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of the total tolerance, or 2 percent by the apricots have become excessively weight, may be affected by decay.

darkened. Darkening of otherwise sound $ 52.5767 U.S. Grade D or Substandard.

fruit characteristic of fruit held in stor

age, in keeping with good commercial U.S. Grade D or Substandard dried

practice, shall not be considered as damapricots are wholesome and edible fruit

aged by discoloration unless excessively that fails to meet the requirements of

darkened. U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard: Provided,

(2) "Damaged by sunburn" means any That, not more than 20 percent by weight

substantial damage to color or texture of of the total fruit may be slabs; and not

skin caused by excessive heat from the more than 5 percent by weight of the

sun. total fruit may be affected by mold, de

(3) “Damaged by hail marks, scab, or cay, insect infestation (no live insects

disease" means that the combined area are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other

of all such defects, or of any one such deforeign material: And further provided,

fect, exceeds in the aggregate an area That, not more than 2 percent by weight

equivalent to the area of a circle threeof the total fruit may be affected by

eighths inch in diameter. decay.

(4) “Damaged by other similar deGRADES OF DRIED APRICOTS (SLABS) fects” means any injury or defect or $ 52.5768 U.S. Grade A (Slabs) or U.S. group of defects not mentioned herein Fancy (Slabs).

which materially affect the appearance, U.S. Grade A (Slabs) or U.S. Fancy

edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit. (Slabs) dried apricots meet the require

(5) "Damaged by insect injurymeans ments of U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy,

healed or unhealed surface blemishes, except that there is no limit to the per

and healed or unhealed blemishes in centage of slabs.

the flesh which materially affect the ap$ 52.5769 U.S. Grade B (Slabs) or U.S.

pearance, edibility, or keeping quality of Choice (Slabs).

the fruit but which do not possess evi

dence of insect infestation. U.S. Grade B (Slabs) or U.S. Choice (Slabs) dried apricots meet the require

(6) "Affected by insect infestation" ments of U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice,

means that the dried apricots show the except that there is no limit to the per- presence of insects, insect fragments, or centage of slabs.

excreta. No live insects are permitted.

(7) "Affected imbedded dirt" $ 52.5770 U.S. Grade C (Slabs) or U.S. Standard (Slabs).

means the units have suficient quanti

ties of adhering dirt to give the fruit & U.S. Grade C (Slabs) or U.S. Standard (Slabs) dried apricots meet the require

dirty, smudgy appearance and dirt which ments of U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard,

may not be removed readily in washing except that there is no limit to the per

the fruit. centage of slabs.

(b) Maturity. (1) Well-matured" $ 52.5771 U.S. Grade D (Slabs) or Sub

means that the apricots are fully ripe. standard (Slabs).

(2) “Reasonably well-matured" means U.S. Grade D (Slabs) or Substandard

that the apricots are firm and may not (Slabs) dried apricots are wholesome and

have reached the fully ripe stage. edible fruit that fails to meet the require

(3) "Fairly well-matured" means that ments of U.S. Grade C (Slabs) or U.S.

the apricots may be hard but not immaStandard (Slabs): Provided, That, not ture. more than 5 percent by weight of the (4) “Immature" means that the apritotal fruit may be affected by mold, de- cots are tough or possess a green or cay, insect infestation (no live insects other color indicative of immature fruit. are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other (c) Slabs. "Slabs" are apricots that foreign material: And further provided,

have been mashed, broken, or mutilated That, not more than 2 percent by weight

to the extent that they have lost their of the total fruit may be affected by

normal contour and have become defidecay.

nitely flattened at the edge or rim. A ball EXPLANATION OF TERMS

that has a slightly torn edge is not con8 52.5772 Explanation of terms.

sidered a slab. For the purpose of these (a) Dainage or other defects. (1) grades "whole pitted" (or "slip pitted") "Damaged by discoloration" means that dried apricots are considered as slabs.

by

WORK SHEET

$ 52.5773 Work sheet and summary of requirements for dried apricols.

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Subpari--United States Standards for

Grades of Dried Peaches SOURCE: $ $ 52.5801 to 52.5810 appear at 32 F.R. 7574, May 24, 1967, unless otherwise noted. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, MOISTURE, TYPES

AND VARIETIES, SIZES 8 52.5801 Product description.

Dried peaches are the halved and pitted fruit of the peach tree (Prunus persica) from which the greater portion of moisture has been removed. Before packing, the dried fruit is processed to cleanse the fruit and may be sulfured sufficiently to retain a characteristic color. $ 52.5802 Moisture.

