect the appearance of the product. harmless extraneous material, and from

(j) (C) classifcation. Halved, quar- any defects not specifically mentioned tered, or sliced frozen peaches that are that affect the appearance or edibility of fairly uniform in size and symmetry may the product; be given a score of 14 or 15 points. (2) In addition, any peel, blemished Frozen peaches that fall into this classi- units or seriously blemished units present fication shall not be graded above U.S. do not exceed the allowances specified in Grade B (this is a partial limiting rule). Table I for the thawed drained peaches "Fairly uniform in size and symmetry" in the individual package or other samhas the following meanings with respect ple unit, and the average allowance for to the following styles:

the entire sample. (Although the max(1) Halves; quarters. Not more than mum permitted in the individual sample 40 percent, by count, of the units may unit may be as much as twice that of consist of off-suture cuts or partially de- the average allowances, compliance of tached or detached pieces, or broken the entire sample with the average allowhalves or quarters, or any combination ance is a prerequisite to scoring the samthereof.

ple unit within this classification for the (2) Slices. Not more than a total of factor of “Defects,”); and 25 percent, by weight of the thawed, (3) Notwithstanding the allowances drained peaches may consist of partial in Table I of this paragraph, the defects or broken slices, slivers, disintegrating that may be present do not more than fragments or slabs: Provided, That not slightly affect the appearance or edibility more than 15 percent by weight of such of the product. thawed drained peaches may consist of (c) (B) classification. Frozen peaches slabs.

that are reasonably free from defects (k) (SStd.) classification. Frozen may be given a score of 24 to 26 points. peaches that fail to meet the require- Frozen peaches that fall into this classiment of paragraph (j) of this section fication shall not be graded above U.S. may be given a score of 0 to 13 points Grade B, regardless of the total score and shall not be graded above Substand- for the product (this is a limiting rule). ard, regardless of the total score for the Reasonably free from defects” means: product (this is a limiting rule).

(1) That the frozen peaches are prac

tically free from pit material; are rea$ 52.3559 Defects.

sonably free from harmless extraneous (a) General. The factor of defects material and from any defects not specifrefers to the degree of freedom from ically mentioned that affect the appear. harmless extraneous material, pit ma- ance or edibility of the product; terial, peel, blemishes, and from any (2) In addition, any peel, blemished other defects not specifically mentioned units, and seriously blemished units pres(such as, but not limted to, very light ent do not exceed the allowances specibruises) that detract from the appear

fied in Tabie II for the thawed drained ance or edibility of the product.

peaches in the individual package or (1) Harmless extraneous materials. other sample unit, and the average allow“Harmless extraneous materials” means ance for the entire sample. (Although harmless vegetable materials such as the maximum permitted in the indileaves and stems and portions thereof. vidual sample unit may be as much 8.8

(2) Blemished unit. "Blemished unit" twice that of the average allowance, commeans a unit affected by discoloration, pliance of the entire sample with the bruise, scab, hail or other abnormality average allowance is a prerequisite to of such nature that the appearance or scoring the same unit within this eating quality of the unit is materially classification for the factor of "Deaffected; if the appearance or eating fects”); and

58-037-76 39

TABLE I
(A) Classification-maxdmum allowances for peel, blemished units and seriously blemished units.

[blocks in formation]

Halves and quar- Peel....... 1 square inch..... 2 square inches.-- 1 square Inch per 1 square inch ters.

32 ounces.

per 32 ounces. Blemished units.. 1 unit.

2 units: includ. 1 per 32 ounces. I per 32 ounces.

ing no more
or
than

and

and
Seriously
1 serious
1 serious.

1 per 64 ounces... 1 per 64 ounces. blemished

units. Bliced; diced and Peel....

1 square inch..... 2 square inches... | 1 square inch per 1 square inch mixed pieces of

32 ounces.

per 32 ounces. irregular sizes Blemished units. 2 units: including 4 units: including | 2 per 32 ounces... 2 per 32 ounces. and shapes. no more than no more than

and

and
Seriously
I serious..

2 serious.... 1 per 32 ounces... 1 per 32 ounces.
blemished
units.

TABLE II

(B) Classification-maximum allowances for peel, blemished units and seriously blemished units.

[blocks in formation]

Halves and

quarters.

Peel....... 144 square inches. 3 square inches... 1% square inches 1% square inches

per 32 ounces. per 32 ounces. Blemished units.. 2 units: including 4 units: including 2 per 32 ounces... 2 per 32 ounces. no more than no more than

and

and Seriously blem. 1 serious.

2 serious...

1 per 32 ounces... 1 per 32 ounces. ished units. Peel.... 1% square inches. 3 square inches... 14 square inches 1% square inches

per 32 ounces. per 32 ounces. Blemished units.. 4 units: including | 8 units: including 4 per 32 ounces... 4 per 32 ounces.

no more than
no more than

and

and Seriously blem- 2 serious...

4 serious.

2 per 32 ounces..- 2 per 32 ounces. ished units.

Sliced; dices; and

mixed pieces of Irregular sizes and shapes.

(3) Notwithstanding the allowances in mentioned that affect the appearance of Table of this paragraph, the defects edibility of the product; that may be present do not materially (2) In addition, any peel, blemished affect the appearance or edibility of the units, and seriously blemished units presproduct.

ent do not exceed the allowances speci(d) (C) classification. Frozen peaches fied in Table III for the thawed drained that are fairly free from defects may be peaches in the individual package or given & score of 21 to 23 points. Frozen other sample unit, and the average allowpeaches that fall into this classification ances for the entire sample. (Although shall not be graded above U.S. Grade C, the maximum permitted in the indi. regardless of the total score for the prod- vidual sample unit may be as much as uct (this is a limiting rule). “Fairly twice that of the average allowance, free from defects” means:

compliance of the entire sample with (1) That the frozen peaches are prac- the average allowance is a prerequisite tically free from pit material; are fairly for scoring the sample unit within this free from harmless extraneous material classification for the factor of "Deand from any defects not specifically fects”); and

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