Federal inspection certificates shall indicate the moisture content of the finished product which shall be not moro than 25 percent by weight. 8 52.5803 Types and varieties of dried

peaches. (a) Freestone. (1) Muir variety. (2) Lovell variety. (3) Elberta variety. (4) Other freestone varieties or mixed eestone varieties.

(b) Clingstone. (1) Midsummer vartety.

(2) Phillips variety. § 52.5804 Sizes of dried peaches.

(a) Federal inspection certificates shall indicate the size or combination of sizes of halved peaches found upon examination.

(b) The various sizes of dried peaches are as follows: No. 1 Size (Jumbo Sizo). 2 inches or larger

in diameter. No. 2 Size (Extra Fancy 1984 inches to 2 Size).

inches in diam

eter. No. 3 Size (Fancy Size). 142 inches to 1% peach half when restored to its normal shape.

inches in diam,

eter. No. 4 Size (Extra Choice 1% inches to 142 Size).

inches in diam

eter. No. 5 Size (Choice Size). 14 inches to 138

inches in diam

eter. No. 6 Size (Standard Less than 148 Size).

inches in diam

eter. (1) "Diameter" means the shortest measurement across the face of the

(2) In determining compliance with size requirements listed above, dried peaches will be considered as of one size if not more than 10 percent by weight of halves vary from the size range.

GRADES OF DRIED PEACHES $ 52.5805 U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy.

(a) U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy dried peaches possess similar varietal char. acteristics; and possess a practically uniform, bright typical color, character. Istic of well-matured peaches. Not more than 5 percent by weight of the fruit may be of a color described in U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice, and none of the fruit may be of a color described in U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard.

(b) Not more than a total tolerance of 10 percent by weight may be slabs, Immature, or may possess pits or pieces of pits; may be damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hail marks, scab, disease, insect injury, or other similar defects; or may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: Provided, That, not more than three-tenths of the total tolerance, or 3 percent by weight, may possess pits or pieces of pits; not more than two-fifths of the total tolerance, or 4 percent by weight, may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-tenth of the total tolerance, or 1 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. § 52.5806 U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice.

(a) U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice dried peaches possess similar varietal characteristics; and possess a reasonably uniform, bright typical color, characteristic of reasonably well-matured peaches. Not more than 10 percent by weight of the fruit may be of a color described in U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard.

(b) Not more than a total tolerance of 15 percent by weight may be slabs, immature, or may possess pits or pieces of pits; may be damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hail marks, scab, disease, insect injury, or other similar defects; or may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no liva insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material:

Provided, That, not more than one-third of the total tolerance, or 5 percent by weight, may possess pits or pieces of pits; not more than one-third of the total tolerance, or 5 percent by weight, may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-fifteenth of the total tolerance, or 1 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. $ 52.5307 U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard.

(a) U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard dried peaches possess similar varietal characteristics; and possess a fairly uniform typical color, characteristic of fairly well-matured peaches.

(b) Not more than a total tolerance of 20 percent by weight of the fruit may be slabs, immature, or possess pits or pieces of pits; may be damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hail marks, scab disease, Insect injury, or other similar defects; or may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: Provided, That, not more than one-half of the total tolerance, or 10 percent by weight, may possess pits or pieces of pits; not more than onefourth of the total tolerance, or 5 percent by weight, may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than one-tenth of the total tolerance, or 2 percent by weight, may be affected by decay. $ 52.5808 U.S. Grade D or Substandard.

U.S. Grade D or Substandard dried peaches are wholesome and edible fruit that fails to meet the requirements of U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard: Provided, That, not more than 5 percent by weight of the total fruit may be affected by mold, decay, insect infestation (no live insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other foreign material: And further provided, That, not more than 2 percent by weight of the total fruit may be affected by decay.

EXPLANATION OF TERMS 8 52.5809 Explanation of terms.

(a) Damage or other defects. (1) “Damaged by discoloration" means that the peaches have become excessively

darkened. Darkening of otherwise sound fruit characteristic of fruit held in storage, in keeping with good commercial practice, shall not be considered as damaged by discoloration unless excessively darkened.

(2) "Damaged by sunburn” means any substantial damage to color or texture of skin caused by excessive heat from the sun.

(3) "Damaged by hail marks, scab, or disease" means that the combined area of all such defects, or of any one such defect exceeds in the aggregate an area equlvalent to the area of a circle threeelghths inch in diameter.

(4) "Damaged by other similar defects” means any injury or defect or group of defects not mentioned herein which materially affect the appearance, edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit.

(5) "Damaged by insect injury" means healed or unhealed surface blemishes, and healed or unhealed blemishes in the flesh which materially affect the appearance, edibility, or keeping quality of the fruit but which do not possess evidence of insect infestation.

(6) "Affected by insect infestation" means that the dried peaches show the presence of insects, insect fragments, or excreta. No live insects are permitted.

(7) "Affected by imbedded dirt" means the units have sufficient quantities of adhering dirt to give the fruit a dirty, smudgy appearance and dirt which may not be removed readily in washing the fruit.

(b) Maturity. (1) “Well-matured" means that the peaches are fully ripe.

(2) "Reasonably well-matured" means that the peaches are firm and may not have reached the fully ripe stage.

(3) "Fairly well-matured” means that the peaches may be hard but not immature.

(4) “Immature" means that the peaches are tough or possess green or other color indicative of immature fruit.

(c) Slabs. “Slabs" are peaches that have been mashed, broken, or mutilated to the extent that they have lost their normal contour and have become definitely flattened at the edge or rim. A half that has a slightly torn edge is not considered a slab.

WORK SHEET $ 52.5810 Work sheet and summary of requirements for dried peaches.

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Subpart-United States Standards for

GRADES FOR DRIED PEARS
Grades of Dried Pears

§ 52.5844 U.S Grade A or U.S. Fancy. SOURCE: $8 52.5841 to 62.5849 appear at (a) U.S. Grade A or U.S. Fancy dried 32 F.R. 7575, May 24, 1967, unless otherwiso pears possess similar varietal characternoted.

istics; possess a practically uniform, PRODUCT DESCRIPTION, MOISTURE, SIZES bright typical color characteristic or

well-matured pears; and are well shaped. $ 52.5841 Product description.

Not more than 5 percent by weight of Dried pears are the halved fruit of the the fruit may be of a color described in pear tree (Pyrus communis) which may U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice: and none or may not be cored, from which the ex- of the fruit may be of a color described ternal stems and calyx cups have been in U.S. Grade C or U.S. Standard. removed, and from which the greater (b) Not more than a total tolerance portion of the moisture has been re of 10 percent by weight may be slabs, moved. Before packing, the dried fruit is immature, or scraps; may be affected by processed to cleanse the fruit and may russet or similar discoloration; may be be sulfured suficiently to retain a char damaged by discoloration, sunburn, hallacteristic color.

marks, limb-rubs, hard end, black end,

external stems and calyx cups, scab, dis$ 52.5842 Moisture.

ease, insect injury, or other similar deFederal inspection certificates shall

fects; or may be affected by mold, decay, indicate the moisture content of the fin

insect infestation (no live insects are ished product which shall be not more

permitted), imbedded dirt, or other forthan 26 percent by weight.

eign material: Provided, That, not more § 52.5843 Sizes of dried pears.

than two-fifths of the total tolerance, or

4 percent by weight, may be affected by (a) Federal inspection certificates

mold, decay, insect infestation (no Uve shall indicate the size or combination of

insects are permitted), imbedded dirt, sizes of halved pears found upon exami

or other foreign material: And further nation.

provided, That, not more than one-tenth (b) The various sizes of dried pears

of the total tolerance, or 1 percent by are as follows:

weight, may be affected by decay. No. 1 Size (Jumbo Size). 1% inches of

$ 52.5845 U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice.

more in width. No. 2 Size (Extra Large 194 inches to (a) U.S. Grade B or U.S. Choice dried Size).

17 inches in pears possess similar varietal characwidth.

teristics; possess a reasonably uniform, No. 3 Size (Large Size)-- 1942 inches to

bright typical color, characteristic of 134 inches in width.

reasonably well-matured pears; and are No. 4 Size (Medium Size). 13 Inches to

reasonably well shaped. Not more than 112 inches in

10 percent by weight of the fruit may be width.

of a color described in U.S. Grade C or No. 6 Size (Small size).- 148 inches to U.S. Standard.

1% inches in (b) Not more than a total tolerance width.

of 15 percent by weight may be slabs, No. 8 Size (Extra Small Less than 1%8

immature, or scraps; may be affected by Size).

inches in

russet or similar discoloration; may be width.

damaged by discoloration, sunburn, bail(1) "Width" means the longest meas marks, limb-rubs, hard end, black end, urement obtainable, measured at right external stems and calyx cups, scabs, angles to a line running from the stem disease, insect injury, or other similar end to the calyx end.

defects; or may be affected by mold, de(2) In determining compliance with cay, insect infestation (no live insects size requirements listed above, dried pears are permitted), imbedded dirt, or other will be considered as of one size if not foreign material: Provided, That, not more than 10 percent by weight of halves more than one-third of the total tolervary from the size range.

ance, or 5 percent by weight, may be

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